Classic Works of Apologetics - America's Christian Heritage Classic Works of Apologetics Online


America's Christian Heritage

America's Christian heritage is thoroughly documented throughout history, expressed in the writings of our Founding Fathers and our statesmen past and present. Our laws are based on Judeo-Christian principles. Even the Supreme Court has acknowledged that America is a Christian nation. The evidence is presented here.

"Still again, this is a Christian nation. Not that the people have made it so by any legal enactment or that there exists an established church, but Christian in the sense that the dominant thought and purpose of the nation accord with the great principles taught by the founder of Christianity. Historically it has developed along the lines of that religion. Its first settlements were in its name, and while every one is welcome, whether a believer in christianity or in any other religion, or in no religion, yet the principles of Christianity are the foundations of our social and political life. It needs no judicial decision to determine this fact."
--U.S. Supreme Court Justice David Josiah Brewer. American Citizenship. New Haven [Conn.]: Yale University Press, 1914. 131 pp.; 20 cm. Yale lectures on the responsibilities of citizenship.

Further information can be found at


Adams, Jasper
(1793-1841)

Math professor and college president. Read more about Adams here.

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Adams, President John
(1735-1826)

See President Adams' entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


Adams, President John Quincy
(1767-1848)

See President Adams' entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


Adams, Samuel
(1722-1803)

American patriot. Read about Samuel Adams here.

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Adams, William
(1807-1880)

Minister and college president.

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Adams, Zabdiel
(1739-1801)

Pastor. First cousin of John Adams, the second president of the United States.

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Aiken, S. C. (Samuel Clark)
(1790-1879)

Pastor.

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Aitken, Robert
(1735-1802)

Scottish bookbinder. Read more about Aitken here.

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Alderman, Thomas

Modern author.

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Alexander, Samuel Davies
(1819-1894)

Presbyterian clergyman.

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Allen, John
(fl. 1741-1774)

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Allen, William
(1784-1868)

Clergyman. Read more about Allen here.

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Allen, William
(1806-1879)

Statesman. Read more about Allen here.

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Allen, William Henry
(1808-1882)

Educator. Read more about Allen here.

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Allen, William Joshua
(1829-1901)

Illinois U. S. Representative. Read about Allen here and here.

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Allen, William Stickney
(1805-1868)

Lawyer. Editor of the Missouri Republican. Read about Allen here.

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Allix, Pierre
(1641-1717)

French Protestant divine. Read more about Allix here.

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Almon, John
(1737-1805)

English journalist and writer. Read about Almon here.

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American Anti-Slavery Society

Read more about the American Anti-Slavery Society here.

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American Bible Society
(Est. 1816)

"Established in 1816, American Bible Society history follows closely and even intersects the history of our nation. In fact, ABS' early leadership reads like a Who's Who of patriots. Our first president was Elias Boudinot, former president of the Continental Congress. John Jay, John Quincy Adams, DeWitt Clinton and James Fennimore Cooper also played significant roles, as did Rutherford B. Hayes, Benjamin Harrison and Francis Scott Key. Since those early days, American Bible Society has worked closely with organizations to reach people in the United States and around the world who might otherwise not have access to a Bible." Read more about The American Bible Society here.

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American State Papers

American Review and Literary Journal
(1801-1802)

New York, N.Y.: Printed by T. & J. Swords. Quarterly. Edited by Charles Brockden Brown.

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The American's Guide

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The American's Own Book

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Ames, Fisher
(1758-1808)

U. S. Representative. Read more about Ames here, here and here.

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Anderson, John E.

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Anderson, Robert
(1805-1871)

United States Major, commander of Fort Sumter at the start of the Civil War. Read about Anderson here and here.

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Aquinas, Thomas
(1225?-1274)

Influential early church writer. Read more about Aquinas here.

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Austin, Samuel
(1760-1830)

Congregational clergyman.

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Backus, Charles
(1749-1803)

Theologian. Read about Backus here.

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  • A Sermon, preached before His Excellency Samuel Huntington, Esq. L.L. D. governor, and the Honorable the General Assembly of the state of Connecticut, convened at Hartford, on the day of the anniversary election. May 9th, 1793. By Charles Backus, A.M. Pastor of a church in Somers. 1793. 38, [2] pp. 20 cm. (8vo)
    Backus, Isaac
    (1724-1806)

    Baptist preacher. Delegate to the First Continental Congress. Founded Rhode Island College, later Brown University. Learn about Backus here.

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    Baldwin, Abraham
    (1754-1807)

    American statesman, signer of the Constitution, a framer of the Bill of Rights in the First Congress and the founder of the University of Georgia (President, 1785-1801). Learn about Baldwin here.

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    Baldwin, Alice M. (Alice Mary)
    (1879-1960)

    First dean of the Woman's College at Duke University. Read about Baldwin here, here, and here.

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    Baldwin, Henry
    (1780-1844)

    Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Read about Baldwin here.

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    Barnes, Thomas
    (1749-1816)

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    Barré, Isaac
    (1726-1802)

    Army officer and politician.

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    Barre, W. L.
    (b. 1830)

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    Bartlett, Josiah
    (1729-1795)

    American physician and statesman. Delegate to the Continental Congress for New Hampshire. Signer of the Declaration of Independence. Later, Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court of Judicature and Governor of New Hampshire. Read about Bartlett here, here and here.

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    Barton, David / Charles David
    (1954- )

    Founder of Wallbuilders. Read about Barton here.

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    Bateman, Thomas
    (fl. 18th Century)

    Vicar of Whaplode.

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    Baxter, Richard
    (1615-1691)

    Puritan divine. Learn more about Baxter here and here.

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    Beall, Isaac
    (1751-1833)

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    Bedford, Jr., Gunning
    (1747-1812)

    Read about Bedford here and here. Disclaimer: He served as Grand Master of the Delaware Masonic Lodge.

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    Belcher, Governor Jonathan
    (1682-1757)

    Massachusetts governor. Read more about Governor Belcher here, here and here.

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    Benedict, Erastus Cornelius
    (1800-1880)

    Lawyer. Read about Benedict here.

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    Berman, Harold
    (1918-2007)

    Legal scholar. Learn more about Berman here. Our thanks to Dr. Berman for his permission to offer the items below.

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    Bethune, George W. (George Washington)
    (1805-1862)

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    Bevier, Abraham Garret
    (1812-1861)

    A descendant of the Huguenots.

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    Bingham, Caleb
    (1575-1817)

    Textbook writer. Read about Bingham here.

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    Blackstone, Sir William
    (1723-1780)

    English Jurist. Knighted in 1770. Read more about Blackstone here and here and here.

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    Blair, John
    (1732-1800)

    Presbyterian; Episcopalian. American politician, Founding Father and jurist. Read about Blair in the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges and here.

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    Blake, John Lauris
    (1788-1857)

    Biographer. Learn more about Blake here.

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    Booth, Abraham
    (1734-1806)

    Baptist preacher. Read about Booth here.

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    Booth, Edwin Gilliam
    (1810-1886)

    Attorney. Read about Booth here.

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    Boston Gazette, and Country Journal
    (1756-1779)

    Boston : Edes and Gill, Weekly, No. 54 (Apr. 12, 1756)-no. 1284 (Apr. 5, 1779).

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    Boudinot, Elias
    (1740-1821)

    Lawyer-statesman. Read more about Boudinot here.

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    Boudinot, Elias Cornelius
    (1835-1890)

    Statesman.

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    Bouton, Nathaniel
    (1797-1878)

    Clergyman. Read more about Bouton here

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    Bouvier, John
    (1787-1851)

    American jurist and legal lexicophrapher. Read about Bouvier here and biography at the Tarlton Law Library, University of Texas School of Law. "He is best known for his able legal writings. His Law Dictionary Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America and of the Several States of the American Union (1839, revised and brought up to date by Francis Rawle, under the title of Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 2 vols., 1897) has always been a standard."--1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.

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    Bradford, Vincent L.
    (1808-1884)

    Lawyer, legislator, railroad president.

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    Bradford, William
    (1590-1657)

    Plymouth founder. Read more about Bradford here.

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    Bradley, Joseph P.
    (1813-1892)

    Supreme Court Justice. Read more about Bradley here.

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    Breckinridge, Robert J. (Jefferson)
    (1800-1871)

    Abolitionist. Read more about Breckinridge here.

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    Brewer, David Josiah
    (1837-1910)

    Associate Justice of the Supreme Court from 1890 to 1910. Read about Brewer here and here and here. See also The Supreme Court Historical Society.

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    Bridgham, Samuel Willard
    (1774-1840)

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    Brockway, Thomas
    (1745-1807)

    Minister.

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    Broom, Jacob
    (1752-1810)

    Politician. Read about Broom here.

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    Broom, Jacob
    (1808-1864)

    Attorney. Representative from Pennsylvania. Read about Broom here.

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    Brougham, Henry
    (1778-1868)

    Lord Chancellor of England. Read about Lord Brougham here.

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    Brown, A. P.
    (Fl. 19th-20th Century)

    Baptist minister, Fresno, California.

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    Bryan, William Jennings
    (1860-1925)

    American political leader. Read about Bryan here, here, and here.

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    Buchanan, President James
    (1791-1868)

    See President Buchanan's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Buckingham, Thomas
    (1671-1731)

    Chaplain in Hartford, Connecticut.

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    Bunyan, John
    (1628-1688)

    Author. Read more about Bunyan here and here

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    Burlamaqui, Jean Jacques
    (1694-1748)

    Swiss legal and political theorist. Columbia Encyclopedia: His chief works are Principes du droit naturel [principles of natural law] (1747) and Principes du droit politique [principles of political law] (1751). He attempted to demonstrate the reality of natural law by tracing its origin in God's rule and in human reason and moral instinct. He believed that both international and domestic law were based on natural law. Read about Burlamaqui here.

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    Burnet, Matthias
    (1749-1806)

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    Bush, President George (Herbert Walker)
    (1924- )

    See President Bush's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Carroll, Charles
    (1737-1832)

    American political leader. Read about Carroll here and here.

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    Carson, Hampton L. (Hampton Lawrence)
    (1852-1929)

    Attorney General of Pennsylvania. Read about Carson here.

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    Carver, George Washington
    (1864?-1943)

    Agricultural science pioneer. Read more about Carver here, and here.

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    Cartwright, Peter
    (1785-1872)

    Methodist preacher. Read more about Cartwright here and here.

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    Champion, Judah
    (1729-1810)

    Pastor of the First Church in Litchfield, Connecticut.

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    Cheever, George Barrell
    (1807-1890)

    Clergyman. Read more about Cheever here.

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    Christian, John T.
    (1854-1925)

    Baptist preacher, author and educator. Read more about Christian here (From Ben M. Bogard, Pillars of Orthodoxy, or Defenders of the Faith, 1900). Disclaimer: Christian was a noted Freemason.

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    The Christian Review
    (1836-1863)

    Boston: Gould, Kendall & Lincoln. Vol. 1-v. 28 = no. 1 (Mar. 1836)-no. 114 (Oct. 1863) 28 volumes; 22-29 cm. Editors: 1836-37, J.D. Knowles.--1838, J.D. Knowles, Barnas Sears.--1839-41, Barnas Sears.--1842-48, S.F. Smith.--1849. E.G. Sears.--1850-52, S.S. Cutting.--1853-55, Robert Turnbull, J.N. Murdock.--1856, J.J. Woolsey, W.C. Ulyat.--1857-58, Franklin Wilson, G.B. Taylor.--1859, E.G. Robinson, V.R. Hotchkiss.--1860-1863, E.G. Robinson./ Imprint varies: 1836-49, Boston, Gould, Kendall & Lincoln: [etc., etc.,]--1850-56, New-York, L. Colby and J. Ballard [etc.]--1857-58, Baltimore [35c.]--1859-60, New-York, Sheldon & Co.--1861-63, Rochester, N.Y., Benton & Andrews.

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    Churchill, Awnsham
    (1658-1728)

    English bookseller and politician.

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    Clap, Thomas
    (1703-1767)

    American academic and educator,Congregational Minister, earliest to be called "president" of Yale College. Read about Clap here and here.

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    Clark, Gilbert
    (b. 1851)

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    Clark, Joseph
    (fl. 1800)

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    Cleveland, Stephen Grover
    (1837-1908)

    22nd and 24th President of the United States. See Cleveland's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Clinton, De Witt
    (1769-1828)

    U. S. Senator, Governor of New York, advocate of the 12th Amendment, "Father of the Erie Canal." Many places have been named for Clinton. The state of Illinois named two counties after him, the only instance in the United States of two counties in the same state being named after the same person.
    * Clinton County, Illinois
    * DeWitt County, Illinois, the county seat of which is Clinton, Illinois
    * Clinton, Indiana
    * Clinton, Arkansas
    * DeWitt, Iowa
    * Clinton County, Iowa, the county seat of which is Clinton, Iowa
    * DeWitt Clinton High School, Bronx, NY
    * Clinton, Massachusetts
    * Clinton County, Michigan
    * DeWitt, Michigan which is located in Clinton County
    Read more about Clinton here, here and here.

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    Cogswell, James
    (1720-1807)

    . Read about Cogswell here.

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    Colman, Benjamin
    (1673-1747)

    Boston clergyman. Read more about Colman here.

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    Colton, Calvin
    (1789-1857)

    American clergyman. Learn more about Colton here.

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    Colwell, Stephen
    (1800-1871)

    American author. Political economist in New Jersey and Philadelphia.

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    Converse, J. K. (John Kendrick)
    (1801-1880)

    Clergyman and educator. Read about Converse here.

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    Cooke, Samuel
    (1709-1783)

    Pastor of the Second Church in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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    Coolidge, President Calvin
    (1872-1933)

    See President Coolidge's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Cooper, Samuel
    (1725-1783)

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    Cooper, William
    (1694-1743)

    Clergyman. Read more about Cooper here.

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    Cornelison, Isaac A. (Amada)
    (1829-1911)

    Presbyterian minister, Washington, Illinois. Read about Cornelison here.

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    Corwin, Edward S.
    (1878-1963)

    Third McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence and first chairman of the Department of Politics, was considered the lleading expositor of the intent and meaning of the Constitution. Read about Corwin here and here.

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    Croly, George
    (1780-1860)

    British divine and author. Read more about Croly here.

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    Cumings, Henry
    (1739-1823)

    Ellis Sandoz: "Henry Cumings (1739-1823). One of the ablest men of his time, Cumings was graduated with the 1760 class at Harvard, awarded an S.T.D. by Harvard in 1800, and spent his career as pastor of the First Congregational Parish of Billerica, Massachusetts. From the early 1770s Cumings was a zealous patriot who decried the tyranny of Great Britain in its dealings with the colonies; to him, Americans were "the chosen people of God, raised up and sustained by his Providence" (Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 14:580). Favoring the revivalism of the Great Awakening and of Edwards and Whitefield, he placed reason and biblical revelation at the center of his religion so as to be regarded as an Arminian and, later, as a Unitarian, despite his insistence that he was an evangelical." --Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, 2 vols, Foreword by Ellis Sandoz (2nd edition Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998). Vol. 1.

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    Currier, Edward
    (Fl. 19th Century)

    Author.

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    Dana, Daniel
    (1771-1859)

    Author.

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    Dartmouth College
    (Est. 1769)

    Located in Hanover, New Hampshire, one of 9 colleges founded before the American revolution. Dartmouth was founded in 1769 by Rev. Eleazar Wheelock for "the education and instruction of Youth of the Indian Tribes in this Land ... and also of English Youth and any others."

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    Davenport, John
    (1597-1670)

    English puritan clergyman and co-founder of the American colony of New Haven. Read about Davenport here.

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    Davidson, Robert
    (1750-1812)

    American revolutionary. Professor of Greek and Latin Languages 1780-1782 Professor of History 1782-1784. Presbyterian clergyman. President of Dickinson College. Read about Davidson here.

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    Davies, Samuel
    (1723-1761)

    Fourth president of Princeton University. Presbyterian minister. Read about Davies here.

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    Derby, George Horatio
    (1823-1861)

    Historian. Read about Derby here.

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    De Saussure, Henry William
    (1763-1839)

    American lawyer, state legislator and jurist from South Carolina. Director of the U.S. Mint. Read more about De Saussure here and in the Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography.

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    de Tocqueville, Alexis
    (1805-1859)

    French political thinker. Read more about de Tocqueville here, here and here.

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    Dexter, Henry Martyn
    (1821-1890)

    American clergyman and author. Read about Dexter here and here.

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    Dickinson, John
    (1737-1805)

    American lawyer and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware. Read about Dickinson here.

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    Dickinson, Jonathan
    (1688-1747)

    Presbyterian minister and President of College of New Jersey (Princeton). Read more about Dickinson here.

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    Dillon, John Bernadine
    (c, 1922)

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    Doyle, John Andrew
    (1844-1907)

    English historian. Read about Doyle here.

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    Dreisbach, Daniel L.
    (Fl. 21st Century)

    Dreisbach is professor of justice, law, and society at American University. Read about Dreisbach here.

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    Duché, Jacob
    (1738-1798)

    Anglican clergyman of Christ Church, Philadelphia. Read more about Duché here.

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    Stained glass and lead, from The Liberty Window, Christ Church, Philadelphia, after a painting by Harrison Tompkins Matteson, c. 1848 Courtesy of the Rector, Church Wardens and Vestrymen of Christ Church, Philadelphia.


    Duffield, Jr., George
    (1818-1888)

    Author, Presbyterian pastor, hymn-writer. Read more about Duffield here.

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    Dwight, Nathaniel
    (1770-1831)

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    Dwight, Timothy
    (1752-1817)

    Congregationalist minister, President of Yale. Read more about Dwight here.

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    Dyer, Eliphalet
    (1721-1807)

    Lawyer and statesman. Read more about Dyer here.

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    Eddy, T. M. (Thomas Mears)
    (1823-1874)

    American clergyman and author.

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    Edwards, Jonathan
    (1703-1758)

    Influential preacher. Read more about Edwards here

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    Edwards, Jr., Jonathan (The Younger)
    (1745-1801)

    American theologian. Son of Jonathan Edwards (1703-58). President of Union College at Schenectady, N.Y. Read more about Edwards here.

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    Eidsmoe, John A.
    (1945- )

    Legal Counsel for the Foundation for Moral Law and teacher of Professional Responsibility for the Oak Brook College of Law. Ordained pastor with the Association of Free Lutheran Congregations; teacher of Apologetics and other subjects for the Free Lutheran Seminary. Colonel, Alabama State Defense Force. Read more about Eidsmoe here. Website here.

    "I am committed to the belief that the Bible is God's inspired and inerrant word, that the Bible is relevant to the issues of today, and that one of today's greatest needs is for the articulation of a comprehensive biblical view of current issues and a comprehensive biblical view of law. I am further committed to the belief that America's constitutional heritage is based on solid biblical principles and that an understanding of this constitutional heritage is essential to the preservation of American freedom. Christianity and the Constitution . . . [is] a detailed study of the religious beliefs of the founders of this nation and the role the United States of America plays in the plan of God. I urge writers in every field of academic discipline to think through their positions carefully, in the light of God's word, the Bible." --Contemporary Authors Online, Thomson Gale, 2007.

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    Eisenhower, Dwight D.
    (1890-1969)

    34th President of the United States. See Eisenhower's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Eliot, Andrew
    (1718-1778)

    Boston Clergyman. Read more about Eliot here. "In Election Sermon on May 29, 1765 (the same day Patrick Henry introduced his famous Resolutions in the Virginia legislature against the Stamp Act) delivered before the Royal Governor and the legislature of Massachusetts, he upheld the right of resistance against usurpers and tyranny."

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    Eliot, John
    (1604-1690)

    Clergyman. Read more about Eliot here.

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    Ellsworth, Oliver
    (1745-1807)

    American statesman and jurist. Read more about Ellsworth here.

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    Elwell, John L.
    (20th century)

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    Ely, Ezra Stiles
    (1786-1861)

    Clergyman. Read more about Ely here.

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    Emerson, Joseph
    (1777-1833)

    Educator. Read about Emerson here.

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    Erskine, John
    (1721-1803)

    Scottish theologian.

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    Erskine, Thomas / 1st Baron Erskine
    (1750-1823)

    Lord Chancellor of England. Read about Erskine here.

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    Everett, Alexander Hill
    (1790-1847)

    American author and diplomatist. Read about Everett here.

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    Eyre, Francis
    (c.1732-1804)

    Roman Catholic apologist.

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    Fairbanks, Charles Warren
    (1852-1918)

    American statesman. Vice President under Theodore Roosevelt. Read about Fairbanks here and here.

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    Fillmore, President Millard
    (1800-1874)

    See President Fillmore's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Finney, Charles Grandison
    (1792-1875)

    Evangelist and preacher. Read The Autobiography of Charles G. Finney here and here. Disclaimer: Finney is said to hold Peleganist views.

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    Fiske, John
    (1842-1901)

    American historical, philosophical and scientific writer. Read about Fiske here. Disclaimer: Fiske was a proponent of Darwinism.

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    Ford, President Gerald R.
    (1913-2006)

    See President Ford's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Fordyce, David
    (c. 1711-1751)

    Scottish philosopher. Read about Fordyce here.

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    Fortenberry, Bill
    (fl. 21st Century)

    Author from Birmingham, Alabama.

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    Foster, Daniel
    (c. 1750-1795)

    Pastor.

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    Foster, John
    (1763-1829)

    Author and minister. Read more about Foster here.

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    Franklin, Benjamin
    (1706-1790)

    A Founding Father of the United States of America. Author, printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. While he is considered to be a universalist, we include him here because he did promote Christian values. Read more about Franklin here, here, here, and in The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin.

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    Fransioli, Joseph
    (1817-1890)

    Catholic clergyman. Read more about Fransioli here.

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    Fraser, Donald
    (1755?-1820)

    Apologist.

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    Frelinghuysen, Theodore
    (1787-1862)

    Attorney-general of New Jersey from 1817 to 1829, was a United States senator from New Jersey in 1829-1835, was the Whig candidate for vice-president on the Clay ticket in 1844, and was Chancellor of the university of New York in 1839-1850 and President of Rutgers College in 1850-1862. President of the American Bible Society, 1845-1862. Read more about Frelinghuysen here, here and here.

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    French, Jonathan
    (1740-1809)

    Pastor at South Church, Andover, 1772-1809, and was a trustee of Phillips Academy. Read more about French here.

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    Frothingham, N. L. (Nathaniel Langdon)
    (1793-1870)

    Disclaimer: American Unitarian clergyman.

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    Gage, Thomas
    (1721-1787)

    British governor and general. Read more about Gage here.

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    Galloway, Charles B. (Betts)
    (1849-1909)

    Bishop. Read about Galloway here.

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    Gannett, Ezra S. (Ezra Stiles)
    (1801-1871)

    Minister. Disclaimer: Reputed to be Unitarian. Read more about Gannett here.

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    Gardiner, Samuel Rawson
    (1829-1902)

    English historian. Read about Gardiner here.

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    Garfield, President James
    (1831-1881)

    See President Garfield's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Gentz, Friedrich von
    (1764-1832)

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    Gest, John Marshall
    (1859-1934)

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    Gill, John
    (1697-1771)

    Bible expositor. Read about Gill here.

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    Gleason, Joseph
    (d. 1820)

    Compositor of the Independent Chronicle in Boston. Read about Gleason here.

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    Goddard, Edwin C.
    (1865-1942)

    Professor of law at the University of Michigan. Read about Goddard here.

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    Gooch, G. P. (George Peabody)
    (1873-1968)

    British journalist, historian and Liberal Party politician. He became a Companion of Honour in 1939, and a member of the Order of Merit in 1963. Read about Gooch here.

    WORKS

    Goodman, Christopher
    (1520?-1603)

    Church of England clergyman and "radical Protestant thinker."

    WORKS

    Goodrich, Charles A. (Charles Augustus)
    (1793-1860)

    Read about Goodrich here and here.

    WORKS

    Goodrich, Elizur
    (1734-1797)

    Pastor of the Church of Christ in Durham, Connecticut.

    WORKS

    Goodwin, Henry Martyn
    (1820-1893)

    Editor. Read about Goodwin here.

    WORKS

    Gordon, William
    (1728-1807)

    Independent minister. Read about Gordon in The Dictionary of National Biography by Stephen Leslie.

    WORKS

    Gorham, Nathaniel
    (1738-1796)

    8th President of the U.S. in Congress Assembled. Read about Gorham here, here and here.

    WORKS

    The Gospel Messenger, and Southern Episcopal Register
    (1827-1835)

    [Charleston, S.C.: A.E. Miller], Vol. 4, no. 37 (Jan. 1827)-v. 12, no. 133 (Jan. 1835).; 8 v. ; 23 cm. Other Titles: Gospel messenger, and Protestant Episcopal register; v. 12. Preceding Title: Gospel messenger, and Southern Christian register; (DLC)sf 88091485; (OCoLC)6168705. Succeeding Title: Gospel messenger, and Protestant Episcopal register; (DLC)sf 88091489; (OCoLC)6177663.

    WORKS

    Goucher, John Franklin
    (1845-1922)

    College president, Baltimore, MD. Read about Goucher here and here.

    WORKS

    Grant, Ulysses S.
    (1822-1855)

    See President Grant's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Gray, Edward
    (1764-1810)

    WORKS

    Gray, John Chipman
    (1793-1881)

    WORKS

    Gray, Robert
    (1809-1872)

    Bishop. Learn more about Gray here.

    WORKS

    Gray, William Henry
    (1810-1889)

    WORKS

    Green, Ashbel
    (1762-1848)

    American Presbyterian minister and academic. Read about Green at the Pennsylvania Bible Society.

    WORKS

    Greene, M. Louise
    (Fl. 20th Century)

    WORKS

    Greene, Richard Gleason
    (1829-1914)

    American editor and clergyman. Read about Greene here.

    WORKS

    Greenleaf, Simon
    (1783-1853)

    Legal apologist. Learn more about Greenleaf here. See the endorsement of Greenleaf's work by Abraham Lincoln here and by Henry Dawson here. Disclaimer: Greenleaf is known to have been associated with Freemasonry.

    WORKS

    Griffith, Carol
    (1941- )

    WORKS

    Grimke, Francis J.
    (1850-1937)

    WORKS

    Grotius, Hugo
    (1583-1645)

    Jurist. Read more about Grotius here and here.

    WORKS

    Gurney, Joseph John
    (1788-1847)

    Theologian, reformer. Read more about Gurney here, here and here.

    WORKS

    Hakluyt, Richard
    (c. 1552 or 1553 - 1616)

    WORKS

    Hall, Mark David
    (Fl. 21st Century)

    Hall is Herbert Hoover Distinguished Professor of Political Science at George Fox University. Read about Hall here.

    WORKS

    Hamilton, Alexander
    (1757-1804)

    American statesman and economist. Read about Hamilton here, here, and here.

    WORKS

    Hamilton, Sarah
    (1745-1806)

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    Hancock, John
    (1737-1793)

    Major name American founder. Read about Hancock here.

    WORKS

    Harris, Henry/King's Chapel
    (Fl. 18th Century)

    Boston, Massachusetts.

    WORKS

    Harrison, President Benjamin
    (1833-1901)

    See President Harrison's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Harrison, President William Henry
    (1773-1841)

    See President Harrison's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Hart, Oliver
    (1723-1795)

    Baptist preacher during the American Revolution. Read about Hart here.

    WORKS

    Hartford Courant
    (1826-)

    Hartford, Connecticut. Connecticut Courant, No. 1 (Nov. 19, 1764)-no. 492 (May 31, 1774). Published as: Connecticut courant and the weekly advertiser; Nov. 10, 1766-Apr. 6, 1767. The Connecticut courant and Hartford weekly intelligencer. No. 493 (June 7, 1774)-no. 681 (Feb. 10, 1778).; Connecticut Courant; No. 682 (Feb. 17, 1778).; The Connecticut courant, and the weekly intelligencer, No. 683 (Feb. 24, 1778)-no. 1364 (Mar. 14, 1791).; Daily courant, Vol. 1, no. 1 (Sept. 12, 1837)-v. 3, no. 308 (Dec. 31, 1839).; Hartford daily courant, Vol. 4, no. 1 (Jan. 2, 1840)-v. 51, no. 160 (July 8, 1887).; 57-77 cm. The Hartford Courant, Vol. 50 [i.e. 51], no. 161 (July 9, 1887)- present.

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    Harvard University
    (Est. 1636)

    Oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.

    WORKS

    Haskell, Thomas Nelson
    (1826-1906)

    Preacher.

    WORKS

    Hayes, President Rutherford B.
    (1822-1893)

    See President Hayes's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Haynes, Dudley C.
    (19th century)

    Pastor.

    WORKS

    Headley, Joel Tyler
    (1813-1897)

    Writer. Historian. Read about Headley here.

    WORKS

    Henry, Patrick
    (1736-1799)

    American Founding Father. Read more about Henry here.

    WORKS

    Higginson, John
    (1616-1708)

    American minister and schoolmaster.

    WORKS

    Hitchcock, Enos
    (1744-1803)

    Doctor and chaplain during the American Revolution. Member of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery. Learn more about Hitchcock here.

    WORKS

    Hitchcock, Gad
    (1719-1803)

    Minister. Disclaimer: Unitarian. Learn more about Hitchcock in Annals of the American Pulpit: Unitarian Congregational. 1865 by William Buell Sprague.

    WORKS

    Hoffman, David
    (1784-1854)

    Lawyer. Learn more about Hoffman here

    WORKS

    Holding, James Patrick
    (Fl. 20th-21st Century)

    President, Tekton Apologetics Ministries. Read more about Holding here.

    WORKS

    Holmes, John S. (John Summers)
    (1823-1892)

    Baptist minister.

    WORKS

    Holmes, Uriel
    (1741-1809)

    American colonel under General George Washington.

    WORKS

    Holyoke, Edward
    (1689-1769)

    Clergyman. Read about Holyoke here.

    WORKS

    Hooker, Richard
    (1554-1600)

    Preacher. Read more about Hooker here.

    WORKS

    Hooker, Thomas
    (1586-1647)

    Puritan clergyman in the American colonies, chief founder of Hartford, Conn. Author of the world's first written constitution. Read about Hooker here.

    WORKS

    Hoover, President Herbert
    (1874-1964)

    See President Hoover's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Hopkins, John Henry
    (1792-1868)

    Theologian. Read more about Hopkins here.

    WORKS

    Hopkins, Samuel
    (1721-1803)

    Theologian. Read more about Hopkins here.

    WORKS

    Hopkinson, Francis
    (1737-1791)

    American musician, poet, and signer of the Declaration of Independence. Read about Hopkinson here.

    WORKS

    Horne, George
    (1730-1792)

    English divine. Read more about Horne here.

    WORKS

    Hough, Franklin Benjamin
    (1822-1885)

    Scientist, physician, historian and first chief of the United States Division of Forestry. Read more about Hough here and here.

    WORKS

    Howell, David
    (1747-1824)

    Congressman. Read more about Howell here.

    WORKS

    Hudson, Raymond M.
    (Fl. 20th Century)

    Washington D.C. attorney.

    WORKS

    Hulbert, Archer Butler
    (1873-1933)

    Historian.

    WORKS

    Huntington, F. D. (Frederic Dan)
    (1819-1904)

    American clergyman and the first Protestant Episcopal bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Central New York. Read about Huntington here.

    WORKS

    Jackson, President Andrew
    (1767-1845)

    See President Jackson's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Jay, John
    (1745-1829)

    "Founding Father John Jay was appointed by President George Washington as the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Jay had a very distinguished history of public service. He was a member of the Continental Congress (1774-76, 1778-79) and served as President of Congress (1778-79); he helped write the New York State constitution (1777); he authored the first manual on military discipline (1777); he served as Chief-Justice of New York Supreme Court (1777-78); he was appointed minister to Spain (1779); he signed the final peace treaty with Great Britain (1783); and he was elected as Governor of New York (1795-1801). Jay is also famous as one of the three coauthors, along with James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, of the Federalist Papers, which were instrumental in securing the ratification of the federal Constitution. John Jay was a strong Christian, serving both as vice-president of the American Bible Society (1816-21) and its president (1821-27), and he was a member of American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions."--David Barton.
    Read about Jay here.

    WORKS

    Jefferson, President Thomas
    (1743-1826)

    See President Jefferson's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Jellinek, Georg
    (1851-1911)

    "German legal historian and theorist who wrote on human and civil rights, electoral law, and the rights of minorities in the late 19th century. His history of the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen shows the influence of the declarations of the individual colonies, such as Virginia, had on its formulation."-Online Library of Liberty. Read about Jellinek in The New International Encyclopædia, Volume 12.

    WORKS

    Johnson, Lorenzo Dow
    (1805-1867)

    Author.

    WORKS

    Johnson, President Lyndon B.
    (1908-1973)

    See President Johnson's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Johnson, Paul
    (1928- )

    Journalist. Read more about Johnson here.

    WORKS

    Johnson, Stephen
    (1724-1786)

    Clergyman.

    WORKS

    Johnson, William Samuel
    (1727-1819)

    Connecticut jurist and statesman. Signer of the U.S. Constitution. His father was Samuel Johnson, the well-known Anglican clergyman, Berkeleian philosopher, and first president of King's College, New York. Read about Johnson here, here, here and here.

    WORKS

    Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr.
    (1831-1893)

    Georgia historian.

    WORKS

    Journals of the Continental Congress

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    Judson, L. Carroll
    (Fl. 19th Century)

    Biographer.

    WORKS

    Keith, Isaac Stockton
    (1755-1813)

    Presbyterian pastor. Read more about Keith here.

    WORKS

    Kelley, William Darrah
    (1814-1890)

    American congressman and abolitionist. Read more about Kelley here.

    WORKS

    Kennedy, James Harrison
    (1849-1934)

    Jurist

    WORKS

    Kennedy, President John Fitzgerald
    (1917-1963)

    See President Kennedy's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Kent, James
    (1763-1847)

    Jurist and commentator on law. Read more about Kent here.

    WORKS

    Key, Francis Scott
    (1779-1843)

    American patriot. Read about Key here

    WORKS

    King, James M.
    (1829-1907)

    New York Minister.

    WORKS

    Kingsbury, Harmon
    (1826-1868)

    Cleveland merchant, abolitionist, reformer and publisher.

    WORKS

    Knapp, Samuel
    (1783-1838)

    Disclaimer: Knapp is known to have been associated with Freemasonry. Learn more about Knapp here.

    WORKS

    Knox, Henry
    (1750-1806)

    American general. Learn more about Knox here, here, and here.

    WORKS

    Knox, Samuel
    (1755/56-1832)

    Presbyterian minister. Read about Knox here, here and from The educational views and influence of Samuel Knox, a dissertation by Ashley Foster, Thesis (Ph. D.)--New York University, 1951.

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    Lamennais, Félicité Robert de,. / La Mennais, Frédéric de
    (1782-1854)

    French Roman Catholic apologist. Priest. Philosopher. Read more about Abbé Lamennais here, and here.

    WORKS

    Langdon, Samuel
    (1723-1797)

    Clergyman. Read more about Langdon here.

    WORKS

    Lathrop, John
    (1772-1820)

    Clergyman. Disclaimer: Lathrop was associated with Freemasonry.

    WORKS

    Lathrop, John
    (1740-1816)

    Pastor of the Second Church in Boston, Massachusetts.

    WORKS

    Lathrop, Joseph
    (1731-1820)

    Pastor of the First Church in West Springfield, Massachusetts. Read more about Lathrop here.

    WORKS

    Lecky, William Edward Hartpole
    (1838-1903)

    Irish historian. Read about Lecky here.

    WORKS

    Lee, Andrew
    (1745-1832)

    Minister.

    WORKS

    Lee, Richard Henry
    (1732-1794)

    Statesman. Read more about Lee here and here.

    WORKS

    Leigh, Benjamin Watkins
    (1781-1849)

    Lawyer and politician. Read more about Leigh here and here.

    WORKS

    Lewis, Isaac
    (1746-1840)

    WORKS

    Lincoln, President Abraham
    (1809-1865)

    See President Lincoln's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Lincoln, Benjamin
    (1733-1810)

    American Revolutionary War general. Learn more about Lincoln here and here.

    WORKS

    Linn, William
    (1752-1808)

    Clergyman. President pro tem of Rutgers. Read more about Linn here and here.

    WORKS

    Livingston, Philip
    (1716-1778)

    Episcopalian, Presbyterian. Delegate from New Jersey. Read about Livingston here, here, here and here.

    WORKS

    Livingston, William
    (1723-1790)

    Governor of New Jersey during the American Revolution. Read more about Livingston here, here, here and here.

    WORKS

    Locke, John
    (1632-1704)

    English philosopher. Learn more about Locke here and from his entry in this list of scientists of Christian faith.

    WORKS

    Lorimer, James
    (1818-1890)

    Philosopher. Read more about Lorimer here.

    WORKS

    Lossing, Benson John
    (1813-1891)

    Historian. Read more about Lossing here and here.

    WORKS

    Lynd, S. W.

    Baptist minister.

    WORKS

    Lyon, James
    (1814-1882)

    WORKS

    Macclintock, Samuel
    (1732-1804)

    Congregationalist pastor. Read more about Macclintock here.

    WORKS

    MacDonald, William
    (1863-1938)

    Professor of history. Read about MacDonald here.

    WORKS

    Mackintosh, Sir James
    (1765-1832)

    Scottish jurist and historian. Read about Mackintosh here and here.

    WORKS

    Madison, President James
    (1751-1836)

    See President Madison's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Madison, James
    (1749-1812)

    Philosopher and mathematician. Read more about Bishop Madison here. Scroll to the bottom of the page

    WORKS

    Magoon, Elias Lyman
    (1810-1886)

    Clergyman. Read more about Magoon here.

    WORKS

    Marchant, Henry
    (1741-1796)

    American founding father and signer of the Articles of Confederation. Lawyer from Newport, Rhode Island and United States federal judge. Read about Marchant here, Marchant Family Collection at Martha's Vineyard (PDF), here,and here.

    WORKS

    Marsh, Herbert
    (1757-1830)

    English divine. Read about Marsh here.

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    Marshall, James V.
    (c. 1856)

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    Mathews, James McFarlane
    (1785-1870)

    New York clergyman. Educator. Founder of the University of New York. Read about Mathews here and in Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Volume 4 by James Grant Wilson and John Fiske.

    WORKS

    Maynwaring, Roger
    (1589/90-1653)

    Bishop of St David's.

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    McCrory, J. T.
    (1846-1923)

    Pastor of the Third United Presbyterian Church, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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    McGuffey, William Holmes
    (1800-1873)

    American educator. Read more about McGuffey here, here, and here.

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    McCulloch, John
    (fl. 1785-1787)

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    McHenry, James
    (1753-1816)

    American statesman. Signer of the United States Constitution and the namesake of Fort McHenry, the bombardment of which inspired The Star-Spangled Banner. Delegate to the Continental Congress from Maryland, and the third United States Secretary of War from January 27, 1796 to May 13, 1800, under Presidents George Washington and John Adams. Read about McHenry here, here, and here.

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    McKinley, President William
    (1843-1901)

    See President McKinley's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    M'Knight, John
    (1754-1823)

    American historian. Civil engineer. Read about McMaster here, here, here and here.

    WORKS

    McKeen, Joseph
    (1757-1807)

    Pastor. First president of Bowdoin College of Brunswick, Maine. Read about McKeen here.

    WORKS

    McMaster, John Bach
    (1852-1932)

    American historian. Civil engineer. Read about McMaster here, here, here and here.

    WORKS

    Meade, William
    (1789-1862)

    Episcopal bishop. Read more about Meade here.

    WORKS

    Miller, Samuel
    (1769-1850)

    Presbyterian minister.

    WORKS

    Mitchel, Jonathan
    (1624-1668)

    New England reverend. Read about Mitchel here.

    WORKS

    Monroe, President James
    (1758-1831)

    See President Monroe's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Montana Historical Society

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    Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, Baron de
    (1689-1755)

    French writer, philosopher and publicist. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia: "His magnum opus, the enormous The Spirit of the Laws (1750), contained an original classification of governments by their manner of conducting policy, an argument for the separation of the legislative, judicial, and executive powers, and a celebrated but less influential theory of the political influence of climate. The work profoundly influenced European and American political thought and was relied on by the framers of the U.S. Constitution." Read more about Baron Montesquieu here, and here.

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    Monthly Review
    (1792-1799)

    London: Printed for R. Griffiths, by A. Strahan.

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    Moore, Frank
    (c. 1860)

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    Moore, John
    (1616-1714)

    Preacher.

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    Moore, Richard Channing
    (1762-1841)

    Bishop of the Episcopal Church's Diocese of Virginia. Read more about Moore here

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    The Morning Chronicle
    (June 28, 1769-March 2, 1865)

    Published in London, England: J. Lambert.

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    Morris, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin)
    (1810-1867)

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    Morris, Gouverneur
    (1752-1816)

    American statesman, delegate of Pennsylvania to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and author of large sections of the Constitution of the United States. Read about Morris here, here, and here. President John Adams on Morris, June 22, 1779. John Adams diary 29, 12 March - 31 July 1779: "In the Evening I fell into Chat with the Chevalier. He asked me, about Governeur Morris. I said it was his Christian Name -- that he was not Governor. The Chevalier said He had heard of him as an able Man. I said he was a young Man, chosen into Congress since I left it. That I had sat some Years with his Elder Brother in Congress. That Governeur was a Man of Wit, of and made pretty Verses -- but of a Character trs legere."

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    Morris, Martin
    (1834-1909)

    Lecturer in law.

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    Morrison, Charles Robert
    (1819-1893)

    Lawyer.

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    Morse, Jedidiah
    (1761-1826)

    Clergyman. Read more about Morse here and here.

    WORKS

    Morton, John
    (1714 or 15-1780)

    English Tory politician, appointed Chief Justice of Chester in November 1762.

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    Morton, Nathaniel
    (1613-1686)

    Secretary of Plymouth Colony.

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    Motte, Mellish Irving
    (1801-1881)

    Reverend.

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    Munday, Jr., John C.
    (Fl. 21st Century)

    Professor of Natural Science at Regent University, Virginia Beach, Virginia. Read about Munday here

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    Murray, James
    (1732-1782)

    Read about Murray Dictionary of National Biography, v. 39, edited by Sir Leslie Stephen.

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    Nell, William C. (William Cooper)
    (1816-1874)

    Civic activist, abolitionist, and historian. Read about Nell here

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    New York Evangelist
    (1830-1856)

    A Presbyterian weekly newspaper founded in 1832 to promote revivals, temperance and other reforms. Joshua Leavitt, anti-slavery advocate, was editor from 1832 to 1837. He later edited the Emancipator, of the Anti-Slavery Society. During the Civil War period, The Evangelist was a strong anti-slavery publication. A wide variety of magazines and books are reviewed, including Atlantic Monthly and Harper's Magazine. News for farmers, scientific news, bills in Congress, foreign religious news, progress of the gospel, and occupations for women are a few of the topics included. Cf. American periodicals, 1741-1900./ Editor: <1830>-, J. Leavitt./ Imprint varies: 1830-, New York : N.C. Saxton and Co.; <1874>-1893, Henry M. Field./

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    Niles, Hezekiah
    (1777-1839)

    Editor and publisher Quaker nationalist. Read more about Niles here, and here and in The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 10 , edited by Thomas Spencer Baynes.

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    Nixon, President Richard M.
    (1913-1994)

    See President Nixon's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Norris, Chuck
    (1940- )

    American martial artist, action star and television and film actor. Read about Norris here.

    WORKS

    Norris, Henry
    (c. 1837)

    Clergyman.

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    Norton, Andrews
    (1786-1853)

    Preacher. Disclaimer: Although Norton was Unitarian, these particular works are cited by orthodox Christians such as Simon Greenleaf, Moses Stuart, et al.

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    Nott, Eliphalet
    (1773-1866)

    Presbyterian minister, inventor, educational pioneer, and long-term president of Union College. Read about Nott here and here.

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    Nowell, Samuel
    (1634-1688)

    Chaplain. Tutor, Fellow and Treasurer at Harvard. Read about Nowell in the Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 41, p. 250.

    WORKS

    O'Brien, Thomas Dillon
    (1859-1935)

    Attorney. Justice of Minnesota State Supreme Court. Read about O'Brien here.

    WORKS

    Ogden, Uzal
    (1744-1822)

    Minister. Learn more about Ogden here.

    WORKS

    Otis, James
    (1725-1783)

    Patriot. Read more about Otis here, and here.

    WORKS

    Parker, Samuel
    (1744-1804)

    Episcopal bishop. Read more about Parker here.

    WORKS

    Parker, Samuel Dunn
    (1780-1873)

    Boston attorney.

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    Parkman, Francis
    (c. 1552 or 1553 - 1616)

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    Parsons, David
    (1749-1823)

    Clergyman. Read more about Parsons here.

    WORKS

    Parsons, Theophilus
    (1749-1813)

    Chief Justice Supreme Court of Massachusetts. Read more about Parsons here, here and here.

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    Parsons, Theophilus
    (1797-1882)

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    Paterson, William
    (1745-1806)

    Congressman. Served as secretary to New Jersey's Provincial Congress before being named Attorney General in 1776, a position to which he served until 1783. Between 1780 and 1781 he served as a member of the Continental Congress. He was elected to the U.S. Senate from 1789-1790 and then became Governor of New Jersey until 1793. In 1793 he was appointed Justice of the United States Supreme Court until his death in 1806. Read more about Paterson here and here.

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    Pearlston, Carl
    (Fl. 21st Century)

    Los Angeles-area attorney. Former regional board member of the Anti-Defamation League.

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    Peck, Jesse Truesdell
    (1811-1883)

    American bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. One of the founders of Syracuse University. Read about Peck here and here.

    WORKS

    Peirce, Benjamin
    (1809-1880)

    Harvard mathematician. Read more about Peirce here.

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    Penn, William
    (1644-1718)

    Founder of Pennsylvania. Read more about Governor Penn here and here and here.

    WORKS

    Perry, William Stevens
    (1832-1898)

    American Protestant Episcopal bishop and educator. Read about Perry in the New International Encyclopedia, Volume 18.

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    Petrie, George
    (1866-1947)

    American scholar and educator at Auburn University. Petrie is perhaps best known as the author of the Auburn Creed:


    Pickering, Timothy
    (1745-1829)

    American statesman. Read about Pickeringhere, here and here. His son, John Pickering (1777-1846),was a founder of the American Oriental Society and published an excellent Comprehensive Dictionary of the Greek Language (1826). Timothy Pickering's grandson, Charles Pickering (1805-1878), wrote The Races of Man and their Geographical Distribution (1848), Geographical Distribution of Animals and Man (1854), Geographical Distribution of Plants (1861) and Chronological History of Plants (1879). Disclaimer: "He had been brought up in the belief of the doctrine of the Trinity, and never heard the truth of it called in question until after he had joined the army in 1777; when one day he was startled by the remark of the late Peter S. Du Ponceau, on some questionable statement, that 'he would as soon believe the doctrine of the Trinity.' This induced Mr. Pickering to read on the subject, and he thereupon became, and continued through life, a Unitarian. Without bigotry, he was a reverent believer in Christianity, never trifling with things sacred."--Life of Timothy Pickering, vol. 1, p. 35.

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    Pierce, President Franklin
    (1804-1869)

    See President Pierce's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Pitt, William, Earl of Chatham
    (1708-1778)

    British statesman. Read more about the Earl of Chatham here.

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    Pitt, William
    (1759-1806)

    Related British statesman. Read more about Pitt here.

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    Polk, President James K.
    (1795-1849)

    See President Polk's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Porter, Eliphalet
    (1758-1833)

    Congregational clergyman "of Unitarian tendency." Read about Porter in the Cyclopaedia of Biblical, theological, and ecclesiastical literature, Volume 8, by John McClintock and James Strong.

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    Powers, Peter
    (1728-1800)

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    Price, Richard
    (1723-1791)

    Welsh moral and political philosopher. D.D. L.L.D. and fellow of the Royal Society of London, and of the Academy of Arts and Sciences in New-England. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, "He had from the first been strongly opposed to the war, and in 1776 he published a pamphlet entitled Observations on Civil Liberty and the Justice and Policy of the War with America. Several thousand copies of this work were sold within a few days; a cheap edition was soon issued; the pamphlet was extolled by one set of politicians and abused by another; amongst its critics were Dr Markham, archbishop of York, John Wesley, and Edmund Burke; and Price rapidly became one of the best known men in England. He was presented with the freedom of the city of London, and it is said that his pamphlet had no inconsiderable share in determining the Americans to declare their independence. A second pamphlet on the war with America, the debts of Great Britain, and kindred topics followed in the spring of 1777. His name thus became identified with the cause of American independence. He was the intimate friend of Franklin; he corresponded with Turgot; and in the winter of 1778 he was invited by Congress to go to America and assist in the financial administration of the states. This offer he refused from unwillingness to quit his own country and his family connexions. In 1781 he received the degree of D.D. from Yale College." Learn more about Price here.

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    Prince, Thomas
    (1687-1758)

    Clergyman. Read more about Prince here.

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    Princeton University
    (Chartered 1746)

    Fourth-oldest college in the United States. Learn more about Princeton here.

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    Proctor, L. B.
    (b. 1826)

    Attorney. Learn more about Proctor here.

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    Pufendorf, Samuel, Freiherr von
    (1632-1694)

    German jurist. Read more about Pufendorf here.

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    Putnam, Rufus
    (1738-1824)

    American soldier and pioneer. Read more about Putnam here, here, and here.

    WORKS

    Quarterly Christian Spectator
    (1829-1838)

    New Haven: A.H. Maltby, 1829-1838. 23 cm. Vol. 1, no. 1 (Mar. 1829)-v. 10 (Nov. 1838).

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    The Quarterly Register
    (1831-1837)

    Boston: Perkins & Marvin, 1831-1837. Vol. 4, no. 1 (Aug. 1831)-v. 9, no. 4 (May 1837); 6 v.: ill.; 23 cm. Other Titles: Quarterly register (American Education Society); American Quarterly register Preceding Title: Quarterly Register of the American Education Society; (DLC)sf 89091698; (OCoLC)10132505; Succeeding Title: American Quarterly Register; (DLC)sf 89091696; (OCoLC)10132678.

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    Raithby, John
    (1766-1826)

    Lawyer. Read about Raithby in the Dictionary of National Biography.

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    Ramsay, David
    (1749-1815)

    American Congressman, physician and historian. OCLC Bio/History from David Ramsay Papers: David Ramsay was born April 2, 1749 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania where he was a friend and student of the physician Benjamin Rush. After practicing medicine in Maryland for one year, he moved to Charleston, South Carolina, where he immersed himself in local politics and society. He served as a member of the Charleston Council of Safety, member of the South Carolina legislature and Privy Council, Continental Congress, and United States Congress. Ramsay was an early member of the newly formed Medical Society of South Carolina and was elected president in 1798. He was an early advocate for the creation of a Medical College of South Carolina in Charleston. He authored numerous works on medicine and history, including A dissertation on the means of preserving health in Charleston and the Lowcountry (1796) and The history of the revolution of South-Carolina, from a British province to an independent state (1785). On May 8, 1815 he was shot dead on Broad Street in Charleston by an unstable patient whose insanity he had certified previously. Read about Ramsay here and here.

    "Biographical memoir of David Ramsay, M.D., from the Analectic magazine", by R.Y. Hayne (1791-1839): "We proceed to consider Dr. Ramsay as an author. It is in this character he is best known and most distinguished. His reputation was not only well established in every part of the United States, but had extended to Europe. Few men in America have written more, and perhaps no one has written better. The citizens of the United States have long regarded him as the father of history in the New World: and he has always been ranked among those on whom America must depend for her literary character. He was admirably calculated by nature, education, and habit, to become the historian of his country. He possessed a memory so tenacious, that an impression once made on it could never be erased. The minutest circumstances of his early youth, facts and dates relative to every incident of his own life, and all public events, were indelibly engraven on his memory. He was, in truth, a living chronicle." Published in History of the United States, from their first settlement as English colonies, in 1607, to the year 1808, or, the thirty-third of their Sovereignity and Independence. 2nd edition, revised and corrected. Volume 1 of 3, 1816, p. xiii.

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    Randolph, John
    (1773-1833)

    Statesman. Read more about Randolph here.

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    Rankin, J. E. (Jeremiah Eames)
    (1828-1904)

    Pastor, First Congregational Church, Washington, D.C. Chaplin to the U.S. House of Representatives. Read about Rankin here and in the National Cyclopaedia of American Biography: Being the History of the United States as Illustrated in the Lives of the Founders, Builders, and Defenders of the Republic, and of the Men and Women who are Doing the Work and Moulding the Thought of the Present Time, volume 5, Published by J. T. White company, 1894.

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    Raumer, Frederick von / Raumer, Friedrich Ludwig Georg von
    (1781-1873)

    Professor of History in the University of Berlin. Read more about Von Raumer here.

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    Reagan, President Ronald
    (1911-2004)

    See President Reagan's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Rehnquist, Chief Justice William H.
    (1924-2005)

    Read more about Rehnquist here and here.

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    Reid, Richard
    (19th century)

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    The Religious Intelligencer
    (1816-1837)

    New Haven, Connecticut. Published by Nathan Whiting. Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 1, 1816)-v. 22, no. 19 (Oct. 7, 1837).; 22 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 833 pp.

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    Riland, John
    (1736?-1822)

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    Robbins, Ammi Ruhamah
    (1740-1813)

    Poet. Read more about Rochester here

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    Robinson, John
    (1575?-1625)

    Puritan pastor. Read more about Robinson here

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    Rochester, John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of
    (1647-1680)

    Poet. Read more about Rochester here

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    Rogers, Henry Wade
    (1853-1926)

    Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit from 1913 to 1926. Read about Judge Rogers here, here and in Who's who in New England: a biographical dictionary of leading living men, edited by Albert Nelson Marquis.

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    Rogers, Thomas Jones
    (1781-1832)

    Representative from Philadelphia. Read about Rogers here and here.

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    Roosevelt, President Franklin D.
    (1882-1945)

    See President Roosevelt's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Roosevelt, President Theodore
    (1858-1919)

    See President Roosevelt's entry here at the American Presidents webpage.


    Roscoe, Henry
    (1800-1836)

    Legal writer and biographer.

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    Rush, Benjamin
    (1745-1813)

    American founder. Read more about Rush here.

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    Schaff, Philip
    (1819-1893)

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    The Scotsman
    (January 25, 1817-Present)

    Published in Edinburgh, Scotland.

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    Scott, Thomas
    (1747-1821)

    Clergyman. One of the founders of the Church Missionary Society. Bible commentator. Read more about Scott here.

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    Senseman, Abraham Henry
    (b. 1816)

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    Serle, Ambrose
    (1742-1812)

    English civil servant.

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    Sewall, Samuel
    (1652-1730)

    American jurist. Read more about Sewall here.

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    Seward, William H.
    (1801-1872)

    U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Senator and Governor of New York. Read more about Seward here and here.

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    Sharp, Granville
    (1735-1813)

    British abolitionist and classicist. Read more about Sharp here and here.

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    Shaw, Duncan
    (1727-1794)

    Church of Scotland minister.

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    Shaw, Thomas, Baron
    (1850-1937)

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    Shepard, Thomas
    (1605-1649)

    Clergyman. Learn more about Shepard here

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    Sherman, Roger
    (1721-1793)

    American lawyer and politician. Signer of the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. Read about Sherman here, here, here, here, and here.

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    Sherwood, Samuel
    (1730-1783)

    Connecticut preacher during the American Revolution. Read about Sherwood Prophetic Faith of our Fathers, Vol 3, by LeRoy E. Froom.

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    Sidney, Algernon
    (1622-1683)

    Philosopher. Read about Sidney here.

    John Quincy Adams:

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    Silliman, Benjamin
    (1779-1864)

    Geologist. Read more about Silliman here.

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    Simpson, David
    (1745-1799)

    Anglican priest.

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    Skelton, Philip
    (1707-1787)

    Church of Ireland clergyman.

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    Smith, Adam
    (1723-1790)

    Philosopher. Read more about Smith here.

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    Smith, Caleb
    (1723-1762)

    Presbyterian minister.

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    Smith, Elias
    (1769-1846)

    Author. Editor, Christian Magazine, a quarterly, in 1805-1807, and in 1808 began the Herald of Religious Liberty. Read about Smith here. Disclaimer: Smith was a Unitarian.

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    Smith, Mary Ettie
    (19th century)

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    Smith, Robert
    (1723-1793)

    Minister.

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    Smith, Samuel Stanhope
    (1751-1819)

    Clergyman and college president.

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    Smith, William
    (1727-1803)

    Clergyman.

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    Smith, William
    (1728-1793)

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    Smith, William Loughton
    (1758-1812)

    Attorney and Representative from South Carolina. Read about Senator Smith here and here.

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    Sprague, William Buell
    (1795-1876)

    Pastor. Read more about Sprague here.

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    Stansbury, Arthur J.
    (1781-1845)

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    State of Connecticut

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    State of Delaware

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    State of Maryland

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    State of Massachusetts

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    State of New Jersey

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    State of Ohio

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    State of Pennsylvania

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    State of Vermont

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    Steiner, Bernard Christian
    (1867-1926)

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    von Steuben, Baron Frederick William Augustus
    (1730-1794)

    German general and trainer of the early American army. Read more about Baron von Steuben here, here, here and here.

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    Stillman, Samuel
    (1738-1807)

    Reverend. Read more about Stillman here.

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    Stokes, David R.
    (1742-1797)

    Wall Street Journal bestselling author, ordained minister, commentator, broadcaster, and columnist. Read more about Stokes here.

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    Stone, Timothy
    (1742-1797)

    American divine and author.

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    Story, Joseph
    (1779-1845)

    Supreme Court justice. Read more about Story here and here.

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