Passages from the life of a philosopher. London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green, 1864. xii, 496 p.,  leaf of plates: ill.; 24 cm. Extracts: Preface, Chapter 29: "Miracles", Chapter 30: "Religion", Chapter 31: "A Vision"
A Church history of New-England, with particular reference to the denomination of Christians called Baptists. Containing the first principles and settlements of the country; the rise and increase of the Baptist churches therein; the intrusion of arbitrary power under the cloak of religion; the Christian testimonies of the Baptists and others against the same, with their sufferings under it, from the begining [sic] to the present time. Collected from most authentic records and writings, both ancient and modern. By Isaac Backus, Pastor of the First Baptist Church in Middleborough. [Four lines of quotations]. Vol. 2 of 3. Extending from 1690, to 1784. Boston, 1777[-1796]. 447 pp.
A Fish caught in his own net. An examination of nine sermons, from Matt. 16. 18. published last year, by Mr Joseph Fish of Stonington; wherein he labours to prove, that those called standing churches in New-England, are built upon the rock, and upon the same principles with the first fathers of this country: and that Separates and Baptists are joining with the gates of hell against them. In answer to which; many of his mistakes are corrected; the constitution of those churches opened; the testimonies of prophets and apostles, and also of many of those fathers are produced, which as plainly condemn his plan, as any Separate or Baptist can do. By Isaac Backus. Pastor of a church of Christ in Middleborough. [Six lines of quotations]. Boston, MDCCLXVIII. .
The true liberty of man is, to know, obey and enjoy his Creator, and to do all the good unto, and enjoy all the happiness with and in his fellow-creatures that he is capable of; in order to which the law of love was written in his heart, which carries in it's nature union and benevolence to being in general, and to each being in particular, according to it's nature and excellency, and to it's relation and connexion to and with the supreme Being, and ourselves. Each rational soul, as he is a part of the whole system of rational beings, so it was and is, both his duty and his liberty to regard the good of the whole in all his actions. To love ourselves, and truly to seek our own welfare, is both our liberty and our indispensible duty; but the conceit that man could advance either his honor or happiness, by disobedience instead of obedience, was first injected by the father of lies, and all such conceits ever since are as false as he is.
Bacon, Sir Francis / Baron Verulam, Viscount St. Albans
English philosopher, statesman and essayist. Learn more about Sir Bacon here.
Lord Bacon's Essays, or counsels moral and civil, Translated from the Latin by William Willymott, In two volumes. London: printed: and sold by H. Parson, J. Brotherton and W. Meadows, A. Bettesworth, S. Ballard, R. Gosling, and C. King, 1720. Volume 2 of 2.
The Works of Francis Bacon, Baron of Verulam, Viscount St. Alban, and Lord High Chancellor of England. London, Printed for A. Millar, 1753. Lowndes, Bibliographer's manual, 1857 ed., v. 1, p. 93./ Vol. 2 has imprint: London, Printed for D. Midwinter, W. Innys, D. Browne, C. Davis, J. and R. Tonson, A. Millar, and J. Ward./ "The life of Francis Bacon": vol. 1, pp. l-xxxv./ Bound in leather; corners repaired; rebacked in leather, stamped in gold and blind; red and black leather labels on spines, stamped in gold; speckled edges./ Quotations from Thomson, Pope, Dodley, and Walpole on fly leaf of vol. 1./ From the library of Paul Louis Feiss. Volume 2 of 3.
The Advancement of Learning, in Spedding, Ellis, and Heath, eds., The Works of Francis Bacon, vol. 3 (London: Longman and Co., 1857), p. 364:
The registering of doubts hath two excellent uses: the one, that it saveth philosophy from errors and falsehoods; when that which is not fully appearing is not collected into assertion, whereby error might draw error, but reserved in doubt: the other, that the entry of doubts are as so many suckers or spunges to draw use of knowledge; insomuch as that which if doubts had not preceded a man should never have advised but passed it over without note, by the suggestion and solicitation of doubts is made to be attended and applied. But both these commodities do scarcely countervail an inconvenience which will intrude itself, if it be not debarred; which is, that when a doubt is once received men labour rather how to keep it a doubt still than how to solve it, and accordingly bend their wits. Of this we see the familiar example in lawyers and scholars, both which if they have once admitted a doubt, it goeth ever after authorised for a doubt. But that use of wit and knowledge is to be allowed, which laboureth to make doubtful things certain, and not those which labour to make certain things doubtful. Therefore these calendars of doubts I commend as excellent things, so that there be this caution used, that when they be throughly sifted and brought to resolution, they be from thenceforth omitted, decarded, and not continued to cherish and encourage men in doubting.
W. Gary Crampton, co-author. Toward a Christian Worldview, Published by First Presbyterian Church of Rowlett, Texas, Blue Banner E-Books, P. O. Box 141084, Dallas, TX 75214. Copyright (c) 2000 by First Presbyterian Church of Rowlett, Texas.
Part 1. Homage of Eminent Persons in Words Miscellaneous.
Testimonies from Henry Ward Beecher, President John Adams, John Selden, Edward Payson, J. W. V. Goethe, Henry Vaughan, President John Quincy Adams, Edmund Burke, Sir Matthew Hale, William Wilberforce, John Wilson, John Flavel, James Hamilton, Chancellor James Kent, Prof. Gaussen, Pope Gregory the Great, Richard Cecil, George Horne, John Locke, St. Chrysostom, John Foster, Edwards, Bishop Massilon, Samuel Hayes, Sir Robert Boyle, Abraham Cowley, Alexander Pope, Robert Hall, James Hamilton, Thomas Carlyle, St. Ambrose, Sir Walter Scott, George Gilfillan, Sir William Jones, O. M. Mitchell, Robert Pollok, John Milton, Henry W. Beecher, Christopher Hatton, Claudius Salmsius, Sir Walter Scott, Queen Victoria, Chevalier C.K.J. Bunsen of Prussia, Edward Everett, President George Washington, Chief Justice Joseph C. Hornblower, William H. Seward, Simon Greenleaf, Supreme Court Justice John McLean, Lewis Cass, Samuel Southard, William Tyndal, William Chillingworth, George P. Marsh, Attorney General Benjamin F. Butler, Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna, Daniel Webster, John Newton.
Homage of Sceptics to the Bible. Robert Boyle, John Newton, Richard Cecil, Theodore Parker, Denis Diderot, President Thomas Jefferson, Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Part 2. Homage of Eminent Persons to the Book in Words Apologetic and Evidential. Statements from Monsieur F.P.G. Guizot, Sir Isaac Newton, Henry Rogers, William Ellery Channing, Joseph Angus, Calvin E. Stowe, D. Simpson, S.T. Coleridge, R. Chevenix Trench, Albert Barnes, Francis Bacon, J.W.V. Goethe, Johann Kepler, M. F. Maury, Dr. Benjamin Silliman, Archbishop Richard Whately, Joseph Butler, Prof. F.A.G. Tholuck, Thomas Fuller, John Owen, Hugo Grotius, Joseph Addison, John Jewel, Napoleon Bonaparte, Gardiner Spring, J. A. MacDuff, James Beattie, Francis Wayland, Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea, J.W.V. Goethe.
Part 3. Homage to the Book as a School-book.
Endorsements from Dr. Martin Luther, John Locke, Dr. Benjamin Rush, Joseph Story, Victor Cousin, Dr. George Christian Knapp, Sir Robert Peel, George B. Cheever, J. H. Seelye, Lord Brougham, The Princeton Review, Daniel Webster, Karl Von Raumer, John Cotton Smith, Thomas S. Grimke, and James W. Alexander.
Literary Review of Homage of Eminent Persons to the Book. From The Congregationalist and Boston Recorder, April 22, 1869, p. 126.
"Word and Witness: An Analysis of the Lawsuit Motif in Revelation Based on the Witness Terminology". From Global Journal of Classical Theology, v. 6, n. 1, May 2007. Abstract: "The admonition to 'be a witness for Jesus,' may conjure up several connotations in the mind of a twenty-first century Christian. Most common, perhaps, is the idea of telling someone about Jesus in an evangelistic presentation. This may include sharing one's personal testimony about coming to faith in Christ, or it may simply involve being a good neighbor. However, one may observe a formal disjunction between the concept of witness in the New Testament [NT] and its modern usage. On one hand, the concept of witness in the NT may include the proclamation of the apostles, which would indubitably involve an evangelistic component.1 On the other hand, however, it includes strong legal and judicial connotations.2 In other words, those who are witnessing are doing so as if they are standing trial for the veracity of their testimony. The disjunction, therefore, results from the absence of the connotation of standing on trial in the modern conception."
1 Edward G. Selwyn, "Eschatology in I Peter," in The Backgound of the New Testament and Its Eschatology: Studies in Honor of C. H. Dodd, ed. W. D. Davies and D. Daube (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1956), 395. He argues: "I sometimes wonder whether the term khrugma has not been
worked too hard, and whether the word marturi,a and its cognates would not better describe the primitive and indispensable core of the Christian message. At any rate, if we examine the comparative occurrences in the New Testament of the two sets of terms, we find the occurrences of the verbs alone which speak of 'witness' considerably outnumber the occurrences of khrus, sein, while the occurrences of the noun marturi,a outnumber those of the noun khrugma by more than six to one."
2 Allison A. Trites, The New Testament Concept of Witness (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977), 2.
Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist.
The Gospel Triumphant, or, A Defense of Christianity against the attacks of the socialists: and an exposure of the infidel character and mischievous tendency of the social system of R. Owen: containing the substance of his lectures on the subject, in Newcastle on Tyne, and also the substance of his speeches in his several public discussions with the socialist missionaries in Oldham, &c. together with answers to all that the socialist missionaries have advanced, whether in opposition to the religion of Christ, or in favour of their own system / by Joseph Barker. [S.l. : s.n.], 1839 (Newcastle: Printed at the Courant Office, by J. Blackwell). 448 pp.
Christianity Triumphant, or, An enlarged view of the character and tendency of the religion of Christ: shewing that it is every way calculated to remedy the evils of a disordered and miserable world, and make mankind truly good and happy: together with an appendix, containing the substance of various public discussions between the author and the socialists. London: Groombridge, 1841. 448 pp.
Is America No Longer a Christian Nation? Posted April 2009. Topics covered: Defining a Christian Nation; American Presidents Affirm that America is a Christian Nation; The U. S. Congress Affirms that America is a Christian Nation; The Judicial Branch Affirms that America is a Christian Nation; American Jewish Leaders Agree with History.
Five Judicial Myths. Posted February 2009. 1. The Judiciary is not a Co-Equal Branch of Government. 2. The Judiciary is not to Be an Independent Branch of Government. 3. The Judiciary is not the Sole Branch Capable of Determining Constitutionality. 4. Federal Judges do not Hold Lifetime Appointments. 5. The Purpose of the Supreme Court is not to Protect the Minority from the Majority, And Congress is a Better Protector of Minority Rights than is the Judiciary.
The American Revolution: Was it an Act of Biblical Rebellion? Posted May 2009. "The topic of civil disobedience and resistance to governing authorities had been a subject of serious theological inquiries for centuries before the Enlightenment. This was especially true during the Reformation, when the subject was directly addressed by theologians such as Frenchman John Calvin, German Martin Luther, Swiss Reformation leader Huldreich Zwingli, and numerous others."
... "The second Scriptural viewpoint overwhelmingly embraced by most Americans during the Revolutionary Era was that God would not honor an offensive war, but that He did permit civil self-defense (e.g., Nehemiah 4:13-14 & 20-21, Zechariah 9:8, 2 Samuel 10:12, etc.). The fact that the American Revolution was an act of self-defense and was not an offensive war undertaken by the Americans remained a point of frequent spiritual appeal for the Founding Fathers."
Video presentation. The main witnesses in the Bible's accounts of Jesus. Jesus Myths Volume 1, Part 13. Professor Richard Bauckham discusses how the Bible's accounts of Jesus are based on the testimony of eyewitnesses -- they were biographies based on living memory. One way they show this is how they use names. The official witnesses to the life of Jesus had to be people who were with him from the beginning of his ministry, such as Simon Peter. Peter's testimony stands behind the Gospel of Mark.
"The Great Tribulation in the Shepherd of Hermas," Journal of Theological Studies 25 (1974) 27-40.
"Adding to the Church - in the Early American Period," in Adding to the Church: Papers read at the 1973 Westminster Conference.
"Science and Religion in the Writings of Dr William Fulke," British Journal for the History of Science 8/28 (1975) 17-31
"Marian Exiles and Cambridge Puritanism," Journal of Ecclesiastical History 26 (1975) 137-148.
**"The Martyrdom of Enoch and Elijah: Jewish or Christian?," Journal of Biblical Literature 95 (1976) 447-458.
*"Synoptic Parousia Parables and the Apocalypse," New Testament Studies 23 (1976-77) 162-176.
*"The Eschatological Earthquake in the Apocalypse of John," Novum Testamentum 19 (1977) 224-233.
"Moltmann's Eschatology of the Cross," Scottish Journal of Theology 30 (1977) 301-311; translated as: "Moltmanns Eschatologie des Kreuzes," in Diskussion Über Jürgen Moltmanns Buch "Der gekreuzigte Gott", ed. Michael Welker (Munich: Chr. Kaiser, 1979) 43-53.
"Theologians of Hope: Moltmann and Pannenberg," Christian Graduate 30 (1977) 112-113.
**"The rise of apocalyptic," Themelios 3/2 (1978) 10-23; reprinted in C. R. Trueman, A. J. Gray, C. L. Blomberg ed., Solid Ground: 25 Years of Evangelical Theology (Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 2000) 43-68.
"Hooker, Travers and the Church of Rome in the 1580s," Journal of Ecclesiastical History 29 (1978) 37-50.
"The Sonship of the Historical Jesus in Christology," Scottish Journal of Theology 31 (1978) 245-260.
"Barnabas in Galatians," Journal for the Study of the New Testament 2 (1979) 61-70.
"Believing in the Incarnation Today," Evangelical Review of Theology 3 (1979) 3-10; reprinted in Christian Graduate 32 (1979) 15-18.
"Reformed Theology and Concrete Churches," International Reformed Bulletin 76 (1979) 19-22.
"Jürgen Moltmann" (chapter 8), in One God in Trinity, ed. P. Toon and J. D. Spiceland (London: Bagster, 1980) 111-132.
*"The Role of the Spirit in the Apocalypse," Evangelical Quarterly 52 (1980) 66-83.
"Apocalyptic," "Enoch," "Eschatology," "Gabriel," "Jubilees, Book of," in The Illustrated Bible Dictionary, ed. J. D. Douglas (Leicester: IVP, 1980), Part 1, pp. 73-75, 458, 470-476, 532; Part 2, p. 821.
*"The Figurae of John of Patmos," in Prophecy and Millenarianism: Essays in Honour of Marjorie Reeves, ed. Ann Williams (London: Longman, 1980) 107-125.
Chapters 8-11 ("The Lord's Day," "Sabbath and Sunday in the Post-Apostolic Church," "Sabbath and Sunday in the Protestant Tradition") in From Sabbath to Lord's Day: A Biblical, Historical, and Theological Investigation, ed. D. A. Carson (Grand Rapids: Zondervan/Exeter: Paternoster, 1982).
"2 Peter: A Supplementary Bibliography," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 25 (1982) 91-93.
*"Synoptic Parousia Parables Again," New Testament Studies 29 (1983) 129-134.
"Recent Literature on the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit," Epworth Review 10 (1983) 89-95.
"The Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum of Pseudo-Philo and the Gospels as 'Midrash'," in Gospel Perspectives III: Studies in Midrash and Historiography, ed. R. T. France and D. Wenham (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1983) 33-76.
"'Only the suffering God can help': divine passibility in modern theology," Themelios 9/3 (1984) 6-12.
"Using the Bible to do Politics": a series of seven articles in Third Way 7/10-8/5 (November 1984 - May 1985).
**"The Son of Man: 'A Man in my Position' or 'Someone'?," Journal for the Study of the New Testament 23 (1985) 23-33.
"The Genesis Flood and the Nuclear Holocaust: A Hermeneutical Reflection," Churchman 99 (1985) 146-155.
"The Two Fig Tree Parables in the Apocalypse of Peter," Journal of Biblical Literature 104 (1985) 269-287.
"The Study of Gospel Traditions Outside the Canonical Gospels: Problems and Prospects," in Gospel Perspectives5: The Jesus Tradition Outside the Gospels, ed. D. Wenham (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1985) 369-403.
"A Bibliography of Recent Work on Gospel Traditions Outside the Canonical Gospels," in Gospel Perspectives 5: The Jesus Tradition Outside the Gospels, ed. D. Wenham (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1985) 405-419.
**"Enoch and Elijah in the Coptic Apocalypse of Elijah," in Studia Patristica, vol. XVI Part II, ed. E.A. Livingstone (Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1985) 69-76.
"The Fall of the Angels as the Source of Philosophy in Hermias and Clement of Alexandria," Vigiliae Christianae 39 (1985) 313-330.
"Bibliography: Jürgen Moltmann," Modern Churchman 28 (1986) 55-60.
**"The Apocalypses in the New Pseudepigrapha," Journal for the Study of the New Testament 26 (1986) 97-117; reprinted (with minor revisions) in C. A. Evans and S. E. Porter ed., New Testament Backgrounds: A Sheffield Reader (Biblical Seminar 43; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997) 67-88.
"Theology after Hiroshima," Scottish Journal of Theology 38 (1986) 583-601.
"Approaching the Apocalypse," in Decide for Peace: Evangelicals against the Bomb, ed. D. Mills-Powell (London: Marshall Pickering, 1986) 88-98.
"The Coin in the Fish's Mouth,"in Gospel Perspectives 6: The Miracles of Jesus, ed. D. Wenham and C. Blomberg (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1986) 219-252.
"The Ordination of Women," Home Words (Jan 1986) 8-9, 16; reprinted as a pamphlet: The Ordination of Women (London: Movement for the Ordination of Women, 1986).
"The Parable of the Vine: Rediscovering a Lost Parable of Jesus," New Testament Studies 33 (1987) 84-101.
"Review-Article: The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha," Evangelical Quarterly 59(1987) 147-152.
"Teología después de Hiroshima," Selecciones de Teología 26 (1987) 163-175 (abbreviated version in Spanish of "Theology after Hiroshima").
"Jesus - God with Us" (with Rowan Williams), in Stepping Stones, ed. Christina Baxter (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1987) 21-41.
*"Theodicy from Ivan Karamazov to Moltmann," Modern Theology 4 (1987) 83-97.
"The Bishops and the Virginal Conception," Churchman 101 (1987) 323-333.
*"Evolution and Creation: (9) in Moltmann's Doctrine of Creation," Epworth Review 15 (1988) 74-81.
"Anonymous Christianity," "Antichrist," "Apocalyptic," "Cross, Theology of," "Descent into Hell," "Hooker, Richard," "Ignatius of Loyola," "Joachimism," "Küng, Hans," "Lonergan, Bernard," "Millennium," "Moltmann, Jürgen," "Rahner, Karl," "Schillebeeckx, Edward," "Sölle, Dorothee," "Vision of God," New Dictionary of Christian Theology, ed. S. B. Ferguson and D. F. Wright (Leicester: IVP, 1988).
Contributions to Handling Problems of Peace and War: An Evangelical Debate, ed. A. Kirk (Basingstoke: Marshall Pickering, 1988).
*"Tradition in relation to Scripture and Reason," in R. Bauckham and B. Drewery eds., Scripture, Tradition and Reason: A Study in the Criteria of Christian Doctrine: Essays in Honour of Richard P.C. Hanson (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1988) 117-145.
"James, 1 and 2 Peter, Jude" (chapter 18) in D. A. Carson and H. G. M. Williamson ed., It is Written: Scripture Citing Scripture: Essays in Honour of Barnabas Lindars, SSF (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988) 303-317.
"2 Peter," "Jude," in J. L. Mays ed., Harper's Bible Commentary (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1988) 1286-1289, 1297-1299.
Revised edition: "2 Peter," "Jude," in J. L. Mays ed., The HarperCollins Bible Commentary (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 2000) 1175-1177, 1184-1186.
"2 Peter: An Account of Research," in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, Part II, vol. 25/5, ed. W. Haase (Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1988) 3713-3752.
*"Jude: an Account of Research," in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, Part II, vol. 25/5, ed. W. Haase (Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1988) 3791-3826.
"The Apocalypse of Peter: An Account of Research," in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, Part II, vol. 25/6, ed. W. Haase (Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1988) 4712-4750.
**"Pseudo-Apostolic Letters," Journal of Biblical Literature 107 (1988) 469-494.
*"The Book of Revelation as a Christian War Scroll," <
em>Neotestamentica 22 (1988) 17-40.
"Christology Today," Scriptura 27 (1988) 20-28.
"Jesus' Demonstration in the Temple," in B. Lindars ed., Law and Religion: Essays on the Place of the Law in Israel and Early Christianity (Cambridge: James Clarke, 1988) 72-89.
"Theology, apartheid and hope" (review article), Third Way 12/3 (March 1989) 26-28.
"Jürgen Moltmann," in D. F. Ford ed., The Modern Theologians: An Introduction to Christian Theology of the Twentieth Century, vol. 1 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1989) 293-310.
*"Moltmann's Theology of Hope Revisited," Scottish Journal of Theology 42 (1989) 199-214.
"Ignatius and the Exercises", "The Imitation of Christ," "Francis of Assisi," "The martyrs," "The human Jesus," "God in a human life," and "The finality of Jesus," in R. Bauckham, R.T. France, M. Maggay, J. Stamoulis and C.P. Thiede eds., Jesus 2000 (Oxford: Lion, 1989) 100-101, 127, 140, 166-167, 204-205, 214-219, 233-235.
"The Origins and Growth of Western Mariology," in D. F. Wright ed., Chosen by God: Mary in Evangelical Perspective (London: Marshall Pickering, 1989) 141-160.
"Facing the Future: The Challenge to Theological and Secular Presuppositions," and "In Place of a Conclusion," in R. J. Bauckham and R. J. Elford eds., The Nuclear Weapons Debate: Theological and Ethical Issues (London: SCM Press, 1989) 29-46, 213-216, 219-222.
*"In Defence of The Crucified God," in N. M. de S. Cameron ed., The Power and Weakness of God: Impassibility and Orthodoxy (Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology Special Study 4; Edinburgh: Rutherford House Books, 1990) 93-118.
*"The Conflict of Justice and Mercy: Attitudes to the Damned in Apocalyptic Literature," Apocrypha 1 (1990) 181-196.
*"Early Jewish Visions of Hell," Journal of Theological Studies 41 (1990) 355-385.
*"The Rich Man and Lazarus: The Parable and the Parallels," New Testament Studies 37 (1991) 225-246.
**"The List of the Tribes in Revelation 7 Again," Journal for the Study of the New Testament 42 (1991) 99-115.
**"More on Kainam the Son of Arpachshad in Luke's Genealogy," Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 67 (1991) 95-103.
*"Salome the Sister of Jesus, Salome the Disciple of Jesus, and the Secret Gospel of Mark," Novum Testamentum 33 (1991) 245-275.
*"The Economic Critique of Rome in Revelation 18," in L. Alexander, Images of Empire (JSOT Supplement Series 122; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1991) 47-90.
*"Moltmann's Messianic Christology," Scottish Journal of Theology 44 (1991) 519-531.
*"A Quotation from 4Q Second Ezekiel in the Apocalypse of Peter," Revue de Qumran 59 (1992) 437-446.
"Gospels (Apocryphal)," in Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, edd. J. B. Green, S. McKnight and I. H. Marshall (Downers Grove, Illinois/Leicester: InterVarsity Press, 1992) 286-291.
*"Descent to the Underworld," in The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D. N. Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992) vol. 2, pp. 145-159.
"Hades, Hell" in The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D. N. Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992) vol. 3, pp. 14-15.
*"Jesus, Worship of," in The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D. N. Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992) vol. 3, pp. 812-819.
"Jude, Epistle of, " in The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D. N. Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992) vol. 3, pp. 1098-1103.
"Spirits in Prison," in The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D. N. Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992) vol. 6, pp. 177-78.
"Virgin, Apocalypses of the," in The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D. N. Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992) vol. 6, pp. 854-856.
"The Martyrdom of Peter in Early Christian Literature," in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, Part II, vol. 26/1, ed. W. Haase (Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1992) 539-595.
*"Mary of Clopas (John 19:25)," in G.J. Brooke ed., Women in the Biblical Tradition (Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1992) 231-255.
*"The Beloved Disciple as Ideal Author," Journal for the Study of the New Testament 49 (1993) 21-44; reprinted in S. E. Porter and C. A. Evans ed., The Johannine Writings (Biblical Seminar 32; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995) 46-68.
*"Papias and Polycrates on the Origin of the Fourth Gospel," Journal of Theological Studies 44 (1993) 24-69.
**"The Parting of the Ways: What Happened and Why," Studia Theologica 47(1993) 135-151.
"God who raises the Dead: The Resurrection of Jesus in relation to Early Christian Faith in God," in Paul Avis ed., The Resurrection of Jesus Christ (London: Darton, Longman & Todd, 1993) 136-154.
"Peter, The Second Letter of," and "Jude, The Letter of," in B.M. Metzger and M. D. Coogan ed., The Oxford Companion to the Bible (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).
"Moltmann, Jürgen," in A. E. MacGrath ed., The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Modern Christian Thought (Oxford: Blackwell, 1993) 385-388.
"The Second Letter of Peter" and "The Letter of Jude," in W. A. Meeks ed., The HarperCollins Study Bible (New York: HarperCollins, 1993) 2286-2291, 2304-2306.
"Apocryphal Pauline Literature," in Dictionary of Paul and His Letters, ed. G. F. Hawthorne and R. P. Martin (Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1993) 35-37.
"The Acts of Paul as a Sequel to Acts," in B. C. Winter and A. D. Clarke ed., The Book of Acts in Its Ancient Literary Setting (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans/ Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 1993) 105-152.
"Jürgen Moltmann," in D. Ford ed., Theologen der Gegenwart (Paderborn: F. Schöningh, 1993) 272-287.
*"Resurrection as Giving Back the Dead: A Traditional Image of Resurrection in the Pseudepigrapha and the Apocalypse of John," in J. H. Charlesworth and C. A. Evans edd., The Pseudepigrapha and Early Biblical Interpretation (Studies in Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity 2; JSPSS 14; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1993) 269-291.
"Jesus and the Wild Animals (Mark 1:13): A Christological Image for an Ecological Age," in J. B. Green and M. Turner ed., Jesus of Nazareth: Lord and Christ : Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology (Festschrift for I. Howard Marshall; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994) 3-21.
*"The Apocalypse of the Seven Heavens: The Latin Version," Apocrypha 4 (1993) 141-175.
"Se confronter au futur: Le défi aux présuppositions séculières et théologiques,' in J.-L. Leuba ed., Temps et Eschatologie: Données bibliques et problématiques contemporaines (Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1994) 347-371.
"The Nature of Evil: The Unholy Trinity," Third Way 17/10 (December 1994) 16.
*"The Apocalypse of Peter: A Jewish Christian Apocalypse from the Time of Bar Kokhba," Apocrypha 5 (1994) 7-111.
"Politics," in D. J. Atkinson and D. H. Field ed., New Dictionary of Christian Ethics and Pastoral Theology (Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 1995) 669-672.
"The Brothers and Sisters of Jesus: An Epiphanian Response to John P. Meier," in Catholic Biblical Quarterly 56 (1994) 686-700.
"Tragedy and Religion," in R. Gillies ed., "Iris Murdoch's Giffords": A Study of the 1982 Gifford Lectures (Theology in Scotland Occasional Paper 1: St Andrews: St Mary's College, University of St Andrews, 1995) 41-44.
"James at the Centre: A Jerusalem Perspective on the New Testament: Inaugural Lecture as Professor of New Testament Studies delivered on 17 March 1994," in St Mary's College Bulletin 37 (1995) 46-60.
**"The Messianic Interpretation of Isaiah 10:34 in the Dead Sea Scrolls, 2 Baruch and the Preaching of John the Baptist,"Dead Sea Discoveries 2 (1995) 202-216.
"James and the Jerusalem Church," in R. Bauckham ed., The Book of Acts in its Palestinian Setting (Carlisle:Paternoster/Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995) 415-480.
**"The Relevance of Extra-Canonical Jewish Texts to New Testament Study," in Joel B. Green ed., Hearing the New Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans/Carlisle: Paternoster, 1995) 90-108. Revised version in Joel B. Green ed., Hearing the New Testament: Strategies for Interpretation (2nd edition; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2010) 65-84.
"Heinrich Bullinger, the Apocalypse and the English," in H. D. Rack ed., The Swiss Connection: Manchester Essays on Religious Connections between England and Switzerland between the 16th and 20th centuries (Department of Religions and Theology, University of Manchester, 1995) 9-54. (French translation 1999: see below.)
*"Tamar's Ancestry and Rahab's Marriage: Two Problems in the Matthean Genealogy," Novum Testamentum 37 (1995) 313-329.
"James at the Centre," EPTA Bulletin: The Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association 14 (1995) 23-33; also in Society for the Study of Early Christianity (Macquarie University) Newsletter 39 (Feb 2001) 3-7.
"Millenarianism," in P. B. Clarke and A. Linzey ed., Dictionary of Ethics, Theology and Society (London/New York: Routledge, 1996) 565-569.
"The Parable of the Royal Wedding Feast (Matthew 22:1-14) and the Parable of the Lame Man and the Blind Man (Apocryphon of Ezekiel)," Journal of Biblical Literature 115 (1996) 447-464.
"Meditation: Good Friday," Church Times (4 April 1996) 12.
"James and the Gentiles (Acts 15.13-21)," chapter 7 in B. Witherington III ed., History, Literature and Society in the Book of Acts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996) 154-184.
"Kerygmatic summaries in the speeches of Acts," chapter 8 in B. Witherington III ed., History, Literature and Society in the Book of Acts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996) 185-217.
*"Nicodemus and the Gurion Family," Journal of Theological Studies 46 (1996) 1-37.
"Kingdom and Church according to Jesus and Paul," Horizons in Biblical Theology 18 (1996) 1-26.
"God in the Book of Revelation," Proceedings of the Irish Biblical Association 18 (1995) 40-53.
*"Visiting the Places of the Dead in the Extra-Canonical Apocalypses," Proceedings of the Irish Biblical Association 18 (1995) 78-93.
"Apocalyptic," "Enoch," "Eschatology," "Gabriel," "Jubilees, Book of," "Lazarus," in The New Bible Dictionary: Third Edition, ed. J. D. Douglas, N. Hillyer and D. R. W. Wood (Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press/ Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1996) 53-54, 324-325, 333-339, 389, 616, 678-679.
"Jürgen Moltmann," in D. F. Ford ed., The Modern Theologians: An introduction to Christian theology in the twentieth century (revised edition; Oxford: Blackwell, 1996) 209-224.
**"Josephus' Account of the Temple in Contra Apionem 2.102-109," in L. H. Feldman and J. R. Levison ed., Josephus' Contra Apionem : Studies in its Character and Context with a Latin Concordance to the Portion Missing in Greek (AGAJU 34; Leiden: Brill, 1996) 327-347.
"Jürgen Moltmann's The Trinity and the Kingdom of God, and the Question of Pluralism," in K. J. Vanhoozer ed., The Trinity in a Pluralistic Age: Theological Essays on Culture and Religion (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997) 155-164.
*"The Book of Ruth and the Possibility of a Feminist Canonical Hermeneutic," Biblical Interpretation 5 (1997) 29-45.
"Moltmann, Jürgen," in F. L. Cross and E. A. Livingstone ed., The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. (3rd edition; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997) 1101.
"James, 1 Peter, Jude and 2 Peter," in M. Bockmuehl and M. B. Thompson ed., A Vision for the Church: Studies in Early Christian Ecclesiology in Honour of J. P. M. Sweet (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1997) 153-166 (chapter 11).
*"Egalitarianism and Hierarchy in the Biblical Traditions," in A. N. S. Lane ed., The Interpretation of the Bible: Historical and Theological Studies in honour of David F. Wright (Leicester: Apollos, 1997) 259-273.
"Jesus the Revelation of God," in Paul Avis ed., Divine Revelation (London: Darton, Longman & Todd/Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997) 174-200.
*"Anna of the Tribe of Asher (Luke 2:36-38)," Revue Biblique 104 (1997) 161-191.
"Must Christian Eschatology be Millenarian?: A Response to Jürgen Moltmann" (Tyndale Christian Doctrine Lecture for 1997), in K. E. Brower and M. W. Elliott ed., 'The reader must understand': Eschatology in Bible and Theology (Leicester: Apollos, 1997) 263-277.
*"Qumran and the Fourth Gospel: Is There a Connection?," in S. E. Porter and C. A. Evans ed.,The Scrolls and the Scriptures: Qumran Fifty Years After (JSPSS 26; Roehampton Institute London Papers 3; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997) 267-279.
"For Whom Were Gospels Written?," in R. Bauckham ed., The Gospels for All Christians: Rethinking the Gospel Audiences (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans/Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1997) 9-48.
"John for Readers of Mark," in R. Bauckham ed., The Gospels for All Christians: Rethinking the Gospel Audiences (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans/Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1997) 147-171.
"Apocalypse de Pierre," in F. Bovon and P. Geoltrain ed., Écrits apocryphes chrétiens, vol. 1(Bibliothèque de la Pléiade; Paris: Gallimard, 1997) 745-774 (with P. Marrassini).
"Apocryphal and Pseudepigraphal Literature," "2 Peter," "Relatives of Jesus," in R. P. Martin and P. H. Davids ed., Dictionary of the Later New Testament and Its Developments (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1997) 68-73, 923-927, 1004-1006; "2 Peter," reprinted in D. G. Reid ed., The IVP Dictionary of the New Testament (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004) 861-865.
"Scripture and Authority," Transformation 15/2 (1998) 5-11.
Chapter 4 ("Jesus and Animals I: What did he Teach?") and chapter 5 ("Jesus and Animals II: What did he Practise?") in A. Linzey and D. Yamamoto ed., Animals on the Agenda: Questions about Animals for Theology and Ethics (London: SCM Press, 1998) 33-60.
"Jews and Jewish Christians in the land of Israel at the time of the Bar Kochba war, with special reference to the Apocalypse of Peter" (chapter 13) in G. N. Stanton and G. G. Strousma ed., Tolerance and Intolerance in Early Judaism and Christianity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998) 228-238.
"Response to Philip Esler," Scottish Journal of Theology 51 (1998) 253-249 (a response to an article review of The Gospels for All Christians).
"The Worship of Jesus in Philippians 2:9-11," in R. P. Martin and B. J. Dodd ed., Where Christology Began: Essays on Philippians 2 (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1998) 128-139.
"The Scrupulous Priest and the Good Samaritan: Jesus' Parabolic Interpretation of the Law of Moses,"New Testament Studies 44 (1998) 475-489.
**"Life, Death, and the Afterlife in Second Temple Judaism," in R. Longenecker ed., Life in the Face of Death: The Resurrection Message of the New Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998) 80-95.
"The Future of Jesus Christ (Finlayson Memorial Lecture 1998)," Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 16 (1998) 97-110; reprinted in M. Elliott and J. L. McPake ed., The Only Hope: Jesus Yesterday, Today, Forever (Fearn: Christian Focus Publications/Edinburgh: Rutherford House, 2001) 203-219.
*"Did Jesus Wash his Disciples Feet?," in B. Chilton and C. A. Evans ed., Authenticating the Activities of Jesus (New Testament Tools and Studies 28/2; Leiden: Brill, 1999) 411-429.
"Lamb," "Lion." "Pillar," "Seven," "Swine," in L. Ryken, J. C. Wilhoit and T. Longman III ed., Dictionary of Biblical Imagery (Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1998) 484, 514-515, 645-646, 774-775, 834-835.
"Ecologie," in J.-Y. Lacoste ed., Dictionnaire critique de Théologie (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1998) 364-365.
Chapter I/1 (Eschatology in The Coming of God) in R. Bauckham ed., God will be All in All: The Eschatology of Jürgen Moltmann. (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1999) 1-34.
Chapter IV/1 (The Millennium) in R. Bauckham ed., God will be All in All: The Eschatology of Jürgen Moltmann. (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1999) 123-147.
Chapter V/1 (Time and Eternity) in R. Bauckham ed., God will be All in All: The Eschatology of Jürgen Moltmann. (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1999) 155-226.
"The New Testament teaching on the environment: A response to Ernest Lucas, " Transformation 16 (1999) 99-101; reprinted in The Bible and Christian Ethics, ed. David Emmanuel Singh and Bernard C. Farr (Regnum Studies in Globel Christianity; Oxford: Regnum Books, 2013) 213-217.
"A story through women's eyes (Ruth)," "Women's perspectives in the Gospels," "Understanding Revelation," in P. and D. Alexander ed., The Lion Handbook to the Bible (revised edition; Oxford: Lion, 1999, paperback 2002) 254, 603, 771.
"Heinrich Bullinger, l'Apocalypse et les Anglais," Etudes Théologiques et Religieuses 74 (1999) 352-377.
"The Acts of Paul: Replacement of Acts or Sequel to Acts?,"Semeia 80 (1997 [sic![) 159-168.
"For What Offence Was James Put to Death?," in James the Just and Christian Origins, ed. B. Chilton and C. A. Evans (Leiden: Brill, 1999) 199-232.
*"The Throne of God and the Worship of Jesus," in C. C. Newman, J. R. Davila and G. S. Lewis ed., The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism: Papers from the St. Andrews Conference on the Historical Origins of the Worship of Jesus (SJSJ 63; Leiden: Brill, 1999) 43-69.
**"What if Paul had Travelled East rather than West?," Biblical Interpretation 8(2000) 171-184; also in J. C. Exum ed., Virtual History and the Bible (Leiden: Brill, 1999) 171-184.
"All in the Family: Identifying Jesus' Relatives," Bible Review 16/2 (2000) 22-31.
"Jude, Letter of," in L. H. Schiffman and J. C. VanderKam ed., Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000) 440.
"Peter, Letters of," in L. H. Schiffman and J. C. VanderKam ed., Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000) 656-657.
"Jewish Christians," in L. H. Schiffman and J. C. VanderKam ed., Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000?) 409-412.
"Stewardship and relationship," in R. J. Berry ed., The Care of Creation: Focusing concern and action (Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 2000) 99-106.
"Imaginative Literature," in P. F. Esler ed., The Early Christian World (London/New York: Routledge, 2000) 791-812.
"Eschatology," in A. Hastings ed., The Oxford Companion to Christian Thought (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000) 206-209.
*"The Qumran Community and the Gospel of John," in L. H. Schiffman, E. Tov and J. C. Vanderkam ed., The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years After Their Discovery: Proceedings of the Jerusalem Congress, July 20-25, 1997 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 2000) 105-115.
"Moltmann, Jürgen (b. 1926)," in T. A. Hart ed., The Dictionary of Historical Theology (Carlisle: Paternoster/Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000) 376-378.
"2 Peter," "Jude," in J. L. Mays ed., The HarperCollins Bible Commentary (revised edition; San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2000) 1175-1177, 1184-1186.
"The Year 2000 and the End of Secular Eschatology," in J. Colwell ed., Called to One Hope: Perspectives on the Life to Come (Carlisle: Paternoster, 2000) 240-251.
**"Apocalypses," chapter 6 in D. A. Carson, P. T. O'Brien and M. A Siefrid ed., Justification and Variegated Nomism, vol. 1: The Complexities of Second Temple Judaism (Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 2001) 135-187.
"Revelation," in The Oxford Bible Commentary, ed. J. Barton and J. Muddiman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001) 1287-1306.
*"Richard Holloway in the moral maze: the lost leading the lost," Scottish Episcopal Church Review 8/2 (2001) 26-36.
"The Future of Jesus Christ," in M. Bockmuehl ed., The Cambridge Companion to Jesus (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001) 265-280.
**"The Restoration of Israel in Luke-Acts," in J. M. Scott ed., Restoration: Old Testament, Jewish and Christian Perspectives (JSJSS 72; Leiden: Brill, 2001) 435-487.
"Gospel Lesson: Matthew 25:14-30," "Gospel Lesson: Mark 6:30-44, 53-56," "Gospel Lesson: Luke 12:13-21," "Gospel Lesson: John 2:1-11," "Gospel Lesson: John 10:22-30," in R. E. Van Harn ed., The Lectionary Commentary: Theological Exegesis for Sunday's Texts, vol. 3: The Third Readings: The Gospels (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans/London: Continuum, 2001) 147-150, 220-222, 380-383, 489-492, 530-533.
"James and Jesus" (chapter 5) in B. Chilton and J. Neusner ed., The Brother of Jesus: James the Just and His Mission (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2001) 100-137.
"Prayer in the Book of Revelation," in R. N. Longenecker ed., Into God's Presence: Prayer in the New Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001) 252-271.
*"The Audience of the Fourth Gospel," in R. T. Fortna and T. Thatcher ed., Jesus in Johannine Tradition (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2001) 101-111.
"Where is Wisdom to be Found?: Theological Reflections on Colossians 1:15-20," Ministry and Theology (Korean) 2002/5, 194-195 (in Korean).
"How Junia changed her sex," Church Times (14 June 2002) 9.
"Joining Creation's Praise of God," Ecotheology 7 (2002) 45-59.
**"Paul and Other Jews with Latin Names in the New Testament," in A. Christophersen, C. Claussen, J. Frey and B. Longenecker ed., Paul, Luke and the Graeco-Roman World" Essays in Honour of AlexanderJ. M. Wedderburn (JSNTSS 217; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002) 202-220.
"The Early Jerusalem Church, Qumran, and the Essenes," in J. R. Davila ed., The Dead Sea Scrolls as Background to Postbiblical Judaism and Early Christianity: Papers from an International Conference at St .Andrews in 2001 (STDJ 46; Leiden: Brill. 2003) 63-89.
"The Eyewitnesses and the Gospel Traditions," Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 1 (2003) 28-60.
"Why Were the Early Christians Called Nazarenes?," Mishkan.38 (2003) 80-85.
"Where is Wisdom to be Found? Colossians 1.15-20 (2)," in D. F. Ford and G. Stanton ed., Reading Texts, Seeking Wisdom (London: SCM Press, 2003) 129-138.
*"The 153 Fish and the Unity of the Fourth Gospel,"Neotestamentica 36 (2002) 77-88.
"The Origin of the Ebionites," in P. J. Tomson and D. Lambers-Petry ed., The Image of the Judaeo-Christians in Ancient Jewish and Christian Literature (WUNT 158; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2003) 162-181.
"Reading Scripture as a Coherent Story," in E. F. Davis and R. B. Hays ed., The Art of Reading Scripture (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003) 38-53.
"The Final Meeting of James and Paul: Narrative and History in Acts 21,18-26," in E. Steffek and Y. Bourquin ed., Raconter, interpréter, annoncer: Parcours de Nouveau Testament: Mélanges offerts à Daniel Marguerat pour son 60e anniversaire (Le Monde de la Bible 47; Geneva: Labor et Fides, 2003) 250-259.
"Creation Mysticism in Matthew Fox and Francis of Assisi," in C. Partridge and T. Gabriel ed., Mysticism East and West: Studies in Mystical Experience (Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 2003) 182-208.
"James," in J. D. G. Dunn and J. W. Rogerson ed., Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003) 1483-1492.
*"Freedom in the crisis of modernity," in W. F. Storrar and A. R. Morton ed., Public Theology in the 21st Century: Essays in honour of Duncan B. Forrester (London/New York: T. & T. Clark, 2004) 77-94.
"Monotheism and Christology in Hebrews 1," in L. T. Stuckenbruck and W. E. S. North ed., Early Jewish and Christian Monotheism (JSNTSS 263; London/New York: Continuum [T. & T. Clark], 2004) 167-185.
**"The Spirit of God in Us Loathes Envy: James 4:5,' in G. N. Stanton, B. W. Longenecker and S. C. Barton ed., The Holy Spirit and Christian Origins: Essays in Honor of James D. G. Dunn (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004) 270-281.
"James, Peter, and the Gentiles," in B. Chilton and C. Evans ed., The Missions of James, Peter, and Paul: Tensions in Early Christianity (NovTSup 115; Leiden: Brill, 2004) 91-142.
"Interview with Professor Richard Bauckham," in Margaret Barker ed., An extraordinary gathering of Angels (London: MQ Publications, 2004) 314-315.
*"Biblical Theology and the Problems of Monotheism," in C. Bartholomew, M. Healey, K. Möller and R. Parry ed., Out of Egypt: Biblical Theology and Biblical Interpretation (Milton Keynes: Paternoster/Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004) 187-232.
"Fulke, William (1536/7-1589)," in H. C. G. Matthew and B. Harrison ed., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 21 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004) 129-131.
"Judgment in the Book of Revelation," Ex Auditu 20 (2004) 1-24.
"Jürgen Moltmann,' in D. F. Ford and R. Muers ed., The Modern Theologians: An Introduction to Christian Theology since 1918 (3rd edition; Oxford: Blackwell, 2005) 147-162.
*"Monotheism and Christology in the Gospel of John," in R. N. Longenecker ed., Contours of Christology in the New Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005) 148-166.
*"Modern Domination of Nature - Historical Origins and Biblical Critique," chapter 2 in R. J. Berry ed., Environmental Stewardship: Critical Perspectives - Past and Present (London: T. & T. Clark International, 2006) 32-50.
"The Estate of Publius on Malta (Acts 28:7)," in Sang-Won (Aaron) Son ed., History and Exegesis: New Testament Essays in Honor of Dr. E. Earle Ellis for His Eightieth Birthday (New York/London: T. & T. Clark International, 2006) 73-87.
**"Tobit as a Parable for the Exiles of Northern Israel," in Mark Bredin ed., Studies in the Book of Tobit: A Multidisciplinary Approach (LSTS 55; London/New York: T. & T. Clark International, 2006) 140-164.
**"The Horarium of Adam and the Chronology of the Passion," Kristianskij Vostok [Christian East] 4 (X) (2002) 413-439. Reprinted in Basil Lourié, Andrei Orlov and Madeleine Petit eds., L'église des deux Alliances: Mémorial Annie Jaubert (1912-1980) (Orientalia Judaica Christiana 1; Piscataway, New Jersey: Gorgias, 2008) 39-68.
"The Second Letter of Peter" and "The Letter of Jude," in Harold W. Attridge, ed., The HarperCollins Study Bible: Fully Revised and Updated (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2006) 2067-2071, 2083-2085.
*"Messianism according to the Gospel of John," in John Lierman ed., Challenging Perspectives on the Gospel of John (WUNT 2/219; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006) 34-68.
*"Historiographical Characteristics of the Gospel of John," New Testament Studies 53 (2007) 17-36.
"The Alleged 'Jesus Family Tomb,'" Case 11 (2007) 17-20.
"James and the Jerusalem Community," in Oskar Skarsaune and Reidar Hvalvik ed., Jewish Believers in Jesus: The Early Centuries (Peabody, Massachusetts, 2007) 55-95.
"Traditions about the Tomb of James the Brother of Jesus," in Albert Frey and Rémi Gounelle ed., Poussières de christianisme et de judaïsme antiques: Études reunites en l'honneur de Jean-Daniel Kaestli et Éric Junod (Lausanne: Éditions du Zèbre, 2007) 61-77.
"Eschatology," chapter 17 in John Webster, Kathryn Tanner and Iain R. Torrance ed., The Oxford Handbook of Systematic Theology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007) 306-322.
*"The 'Most High' God and the Nature of Jewish Monotheism," in David B. Capes, April D. DeConick, Helen K. Bond and Troy A. Miller ed., Israel's God and Rebecca's Children: Christology and Community in Early Judaism and Christianity: Essays in Honor of Larry W. Hurtado and Alan F. Segal (Waco: Baylor University Press, 2007) 39-53.
*"The Holiness of Jesus and His Disciples in the Gospel of John," in Kent Brower and Andy Johnson ed., Holiness and Eschatology in the New Testament (Festschrift for Alex R. G. Deasley) (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007) 95-113.
"Creation's Praise of God in the Book of Revelation," Biblical Theology Bulletin 38 (2008) 55-63.
"Conclusion: Emerging Issues in Eschatology in the Twenty-First Century," in Jerry L. Walls ed., The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007) 671-689.
*"The Fourth Gospel as the Testimony of the Beloved Disciple," in Richard Bauckham and Carl Mosser ed., The Gospel of John and Christian Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008) 120-139.
"The Names on the Ossuaries," in Charles L. Quarles ed., Buried Hope or Risen Savior? The Search for the Jesus Tomb (Nashville: B & H Academic, 2008) 69-112.
"James the Brother of the Lord in the Pseudo-Clementine Literature," in Frédéric Amsler, Albert Frey, Charlotte Touati and Renée Girardet ed., Nouvelles intrigues pseudo-clémentines: Plots in the Pseudo-Clementine Romance (Publications de l'Institut Romand des Sciences Bibliques 6; Lausanne: Éditions du Zèbre, 2008) 303-312.
"Review of Robby Waddell, The Spirit of the Book of Revelation," Journal of Pentecostal Theology 17 (2008) 3-8.
"In Response to My Respondents: Jesus and the Eyewitnesses in Review," Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 6 (2008) 225-253.
"Response to the Respondents," Nova et Vetera (English Edition) 6 (2008) 529-542.
"Reading the Sermon on the Mount in an Age of Ecological Catastrophe," Studies in Christian Ethics 22 (2009) 76-88.
"Eyewitnesses and Critical History: A Response to Jens Schröter and Craig Evans," Journal for the Study of the New Testament31 (2008) 221-235.
**"The Horarium of Adam and the Chronology of the Passion," in Basil Lourié, Andrei Orlov and Madeleine Petit eds., L'église des deux Alliances: Mémorial Annie Jaubert (1912-1980) (Orientalia Judaica Christiana 1; Piscataway, New Jersey: Gorgias, 2008) 39-68.
**"The Continuing Quest for the Provenance of the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha," in Gerbern S. Oegema and James H. Charlesworth eds., The Pseudepigrapha and Christian Origins: Essays from the Studiorum Nove Testamenti Societas (New York/London: T. & T. Clark [Continuum], 2008) 9-29.
"The Transmission of the Gospel Traditions," Revista Catalana de Teologia 33 (2008) 377-394.
*"The Divinity of Jesus Christ in the Epistle to the Hebrews," in Richard Bauckham, Daniel R. Driver, Trevor A. Hart and Nathan MacDonald eds., The Epistle to the Hebrews and Christian Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009) 15-36.
"Jesus, God and nature in the Gospels," in Robert S. White ed., Creation in Crisis: Christian Perspectives on Sustainability (London: SPCK, 2009) 209-224.
"The Bible and Globalization" in Michael W. Goheen and Erin G. Glanville eds., The Gospel and Globalization: Exploring the Religious Roots of a Globalized World (Vancouver: Regent College Publishing/Geneva Society, 2009) 27-48.
"A story through women's eyes (Ruth)," "Women's perspectives in the Gospels," "Understanding Revelation," in Pat and David Alexander, eds., The Lion Handbook to the Bible (4th edition; Oxford: Lion Hudson, 2009) 254, 603, 771.
"The Eyewitnesses in the Gospel of Mark, " Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok 74 (2009) 19-39.
*"The Bethany Family in John 11-12: History or Fiction?" in Paul N. Anderson, Felix Just and Tom Thatcher eds., John, Jesus, and History, Volume 2: Aspects of Historicity in the Fourth Gospel (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009) 185-201.
"A response to Professor Moltmann," Theology 93 (2010) 95-96 (response to J. Moltmann, "Do you understand what you are reading" [2009 Moule lecture])
"Review Article: Seeking the Identity of Jesus," JSNT 32 (2010) 337-346.
"Is there Patristic Counter-Evidence? A Response to Margaret Mitchell," in Edward W. Klink III ed., The Audience of the Gospels: The Origin and Function of the Gospels in Early Christianity (LNTS 353; London: T. & T. Clark [Continuum], 2010) 68-110.
"Reading the Synoptic Gospels Ecologically," in David G. Horrell, Cherryl Hunt, Christopher Southgate and Francesca Stavrakopoulou, eds., Ecological Hermeneutics: Biblical, Historical and Theological Perspectives (London: T. & T. Clark [Continuum], 2010) 70-82.
"Paradise in the Biblical Antiquities of Pseudo-Philo," in Markus Bockmuehl and Guy G. Strousma eds., Paradise in Antiquity: Jewish and Christian Views (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) 43-56.
"Hell in the Latin Vision of Ezra," in Tobias Nicklas, Joseph Verheyden, Erik M. M. Eynikel and Florentino García Martínez, eds., Other Worlds and Their Relation to This World: Early Jewish and Ancient Christian Traditions (JSJSup 143; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 323-342.
"The Gospel of John and the Synoptic Problem," in Andrew Gregory, Paul Foster, John S. Kloppenborg and Jos Verheyden, eds., Studies in the Synoptic Problem: Oxford Conference, April 2008 (Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 239; Leuven: Peeters, 2010) 623-654.
"Freedom and Belonging," Christian Reflection 39 (2011) 11-18.
"Jewish Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism: The Case of Simeon ben Clopas," in Reidar Hvalvik and John Kaufman, eds., Among Jews, Gentiles and Christians in Antiquity and the Middle Ages: Studies in Honour of Professor Oskar Skarsaune on his 65th Birthday (Trondheim: Tapir Academic Press, 2011) 31-36.
"The Story of the Earth according to Paul: Romans 8:18-23," Review and Expositor 108 (2011) 91-97.
"The Language of Warfare in the Book of Revelation," in Ted Grimsrud and Michael Hardin ed., Compassionate Eschatology: The Future as Friend (Eugene, Oregon: Cascade, 2011) 28-41.
"The first pioneers: learning from the Acts of the Apostles," in David Male ed., Pioneers for Life: Explorations in theology and wisdom for pioneering leaders (London: Bible Reading Fellowship, 2011) 196-210.
"The Family of Jesus," in Chris Keith and Larry W. Hurtado ed., Jesus among Friends and Enemies: A Historical and Literary Introduction to Jesus in the Gospels (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2011) 103-125.
"The Caiaphas Family," Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 10 (2012) 3-31.
"The Gospel of Mark: Origins and Eyewitnesses," in Michael F. Bird and Jason Maston ed., Earliest Christian History: Essays from the Tyndale Fellowship in Honor of Martin Hengel (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2012) 145-169.
"Are the Gospels reliable?" in John Young, Lord -- Help My Unbelief: Considering the Case against Christ (Abingdon: Bible Reading Fellowship, 2012) 159-163.
"Humans, Animals, and the Environment in Genesis 1-3," in Nathan MacDonald, Mark W. Elliott and Grant Macaskill ed., Genesis and Christian Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2012) 175-189.
Moses as 'God' in Philo of Alexandria: A Precedent for Christology?," in I. Howard Marshall, Volker Rabens and Cornelis Bennema ed., The Spirit and Christ in the New Testament and Christian Theology: Essays in Honor of Max Turner (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2012) 246-265.
*"God's Self-Identification with the Godforsaken: Exegesis and Theology," in Terrence Merrigan and Frederik Glorieux ed., "Godhead Here in Hiding?: Incarnation and the History of Human Suffering (BETL 234; Leuven: Peeters, 2012) 3-17.
"Saints Before and After Death," in Robert MacSwain and Taylor Worley ed., Theology, Aesthetics, and Culture: Responses to the Work of David Brown Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012) 55-63.
"Time, Eternity and the Arts," in Trevor Hart, Gavin Hopps and Jeremy Begbie ed., Art, Imagination and Christian Hope (Farnham: Ashgate, 2012) 7-30.
"Judgment," Franciscan 24/3 (2012) 3, 5.
"Robert McLachlan Wilson (1916-2010)," in Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the British Academy XI (Oxford: Oxford University Press for the British Academy, 2012) 582-598.
"James and the Jerusalem Council Decision," in David Rudolph and Joel Willetts ed., Introduction to Messianic Judaism: Its Ecclesial Context and Biblical Foundations (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2013) 178-186.
"Christology," in Joel B. Green, Jeannine K. Brown and Nicholas Perrin ed., Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (2nd edition; Downers Grove: IVP/ Nottingham: Inter-Varsity Press, 2013) 125-134.
"Are we still missing the elephant? C. S. Lewis's 'Fernseed and Elephants' half a century on," Theology 116 (2013) 427-434.
"2 Corintios 4,6: Visión de Pablo del Rostro de Dios en el Rostro JesuCristo," in Carmen Bernabé ed., Los Rostros de Dios: Imágines y experiencias de lo Divino en la Biblia (Asociación Bíblica Española 62; Estella: Editorial Verbo Divino, 2013) 231-244.
"The Power and the Glory: The Rendering of Psalm 110:1 in Mark 14:62," in Daniel M. Gurtner and Benjamin L. Gladd eds., From Creation to New Creation: Biblical Theology and Exegesis: Essays in Honor of G. K. Beale (Peabody: Hendrickson, 2013) 83-101.
"The Bible in Mission: The Modern/Postmodern Western Context," in The Bible in Mission, ed. Pauline Hoggarth, Fergus Macdonald, Bill Mitchell and Knud Jørgensen (Regnum Edinburgh Centenary Series 18; Oxford: Regnum Books, 2013) 43-55.
"Luke's Infancy Narrative as Oral History in Scriptural Form," in The Gospels: History and Christology: The Search of Joseph Ratzinger-Benedict XVI, ed. Bernardo Estrada, Ermenegildo Manicardi and Armand Puig i Tàrrech (Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013) vol. 1, 399-417.
(with Trevor Hart) "Salvation and Creation: 'All Things New,'" in The Scope of Salvation: Theatres of God's Drama (Lincoln Lectures in Theology 1998; Lincoln: Lincoln Cathedral Publications, 1999) 40-54.
(with Trevor Hart) "The Shape of Time," in D. Fergusson and M. Sarot ed., The Future as God's Gift: Explorations in Christian Eschatology (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 2000) 41-72.
The Life of faith, as it is the evidence of things unseen. A sermon preached (contractedly) before the King at White-Hall, upon July the 22th 1660. By Richard Baxter, one of his Majesties chaplains in ordinary. Published by his Majesties special command. With enlargement, and relaxation of the stile for common use. London: printed by R.W. and A.M. for Francis Tyton and Jane Vnderhill, and are to be sold at the three Daggers in Fleet-street, and at the Bible and Anchor in Pauls Church-Yard; and by Nevil Simmons at Kederminster, 1660. , 70 pp. British Library.
Evidences of the Christian Religion; briefly and plainly stated. Volume 1 of 2. The fourth edition. London, 1795. 167 pp.
Evidences of the Christian Religion; briefly and plainly stated. Volume 2 of 2. The fourth edition. London, 1795. 157 pp.
Evidences of the Christian Religion; briefly and plainly stated / by James Beattie.
Annapolis [Md.]: George Shaw and Co.,1812 edition. ([Annapolis?]: Jonas Green) iv, 187 pp.
Elements of moral science/ By James Beattie, LL.D. professor of moral philosophy and logic in Marischal College, Aberdeen; Volume 1 of 2. Philadelphia: From the press of Mathew Carey, no.118, Market-Street, Jan. 28, 1792-1794. 456 pp.
Elements of moral science/ By James Beattie, LL.D. professor of moral philosophy and logic in Marischal College, Aberdeen; Volume 2 of 2. Philadelphia: From the press of Mathew Carey, no.118, Market-Street, Jan. 28, [1792-1794]. 695 pp.
Governor Jonathan Belcher Promotes Christianity and Morality. "In this speech, Governor Jonathan Belcher called upon government to promote Christianity and to encourage the people to reform their lives and morals. This shows that in Colonial times, an American governor could encourage and promote Christianity! The following excerpt of Governor Belcher's speech of December 16, 1730 is from A Journal of the Honourable House of Representatives, At a Great and General Court of Assembly of His Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. Boston: Thomas Fleet, 1730."
By His Excellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq; A Proclamation: Whereas a treaty of peace, union, friendship & mutual defence between the crowns of Great Britain, France & Spain was concluded at Seville on the ninth day of November one thousand seven hundred & twenty-nine ... Given at the Council chamber in Boston the [illegible] day of August 1730.
By His Excellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq; A Proclamation: Whereas His Majesty hath received repeated complaints, that the trade of his subjects in the West-Indies, and else-where, suffers much damage and molestation from piratical vessels. Given at the Council chamber in Boston, the sixth day of April, 1731.
By His Excellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq. A Proclamation: Whereas the establishment of peace and friendship between His Majesty's subjects, and the Shawanese and Delaware Indians, have been earnestly sought by the government of Pennsylvania, and negociations were actually carrying on for bringing about those salutary purposes, Given under my hand and seal, at arms, at the borough of Elizabeth, this twenty-third day of July, annoque Domini, one thousand seven hundred and fifty-six.
An Essay tending to promote the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ as it was delivered in a sermon preached before his Excellency the governour, the Honourable Council, and representatives of the province of Massachusetts-Bay in N. England, on May 28, 1707, which was the anniversary day for election of Her Majesties Council, for that province.
Boston in N.E.: Printed by B. Green, 1707. , 20, , 13 pp.; 14 cm.
A General History of the Baptist denomination in America,
and other parts of the world. Boston: Printed by Lincoln & Edmands, no. 53, Cornhill, for the author, 1813. 2 v. 23 cm. Volume 1 of 2. Also here.
Bishop Burnet in his history of the reformation, as quoted by Crosby, says, "At this time (1549) there were many Anabaptists in several parts of England. They were generally Germans, whom the revolutions there had forced to change their seats. Upon Luther's first preaching in Germany, there arose many, who, building on some of his principles, carried things much farther than he did. The chief foundation he laid down was, that the Scripture was to be the only rule of Christians." This maxim has been generally laid down by all evangelical reformers, and has ever proved dangerous to the cause of infant baptism. The famous Whitefield was a notable example of this kind. He appears to have had no design of undermining infant baptism, and yet I am inclined to think, by what I have learnt in my travels, that some thousands in this country, were led to embrace the sentiments of the Baptists by following his principles up to their legitimate consequences. It is reported of Whitefield, that he once pleasantly said, many of his chickens had turned ducks, and gone into the water.--p. 141.
A History of All Religions, as divided into paganism, Mahometanism, Judaism and Christianity, with an account of literary and theological institutions, and missionary, Bible, tract and Sunday school societies with a general list of religious publications: accompanied with a frontispiece of six heads. Providence: J. Miller, printer, 1824. 360, 96 pp.: front. (ports.) plates; 18 cm.
The Four Gospels from a Lawyer's Standpoint. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1899. xi, 58 pp.; 18 cm.
(TM): In this brief book, Edmund Bennett (1824-1898), a probate judge in New York for over two decades and Dean of the School of Law at Boston University for 23 years, gives an overview of the peculiarities of each gospel, the confirmations of authenticity and veracity of the narratives by small details easily overlooked and not credibly the product of collusion, variations in the gospels, and alleged inconsistencies in the gospels. Though it is by no means a work of deep scholarship, it is a competent and very readable summary of some important points and a model of clear presentation for a nonspecialist audience.
English minister. Learn more about Benson here. Disclaimer: Though Benson held to Socinian views, his work is often cited by orthodox writers, so he has been included here.
The Reasonableness of the Christian Religion, as delivered in the Scriptures. In four parts. Part I. Contains the arguments for the truth of the Christian religion. Part II. The answers to the difficulties and objections proposed by the anti-revelationists. Part III. An interpretation of several texts, which they have perverted. Part IV. A vindication of the three preceding parts. The third edition. London: printed for J. Waugh; and W. Fenner, 1759. Volume 1; Volume 2
The History of the first planting of the Christian religion taken from the Acts of the Apostles, and their Epistles. In three volumes. The second edition carefully corrected, and with large additions. London: printed and sold by J. Waugh and W. Fenner, 1755-1756. Volume 1 of 3; Volume 2; Volume 3.
Eight Sermons preach'd at the Honourable Robert Boyle's lecture, in the first year, MDCXCII. By Richard Bentley. The fifth edition. To which is now added a sermon preach'd at the Publick-Commencement at Cambridge July V. MDCXCVI. when He Proceded Doctor in Divinity. Printed for Cornelius Crownfield, Printer to the University. Cambridge, 1724. 400pp.
Of Revelation and the Messias. A sermon preached at the publick commencement at Cambridge, July 5th, 1696 / by Richard Bentley. London: Printed by J.H. for Henry Mortlock, 1696. , 34 pp.
The Folly and unreasonableness of atheism, demonstrated from the advantage and pleasure of a religious life, the faculties of human souls, the structure of animate bodies, & the origin and frame of the world : in eight sermons preached at the lecture founded by the Honourable Robert Boyle, Esquire, in the first year MDCXCII / by Richard Bentley, M. A., Chaplain to the Right Reverend Father in God, Edward, Lord Bishop of Worcester. London: Printed by J. H. for H. Mortlock at the Ph'nix in St. Paul's Church-yard, 1693. 8 pts. in 1 v. ; 21 cm. Series: Robert Boyle lectures, 1692. Contents: [pt.1] The folly of atheism, and (what is now called) deism. 4th edition 1693 -- [pt.2] Matter and motion cannot think: or, A confutation of atheism from the faculties of the soul. 3d edition 1694. -- [pt.3-5] A confutation of atheism from the structure and origin of human bodies. Pt.I: 3d edition, 1693. Pt.II: 2d edition, 1693. Pt.III: 3d edition, 1694. -- [pt.6-8] A confutation of atheism from the origine and frame of the world. Pt. 1: 2d edition, 1694. Pt.II. 1693. Pt. III: 1693.
The Folly of Atheism, and (what is now called) deism even with respect to the present life: a sermon preached at St. Martin's in the Fields, March the 7th. 1691/2, being the first of the lecture founded by the Honourable Robert Boyle, Esquire / by Richard Bentley. The fourth edition. London: Printed by J. H. for H. Mortlock, 1693. , 36 pp.
Deism Self-Refuted, or an examination of the principles of infidelity scattered throughout the different works of Rousseau in form of letters / by Monsieur Bergier. Translated from the fourth edition, printed at Paris, revised and corrected by the author. [London?]: Printed in the year, 1775. 2 v.; 12⁰.
Alciphron, or, The Minute philosopher: in
seven dialogues: containing an apology for the Christian religion, against those who are called free-thinkers. Dublin: printed for William Williamson, 1757. ,370 pp.; 8⁰
"Not so impossible neither, that an infidel should be bigoted to his infidelity. Methinks I see a bigot, wherever I see a man overbearing and positive without knowing why, laying the greatest stress on points of smallest moment, hasty to judge of the conscience, thoughts, and inward views, of other men, impatient of reasoning against his own opinions, and choosing them with inclination rather than judgment, an enemy to learning, and attached to mean authorities. How far our modern infidels agree with this description, I leave to be considered by those who really consider and think for themselves."
The Analyst, or, a discourse addressed to an infidel mathematician. Wherein it is examined whether the object, principles, and inferences of the modern analysis are more distinctly conceived, than religious mysteries. By the author of The Minute philosopher. The second edition London, 1754. 105 pp.
Berkouwer, Gerrit Cornelis
The Person of Christ (Studies in Dogmatics). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, December 1954. 372 pages. Buy this book here.
Legal scholar. Learn more about Berman here. Our thanks to Dr. Berman for his permission to offer the items below.
The American Preceptor; being a new selection of lessons for reading and speaking: designed for the use of schools. By Caleb Bingham, A.M. Author of the Columbian orator, Child's companion, etc. The first New-York (from the fifth) edition, 1800.
iv,  6-228 pp. 18 cm. (12mo)
The Columbian Orator, containing a variety of original and selected pieces; together with rules; calculated to improve youth and others in the ornamental and useful art of eloquence. By Caleb Bingham, A.M. author of The American preceptor, Young lady's accidence, etc. [Three lines from Rollin] Published according to act of Congress. Third edition. 300 pp. 18 cm. (12mo)
Frederick Douglass: When I was about thirteen years old, and had succeeded in learning to read, every increase of knowledge, especially anything respecting the free states, was an additional weight to the almost intolerable burden of my thought--"I am a slave for life." To my bondage I could see no end. It was a terrible reality, and I shall never be able to tell how sadly that thought chafed my young spirit. Fortunately, or unfortunately, I had earned a little money in blacking boots for some gentlemen, with which I purchased of Mr. Knight, on Thames street, what was then a very popular school book, viz., "The Columbian Orator," for which I paid fifty cents. I was led to buy this book by hearing some little boys say they were going to learn some pieces out of it for the exhibition. This volume was indeed a rich treasure, and every opportunity afforded me, for a time, was spent in diligently perusing it. Among much other interesting matter, that which I read again and again with unflagging satisfaction was a short dialogue between a master and his slave. The slave is represented as having been recaptured in a second attempt to run away; and the master opens the dialogue with an upbraiding speech, charging the slave with ingratitude, and demanding to know what he has to say in his own defense. Thus upbraided and thus called upon to reply, the slave rejoins that he knows how little anything that he can say will avail, seeing that he is completely in the hands of his owner; and with noble resolution, calmly says, "I submit to my fate." Touched by the slave's answer, the master insists upon his further speaking, and recapitulates the many acts of kindness which he has performed toward the slave, and tells him he is permitted to speak for himself. Thus invited, the quondam slave made a spirited defense of himself, and thereafter the whole argument for and against slavery is brought out. The master was vanquished at every turn in the argument, and appreciating the fact he generously and meekly emancipates the slave, with his best wishes for his prosperity. It is unnecessary to say that a dialogue with such an origin and such an end, read by me when every nerve of my being was in revolt at my own condition as a slave, affected me most powerfully. I could not help feeling that the day might yet come, when the well-directed answers made by the slave to the master, in this instance, would find a counterpart in my own experience. This, however, was not all the fanaticism which I found in the Columbian Orator. I met there one of Sheridan's mighty speeches, on the subject of Catholic Emancipation, Lord Chatham's speech on the American War, and speeches by the great William Pitt, and by Fox. These were all choice documents to me, and I read them over and over again, with an interest ever increasing, because it was ever gaining in intelligence; for the more I read them the better I understood them. The reading of these speeches added much to my limited stock of language, and enabled me to give tongue to many interesting thoughts which had often flashed through my mind and died away for want of words in which to give them utterance. The mighty power and heart-searching directness of truth penetrating the heart of a slaveholder, compelling him to yield up his earthly interests to the claims of eternal justice, were finely illustrated in the dialogue, and from the speeches of Sheridan I got a bold and powerful denunciation of oppression and a most brilliant vindication of the rights of man. Here was indeed a noble acquisition. If I had ever wavered under the consideration that the Almighty, in some way, had ordained slavery and willed my enslavement for his own glory, I wavered no longer. I had now penetrated to the secret of all slavery and all oppression, and had ascertained their true foundation to be in the pride, the power, and the avarice of man. With a book in my hand so redolent of the principles of liberty, with a perception of my own human nature and the facts of my past and present experience, I was equal to a contest with the religious advocates of slavery, whether white or black, for blindness in this matter was not confined to the white people. I have met many good religious colored people at the south, who were under the delusion that God required them to submit to slavery and to wear their chains with meekness and humility. I could entertain no such nonsense as this, and I quite lost my patience when I found a colored man weak enough to believe such stuff.
The Columbian Orator: Containing a Variety of Original and Selected Pieces, Together with Rules, Calculated to Improve Youth and Others in the Ornamental and Useful Art of Eloquence. Boston: J.H.A. Frost, 1832 edition. 300 pp. Electronic edition: Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Digital Research Library, 1999. Also here.
Triumph of Truth, in the testimony of its foes or proofs of the authenticity of the Bible, in a series of letters to a disciple of Deism. Cambridge: printed by and for B. Flower, and sold by Crosby and Letterman, M. Gurney, London and J. Rusher, Reading, 1800. xi,,223, pp.
The Common Principiles [sic] of Christian Religion Clearly Proved and Singularly Improved, or, A practical catechism: wherein some of the most concerning-foundations of our faith are solidely laid down, and that doctrine, which is according to godliness, sweetly, yet pungently pressed home and most satisfyingly handled / by that worthy and faithful servant of Jesus Christ, Mr. Hew Binning. The 5[th] impression, carefully corrected & amended. [Glasgow]: Printed by R.S., printer to the town of Glasgow, 1666 [i.e. 1667] , 286 pp.
Bird, Charles Smith
English academic, cleric and tutor, known as a theological author and writer of devotional verse. Learn more about Bird here.
English clergyman. Anglican, President of Sion College. He delivered the Boyle lectures in 1736, 1737, and 1738. Read about Biscoe in the Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885-1900.
The History of the Acts of the Holy Apostles Confirmed from Other Authors and consider'd as full evidence of the truth of Christianity: with a prefatory discourse Upon The Nature of that Evidence. Being twenty-four Sermons, preach'd in the Parish-Church of St. Mary Le Bow, London, in the years 1736, 1737, 1738; at the lecture founded by the Honble Robert Boyle, Esq ; by Richard Biscoe, M.A. Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty. London: Printed for C. Davis, in Pater-Noster Row, and S. Austen, in St. Paul's Church-Yard, 1742.
Volume 1 of 2. 367 pp.
Volume 2 of 2. 326 pp.
Answer to Ingersoll. Extracted from Essays and speeches of Jeremiah S. Black. First printed in North American Review. "In nearly all families, parents teach their children that Christ is God, and his system of morality absolutely perfect. This belief lies so deep in the popular heart that, if every written record of it were destroyed to-day, the memory of millions could reproduce it to-morrow. Its earnestness is proved by its works. Wherever it goes it manifests itself in deeds of practical benevolence. It builds, not churches alone, but almshouses, hospitals, and asylums. It shelters the poor, feeds the hungry, visits the sick, consoles the afflicted, provides for the fatherless, comforts the heart of the widow, instructs the ignorant, reforms the vicious, and saves to the uttermost them that are ready to perish. To the common observer it does not look as if Christianity were making itself ready to be swallowed up by infidelity. Thus far, at least, the promise has been kept that "the gates of hell shall not prevail against it."
"There is, to be sure, a change in the party hostile to religion -- not 'a profound change,' but a change entirely superficial -- which consists, not in thought, but merely in modes of expression and methods of attack. The bad classes of society always hated the doctrine and discipline which reproached their wickedness and frightened them by threats of punishment in another world."
English Jurist. Knighted in 1770. Read more about Blackstone here and here and here.
Introduction, "On the Study of Law" and "Of the Nature of Laws in General," from Commentaries on the laws of England: in four books. From the last London edition, with the last corrections of the author ... / by Edward Christian. Volume 1 of 4. New-York, 1822.
See the endorsement of Blackstone's work by Abraham Lincoln from his letter to James T. Thornton, December 2, 1858, Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 3.
Yours of the 29th. written in behalf of Mr. John H. Widmer, is received. I am absent altogether too much to be a suitable instructer for a law-student. When a man has reached the age that Mr. Widner has, and has already been doing for himself, my judgment is, that he reads the books for himself without an instructer. That is precisely the way I came to the law. Let Mr. Widner read Blackstone's Commentaries, Chitty's Pleading's---Greenleaf's Evidence, Story's Equity, and Story's Equity Pleading's, get a license, and go to the practice, and still keep reading. That is my judgment of the cheapest, quickest, and best way for Mr. Widner to make a lawyer of himself.
And from his letter to J. M. Brockman, Esq. Springfield, Ills. Sep. 25. 1860, Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 4.
Dear Sir: Yours of the 24th. asking "the best mode of obtaining a thorough knowledge of the law" is received. The mode is very simple, though laborious, and tedious. It is only to get the books, and read, and study them carefully. Begin with Blackstone's Commentaries, and after reading it carefully through, say twice, take up Chitty's Pleading, Greenleaf's Evidence, & Story's Equity &c. in succession. Work, work, work, is the main thing.
Christian, Edward. Preface and "Life of the Author," from Blackstone, William, Commentaries on the laws of England: in four books: with an analysis of the work.. From the 19th London edition / with a life of the author and notes by Edward Christian, plus Chitty, Lee, Hovenden, and Ryland, and also references to American cases by a member of the New-York Bar."/ Includes bibliographical references and index. New York: W.E. Dean, 1853. Volume 1 of 2. Analysis of Blackstone's work here.
"The Commentaries of Blackstone continue to be the text book of the student and of the man of general reading, notwithstanding the alterations in the law since the time of their author. The great principles which they unfold remain the same, and are explained in so simple and clear a style, that, however much the details of the law may be changed, they will always be read with interest. It is no small commendation of Blackstone, that many of the modern improvements adopted in England and in the United States were suggested by him: and that the arrangement which he used in treating the different subjects, has been followed in a great degree by the Revisers of the Statutes of New-York.
William Carey Jones, editor. Commentaries on the Laws of England. San Francisco, Bancroft-Whitney, 1915-1916. Volume 1 of 2. 1598 pp. Volume 2 of 2. 1354 pp.
Samuel F. Mordecai. Law lectures; a treatise, from a North Carolina standpoint, on those portions of the first and second books of the Commentaries of Sir William Blackstone which have not become obsolete in the United States. Volume 1 of 2. 774 pp. Volume 2 of 2. 760 pp.
The Archaeology of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Pub. House, . 192 pp. illus., facsims., maps (part col.), ports. 23 cm. Nelson; Rev. and updated edition, 1984. 186 pages.
Man or Myth. Singapore: ANZEA, 1983. 142 pp.
"It is a sombre fact that practically everything written during the lifetime of Christ has perished. Parts of one unimportant historical work survive from the years of His ministry or their vicinity. The badly written history of Rome by Velleius Paterculus, a retired army officer of Tiberius turned amateur historian, was published in A.D. 30. The procuratorial records of Palestine were much less likely to be preserved. Two-thirds of Pilate's name has recently been found in an inscription at Caesarea along with a reference in one word to a shrine of Tiberius--an oddly brief authentication of the procurator and his preoccupations. Jesus is authenticated in no other way, outside the gospels, save by Josephus and a sentence in a Roman historian. Such has been time's destruction. The decade of the forties has left little, save that the pleasant fables of the Macedonian freedman, Phaedrus, were written during those years.
"The same remark is almost true of the surviving literature of the fifties and sixties of the first century, when the first three gospels, and most of the letters of the New Testament, were being written. Bookends set a foot apart on this desk where I write would enclose the works from those significant years."--pp. 12-13.
The Cities of the New Testament. London: Pickering & Inglis, 1965.
128 pp. illus. (part col.) 22cm. Buy this book here.
The Christian in Pagan Society. Originally published in 1951 by the Inter-Varsity Press, with a Second Edition (completely reset) in May 1956. Prepared for the web in April 2005 by Michael Farmery & Robert I. Bradshaw.
Lectures on the Canon of the Scriptures. Comprehending a dissertation on the Septuagint version: delivered in the Cathedral Church of Westminster. London: printed for T. Cadell, 1785. xv, , 219,  pp.
Blair, John Fulton
The Apostolic Gospel: with a critical reconstruction of the text. London: Smith, Elder, & Co., 1896. 420 pp.
Mark's statement that the women said nothing to any one; for they were afraid,? does not necessarily mean that they held their peace even from good. They were instructed, according to Mark, to tell the disciples and Peter (ver. 7). Their fear would dispose them to deliver this message as quickly as possible, and would only prevent them from spreading the report among the unbelieving Jews. If they said nothing to anyone, the inference seems incontestable that they did not say anything to the disciples; but absolute silence is a psychological improbability, and the united testimony of Matthew, Luke, and John is sufficient to justify the assumption that, whatever the sequel may have been, it did not end with fear and silence (Matt. xxviii. 8; Luke xxiv. 9; John xx. 2). The reader who insists that Mark means exactly what he says is, no doubt, perfectly reasonable; but the question is, What does Mark say? The leper was charged to say nothing to any man; but he was also instructed to go and show himself to the priest, who was presumably a man (Mark i. 44). When the daughter of Jairus was raised from the dead, according to Mark's report, the people in the house were charged much that no man should know this (Mark v. 48); but the people themselves were obviously excluded. They could not be prevented from receiving the testimony of their senses (cf. Mark vii. 86). In Mark vii. 24 the statement is made that Jesus entered into a house, and would have no man know it; but the disciples were with Him, and from them the fact could not be hid. And, finally, when Mark reports that Peter and James and John were instructed to tell no man what things they had seen at the transfiguration of their Master (Mark ix. 9), he does not intend to suggest that the secret was to be kept from the rest of the twelve (cf. Mark viii. 30; ix. 30). These parallel passages prove conclusively that the statement regarding the women is not incompatible with the supposition that they delivered their message to the disciples. -- pp. 379-380.
A Biographical Dictionary Comprising a summary account of the lives of the most distinguished persons of all ages, nations, and professions; including more than two thousand articles
of American biography. By the Rev. John L. Blake. 13th edition, revised and enlarged. Philadelphia, H. Cowperthwait & co., 1856. 1366 pp., 28 cm.
Includes data on prominent Christians of Blake's era.
Does God believe in atheists? Darlington, England; Auburn, Mass.: Evangelical Press, July 2000. 655 pp.; 24 cm. Buy this book here.
Why Believe the Bible? Evangelical Press, July 2004. Buy this book here.
A Reference to Jewish tradition necessary to an interpreter of the New Testament: A Sermon preached before the University of Cambridge in Great St. Mary's Church, on Sunday, December 29, 1816 / By the Rev. Charles James Blomfield.
Cambridge: Printed by J. Smith, Printer to the University; for J. Mawman ... [et al.], 1817. [iii]-vi, 42 pp.  ; 21 cm. Notes: "Published by desire of the Reverend the Vice-Chancellor". Text from Matt. XIII. 52. Item no. 1 in volume
Biblical scholar. Executive Director of Cultural Engagement and Senior Research Professor of New Testament Studies, Dallas Theological Seminary. Read about Bock here.
Breaking the Da Vinci Code (Answers to Questions Everyone's Asking). Walker Large Print; Lrg edition, September 6, 2006. 239 pages. Buy this book here.
With Professor Dan Wallace, Dallas Theological Seminary and
Professor Craig Blomberg, Denver Theological Seminary. Video presentation. Jesus, the Gospels, and the Telephone Game. Jesus Myths Volume 1, Part 7. Skeptical scholars often compare the way the Bible's accounts of Jesus were passed on with the children's telephone game, where children whisper a complicated message from one to another. In the process the message is corrupted, and at the end everyone has a good laugh. But how good is the comparison between this game and the way the Gospel stories were actually passed on?
A Collection of tracts, publish'd in vindication of Mr. Lock's Reasonableness of Christianity, publish'd in vindication of Mr. Lock's Reasonableness of Christianity, as deliver'd in the Scriptures; and of his Essay, concerning humane understanding: a catalogue of the tracts is in the following page. / By Sa. Bolde. London: Printed for A. and J. Churchill, in Pater-noster-row, 1706. 595 pp. Contents:
A short discourse of the true knowledge of Christ Jesus -- Some passages in the Reasonableness of Christianity -- A reply to Mr. Edward's Brief reflections on a short discourse of the true knowledge of Christ Jesus -- Observations on the animadversions (lately printed at Oxford) on a late book, entituled, The reasonableness of Christianity, as delivered in the Scriptures -- Some considerations on the principal objections and arguments which have been publish'd against Mr. Lock's Essay of humane understanding -- A discourse concerning the resurrection of the same body: with two letters concerning the necessary immateriality of created thinking substance.
The Christian Belief: wherein is asserted and proved, that as there is nothing in the Gospel contrary to reason, yet there are some doctrines in it above reason, and these being necessarily enjoyn'd us to believe, are properly call'd mysteries; in answer to a book intituled, Christianity not mysterious. The second edition; with a preface, and other additions. London: Printed by W. Onley for A. Bosvile, 1697. , xxiv, , 160 pp.
The Duty of Christians, with respect to human interpretations, and decisions, when propos'd to be believed and submitted to by them, as necessary. London, 1717. 39 pp.
[Recherches philosophiques sur les preuves du Christianisme, abridged. English] Interesting Views of Christianity, being a translation of part of a work of the celebrated M. Bonnet, entitled, Recherches philosophiques sur les preuves du Christianisme. Boston: Bradford and Read, 1813. 164 pp.; 20 cm.
Old Truths in Modern Lights, the Boyle lectures for 1890 with other sermons. New York: James Pott, 1891. xxiv, 286 pp.; 20 cm. Also here. Subjects of the sermons include the conflicts between science and theology, mankind's nature, and Saint Paul's Gospel.
Borland, James A.
Christ in the Old Testament: Old Testament Appearances of Christ in Human Form. Christian Focus Publications, January 2003. 192 pp. Buy this book here.
Booth, Abraham Gilliam
An Apology for the Baptists:In which they are vindicated from the imputation of laying an unwarrantable stress on the ordinance of baptism; ... By Abraham Booth. London: printed, and sold by E. and C. Dilly; G. Keith; and J. Johnson, 1778. ,146,pp.
A View of the Covenant of Grace from the Sacred Records. Wherein the parties in that covenant, the making of it, its parts conditionary and promissory, and the administration thereof, are distinctly considered. Together with the trial of a saving personal inbeing in it, To which is subjoined, a memorial concerning personal and family fasting. London, 1792. 447 pp.
A View of the Covenant of Grace from the Sacred Records. Wherein the parties in that covenant, the making of it, its parts conditionary and promissory, and the administration thereof, are distinctly considered. Together with the trial of a saving personal inbeing in it, To which is subjoined, a memorial concerning personal and family fasting. Glasgow: printed for William Walker, and sold at his shop, 1767. 407, pp.; 8⁰
The Age of Revelation, or, The age of reason shewn to be an age of infidelity / by Elias Boudinot. Dickins edition Philadelphia: Asbury Dickins, 1801 (Philadelphia: Hugh Maxwell) 232 [i.e. 332] pp.; 22 cm.
"God, in his infinite wisdom, has given us sufficient evidence, that the revelation of the gospel is from him. This is the subject of rational inquiry, and of conviction, from the conclusive nature of the evidence: but when that fact is established, you are bound, as a rational creature, to show your full confidence in his unchangeable veracity, and infinite wisdom, by firmly believing the great truths so revealed; although he has wisely kept from your knowledge, some things which may be mysterious in their nature. In this, his design, amongst others, may be, that thereby the pride of the human heart might be subdued; the human will brought to submit to the will of God; the character of Jehovah magnified and honoured; and his unstained veracity perfectly confided in, and trusted to, while at the same time, the amiable humility of the Christian character, is promoted in the firm believer of his word."
... "Far near half a century, have I anxiously and critically studied that invaluable treasure; and I still scarcely ever take it up, that I do not find something new-that I do not receive some valuable addition to my stock of knowledge; or perceive some instructive fact, never observed before. In short, were you to ask me to recommend the most valuable book in the world, I should fix on the Bible as the most instructive, both to the wise and ignorant. Were you to ask me for one, affording the most rational and pleasing entertainment to the inquiring mind, I should repeat, it is the Bible: and should you renew the inquiry, for the best philosophy, or the most interesting history, I should still urge you to look into your Bible."
A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875. Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume 19 August 1, 1782 - March 11, 1783. Elias Boudinot to Susan Boudinot "You have been instructed from your Childhood in the knowledge of your Lost State by Nature--the absolute necessity of a Change of Heart, and an entire renovation of Soul, to the Image of Jesus Christ--of Salvation, thro' his meritorious Righteousness only--and the indispensable necessity of personal Holiness without which no man shall see the Lord. You are well acquainted that the most perfect & consummate Doctrinal Knowledge, is of no avail, without it operates on & sincerely affects the Heart--Changes the Practice--and totally influences the Will--and that without the almighty Power of the Spirit of God, enlightening your Mind, subduing your Will, and continually drawing you to himself--you can do nothing."
An Oration, delivered at Elizabeth-Town, New-Jersey, agreeable to a resolution of the state Society of Cincinnati, on the Fourth of July, M.DCC.XCIII. Being the seventeenth anniversary of the independence of America. / By Elias Boudinot, L.L.D.; [Three lines in Latin from Lactantius] Elizabeth-Town [N.J.] Printed by Shepard Kollock, at his printing-office and book-store, 1793. iv, , 6-32 pp.; 20 cm. (4to)
"Do you, my worthy fellow-citizens of every description, wish for more lasting matter of pleasure and satisfaction in contemplating the great events
brought to your minds this day? Extend, then, your views to a distant period of future time. Look forward a few years, and behold our extended forests (now a pathless wilderness) converted into fruitful fields and busy towns. Take into view the pleasing shores of our immense lakes, united to the Atlantic States by a thousand winding canals, and beautified with rising cities, crowded with innumerable peaceful fleets, transporting the rich produce from one coast to another.
"Add to all this, what must most please every humane and benevolent mind, the ample provision thus made by the God of all flesh for the reception of the nations of the earth, flying from the tyranny and oppression of the despots of the Old World,* and say, if the prophecies of ancient times are not hastening to a fulfillment, when this wilderness shall blossom as a rose the heathen be given to the Great Redeemer, as his inheritance, and these uttermost parts of the earth for his possession.
"Who knows but the country for which we have fought and bled may hereafter become a theatre of greater events than yet have been known to mankind.
"May these invigorating prospects lead us to the exercise of every virtue, religious, moral, and political. May we be roused to a circumspect conduct
to an exact obedience to the laws of our own making to the preservation of the spirit and principles of our truly invaluable constitution to respect and attention to magistrates of our own choice; and, finally, by our example as well as precept, add to the real happiness of our fellow-men, and the particular glory of our common country.
"And may these great principles, in the end, become instrumental in bringing about that happy state of the world, when, from every human breast, joined by the grand chorus of the skies, shall arise with the profoundest reverence, that divinely celestial anthem of universal praise 'Glory to God in the highest--Peace on earth--Good will towards men.'"
* It is worthy the attention of every serious mind, who carefully traces
the secret footsteps of Divine Providence, that if the late Revolution had
not taken place, and America had still continued under the dominion of
Great Britain, the unhappy sufferers in the cause of Freedom, both in
Europe and the West Indies, would not now have had a spot on tlie
globe to which they could, with propriety and safety, have retired, m
case of a failure of their exertions in favor of Universal Liberty. Neither
can any European nation afford so complete an asylum as the United
States for the opposition, in case they should finally be driven from a
country which might conceive itself essentially injured by their hostile
conduct in the day of her distress.
United States. Continental Congress. Proclamation. 1783, Apr. 11. By the United States of America in Congress assembled. A Proclamation, declaring the cessation of arms, as well by sea as by land, agreed upon between the United States of America and His Britannic Majesty; and enjoining the observance thereof. Done in Congress, at Philadelphia, this eleventh day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty three. Richmond: Printed by James Hayes, printer to the Commonwealth., . Signed: Elias Boudinot, president. Attest, Charles Thomson, sec'ry. Followed by a Proclamation of Benjamin Harrison, governor of Virginia, affirming the Proclamation of the Continental Congress. Text in two columns.
J. J. Boudinot, editor. The Life, Public Services, Addresses, and Letters of Elias Boudinot, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1896, Vol. I, Speech in the First Provincial Congress of New Jersey.
"Let us enter on this important business under the idea that we are Christians on whom the eyes of the world are now turned" [L]et us earnestly call and beseech Him, for Christ's sake, to preside in our councils. . . . We can only depend on the all powerful influence of the Spirit of God, Whose Divine aid and assistance it becomes us as a Christian people most devoutly to implore. Therefore I move that some minister of the Gospel be requested to attend this Congress every morning . . . in order to open the meeting with prayer." pp. 19, 21.
J. J. Boudinot, editor. The Life, Public Services, Addresses, and Letters of Elias Boudinot: president of the Continental congress, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1896, Vol. II .
A Treatise on Logic; or, The Laws of pure thought; comprising both the Aristotelic and Hamiltonian analyses of logical forms, and some chapters of applied logic. Second edition. Cambridge [Mass.] Sever and Francis, 1864. xv, 450 pp. diagrs. 20 cm.
Hume's celebrated argument against the credibility of miracles is a fallacy which results from losing sight of the distinction between Testimony and Authority, between Veracity and Competency. He argues, that it is contrary to all experience that a Law of Nature should be broken, but it is not contrary to experience that human testimony should be false; and therefore we ought to believe that any amount of Testimony is false, in preference to admitting the occurrence of a miracle, as this would be a violation of Law. We answer, that the miraculous character of an event is not a matter of Intuition, but of Inference; hence, it is not to be decided by Testimony, but by Reasoning from the probabilities of the case, the only question being whether, in view of all the circumstances, the Conclusion is competent that the occurrence was supernatural. The Testimony relates only to the happening of the event considered merely as an external phenomenon; the question respecting the nature of this event, whether it is, or is not, a violation of Physical Law, whether it is an effect of this or that Efficient Cause, cannot be determined by Intuition and Testimony, but is a matter for Judgment founded on Reasoning, in view of all the circumstances of the case. If doubtful of our own Competency to form a correct opinion on this point, we may defer to the Authority of another, who is familiar with the kind of Reasoning by which such questions are settled. Now we have abundant evidence from experience, that no event whatever, regarded simply as an external phenomenon, can be so strange and marvellous that sufficient Testimony will not convince us of the reality of its occurrence. To the contemporaries of our Saviour, not even bringing a dead man to life would have appeared so incredible as the transmission of a written message five thousand miles, without error, within a minute of time. Yet this feat has been accomplished by the Magnetic Telegraph. Why do we decide, then, that the raising of Lazarus was, and the transmission of intelligence by telegraph is not, a miracle? Evidently not by Intuition, but by reasoning from the very different circumstances of the two cases. The fact, that the eyes of the blind were opened, or a storm was reduced to a calm, or the dead were raised, is established by Intuition and Testimony, which have established many other facts quite as wonderful; the character of this fact, whether miraculous or not, is to be settled in a very different manner. We say, then, that Hume's argument, which is based exclusively upon an appeal to experience and Testimony, is totally inapplicable to the question respecting the credibility of a miracle. Testimony has nothing to do with the correct inference of a Conclusion from its Premises.
We can touch only very briefly on the Criticism of recorded Testimony, and of writings in general. As we must avail ourselves, in the construction of Science, of the experience of former generations, in respect to which the Testimony of eye- and ear-witnesses is no longer directly accessible, we are obliged to consider the credibility of this, Testimony as affected by the channels of transmission through which it has been passed. There are but two such channels, Tradition and Ancient Writings. The former of these may be left out of account; for if the lapse of time has been considerable, the probability that the Testimony, if transmitted merely by word of mouth, has been materially altered or falsified, is so great, that the report can be received only with extreme caution. But it has already been mentioned; that the invention of the art of writing has rendered it possible for the experience of a former generation to be handed down, through an indefinite lapse of centuries, in as perfect a state as that in which it was first communicated to those who were the contemporaries of the events narrated. This is possible, we say; the question whether it has been actually so transmitted is what we have to consider in the Criticism of Ancient Writings.
When a document purporting to be the recorded Testimony of certain individuals of a former generation is presented to us, we have first to inquire whether it is actually the handwriting, or the composition as taken down by dictation, or a faithful report, made at the time, of the substance of the evidence of the individuals whose names it bears, or to whom it is attributed. The establishment of either of these three points is the proof of what is called the Genuineness of the writing. It is comparatively unimportant which of the three is proved, as either of them gives us assurance that the document is a faithful record of the Testimony of the persons whose evidence is to be weighed. Thus, even if we were sure that the Testimony of the Evangelists was originally written out by their own hands, we certainly do not possess their autograph copies; still, the Gospels are Genuine, if we have sufficient evidence that they are faithful records, made at the time, (or correct transcripts of such records,) of what the Evangelists said.
But a second question must be answered before we can accept the evidence furnished by the document. We must be satisfied, not only that the Testimony is Genuine,-that it was actually given by those from whom it purports to come, but that it is Authentic, -that this Testimony is a true and faithful narrative of what actually happened. Proofs of the Genuineness of the writing amount, at the utmost, only to bringing the witnesses into court and establishing their identity; proofs of the Authenticity must be found by sifting their evidence, and applying to it all the tests and means of verification which we possess, in order to ascertain whether they are telling the truth. If not Genuine, the document is said to be Spurious; if not Authentic, it is false.
As most of the tests and proofs of the Genuineness and Authenticity of a writing are such as readily suggest themselves to the inquirer, it is unnecessary to consider them here at any length. Generally, they may be divided into two classes, called respectively the External and the Internal Evidences of the point to be proved. The External Evidences of Genuineness are to be found either in other and admitted writings of the supposed author, or in the works of writers who were either his contemporaries, or nearly of the same antiquity; and the evidence is either direct, if the disputed writing is therein explicitly attributed to him, or indirect, if these works quote as his production passages which are found in the document. This indirect testimony has the greater force, for on account of its casual or incidental character there is less reason to suspect that it has been forged. The External Evidences of the Authenticity of the writing, considered as a narrative of facts, are too numerous to mention. They are found in allusions to the same facts, or to incidents obviously connected with them, by contemporary authors; in customs, traditions, and institutions, which have come down to later times, and the origin of which cannot be accounted for, except on the supposition that the reported events actually took place; in coins, medals, and inscriptions, belonging to the same age, or one immediately subsequent, and connected by equally close relations with the alleged facts; in the notoriety which such incidents must have obtained, the interest which must have been felt in them, and the consequent probability that falsifications and forgeries respecting them would never have been attempted, or would have been detected and disproved at the time.
Of the Internal Evidence, it has been justly remarked, that it is weak to establish either Genuineness or Authenticity, but powerful to disprove both. As Hamilton remarks, "We can easily conceive that an able and learned forger may accommodate his fabrications both to all the general circumstances of time, place, people, and language under which it is supposed to have been written, and even to all the particular circumstances of the style, habit of thought, personal relations, &c. of the supposed author." On the other hand, a single anachronism, well made out, in respect either to events, institutions, customs, or even the use of language, is as fatal to the document's claim to antiquity, as a well-established alibi is to the success of a criminal prosecution. Bentley's Dissertation upon the Epistles of Phalaris might have been limited to pointing out two or three of the numerous anachronisms which he detected in them, if his only object in writing it had been to prove that these alleged Epistles were an impudent forgery. In respect to the Authenticity of a narrative, it is to be observed, that the credibility of certain facts is one thing, and the proof of their actual occurrence is another. For establishing the former, Internal Evidence is sufficient; for the latter, it is powerless, being entirely inapplicable. By saying that a narrative of certain events bears with it Internal Evidence of its truth, we mean only that the events are possible, that they are consistent with each other, - that they harmonize with what we know from other sources concerning the men of that country and that age, - that they are conformable to the ordinary course of things.
Bowman, Robert M.
Executive Director, Institute for Religious Research. Learn more about Bowman here. CV here.
Peter Jennings, Jesus and Paul. PDF version. On April 5, 2004, ABC aired a three-hour documentary hosted (and co-written) by Peter Jennings entitled "Jesus and Paul: Word and Witness" (see http://abcnews.go.com/sections/
wnt/World/PJR_Paul_Jesus_subindex.htmloffsite). In this article I shall give a review, noting what Jennings and his scholars got right as well as what they got wrong. For ease of reference, I will review the program segment by segment (there were 13 segments as defined by commercial breaks).
The Sceptical Chymist; or, Chymico-physical doubts & paradoxes: touching the experiments whereby vulgar spagirists are wont to endeavour to evince their salt, sulphur and mercury, to be the true principles of things: to which in this edition are subjoyn'd divers experiments and notes about the producibleness of chymical principles. Oxford: Printed by Henry Hall for Ric. Davis and B. Took, 1680. , 440, , 268 pp. Also here.
Some Considerations touching the style of the H. Scriptures: extracted from several parts of a discourse concerning divers particulars belonging to the Bible / written divers years since to a friend by the honourable Robert Boyle, Esq. The third edition. London: Printed for Henry Herringman, 1668. , 254 pp.
The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle. In six volumes. To which is prefixed The life of the author. A new edition. London, 1772. 1058 pp. Volume 1 of 6.
The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle. In six volumes. To which is prefixed The life of the author. A new edition. London, 1772. 831 pp. Volume 2 of 6.
The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle. In six volumes. To which is prefixed The life of the author. A new edition. London, 1772. 831 pp. Volume 2 of 6. Extracts.
"THE Bible is indeed amongst books what the diamond is amongst stones, -the preciousest and the sparklingest; the most apt to scatter light, and yet the solidest and the most proper to make impressions.. And as the Word of God is termed a light, so hath it this property of what it is called, that both the plainest rustics may, if they will not wilfully shut their eyes, by the benefit of its light, direct their steps, and the deepest philosophers may be exercised with its abstruser mysteries. For thus, in the Scripture, the ignorant may learn all requisite knowledge, and the most knowing may learn to discern their ignorance. The books of Scripture illustrate and expound each other: as, in the mariner's compass, the needle's extremity, though it seem to point purposely at the north, doth yet at the same time discover both east and west, as distant as they are from it and from each other; so do some texts of Scripture guide us to the intelligence of others, from which they are widely distant in the Bible, and seem so in the sense. I use the Scripture, not as an arsenal to be resorted to only for arms and weapons to defend this party, or to defeat its enemies, but as a matchless temple, where I delight to be to contemplate the beauty, the symmetry, and the magnificence of the structure, and to increase my awe and to excite my devotion to the Deity there preached and adored."
The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle. In six volumes. To which is prefixed The life of the author. A new edition. London, 1772. 833 pp. Volume 3 of 6.
The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle. In six volumes. To which is prefixed The life of the author. A new edition. London, 1772. 726 pp. Volume 4 of 6.
The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle. In six volumes. To which is prefixed The life of the author. A new edition. London, 1772. 765 pp. Volume 5 of 6.
The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle. In six volumes. To which is prefixed The life of the author. A new edition. London, 1772. 954 pp. Volume 6 of 6.
The Theological works of the Honourable Robert Boyle, Esq; epitomiz'd. In three volumes. By Richard Boulton, London, 1715. 494 pp. Volume 1 of 3.
The Theological works of the Honourable Robert Boyle, Esq; epitomiz'd. In three volumes. By Richard Boulton, London, 1715. 463 pp.Volume 2 of 3.
The Theological works of the Honourable Robert Boyle, Esq; epitomiz'd. In three volumes. By Richard Boulton, London, 1715. 504 pp. Volume 3 of 3
Robert Boyle Lectures
Robert Boyle Lectures. A defence of natural and revealed religion: being an abridgment of the sermons preached at the lecture founded by the Honble Robert Boyle, Esq; The second edition. London, 1752. 482 pp. Volume 1 of 4 (4 vols. available).
Robert Boyle Lectures. A defence of natural and revealed religion: being an abridgment of the sermons preached at the lecture founded by the Honble Robert Boyle, Esq; The second edition. London, 1752. 475 pp. Volume 2 of 4 (4 vols. available).
Robert Boyle Lectures A defence of natural and revealed religion: being an abridgment of the sermons preached at the lecture founded by the Honble Robert Boyle, Esq; The second edition. London, 1752. 530 pp. Volume 3 of 4 (4 vols. available).
Robert Boyle Lectures A defence of natural and revealed religion: being an abridgment of the sermons preached at the lecture founded by the Honble Robert Boyle, Esq; The second edition. London, 1752. 414 pp. Volume 4 of 4 (4 vols. available).
Brace, Charles Loring
Gesta Christi: or, A history of humane progress under Christianity. By Charles Loring Brace. 5th edition, with new preface and supplementary chapter. New York : A. C. Armstrong & Son, 1897, [c1882]. xxiii, 520 p. 22 cm.
Brackenridge, H. H. (Hugh Henry)
American writer, lawyer, judge, and justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. Editor, The United States Magazine, 1779.
Henry Edwin Dwight. The Life and Writings of Hon. Vincent L. Bradford, LL.D., D.C.L.: An Eminent lawyer, legislator and railroad president; compiled and edited by Henry E. Dwight. Philadelphia: Printed for private distribution, 1885. vi, 297 pp.: port.; 21 cm.
"A very careful view of the state of art and science in the old and new worlds, and especially throughout Christendom, since the close of the last century, up to the present day, will show vast and hitherto unequaled progress, while it exhibits the influence exerted by Christianity upon the pursuits of art and science. Those countries have made the greatest attainments which have most largely enjoyed the advantages of an open Bible, an evangelical ministry, Sunday-schools, Bible classes, institutions of Christian learning and benevolence, a free religious press, liberty of conscience, and other blessings bestowed by the gospel of Christ. If pseudo scientists and philosophers, who have arisen since the decay of the schools of Hume, Gibbon Voltaire, Rousseau, Paine, and the French Encyclopedists, to plague this century with specious infidelity un-der the names of "Socialism," "Natural Selectivism," "Evolutionism," "Potential Atomism," "Positivism, "Survivalism of the Fittest," "Materialism," "Rationalism," "Humanitarianism," and like "isms," such as Charles Darwin, Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Lange, Professor Huxley, Dr. Tyndall, Stuart Mill and their confreres, have rejuvenated from the antique theory of "Potential Matter," broached by old Democritus; the falsehoods they inculcate will perish before the influence of science enlightened and guided by Christian faith. In the light of such illumination, how flimsy is the sophistry which assails the miracles mentioned in the Old and New Testaments as proofs of their divine authenticity and inspiration! Those miracles are recommended to religious belief, not only by the intrinsic evidence of purity and truth afforded by the Holy Scriptures which narrate them, but also by their moral adaptation to the psychical, moral and intellectual organization of man, which aesthetically perceives and acknowledges their reality, appropriateness, invigorating, comforting and purifying power, and that they accord with an enlightened conscience. Religious faith in them cannot be disturbed by the shallow argument, that "a miracle is a deviation from the known laws of nature," and therefore incredible when such a proposition ignores the action of almighty power, having at its disposal infinite means, originating, necessarily controlling, and possibly modifying, for the purposes of moral government, known second causes or physical laws, and employing other physical resources of infinite variety and extent. Such presumptuous sophistry impiously attempts to frame out of a few isolated, partial and imperfectly observed facts, a system of lawand government for an infinite mind and for an infinite universe: " Fools rush in where angels fear to tread." If natural science does observe a manifestation of order, harmony, and continuity of action, in the material universe, which indicate the plan of a divine mind, as the tools lying scattered in and around a great workshop indicate an artificer, and if a rational necessity the dictate of the perception of the moral meaning of the mysteries which surround man postulates a divine mind establishing and maintaining general law; yet such an assumption has no logical bearing upon the special phenomena of miracles or the modes of their production.
A philosophical theory which denies the miracles of the Bible is certainly not in accordance with the inductive philosophy of the great Bacon, nor in harmony with his axiomatic saying that " the imperfect sciences lead away from God, and the perfect sciences lead back to him." Such sophistry is essentially atheistic, because in favor of second causes, termed by it " fixed laws," it is insensible to the moral government of an infinite, eternal, and almighty Supreme Being over an infinite universe of material and moral existence. What would have been the conclusions of the teachers of such false doctrine a few centuries ago concerning the now familiar wonders effected by the forces of electricity, galvanism,,magnetism, and caloric? It is also a doubtful philosophy which reverses the natural relations of science to religion, and asserts that because the idea of an infinite, eternal, almighty, omniscient, and omnipresent God cannot be fully comprehended by any finite intellect, therefore God is unknowable, and is not an object of belief or worship to man; and that what is termed humanitarianism, or the discharge of moral duty toward his fellow, is the only possible religion of man. Such teaching wholly disregards the capacities and aptitudes of the moral and religious organization of man; of his soul, spirit, and intellect, enlightened, purified, and strengthened by the Holy Spirit to know so much of God and his attributes as will satisfy, not his curiosity, but his moral and religious desires and wants, and bestow on him " a peace which passes all understanding." Such teaching also overlooks the fact that God and his attributes are sufficiently revealed, for all needful moral and religious uses and purposes, in the work of creation, in the dealings of daily providence, in the fulfilled prophecies of the Bible, and especially in the person of his Son, "God manifest in the flesh," "God in Christ reconciling the world unto himself,"--the most perfect possible revelation of infinite "love," which is the essential nature of Jehovah. As a musical instrument responds to a master's touch, so does the human soul to the love of God in Christ, when communicated to it by the Holy Spirit.
Bradford's History "Of Plimoth Plantation". From the original manuscript. With a report of the proceedings incident to the return of the manuscript to Massachusetts. Printed under the direction of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, by order of the General Court. Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Co., State Printers,
1898. lxxvii, 555 pp. front., ports., facsims. 25 cm. Also in Word, PDF
"I may not here omite how, notwithstand all their great paines & indnstrie, and ye great hops of a large cropp, the Lord seemed to blast, & take away the same, and to threaten further & more sore famine unto them, by a great drought which continued from ye 3. weeke in May, till about ye midle of July, without any raine, and with great heat (for ye most parte), insomuch as ye corne begane to wither away, though it was set with fishe, the moysture wherof helped it much. Yet at length it begane to languish sore, and some of ye drier grounds were partched like withered hay, part wherof was never recovered. Upon which they sett a parte a solemne day of humilliation, to seek ye Lord by humble & fervente prayer, in this great distrese. And he was pleased to give them a gracious & speedy answer, both to their owne, & the lndeans admiration, that lived amongest them. For all ye morning, and greatest part of the day, it was clear weather & very hotte, and not a cloud or any signe of raine to be seen, yet toward evening it begane to overcast, and shortly after to raine, with shuch sweete and gentle showers, as gave them cause of rejoyceing, & blesing God. It came, without either wind, or thunder, or any violence, and by degreese in yt abundance, as that ye earth was thorowly were and soked therwith. Which did so apparently revive & quicken ye decayed Corne & other fruits, as was wonderfull to see, and made ye Indeans astonished to behold; and afterwards the Lord sent them shuch seasonable showers, with enterchange of faire warme weather, as, through his blessing, caused a fruitfull & liberall harvest, to their no small comforte and rejoycing. For which mercie (in time conveniente) they also sett aparte a day of thanksgiveing. This being overslipt in its place, I thought meet here to inserte ye same."
George Cheever. The Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, in New England, in 1620: reprinted from the original volume: with Historical and local illustrations. New York, 1848. 370 pp. Includes a reprint of the original t.p.: A relation or iournall of the beginning and proceedings of the English plantation setled at Plimoth in New England, by certaine English aduenturers both merchants and others ... London, Printed for I. Bellamie, and are to be sold at his shop at the two greyhounds in Cornhill neere the Royall exchange. 1622./ The main part of the narrative was probably written by William Bradford and Edward Winslow. G. Mourt (George Morton?) by whose name the relation is commonly known, seems to have had no other connection with it than that of writing the preface and giving the book to the press. -- Cf. Chronicles of the Pilgrim fathers / A. Young. Boston, 1841. p. -249.
Bradley, Joseph P.
Supreme Court Justice. Read more about Bradley here.
Miscellaneous Writings of the late Hon. Joseph P. Bradley, associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, with a sketch of his life by his son, Charles Bradley, and a review of his "judicial record" by William Draper Lewis, and an account of his "dissenting opinions" by A.Q. Keasbey. Newark, N.J., 1901. 432 pp.
"Whatever may be our own views, and however well settled and grounded, we cannot, without danger to society and its dearest interests, turn our backs upon the religious institutions which play so important a part in humanizing and refining mankind. No other religious belief, or disbelief, could have done so much for the elevation and refinement of the human race as Christianity has done during the last eighteen hundred years."
The Plain Path to Christian perfection, shewing that we are to seek for reconciliation and union with God, solely by renouncing ourselves, denying the world, and following our blessed Saviour, in the regeneration. / Translated from the French; [Nine lines of Scripture texts] Philadelphia: Printed by Joseph Crukshank, in Third-Street, opposite the work-house, MDCCLXXI. . xi, , 124, 16 p. ; 16 cm. (8vo). Notes: "The treatise of which the following is an extract, was written in the German language, about two hundred and fifty years ago, and since translated into the French."--p. [iii]. Sometimes attributed to Johannes Tauler. Translated by Anthony Benezet. Also issued as part of the several issues of: A Collection of religious tracts. Philadelphia. Joseph Crukshank, 1773 (Evans 13145). "To the foregoing testimonies of the happiness of a life spent in the service of God, may be added that of a faithful servant of Christ from amongst ourselves, to wit, David Brainard [i.e., Brainerd] ..."--16 p. at end. Some copies were evidently issued without this section.
Jonathan Edwards. An Account of the Life of the Reverend Mr. David Brainerd: Minister of the Gospel; missionary to the Indians from the Honourable Society, in Scotland, for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge; and Pastor of a church of Christian Indians in New-Jersey. Who died at Northampton in New-England, Ooctober [sic] 9th, 1747, in the 30th year of his age.
Rights of God, written for the benefit of man, or, The impartiality of Jehovah vindicated to which is added, a glimpse of the sovereign beneficence, intended to stimulate mankind. 5th edition. Philadelphia: Enoch Johnson, 1815. 260 pp.
"This compendious work may with propriety be considered as a supplement to The Beauties of Philanthropy."
The Excellency of the Female Character Vindicated, being an investigation relative to the cause and effects of the encroachments of men upon the rights of women, and the too frequent degradation and consequent misfortunes of the fair sex by Thomas Branagan. 2nd edition. 322 pp. ill.
The Penitential tyrant, or, Slave trader reformed: a pathetic poem, in four cantos. 2d edition, enlarged. New-York, 1807. 292 pp. "Slavery, hateful to God and man, and the greatest evil and sum-total of all evils under the sun, and inflicted by Americans, the most favoured people, and, may I not say, the most enlightened and highest in profession of liberty and Christianity, must render us the most inexcusable, and draw down, unless expiated by sincere repentance and undoing heavy burdens, the just indignation of Him who does not even let a sparrow fall without his notice."
With Philip Yancey. Healing: What does God promise? Portland, Ore.: Multnomah Press, 1984. 24 pp.; 18 cm. Note(s): Cover title./ "A different version of this material appeared in Christianity Today, 25 November 1983, pp. 14-21."
With Philip Yancey. Pain: The gift nobody wants. New York: HarperCollins Publishers; [Grand Rapids, Mich.]: Zondervan, 1993.
With Philip Yancey. Fearfully and wonderfully made. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Pub. House, 1980. Limited preview.
With Philip Yancey. In his image. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Pub. House, 1984.
With Philip Yancey. In the Likeness of God: The Dr. Paul Brand Tribute Edition of Fearfully and Wonderfully Made and In His Image. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Pub. House, 2004. 553 pp. Limited preview. "The human body is a likeness of God, its design revealing insights into the church, the 'body of Christ.' For bestselling author Philip Yancey, the late Dr. Paul Brand--the brilliant hand surgeon who devoted his life to the poorest people of India and Louisiana--was also a likeness of God, living the kind of Christian life that exemplified what God must have had in mind. In the Likeness of God combines the complete texts of Fearfully and Wonderfully Made and In His Image--both Gold Medallion Award-winners which together have sold more than half a million copies--into one volume. Also included for the first time are eight beautiful litanies of praise on the human body by Dr. Brand. In Fearfully and Wonderfully Made, Dr. Paul Brand and bestselling writer Philip Yancey explore the wonder of the human body and uncover the eternal statements that God has made in the very structure of our bodies. Their remarkable journey through inner space--the world of cells, systems, and chemistry--points to a still deeper unseen reality of God's work in our lives. In His Image takes up where the first book leaves off. In five sections--Image, Blood, Head, Spirit, and Pain--the authors unlock the remarkable living lessons contained in our physical makeup."
The United States a Christian nation. Philadelphia, Winston, 1905. 98 pp. 20 cm. Haverford library lectures. Contents: The United States a Christian nation.--Our duty as citizens.--The promise and the possibility of the future. Also here.
..."I could go on indefinitely, pointing out further illustrations both official and non-official, public and private; such as the annual Thanksgiving proclamations, with their following days of worship and feasting; announcements of days of fasting and prayer; the universal celebration of Christmas; the gathering of millions of our children in Sunday Schools, and the countless volumes of Christian literature, both prose and poetry. But I have said enough to show that Christianity came to this country with the first colonists; has been powerfully identified with its rapid development, colonial and national, and to-day exists as a mighty factor in the life of the republic. This is a Christian nation ..."
... "By these and other evidences I claim to have shown that the calling of this republic a Christian nation is not a mere pretence but a recognition of an historical, legal and social truth."
The Pew for the Pulpit. New York [etc., etc.] Fleming H. Revell co., 1897. 76 pp. 1897. "The substance of the monograph was originally given as an address to the students in the Divinity Department of Yale University ... on April 2d, 1897."
American Citizenship. New Haven [Conn.]: Yale University Press, 1902. 131 pp.; 20 cm. Yale lectures on the responsibilities of citizenship.
The nature of religious zeal, in two discourses the substance of which was delivered at the visitation of the worshipful Pulter Forester at Newport Pagnell, April 27, 1774. London, Printed and sold by T. Payne, 1775 Description: 64 p. 23 cm. Note(s): With this is bound the author's A sermon preached at Whitehall Chapel at the consecration of the Rt. Rev. Father in God Beilby, Lord Bishop of Chester ... London, 1777; and the author's A sermon preached at the visitation of His Grace the Lord Archbishop of York ... Chester [1781?].
William W. Campbell. Life and Character of Jacob Broom. Wilmington, Del.: Historical Society of Delaware, 1909.  pp.; 28 cm. Note: "Read before the Historical Society of Delaware, December 21, 1908."
Paley, William. Natural theology, or, Evidences of the existence and attributes of the Deity: collected from the appearances of nature, with illustrative notes by Henry, Lord Brougham and Sir C. Bell, and an introductory discourse of natural theology by Lord Brougham. To which are added supplementary dissertations and a treatise on animal mechanics by Sir Charles Bell. With numerous woodcuts. London: C. Knight, 1845. 4 volumes illus. Volume 1 of 4. Volume 2 of 4. Volume 3 of 4. Volume 4 of 4.
An Inquiry into the colonial policy of the European powers. Edinburgh, Printed by D. Willison for E. Balfour, Manners & Miller [etc.], 1803. 2 v. 22 cm.
Volume 1 of 2.
"The first settlers of all the colonies, says he, were men of irreproachable characters. Many of them fled from persecution; others on account of an honourable poverty; and all of them with their expectations limited to the prospect of a bare subsistence in freedom and peace. All idea of wealth or pleasure was out of the question. The greater part of them viewed their emigration as a taking up of the cross, and bounded their hopes of riches to. the gifts of the spirit, and their ambition to the desire of a kingdom beyond the grave. A set of men more conscientious in their doings, or simple in their manners, never founded any Commonwealth, It is, indeed, continues he, the peculiar glory of North America that with very few exceptions, its empire was originally founded in charity and peace." -- p. 59. Volume 2 of 2. Also here.
The Life and Times of Henry, Lord Brougham / written by himself. Edinburgh, 1871. 564 pp. Volume 1 of 3.
The Life and Times of Henry, Lord Brougham / written by himself. Edinburgh, 1871. 528 pp. Volume 2 of 3.
The Life and Times of Henry, Lord Brougham / written by himself. Edinburgh, 1871. 535 pp. Volume 3 of 3.
The Life and Times of Henry, Lord Brougham / written by himself. New York, 1871-1872. 373 pp. Volume 1 of 3.
The Life and Times of Henry, Lord Brougham / written by himself. New York, 1871-1872. 391 pp. Volume 2 of 3.
The Life and Times of Henry, Lord Brougham / written by himself. New York, 1871-1872. 358 pp. Volume 3 of 3.
Religio Medici. With The life of the author. To which is added, Sir Kenelm Digby's Observations. Also critical notes upon all the obscure passages therein, never before published. The tenth edition carefully corrected. Edinburgh, 1754. 407 pp.
Bruce, Alexander Balmain
Free Church of Scotland minister and theologian.
The Miraculous element in the Gospels. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1899. 4th edition. 391 pp.; 23 cm.
(TM): This late 19th century work by a prominent scholar provides a careful statement and defense of the supernaturalist position. Bruce frequently addresses the arguments of Strauss and Renan, Schleiermacher and Lessing, and provides both a critique of their positions and a defense of the orthodox position against their objections. With Westcott's Gospel of the Resurrection, it is a useful supplement to the older work of writers like Paley and Chalmers since Bruce is able to take full account of work that became prominent only in the 19th century.
The evidence indicates that the written sources of our Synoptic Gospels are not later than c. AD 60; some of them may even be traced back to notes taken of our Lord's teaching while His words were actually being uttered. The oral sources go back to the very beginning of Christian history. We are, in fact, practically all the way through in touch with the evidence of eyewitnesses. The earliest preachers of the gospel knew the value of this firsthand testimony, and appealed to it time and again. 'We are witnesses of these things,' was their constant and confident assertion. And it can have been by no means so easy as some writers seem to think to invent words and deeds of Jesus in those early years, when so many of His disciples were about, who could remember what had and had not happened. Indeed, the evidence is that the early Christians were careful to distinguish between sayings of Jesus and their own inferences or judgments. Paul, for example, when discussing the vexed questions of marriage and divorce in I Corinthians vii, is careful to make this distinction between his own advice on the subject and the Lord's decisive ruling: 'I, not the Lord,' and again, 'Not I, but the Lord.'
And it was not only friendly eyewitnesses that the early preachers had to reckon with; there were others less well disposed who were also conversant with the main facts of the ministry and death of Jesus. The disciples could not afford to risk inaccuracies (not to speak of wilful manipulation of the facts), which would at once be exposed by those who would be only too glad to do so. On the contrary, one of the strong points in the original apostolic preaching is the confident appeal to the knowledge of the hearers; they not only said, 'We are witnesses of these things,' but also, 'As you yourselves also know' (Acts 2:22). Had there been any tendency to depart from the facts in any material respect, the possible presence of hostile witnesses in the audience would have served as a further corrective.
"The Humanity of Jesus Christ". Journal of the Christian Brethren Research Fellowship 24 (1973), pp. 5-15. Bruce begins by correcting some erroneous interpretations of the NT teaching on the human nature of Christ before providing a brief survey of the various lines of NT evidence. A helpful overview.
The 'Secret' Gospel of Mark. The Ethel M. Wood lecture delivered before the University of London on 11 February 1974. London: The Athlone Press, 1974. Pbk. ISBN: 0485143186. pp. 20.
Robert Banks, ed. "The Speeches In Acts: Thirty Years After". Reconciliation and Hope. New Testament Essays on Atonement and Eschatology Presented to L.L. Morris on his 60th Birthday. Carlisle: The Paternoster Press, 1974. pp. 53-68.
I. Howard Marshall, editor. "The History of New Testament Study". New Testament Interpretation: Essays on Principles and Methods, 1977. Carlisle: The Paternoster Press, revised 1979. Pbk. ISBN: 0853644241. pp.21-59.
American political leader. Read about Bryan here and here.
Bryan on Belief. Christian Observer, June 19, 1907, p. 8.
"I do not understand all the mysteries of the Bible, but if we live up to all the things in the Bible we can understand we will be kept so busy that we will not have time to worry over the mysterious. My observation is that the people who are all the time worrying about the mysterious things are mighty little concerned about the plainest things in the Bible, that they could apply with profit to themselves. Living in the midst of mystery, I shall not for that reason refuse to accept a religion that will mould our lives for good."
The Menace of Darwinism. A reissue of chapter four from the
author's volume In His Image, together with comments on the importance of its appeal, reasons for its separate publication and an abstract of the remaining chapters.
The Last Message of William Jennings Bryan. New York Chicago [etc.] Fleming H. Revell company. 1925. 84 pp. Limited preview. "The story of the last message by George F. Milton": p. 7-11./ "Address delivered at the funeral service of William Jennings Bryan, by Rev. Joseph R. Sizoo": p. 71-80. This is the story of Bryan's undelivered address at the Scopes trial regarding Christianity vs. Evolution. The sudden ending of the trial prevented Bryan from delivering his closing arguments, he died a few days later.
British vicar and paleontologist, and first Professor of Geology at Oxford University. Geologist. Named the Megalosaurus, before the term "dinosaur" was coined by Owen, and the first person to recognize fossilized dung. Read about Buckland here, here and here.
Evangelical Anglican pastor. Read about Bugg here.
Scriptural Geology; or, Geological phenomena, consistent only with the literal interpretation of the Sacred Scriptures, upon the subjects of the creation and Deluge; in answer to an "Essay on the theory of the earth". London, Hatchard and son [etc.] 1826-1827. 2 vol. 23 cm.
Mr. Bugg on Scriptural And Modern Geology. Christian Observer, Conducted By Members of the Established Church (1802-1842). Boston: May 1828. Vol. 28, Iss. 5; pp. 308-311. With response by Oxoniensis Alter.
The Philosophy Of Modern Geology. Christian Observer, Conducted By Members of the Established Church (1802-1842). Boston: Jun 1828. Vol. 28, Iss. 6; pp. 367-374.
Scriptural Geology. Christian Observer, Conducted By Members of the Established Church (1802-1842). Boston: Jul 1828. Vol. 28, Iss. 7; pp. 428-433.
(1693 or 1694-1760)
M.A. Rector of North-Creak in Norfolk, England.
The Reasoning of Christ and his Apostles in their Defence of Christianity Consider'd: In Seven Sermons Preached at Hackney in Middlesex, in the Months of November and December 1724. To which is Prefixed, a Preface taking Notice of the false Representations of Christianity and of the Apostles Reasoning in Defence of it, in a Book intitled, The Grounds and Reasons of the Christian Religion. By Thomas Bullock, M.A. and Chaplain to the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Norwich. Published at the Request of the Gentlemen of Hackney. 3rd edition. London: R. Knaplock, 1726. 276 pp.
"Christianity is the common concern of the unlearn'd, as well as of the learn'd. All men are required to receive it, and may therefore justly ask, What the obligation is and whence it arises. Indeed the influence of Education and Example prevails so much upon the buisy and unthinking part of mankind, that they seldom seek for reasons to correct, or to confirm the notions they have received. By this means, I believe, Christianity is embraced by many, who would have been of another Perswasion, had they been born in another Climate. That there are many, who are willing to take it upon trust, when it falls in their way, is no advantage to true Religion: the Professors it gains are but Creatures of Chance, the Proselytes it is deprived of thereby are innumerable.
"One unhappy cause of this indolent dependence upon so precarious a bottom, is a notion, That the arguments proper to be considered and attended to, by one that would make a rational choice of his Religion, require more application and understanding than falls to the share of the bulk of mankind. This, I believe, is not true of Christianity or the Arguments urged in defence of it. The Point, which seems to lie most out of the reach of ordinary Capacities, is the determination of this Question, Whether the Gospel be a credible well-attested History. It is true, the unlearned Inquirer may not have leisure or capacity to search into other ancient writings and records of antiquity to satisfy himself, Whether the Gospel-History be of the same, or later date than is pretended; whether the Writers of it are any where recorded as men of suspicious characters; or whether their Relation clashes with any other credible History of the same times. But to his great satisfaction he may observe, that this search has been made for him, by Persons wanting neither application, nor understanding, nor zeal to discover every the minutest flaw, that could be found in the Gospel-History; (I mean the adversaries of Christianity) who have not been able to fix any tolerable suspicion of fraud or unfaithfulness thereupon: From whence he may rationally conclude, that ?tis liable to no just suspicion; which, if it had, would long ago have been discovered by the indefatigable Patrons of infidelity." -- pp. iii-v.
The reasoning of Christ and his Apostles vindicated in two parts. I. Being a defence of the argument from miracles, proving the Argument from Prophecy not necessary to a rational Defence of our Religion. II. Being a defence of the argument from prophecy, proving the Christian Scheme to have a rational Foundation upon the Prophecies of the Old Testament. In answer to a book intitled, The scheme of literal prophecy considered. By Thomas Bullock, M.A. Rector of North-Creak in Norfolk. London: Printed for R. Knaplock, at the Bishop's Head in St. Paul's Church-Yard, 1728. 294 pp.
The Doctrine of the law and grace unfolded: or, a discourse concerning law and grace: shewing their distinct nature as two different covenants, by John Bunyan. Boston: Printed and sold by Manning & Loring, 1806. 176 pp.
Grace abounding to the chief of sinners: or, A brief and faithful relation of the exceeding mercy of God in Christ, to his poor servant John Bunyan. Wherein is particularly shewed, the manner of his conversion, his sight and trouble for sin, his dreadful temptations; also, how he despaired of God's mercy, and how the Lord at length, through Christ, did deliver him from all the guilt and terror that lay upon him. All which was written by his own hand, and now published for the support of the weak and tempted people of God. [Three lines from Psalms] Second New-York edition. New-York: Printed by J. Tiebout, 358 Pearl-Street, for Evert Duyckinck, & Co. booksellers and stationers, 1797. 108 pp. 14 cm. (12mo) Notes: Error in paging: p. 61 misnumbered 66.
Christian Behaviour, or, The Fruits of True Christianity: shewing the ground from whence they flow in their godlike order in the duty of relations, as husbands, wives, parents, children, masters, servants &c.: with a word of direction to all backsliders / by John Bunyan. London: Printed for F. Smith, [1663?] 140 pp.
"... Consider well the important trust and distinguishing privileges which God and nature have put into your hands. To God and posterity you are accountable for them. See that you preserve them inviolate and transmit them to posterity unimpaired. Let not your children have reason to curse you for giving up those rights and prostrating those institutions which your fathers delivered to you as a sacred palladiuim, and which by the blessing of God have been peculiarly beneficial to the order, peace and prosperity of this State, amid all the vicissitudes and convulsions of other states and kingdoms round. And that this happy state of things may continue, look well to the characters and qualifications of those you elect and raise to office and places of trust. In this momentous concern, let the wise counsel of Jethro, tho' a priest, be your guide. Choose ye out from among you able men, such as fear God, men of truth and hating covetousness and set them to rule over you. Think not that your interests will be safe in the hands of the weak and ignorant; or faithfully managed by the impious, the dissolute and the immoral. Think not that men who acknowledge not the providence of God nor regard His laws will be uncorrupt in office, firm in defense of the righteous cause against the oppressor, or resolutely oppose the torrent of iniquity. Their own emolument, ease or pleasure, will at any time induce them to connive at injustice and iniquity, or join with the oppressor. Watch over your liberties and privileges - civil and religious - with a careful eye."
Burridge, Richard A. (Alan)
Dean of King's College London and Professor of Biblical Interpretation. Read about Burridge here.
"At Christmas, we celebrate the promise of salvation that God gave to mankind almost 2,000 years ago. The birth of Christ changed the course of history, and His life changed the soul of man. Christ taught that giving is the greatest of all aspirations and that the redemptive power of love and sacrifice is stronger than any force of arms. It is testimony to the wisdom and the truth of these teachings that they have not only endured but also flourished over two millennia."
English divine. (TM): There are few names more honored in the history of the Anglican church than that of the theologian, apologist, and philosopher Joseph Butler (1692-1752), Bishop of Durham.
Read more about Butler here, here, and here.
The Analogy of Religion natural and revealed, to the constitution and course of nature. To which are added, two brief dissertations: I. On personal identity. II. On the nature of virtue. Together with a charge delivered to the clergy of the diocese of Durham, in the year MDCCLI. By Joseph Butler. A new edition, corrected. With a preface by Samuel Halifax. London: printed for F. and C. Rivington, G. Wilkie, W. Otridge, J. Deighton, and Cadell and Davies, 1798. iv, xlix, , 408 pp. 1863 edition here. 1873 edition here.
(TM): The Analogy of Religion has long been recognized as one of the masterpieces of Christian apologetics. The deists, who were a rising force in England in the early 18th century, acknowledged the existence of a divine author of nature who had created the universe and given man a moral conscience; but they objected to the idea of special revelation, often attacked miracles, and criticized the character of God as he is revealed in the Old Testament. Butler's response was to show that the Christian revelation, though surpassing knowledge that can be acquired from nature, is nevertheless analogous to the order of nature. Objections to the character of God on account of events recorded in the Old Testament, for example, could equally well be used against the author of nature.
Butler is a thoughtful and careful writer, and his discussion of the particular evidence for Christianity in Part II of the Analogy, though brief, shows a profound appreciation for the nature of a cumulative case argument. The work is available in multiple editions. At the end of his long life, the four-time Prime Minister of England, the Rt. Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, paid a handsome compliment to Butler by writing Studies Subsidiary to the Works of Bishop Butler (1896).
William Parry, George Finlay, Leicester Fitzgerald Charles. - Stanhope. The Last Days of Lord Byron:
with his lordship's opinions on various subjects, particulary on the state and prospects of Greece. A. and W. Galignani, 1826.
Philo-Byron. Communication; To the Editors. Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, DC) Thursday, October 13, 1825; Issue 3971; col A. Extract from The Last Days of Lord Byron.
"Eternity and space are before me; but on this subject, thank God, I am happy and at ease. The thought of living eternally, of again reviving, is a great pleasure. Christianity is the purest and most liberal religion in the world, but the numerous teachers who are continually worrying mankind with their denunciations and their doctrines are the greatest enemies of religion. I have read with more attention than half of them the book of Christianity, and I admire the liberal and truly charitable principles which Christ has laid down. There are questions connected wilh this subject which none but Almighty God can solve. Time and space, who can conceive! None but God: on him I rely."
Diary and Letters of Rutherford B. Hayes. Volume 4, Chapter 41. GARFIELD'S CHARACTER -- PROGRESS IN THE SOUTH--LIBERALITY TO THE CHURCH -- DEVOTION TO THE CAUSE OF EDUCATION -- PRESIDENT NATIONAL PRISON ASSOCIATION -- PAYNE'S ELECTION TO SENATE BAD POLITICS -- INTEREST IN WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY -- THE CINCINNATI RIOT -- NOMINATIONS OF BLAINE AND CLEVELAND -- 1883-1884. October 15, p. 168.
Byron has said, "If our God was man -- or man, God-- Christ was both"; and continuing he said, "I never arraigned his creed, but the use--or abuse--made of it."