Just now, too, the day of sentimental politics is passing away, and the work of Congress is more nearly allied to the business interests of the country and to "the dismal science," as political economy is called by the "practical men" of our time. The legislation of Congress comes much nearer to the daily life of the people than ever before. Twenty years ago, the presence of the national government was not felt by one citizen in a hundred. Except in paying his postage and receiving his mail, the citizen of the interior rarely came in contact with the national authority. Now, he meets it in a thousand ways. For merely the legislation of Congress referred chiefly to our foreign
relations, to indirect taxes, to the government of the army, the navy, and the Territories. Now, a vote in Congress may, any day, seriously derange the business affairs of every citizen.
And this leads me to say that now, more than ever before, the people are responsible for the character of their Congress. If that body be ignorant, reckless, and corrupt, it is because the people tolerate ignorance, recklessness, and corruption. If it be intelligent, brave, and pure, it is because the people demand those high qualities to represent them in the national legislature. Congress lives in the blaze of "that fierce light which beats against the throne." The telegraph and the press will to-morrow
morning announce at a million breakfast-tables what has been said and done in Congress to-day. Now, as always, Congress represents the prevailing opinions and political aspirations of the people. The wildest delusions of paper money, the crudest theories of taxation, the passions and prejudices that find expression in the Senate and House, were first believed and discussed at the firesides of the people, on the corners of the streets, and in the caucuses and conventions of political parties.
The most alarming feature of our situation is the fact that so many citizens of high character and solid judgment pay but little attention to the sources of political power, to the selection of those who shall make their laws. The clergy, the faculties of colleges, and many of the leading business men of the community, never attend the township caucus, the city primary, or the county convention; but they allow the less intelligent and the more selfish and corrupt members of the community to "make the slates" and "run the machine" of politics. They wait until the "machine" has done its work, and then, in surprise and horror at the ignorance and corruption in public office, sigh for the return of that mythical period called the "better and purer days of the republic." It is precisely this neglect of the first steps in our political processes that has made possible the worst evils of our system. Corrupt and incompetent presidents, judges, and legislators can be removed; but when the fountains of political power are corrupted, when voters themselves become venal and elections fraudulent, there is no remedy except by awakening the public conscience and bringing to bear upon the subject the power of public opinion and the penalties of the law.
The Constitution guarantees absolute religious freedom. Congress is prohibited from making any law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The Territories of the United States are subject to the direct legislative authority of Congress, and hence the General Government is responsible for any violation of the Constitution in any of them. It is therefore a reproach to the Government that in the most populous of the Territories the constitutional guaranty is not enjoyed by the people and the authority of Congress is set at naught. The Mormon Church not only offends the moral sense of manhood by sanctioning polygamy, but prevents the administration of justice through ordinary instrumentalities of law.
In my judgment it is the duty of Congress, while respecting to the uttermost the conscientious convictions and religious scruples of every citizen, to prohibit within its jurisdiction all criminal practices, especially of that class which destroy the family relations and endanger social order. Nor can any ecclesiastical organization be safely permitted to usurp in the smallest degree the functions and powers of the National Government.
... I shall greatly rely upon the wisdom and patriotism of Congress and of those who may share with me the responsibilities and duties of administration, and, above all, upon our efforts to promote the welfare of this great people and their Government I reverently invoke the support and blessings of Almighty God."
I Believe...In the Resurrection of the Flesh. "Down through the centuries orthodox Christians have always confessed with the Apostles' Creed: 'I believe...in the resurrection of the flesh.' This affirmation of faith in the believer's resurrection is grounded in faith in Christ's resurrection. A major purpose of the latter resurrection was to make possible the former; thus they are both of the same nature (2 Cor. 4:14; 1 Cor. 15:20-23, 48; Phil. 3:21). The two doctrines are therefore interdependent, and will be treated as one doctrine in this article."
The Corruptions of Christianityconsidered as affecting its truth: a sermon preached before the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, at their anniversary meeting in the High Church of Edinburgh, on Thursday, June 2, 1791. Edinburgh: Printed by Mundell and Son, 1792. 109 pp.; 21 cm.
Scottish religious leader. Read more about Gib here.
Kaina kai palaia: Sacred contemplations: in three parts. I. A view of the covenant of works; in its natural state, as common to all mankind,--and in its positive state, as peculiar to our first parents: discovering the singular goodness of God, in that positive state. II. A view of the covenant of grace; in the establishment of it from eternity, the accomplishment of it in time, and the effect of it through eternity. III. A view of the absolute and immediate dependence of all things on God: in a discourse concerning liberty and necessity. To which is added, an appendix, containing explications of some difficulties in the work. Philadelphia: Printed by W. Young and J. M'Culloch, 1788. xvi [i.e., xii], , 18-388 pp.; 20 cm. (8vo)
Tables for the Four Evangelists: Containing, I. The Harmony of the Gospels ... VII. A view of the places where our Lord sojourned. The 2d edition. To which is now added, an analysis, historical & critical, of the New-Testament scriptures. Edinburgh: printed by Thomas Maccliesh & Co., for Ogle & Aikman - G. Peattie, Leith - and M. Ogle, Glasgow, 1800.
Minister. Songwriter. Read about Gibbons here and here.
Memoirs of eminently pious women: who were ornaments to their sex--blessings to their families--and edifying examples to the church and world. Newburyport [Mass.]: Printed for the Subscribers by Angier March, 1803. 396 pp.
The Incarnation (A Study of Philippians II, 5-11). New York: Dodd, Mead, & Co., 1897. viii, 161 pp.; 20 cm. Buy this book here.
The Deists' Manual; or, A Rational enquiry into the Christian religion. By C. Gildon, To which is prefix'd A letter, from the author of The method with the deists. London: printed for A. Roper; Fran. Coggan; and Geo. Strahan, 1705. , XVI, 301, , 36 pp.
Scottish divine. Read about Gillespie here and here.
A Treatise of miscellany questions: wherein many usefull questions and cases of conscience are discussed and resolved. For the satisfaction of those, who desire nothing more, then to search for and find out precious truths in the controversies of these times. By Mr. George Gillespie, late minister at Edinburgh. Published by Mr. Patrik Gillespie, Minister at Glasgow. Printed at Edinburgh: and are to be sold at London, by Thomas Whitaker, at the Kings Armes in Pauls Church-yard, 1649. (2nd ed.) , 281 [i.e. 289],  pp. British Library.
Principal, University of Glasgow, Scotland. Read about Gillespiehere.
The Ark of the Covenant opened, or, A Treatise of the covenant of redemption between God and Christ, as the foundation of the covenant of grace the second part, wherein is proved, that there is such a covenant, the necessity of it, the nature, properties, parties thereof, the tenor, articles, subject-matter of redemption, the commands, conditions, and promises annexed, the harmony of the covenant of reconciliation made with sinners, wherein they agree, wherein they differ, grounds of comfort from the covenant of suretiship / written by a minister of the New Testament. London: Printed for Tho. Parkhurst ..., 1677. , 478,  pp. Union Theological Seminary (New York, N. Y.) Library.
The Ark of the Testament opened, or, The Secret of the Lords covenant unsealed in a treatise of the covenant of grace, wherein an essay is made for the promoving [sic] and increase of knowledge in the mysterie of the Gospel-covenant which hath been hid from ages and generations but now is made manifest to the Saints ... / written by a minister of the New Testament. London: Printed by R.C., 1661. , 369 [i.e. 359], 199 pp. Harvard University Library.
Gish, Duane T.
The Amazing Story of Creation from Science and the Bible. New Leaf Publishing Group, October 1996. 112 pp. Buy this book here.
Gladstone, W. E. (William Ewart)
Four-time British Prime Minister. Read about Gladstone here.
John Morley. The Life of William Ewart Gladstone. Macmillan and co., limited, 1903. Volume 1. Volume 2. Volume 3.
Honorable William J. Bryan. "The Claims of the Christian Religion on the Men of North America," Messages of the men and religion foreward movement ... including the revised reports of the commissions presented at the Congress of the men and religion foreward movement, April, 1912, together with principal addresses delivered at the Congress. Volume 1 of 7. Last winter I read Morley's Life of Gladstone. Gladstone built upon the Bible, and he built so well that he towered above the other figures of his time. For twenty-five years Gladstone was the most potent individual power on this earth. People in other lands learned to know him. He rose among other men as some mighty mountain peak towers above the surrounding foothills. And what was his strength? It was that he built upon Bible truth, and while he was ready to die for that truth at any time he lived for it until the time came to die. That gave him his power.
Thomas Stackhouse. History of the Holy Bible: from the beginning of the world to the establishment of Christianity; with answers to infidel objections dissertations on the most remarkable passages and most important doctrines, and a connection of the profane with the sacred writings. "Miracles". Extract from Volume Three, beginning on page 240. 1817 edition, corrected and improved by George Gleig. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1817. 3 volumes: port ; 29 cm. This article is referenced by Thomas Hartwell Horne and Harvard Law professor Simon Greenleaf.
The World to come. Or, The kingdome of Christ asserted. In two expository lectures of Ephes. 1. 21, 22. verses. Prooving that between the state of this world as now it is, and the state of things after the day of judgement, when God shall be all in all: there is a world to come which is of purpose, and is a more especiall manner appointed for Jesus Christ to be king, and wherein he shall more eminently reign. / Preached by Mr. Tho: Goodwin many years since, at Antholins, London. Published for the truths sake. London, 1655. , 38,  pp. British Library.
The Works of Thomas Goodwin, D.D. Sometime president of Magdalene Colledge in OxfordVol. 1, Containing, An Exposition on the First, and part of the Second Chapter, of the Epistle to the Ephesians, and Sermons Preached on Several Occasions. London, 1681. 1013 pp.
The Works of Thomas Goodwin, D.D. Sometime president of Magdalene Colledge in OxfordVol. 2, Containing, I. An Exposition upon the Bpok of the Revelation. II. A Discourse of the Knowledge of God the Father, and his Son Jesus Christ. III. Of the Creatures, and the Condition of their State by Creation. IV. Of Election. London, 1683. 1039 pp. Extract on Jesus.
The Works of Thomas Goodwin, D.D. Sometime president of Magdalene Colledge in Oxford.Vol. 3. Containing Discourses, I. Of an Unregenerate Mans Guiltiness before God, in Respect of Sin and Punishment. II. Of Man's Restoration by Grace. III. Of Christ the Mediator. London, 1692. 1078pp.
The Works of Thomas Goodwin, D.D. Sometime president of Magdalene Colledge in Oxford.Vol. 4. Containing Discourses I. Of the Obect and Acts of Justifying Faith. In Three Parts. II. Of the Constitution, Order, and Discipline of the Churches of Christ. III. The Government and Discipline of the Churches of Christ, propos'd familiarly by way of Question and Answer. IV. Some Letters which pass'd between the Author and others concerning Church-Government. London, 1697. 984pp.
The Works of Thomas Goodwin, D.D. Sometime president of Magdalene Colledge in OxfordVol. 5. In Four Parts, To which is Prefix'd An Account of the Author's Life from his own Memoirs. London, 1704. 1004 pp.
The History of the rise, progress, and establishment, of the independence of the United States of America; including an account of the late war, and of the thirteen colonies, from their origin to that period. New York: Printed by Hodge, Allen, and Campbell, 1789. 3 volumes: 2 folded maps. Volume One. Volume Two. Volume Three.
A Sermon preached before the Honorable House of Representatives: on the day intended for the choice of counsellors, agreeable to the advice of the Continental Congress. / By William Gordon, Pastor of the Third Church in Roxbury. Watertown [Mass.]: Printed and sold by Benjamin Edes, MDCCLXXV . 29,  pp.; 21 cm. (8vo)
Mr. Gordon's Thanksgiving Discourse. A Discourse Preached December 15th, 1774, Being the Day Recommended by the Provincial Congress; and Afterwards at the Boston Lecture. Boston: Printed for, and sold by Thomas Leverett, in Corn-Hill, 1784. 31 pp. Text: Lamentations 3:22.
With George Jacob Holyoake (1817-1906). Christianity and secularism: report of a public discussion between the Rev. Brewin Grant and George Jacob Holyoake on the question "What advantages would accrue to mankind generally, and the working classes in particular, by the removal of Christianity, and the substitution of secularism in its place?". London: Ward and co., 1853. Description: vii, 264 pp.; 19 cm. Notes: "Held in the Royal British Institution, Cowper St., London, on six successive Thursday evenings, commencing Jan. 20, and ending Feb. 24, 1853." 6th thous.
Primers of the Faith. New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1906. xiii, 296 pp.; 19 cm. Contents: pt. I. How we know the Bible is genuine -- pt. II. How we know the Bible is credible -- pt. III. How we know the Bible is divine. Also here.
British theologian, Anglican priest, Christian apologist and author of more than fifty Christian books. Read about Green here.
Runaway World. [Chicago] Inter-Varsity Press, 1968.
125 pp. 18 cm. Preface: "The title, though not the content, of this book was suggested to me by the Reith Lectures for 1967. Dr Edmund Leach, Provost of King's College, Cambridge, called them A Runaway World? in order to draw attention to the fact that the world seems to be getting out of the control of leading scientists and politicians. I have adapted the title in order to draw attention to an equally obvious feature in contemporary society -escapism. The everquickening rat race, the political double talk, the almost compulsive addiction to (and conditioning by) television, the endless preoccupation with sex, the glossing over the ugly fact of death are some of the ways in which our generation tries to 'get away from it all'. But the greatest unreality, the most comfortable mirage of our day, is commonly thought to be religion. Christianity, if it can hardly be accused any longer of being 'pie in the sky when you die' (for the churches, too, have grown dumb when it comes to talking realistically about death and what lies beyond it), is at any rate regarded as escapism by many people. 'It's all right for those that like that sort of thing', one hears it said; 'but I'm not the religious sort.' In other words, Christianity is the religious man's form of escaping from reality; it is his private way of 'getting away from it all'.
I believe this charge to be largely though not entirely false. Certainly we live in a runaway world, but for the most part it is not the Christians who are running away from reality. We have our escapists in the churches, no doubt. But this book is written in the conviction that the Christian faith itself is the very antithesis of escapism. It provides us with the most credible account of the universe and man's place in it, with the motive and the dynamic for serving our fellow men, with the ability to face the harshest of situations with realism, and with a message of urgent relevance to the many who suspect Christians of escapism but are themselves running away from truth. The issue before us in this book resolves itself into this question: 'Who are the escapists?'"
(TM): "You might well wonder whether a book written in 1895 can still be relevant. I wondered the same thing. So I compared Green's arguments to those of Richard Elliott Friedman, The Bible with Sources Revealed (2005), and discovered two things:
(1) Friedman's arguments were pretty much what Green was responding to in the 1890s, and
(2) Green's responses were cogent."
Review. The American Historical Review, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Apr., 1906), pp. 687-688.
Royall Professor of Law, Harvard University, 1834. Doctor of Laws degree by Harvard in 1834, Doctor of Laws by Amherst in 1845, and again from the University of Alabama in 1852. H. W. Howard Knott, Dictionary of American Biography: "While engaged in tutorial work he prepared what was originally intended as a text-book on evidence, published in 1842 as A Treatise on the Law of Evidence. The profession at once hailed it as the ablest extant work on the subject, distinguished alike for its deep learning, clarity of style, and practical utility. He added a second volume in 1846, and a third in 1853. In its completed form it came to be regarded as the foremost American authority, and passed through numerous editions under successive editors." Learn more about Greenleaf here. The Law Magazine: or Quarterly Review of Jurisprudence. London: W. Benning and Co., Law Booksellers, 1845. Events of the Quarter, p. 350. "It is no mean honor to America that her schools of jurisprudence have produced two of the first writers and best esteemed legal authorities of this century--the great and good man, Judge Story, and his worthy and eminent associate, Professor Greenleaf. Upon the existing Law of Evidence more light has shone from the New World than from all the lawyers who adorn the courts of Europe." Disclaimer: Greenleaf is known to have been associated with Freemasonry and was author of A Brief Inquiry into the Origin and Principles of Free Masonry (1820).
"Christianity founds its claim to our belief upon the weight of the evidence by which it is supported. This evidence is not peculiar to the department of theology; its rules are precisely those by which the law scans the conduct and language of men on all other subjects, even in their daily transactions. This branch of the law is one of our particular study. It is our constant employment to explore the mazes of falsehood, to detect its doublings, to pierce its thickest veils; to follow and expose its sophistries; to compare, with scrupulous exactness, the testimony of different witnesses to examine their motives and their interests; to discover truth and separate it from error. Our fellow-men know this to be our province; and perhaps this knowledge may have its influence to a greater extent than we or even they imagine. We are therefore required by the strongest motives, -- by personal interest, by the ties of kindred and friendship, by the claims of patriotism and philanthropy, to examine, and that not lightly, the evidences on which Christianity challenges our belief; and the degree of credit to which they are entitled.
"The Christian religion is part of our common law, with the very texture of which it is interwoven. Its authority is frequently admitted in our statute-books; and its holy things are there expressly guarded from blasphemy and desecration. If it be found, as indeed it is, a message of peace on earth and good will to men; exhibiting the most perfect code of morals for our government, the purest patterns of exalted virtue for our imitation, and the brightest hopes, which can cheer the heart of man; let it receive the just tribute of our admiring approval, our reverential obedience, and our cordial support. I would implore the American lawyer unhesitatingly to follow in this, as in the other elements of the law, the great masters and sages of his profession; and while with swelling bosom he surveys the countless benefits rendered to his country by this his favorite science, let him not withhold from the Fountain and Source of all Law the free service of undissembled homage."
Quote from The American Bible Society's manual: or brief view of the history and operations of the American Bible Society, and of the Bible cause in general, New York: American Bible Society, 1852: "The Bible is the only foundation on which our institutions can securely rest, whether political, social, or religious. Amid the fluctuations to which all free institutions are exposed, and especially ours, with a population, many of whom are unaccustomed to liberty, and but faintly imbued with Bible truths, the Word of God is the only anchor of safety."
Correspondence to American Bible Society, Cambridge, November 6, 1852. Harvard University - Harvard Law School Library / Simon Greenleaf Papers, 1792-1853. Religious Matters, Correspondence: Box 24, Folder 9, Correspondence A-Z, 1850-1852. Also published in
HON. SIMON GREENLEAF, LATE LAW PROFESSOR in CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY,
CAMBRIDGE, November 6th, 1852.
I have received the communication of your Secretary, of October 20, containing the highly gratifying intelligence that an increased effort is about to be made for the more general distribution of the Holy Scriptures. I cannot refrain from expressing the thankfulness I feel for this intelligence. Whatever is done in this direction is done for the happiness and the best interest of our country. The experience of all ages has taught us that republican institutions can have no permanent basis but in the moral virtue of the people. Intelligence alone has proved insufficient for this purpose. "Intellect without principle" is the attribute of the worst of beings. Despotism may exist independent of morality; but republics soon perish when the people become corrupt. The efforts of Christian patriots, therefore, must be directed to elevate and sustain the moral character of our citizens; and no method is so efficient to this end as to imbue them with the knowledge and wisdom of the Bible. Of its Divine character, I think no man who deals honestly with his own mind and heart can entertain a reasonable doubt. For myself, I must say, that having for many years made the evidences of Christianity the subject of close and patient study, the result has been a firm and increasing conviction of the authenticity and plenary inspiration of the Bible. It is indeed the Word of God. It opens up to our view the only true source of moral obligation, or of public and private duty, and enforces these with the only sanctions that can affect the mind, and reach the conscience of man; namely, the omniscience, and goodness, and mercy of God, and the certain retributions of the life to come. Without these sanctions, the laws are no longer observed; oaths lose their hold on the conscience; promises are violated; frauds are multiplied, and moral obligation is dissolved. And these securities natural religion does not furnish : they are found in the Bible alone. In sublimity of thought, in grandeur of conception, in purity and elevation of moral principle, in the practical wisdom of its teachings, and the universality and perpetuity of their application, and, above all, in the high and important character of its themes, the Holy Bible is not even approached by any human composition. It is only this that can make men wise unto salvation.
Our republican institutions have been the admiration of intelligent men of all nations, both for the profound wisdom exhibited in their construction, and for the success with which they have been administered. But it should never be forgotten, that these foundations were laid by men trained with the Bible in their hands as their household book, and the book of their common schools, and early taught to hold its precepts in deep reverence as the rule of their conduct in after life. This made them what they were, and led our nation to its present height of prosperity and renown. I am deeply convinced, that the continuance of these blessings and the happiness of the whole people will depend mainly on the degree in which the Holy Scriptures are familiarly studied and known, and held in reverence by each member of the community. The distribution, therefore, of the Bible, and its introduction into all the schools, belongs to the highest class of patriotic duties. While others are administering the constitution and the laws, your labours supply the vital element of them both; and in the consciousness of this you doubtless find one of the highest incentives to perseverance in the glorious work.
Trusting that this free expression of my views of this subject may find its apology in the wish of the Secretary that I would so express them, permit me to remain,
C.f. Stephen Abbott Northrop, D.D., A Cloud of Witnesses, Kansas City: The Christian Evidence Publishing Co, 1902, p. 198. Also here.
The Testimony of the Evangelists. New York: 1874. Text-searchable. HTML version of his primary essay, with hyperlinks to his references. (TM): We are indebted to Simon Greenleaf (1783-1853), professor of Law at Harvard University, for one of the most interesting in the series of apologetic works by lawyers--a tradition that stretches back to Hugo Grotius's Truth of the Christian Religion. Greenleaf's work begins with a short, thought-provoking monograph on the application of the rules of evidence to the gospel accounts, stressing the canons of the ancient document rule and the principles of cross-examination in the evaluation of the testimony of the witnesses to the resurrection. Following this, and filling the bulk of the book in the online editions, there is a very extensive harmony of the gospels, drawn up according to the scheme of Edward Robinson's Harmony of the Four Gospels in Greek, with running commentary in the footnotes dealing with various skeptical objections and doubtful points in the narratives. The book is rounded out with Greenleaf's abridgment of Robinson's essay on the harmonization of the resurrection narratives and an examination of the trial of Jesus. A translation of M. Dupin's response to the critical arguments of Salvator is contained in all editions from the second onward. The copy of the second edition linked here contains Greenleaf's signature.
The North American Review, v. 53, n. 133, October 1846, pp. 382-432. "It is the production of an able and profound lawyer, a man who has grown gray in the halls of justice and the schools of jurisprudence; a writer of the highest authority on legal subjects, whose life has been spent in weighing testimony and sifting evidence, and whose published opinions on the rules of evidence are received as authoritative in all the English and American tribunals; for fourteen years the highly respected colleague of the late Mr. Justice Story, and also the honored head of the most distinguished and prosperous school of English law in the world."
New York Observer, October 24, 1846, p. 170. "The author is a lawyer, very learned in his profession, acute, critical, and used to raising and meeting practical doubts. Author of a treatise on the law of evidence, which has become a classic in the hands of the profession which he adorns, and teacher in one of the Law Seminaries which do honor to our country in the eyes of Europe, he brings rare qualifications for the task he assumes. That he should, with the understanding and from the heart, accept the Gospel as the truth, avow it as his Hope, and seek to discharge a duty to his fellow-men by laying before them the grounds on which he founds this acceptance and this hope, are cheering circumstances to the Christian, and present strong appeals to the indifferent.
The Steam Ship President. From the New York Herald; Philadelphia Inquirer, published as Pennsylvania Inquirer, v. XXIV, n. 134, June 8, 1841, p. 2.
The Steamer President. New Bedford Register (New Bedford, Massachusetts), vol. III, iss. 21; June 16, 1841, p. 1.
Sumner's Evidence of Christianity Derived From Its Nature and Reception -- ch. 10 extract.
Peregrine Bingham. New cases in the Court of Common Pleas, and other courts. With tables of the cases and principal matters. Meath v Winchester. Vol. 3. From Trinity term, 6 William IV. 1836, to Trinity Term, 7 William IV. 1837 ... both inclusive. London, Saunders and Benning, 1837. Extract.
Reports of cases argued and determined in the Court of King's Bench with tables of the names of cases and principal matters by Edward Hyde East. Morewood v Wood. Extract.
Horne's Introduction to the Scriptures -- extract. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. 1877.
Joseph Salvador. The Jewish Account of the Trial of Jesus, plus "The Trial of Jesus Before Caiaphas and Pilate" by M. Dupin, translated by John Pickering, LL.D., Counselor-at-Law, and President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Magoun, G. F. Address Delivered before the Iowa State Bar Association, at Des Moines, May 17, 1877. Proceedings of the Iowa State Bar Association: Held at Des Moines, Iowa, 1874-1881
By Iowa State Bar Association, A. J. Small, Iowa State Bar Association, Iowa State Bar Association (1874-1881) Compiled by A. J. Small. Published by The Association, 1912. 262 pages. Address first published in 11 Western Jurist, vol. 11, 1877, p. 321.
"One profession in every generation influences everything into which evidence enters, because to itself the art of presenting it is integral. It came about, therefore, naturally, that an American authority in that branch of law, Professor Greenleaf, furnished my own profession an acute and sound treatise on the Testimony of the Four Evangelists to the Christian Religion. And it had come about as naturally that special theological truths should be established by methods not altogether alien to those pursued on secular themes. If there be, besides, any sound analogies between human relations and those disclosed by religion, if governmental relations run upward as well as laterally, -- if law as "that rule of action which is prescribed by some superior, and which the inferior is bound to obey," exists in the universal realm of Him who could not be Creator without being Law-Giver and Executive, there could have been no mystery in its becoming "difficult to say whether the religious system of Calvin or the religious system of the Arminians, has been the more marked by legal character."
Nancy J. Kippenhan.1Seeking Truth on the Other Side of the Wall: Greenleaf's Evangelists Meet The Federal Rules, Naturalism, And Judas. Liberty University Law Review, v. 5, n. 1, Faculty Publications and Presentations, Paper 25, Fall 2010, pp. 1-47.
More than 150 years after Testimony was published, it is fair to ask whether Greenleaf's persuasive analytical construct would still lead today's jurists to the same conclusions. Does the testimony of the evangelists stand the test of today's evidentiary inquiry, such that it would be admitted into today's court of justice? This Article answers in the affirmative. Section II of this Article reviews Greenleaf's original analysis, updates his analytical principles to the current Federal Rules of Evidence,25and then applies those rules to the canonical Gospels. Section III of this Article applies the same critical evidentiary analysis to the non-canonical testimony of the Gospel of Judas to determine whether the content of that document meets the same level of credibility as the canonical Gospels. Section IV concludes with a discussion of the significance of these analyses: if the canonical Gospels are indeed credible evidence, what conclusions should be drawn from their testimony? An objective reader, coming to the question as a juror with an open mind, will find ample factual support on both sides of the wall for the truth exposited in the Gospel accounts. 1Assistant Professor of Law, Liberty University School of Law (B.S., M.B.A., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; J.D., magna cum laude, Widener University School of Law). I wrote this article in full recognition of the humility (some may say audacity) needed to approach Greenleaf's Testimony, and with no intent of rewriting his seminal text. My purpose is solely to introduce his acute analysis, in refreshed form, to a new generation of legal minds, 'remaining always ready to give a reasoned answer to anyone who asks you to explain the hope you have in you.' I Peter 3:15. 25 FED. R. EVID. (2009).
Letter, written May 4, 1839. Published in The North American (Philadelphia), v. 1, n. 56. May 29, 1839, p. 1. "The Bible is the only faithful picture of real life -- the only true history of man -- the only unvarnished narrative of his sins, and of the just retribution of his holy Sovereign. It is the only historical book which gives a true account of the human family in all its relations, and its motives of conduct. Man falsifies his own history, -- God has written it with the pen of truth. Its fidelity is evinced in the fact that it has never become obsolete. The man delineated in the Bible, is the man of every age of the world, from the creation to our own days, and will be such to the end of time. And if it is important to man to learn the moral nature of his race, and to learn it early, let him be taught it in his youth, among the rudiments of his education, from the fountain of all truth -- the Bible."
"Our country is a Christian country. The Christian religion is acknowledged, more or less directly, as that of the people, in the laws and usages of every State in the Union."
"Children who have been taught God's word from the Bibles of strangers, will not easily be induced, in maturer age, to make war upon their benefactors. When Sweden was compelled by Napoleon, to declare war against England, and a form of prayer for the success of their arms was sent to the several churches, the Delecarlians refused to read it, saying it was a mistake; for the English who had sent them bread in their famine, and Bibles too, could not be their enemies!"
"The Bible in Schools" Published from The Indiana Journal, June 23, 1839, p. 1. Also published in the Cincinnati Daily Gazette.
C. S. Art. VIII.--Greenleaf on Evidence. Published in American Jurist and Law Magazine, v. 27, n. 2. Boston: Freeman and Bolles, 1842, pp. 379-408. Review of A Treatise on the Law of Evidence.
Massachusetts Bible Society. New Hampshire Sentinel, June 3, 1847, p. 1, column D. Anniversary speeches held on June 2, 1847.
"Rev. Dr. Pierce presided, and opened the exercises by a very appropriate address, in which, among other illustrations of the moral influence of the Word of God, he alluded to the fact that desertions from the American army in the revolutionary war were almost entirely prevented by the introduction of the practice of requiring the soldiers to swear allegiance to their country upon the Bible."
"... Prof. Greenleaf adverted to several points in which the Bible has most essentially and favorably modified the codes of international law. All Eastern and Pagan lawgivers do not distinguish between the act and the intent, but Christianity does. They nowhere enjoin the law of love, the Bible does. They do not discourage litigation, the Bible does. They do not improve the condition of woman, Christianity does."
n.g. A Treatise on the Law of Evidence. Published in Boston Daily Atlas, September 9, 1853. Review of A Treatise on the Law of Evidence.
"Among the American law writers, who are quoted with approval in the English Courts, probably none rank higher than Mr. Greenleaf; and this new volume will doubtless be hailed at Westminster Hall, no less than here, as a most valuable and learned acquisition to the science of law."
George P. Sanger. Remarks of George P. Sanger, Esq., on the Death of Hon. Simon Greenleaf. Published in Boston Daily Atlas, v. 22, n. 87. October 11, 1853. Obituary.
"Judge Hoar said, in substance: among those eminent lawyers who have never held judicial station, the name and opinions of Mr. Greenleaf stand highest as authority in all matters of law. He gained this high position by incessant and devoted labor in his profession."
Bragdon, Joseph H. A Report of the proceedings on the occasion of the reception of the sons of Newburyport resident abroad: July 4th, 1854, by the city authorities and the citizens of Newburyport. Newburyport [Mass.]; (Newburyport), 1854. 116 pp. Also here and here.
"I allude to the late Professor Greenleaf. I had not the pleasure and honor of a personal acquaintance with this respected son of Newbury, until he became Royal Professor of Law in the School at Cambridge, then illustrated by the learning and eloquence of Story. On that occasion I first knew him. He and I were inaugurated as Professors -- he of Law, and I of Greek, on the same day. From that time I enjoyed his unbroken friendship, as long as he lived. Of his course and character as a boy in your public schools; of his struggles as a young man, with poverty; of his Christian submission to the bitter lot of sorrow and bereavement that fell heavily upon the early periods of his domestic life; of the success which erowned with triumph these brave conflicts; many, probably, here have more personal knowledge than I; but I am sure no one can have a deeper impression of the purity and nobleness of character, which came forth tried like gold from the heat of the contest.
"Mr. Greenleaf was one of those men, who know how to make the most of time. No client ever suffered wrong from feebleness or neglect, at his hand; for he spared no effort and shrunk from no study that could throw light upon the cause he had undertaken to conduct. As a teacher, he shone with peculiar lustre. The large body of intelligent young men who sat under his instructions valued them beyond all price. Calm in his manners; with the dignity of superior intellect and extensive knowledge; with the blandness and courtesy of a Christian gentleman; considerate of the feelings of all who stood to him in the relation of scholar to master; conscious of his responsibilities to them, and through them to his country -- he commanded in an extraordinary measure, their love and veneration.
"Mr. Greenleaf's contributions to the literature of his profession, I cannot, of course, professionally speak of. His studies lay in a province far remote from mine. Of his work on Evidence, however, I may say, that besides taking the very highest rank among the text books of legal science, it is one which any educated gentleman may read with pleasure and profit. Of another work, the ingenious application of the rules of legal evidences to the testimony of the Evangelists--I may say that it is a striking illustration of the earnest interest he felt in the establishment of the Christian Faith on the foundation of the most rigorous argument, while the daily beauty of his life proved with what fidelity he made the precepts of Christianity his rule of conduct."
Letter by C. T. S.The Wisconsin State Register. December 15, 1883, p. 1. "Paine's Age of Reason." Quote from Greenleaf and list of prominent Christians: Greenleaf, Story, Marshall, Jay, Seward, Waite, Chase, Gladstone, Burke, Senator George F. Edmunds of Vermont, Thomas Hendricks of Indiana, Columbus Delano and General J. H. Devereux of Ohio, J. W. Stevenson of Kentucky, Judge Andrews of Ohio, S. Corning Judd of Chicago, Judge Sheffey of Virginia, Professor Coffee of Pennsylvania, Robert C. Winthrop of Massachusetts.
"My object in this writing is to show any one who may thoughtlessly conclude that Paine's and Ingersoll's arguments are either sound or smart; that by that conclusion they put many names of eminence for sound reason and worth into the category of fools, and elevate men of very superficial attainments into the position of judges."
The Law Magazine: or Quarterly Review of Jurisprudence. London: W. Benning and Co., Law Booksellers, 1845. Events of the Quarter, p. 350. "It is no mean honor to America that her schools of jurisprudence have produced two of the first writers and best esteemed legal authorities of this century--the great and good man, Judge Story, and his worthy and eminent associate, Professor Greenleaf. Upon the existing Law of Evidence more light has shone from the New World than from all the lawyers who adorn the courts of Europe."
Art. IV--The Law of Carriers.
The Law Magazine: or Quarterly Review of Jurisprudence, v. 11. London: W. Benning and Co., Law Booksellers, 1849. pp. 127-135.
"The works of the late Mr. Justice Story, Chancellor Kent, Professor Greenleaf and others, and the decisions of most of the courts of the several States, exhibit such sound and close reasoning, such full and copious investigation of the subjects which engage their attention, that an English lawyer or an English judge cannot fail to derive advantage from referring to them. We therefore make no apology, on account of the work being an American production, for bringing it before the notice of our readers."
Books and Editorial Notices. Western Jurist, v. 10. Des Moines, Iowa: Mills & Co., 1876. pp. 754-755. Review of A Treatise on the Law of Evidence, vol. 1, 13th edition. "Respecting the merits of Greenleaf on Evidence, nothing need be said. It has, for the last quarter of a century, nearly, been the standard work on that subject, not only in America, but in Great Britain, and in all countries where the common law obtains. Indeed, its superiority is so thoroughly recognized, as that a modern English author of a work on the subject of evidence, admits that his is taken substantially from Greenleaf. This is the thirteenth edition, and the learned editor, John Wilder May, Esq., author of 'the Law of Insurance,' etc., has restored in this edition the original text, as it was left by the learned author himself, placing the subject matter of the additions which had been made by Mr. Redfield among the notes, but showing to whom credit was due therefore."
n.g. Art. 3--Legal Education. The Law Magazine: or Quarterly Review of Jurisprudence, v. 6. London: W. Benning and Co., Law Booksellers, 1847. pp. 175-200.
Short Notes of New Books.
The Law Magazine: or Quarterly Review of Jurisprudence, v. 8. London: W. Benning and Co., Law Booksellers, 1848, pp. 326-328. Review of A Treatise on the Law of Evidence as administered in England and Ireland, with Illustrations from the American and other Foreign Laws by John Pitt Taylor. "Mr. Taylor has however not produced, what perhaps his title-page might have led the reader to suppose, a work entirely his own, but he has moulded and founded his book, as he ingenuously tells us in his preface, on Dr. Greenleaf's American Treatise. The work on Evidence by that celebrated jurist is well known among English as well as American lawyers, and is justly appreciated by all for its admirable arrangement, logical order and lucid manner in which the principles of the law affecting Evidence are expounded. It bears the impress of the characteristic mark which so eminently distirnguishes the great American jurists of the present century, namely, the extraction of principles from authorities carefully read and examined, instead of a string of cases thrown together crude and undigested. Mr. Taylor we think has acted wisely in taking for his foundation the scientific work of Professor Greenleaf. To borrow, as he has done, larely from its pages, can never detract from but on the contrary is likely to enhance the value of the present work, and we agree with Mr. Taylor, that, so long as "really useful and accurate information' is afforded to the profession, it is immaterial in whose language it is conveyed, and certainly a more lucid style and logical arrangement than that of the American jurist could not have been chosen. The method adopted by Professor Greenleaf has accordingly been followed by Mr. Taylor."
Also, "Events of the Quarter," pp. 329-330. An obituary of Justice Kent.
See the endorsement of Greenleaf's work by Abraham Lincoln from his letter to James T. Thornton, December 2, 1858, Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 3.
Yours of the 29th. written in behalf of Mr. John H. Widmer, is received. I am absent altogether too much to be a suitable instructer for a law-student. When a man has reached the age that Mr. Widner has, and has already been doing for himself, my judgment is, that he reads the books for himself without an instructer. That is precisely the way I came to the law. Let Mr. Widner read Blackstone's Commentaries, Chitty's Pleading's--Greenleaf's Evidence, Story's Equity, and Story's Equity Pleading's, get a license, and go to the practice, and still keep reading. That is my judgment of the cheapest, quickest, and best way for Mr. Widner to make a lawyer of himself.
And from his letter to J. M. Brockman, Esq. Springfield, Ills. Sep. 25. 1860, Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 4.
Dear Sir: Yours of the 24th. asking "the best mode of obtaining a thorough knowledge of the law" is received. The mode is very simple, though laborious, and tedious. It is only to get the books, and read, and study them carefully. Begin with Blackstone's Commentaries, and after reading it carefully through, say twice, take up Chitty's Pleading, Greenleaf's Evidence, & Story's Equity &c. in succession. Work, work, work, is the main thing.
Diary and Letters of Rutherford B. Hayes. Volume 1. CHAPTER VI, STUDYING LAW, 1842-1845 -- AT COLUMBUS AND AT THE HARVARD LAW SCHOOL. Cambridge, August 28, 1843, p. 112.
After having studied law for ten months under friend Sparrow in Columbus, it was deemed best that I should enter the Law School of Harvard University, where I could receive the instructions of those eminent jurists and teachers, Story and Greenleaf. In accordance with this opinion of myself and friends, I came here and entered the Law School last week. The term commences today. Whatever resolution and ability I have shall now be brought out. I have much lost time to regain and my mind to discipline. The institution, teachers, and students I like.
Diary and Letters of Rutherford B. Hayes. Volume 1. CHAPTER VI, STUDYING LAW, 1842-1845 -- AT COLUMBUS AND AT THE HARVARD LAW SCHOOL. September 1, 1843, p. 113.
I have now finished my first week in the Law School. I have studied hard and am confident that my real gain is as great as I should have had in two weeks in an office. Our lectures have all the advantages of recitations and lectures combined, without their disadvantages. We have no formal lectures. Professors Story and Greenleaf illustrate and explain as they proceed. Mr. Greenleaf is very searching and logical in examination. It is impossible for one who has not faithfully studied the text to escape exposing his ignorance; he keeps the subject constantly in view, never stepping out of his way for the purpose of introducing his own experience.
Diary and Letters of Rutherford B. Hayes. Volume 1. CHAPTER VI, STUDYING LAW, 1842-1845 -- AT COLUMBUS AND AT THE HARVARD LAW SCHOOL. February 26, p. 145.
The summer session of the Law School commenced today. One hundred and six students made their appearance. Professor Greenleaf made the opening address. The only thing in it worthy of remark was his idea of a lawyer. "A lawyer is engaged in the highest of all human, pursuits, the application of the soundest reason and purest morality to the ordinary affairs of life. He should have a clear head and a true heart always acting at his fingers' ends."
Diary and Letters of Rutherford B. Hayes. Volume 1, Chapter 7. BEGINNING LAW PRACTICE--LOWER SANDUSKY, 1845-1848. May 7, 1845, p. 164.
I am now fairly settled. Let me see how I will arrange my plans for study and business. Read Greenleaf's "Evidence" and Story's "Agency" so as to finish them both in six weeks. Read a chapter in the Testament (German); one case a week in Smith's "Leading Cases" touching some topic of "Agency" or "Evidence." Read a little Bacon and Burke; study Livy an hour in the morning, and logic at night. Poetry and light literature Sunday. Attend church regularly, and do all my business promptly.
Book Reviews. Michigan Law Journal, vol. 5, Detroit: Michigan Law Journal Co., 1896. pp. 105-107. Review of Greenleaf on Evidence, 15th edition.
"Greenleaf on the law of evidence has been the principal treatise on thta branch of the law in the United States since 1842. It has been and is the standard in that branch as Kent and Blackstone are in the Common Law. Starkey [sic] and Phillips had written their treatises on evidence, and American Notes had been published with the text, but a necessity existed for a treatise,which should not only set forth the Common Law of evidence, but should especially adopt the same to American ways and classes of business. ... Take the treatise as it now exists in the fifteenth edition, it is as complete a commentary on the law of evidence as can be found in any book in this country or Europe. No student of the law, who desires to know the law of evidence of the United States, and who desires at the same time to know the reasons and philosophy of it, can afford to be without the completed edition of Greenleaf on the law of evidence."
C. H. H. Book Reviews. American Law Register, v. 48, from January to December, 1900. Philadelphia, pp. 629-630. Review of Greenleaf on Evidence, 16th edition, v. 1, 1899.
Book Reviews. Yale Law Journal, v. 9, October,1899-July 1900, p. 72. Review of A Treatise on the law of Evidence, 16th edition, vol. 1.
The issuance of Vol. I of the Sixteenth Edition of Greenleaf on Evidence
is a testimonial monument to the ever increasing popularity of that treatise.
The main object of the new edition is to keep the book on its high plane of
excellence, and to accomplish this the text of earlier editions have been carefully revised. Some parts of it have been wholly re-written by Professor
Wigmore, and yet no part of Greenleaf's text has been left out or lost track of. A careful comparison of the first volume of the above edition shows a marked improvement over all previous editions. For the addition of four new chapters on the subject of Real Evidence Relevency. Circumstantial Evidence, Exceptions to Hearsay Rule, Regular Entries in course of Business, make the book more complete and admirable than ever before. One of the marked changes, or rather we should say improvements, which the student will be quick to appreciate, is the fact that the text of the new edition states the law fully and completely, while the notes give full references to the authorities on which the law rests. The fact that Vol. I is edited by Professor Wigmore, whose many years of study of the rules of law which it illuminates will make the new edition need no recommendation to the lawyer or the student, for to quote from Greenleaf is to quote law.
Cutler, Benjamin C. (Benjamin Clarke) (1798-1863). Gray, Horatio, (1828-1903). Memoirs of Rev. Benjamin C. Cutler, D. D., late rector of St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn, N.Y. 1830 entry: "Sept. 4.-On Wednesday I went to Portland, and saw the Hon. Simon Greenleaf and his family; had formed the highest opinion of him as a true Christian and Churchman. Conversed freely and at length, and was not disappointed. What a valuable man to the world is a man of high and holy principles, large capacity of mind, and great energy! Oh! could my eyes have seen the human nature conjoined with divinity, in the man Christ Jesus! "'A veil of interposing night
His radiant face conceals.'"
A publication of the Simon Greenleaf School of Law. Orange, California. Vol. 1 (academic year 1981-82)- v. 7 (academic year 1987-88).; 7 volumes; 21 cm. Succeeding Title: Simon Greenleaf review of law and religion, Anaheim, Calif.: Simon Greenleaf University, Vol. 8 (academic year 1988-1989); 1 volume ; 21 cm.
John Warwick Montgomery. "Editor's Introduction to this Inaugural Issue and to Bennett's Four Gospels, pp. 1-14.
Edmund H. Bennett, L.L.D., Late Dean of the Boston University School of Law. The Four Gospels from a Lawyer's Standpoint (1899), pp. 15-74.
Joseph P. Gudel. "An Examination & Critique of Thomas Paine's Age of Reason," pp. 75-102.
"Books from France: The Trial of Jesus; Human Rights After Helsinki; Jacques Ellul," pp. 104-106.
Coming in the Next Issue, pp. 107-109.
The Simon Greenleaf Law Review. Volume 2. 1982. Extracts.
John Warwick Montgomery. "Editor's Introduction," pp. 1-2.
Francis Schaeffer. "Christian Faith and Human Rights," pp. 3-12.
Elmer Gelinas. "The Natural Law According to Thomas Aquinas," pp. 13-36.
David S. Prescott. "California Criminal Justice: A System in Search of Itself," pp. 37-121. NOT EXTRACTED.
Janet LaRue. "Abortion: Justice Harry A. Blackmun and the Roe v. Wade Decision," pp. 122-145. NOT EXTRACTED.
Craig Savord. "A Legal Look at the Check Kiting Problem," pp. 146-151. NOT EXTRACTED.
Harold Lindsell and the Editor. Review, pp. 152-161. NOT EXTRACTED.
Coming in Next Issue, p. 162. NOT EXTRACTED.
Harold Lindsell. Editor's Introduction, pp. 1-2.
John Warwick Montgomery. "The Marxist Approach to Human Rights: Analysis & Critique," pp. 3-202.
Steve Kumar, Executive Director of the New Zealand Apologetics Society. "E.M. Blaiklock (1903-1983): Tribute to a 20th Century Apologist," pp. 203-206.
Coming in the Next Issue, pp. 207-209.
The Simon Greenleaf Law Review. Volume 4. 1984. Extracts.
John Warwick Montgomery. "Editor's Introduction," pp. ix-xiii.
Lord Chancellor Hailsham. The Door Wherein I Went, pp. 1-68.
George B. Johnston. "The Development of Civil Trial by Jury in England and the United States in Light of Lord Hailsham's Hamlyn Revisited," pp. 69-92.
Leon E. Grumbling. "Alf Ross and Valid Law: The Checkmate of a Scandinavian Legal Realist," pp. 93-106. NOT EXTRACTED.
Raymond B. Marcin. "The City of Babel: Ancient & Modern," pp. 107-118. NOT EXTRACTED.
Virginia C. Armstrong. "Law, Politics and the Social Sciences -- A Troubled Trinity," pp. 119-224. NOT EXTRACTED.
Reviews, pp. 225-240.
Coming in the Next Issue, p. 243. NOT EXTRACTED.
The Simon Greenleaf Law Review. 1985. Volume 5. Extracts.
John Warwick Montgomery. "Editor's Introduction," pp. 1-5. NOT EXTRACTED.
Herbert T. Krimmel and Martin J. Foley. "Abortion and Human Life: A Christian Perspective," pp. 7-24. NOT EXTRACTED.
John Warwick Montgomery. "The Rights of Unborn Children," pp. 25-74. NOT EXTRACTED.
Meredith G. Kline. "Lex Talionis & The Human Fetus," pp. 75-92. NOT EXTRACTED.
David K. Clark. "An Evaluation of the Quality of Life Argument for Infanticide," pp. 93-114. NOT EXTRACTED.
James J. Scofield Johnson. "Unconscionability & the Federal Chancellors: A Survey of U.C.C. Section 2-302 Interpretations in the Federal Circuits During the Early Eighties," pp. 115-184. NOT EXTRACTED.
Fred Hayes. "Fee Setting for the Christian Attorney," pp. 185-194.
Reviews, pp. 195-214.
Canon Joseph Robinson, Master of The Temple Church. "Lord Diplock (1907-1985): A Tribute," pp. 215-222.
Coming in the Next Issue, p. 223. NOT EXTRACTED.
The Simon Greenleaf Law Review. 1986. Volume 6. Extracts.
John Warwick Montgomery. "Editor's Introduction to Volume VI," pp. 1-2.
Rev. Felix V. A. Boyse. "Cyprian, Lawyer and Bishop: A Study in Christian Leadership. The 1985 Warburton Lecture at Lincoln's Inn, London," pp. 3-30. NOT EXTRACTED.
Edward Carpenter. "The Theological Thought of Thomas Sherlock (1678-1781): Master of the Temple," pp. 31-64.
William Webster. "The Fitness of the Witnesses of the Resurrection of Christ Consider'd; In Answer to the principal Objections against them," pp. 65-98.
William Webster. "The Credibility of the Resurrection of Christ, upon the Testimony of the Apostles," pp. 99-146.
"A 17th-Century Barrister in Church: The Diary of John Manningham of the Middle Temple, 1602-1603," pp. 147-232. NOT EXTRACTED.
Lloyd Paul Stryker. "Barristers and Solicitors -- A Plea for a Divided Bar," pp. 233-256. NOT EXTRACTED.
Reviews, pp. 257-268. NOT EXTRACTED.
Coming in the Next Issue, p. 269. NOT EXTRACTED.
John Warwick Montgomery. "Editor's Introduction to Volume VII," pp. 1-6.
John Warwick Montgomery. "Simon Greenleaf's Appellate Brief in Defence of 'The Athens 3'," pp. 7-48.
Thomas O. Alderman. "Secularism, Neutrality & The Establishment of Religion," pp. 49-66. NOT EXTRACTED.
Thomas R. Trueax. "Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Secularizer of American Jurisprudence," pp. 67-80.
John T. Moen. "A Lawyer's Logical and Syllogistic Look at the Facts of the Resurrection," pp. 81-112.
Jeffrey E. Bauer. "The Logician's Model of Judgment and the Resurrection of Christ," pp. 113-138.
David Prescott. "Antony Flew's Presumption of Atheism Revisited: A Christian Lawyer's Perspective," p. 139-164.
Roger Martin. "R. A. Torrey -- Defender of the Faith," pp. 165-200.
Martin Cothran. "Reason & Imagination: G. K. Chesterton's Case for Christianity, with a Chesterton Bibliography," pp. 201-230.
Reviews, pp. 231-248.
Editor's Note, p. 249.
Church of England clergyman and writer.
An History of the Christian church, from the earliest periods to the present time; by G. Gregory. In two volumes. A new edition, corrected and enlarged. London, 1795. Vol. 1 of 2, 568 pp. Vol. 2, 581 pp.
Pastor of the Fifteenth Street Presbyterian Church.
Equality of Right for All Citizens, Black and White, Alike,; A Discourse delivered in the Fifteenth street Presbyterian church, Washington, D.C., March 7, 1909.
"If the time ever comes when we shall go to pieces, it will not be from any desire or disposition on the part of the States to pull apart, but from inward corruption, from the disregard of right principles, from the spirit of greed, from the narrowing lust of gold, from losing sight of the fact that "Righteousness exalteth a nation, but that sin is a reproach to any people" [Proverbs 14:34]. It is here where our real danger lies -- not in the secession of States from the Union, but in the secession of the Union itself from the great and immutable principles of right, of justice, of fair play for all regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The fact that the Union has been saved, that these rebellious States have been brought back into it, will amount to nothing unless it can be saved from this still greater peril that threatens it. The secession of the Southern States in 1860 was a small matter with the secession of the Union itself from the great principles enunciated in the Declaration of Independence, in the Golden Rule, in the Ten Commandments, in the Sermon on the Mount. Unless we hold, and hold firmly to these great fundamental principles of righteousness, of social, political, and economic wisdom, our Union, as Mr. Garrison expressed it, will be 'only a covenant with death and an agreement with hell.' If it continues to exist it will be a curse, and not a blessing."
Reprinted in Masterpieces of Negro Eloquence; the best speeches delivered by the Negro from the days of slavery to the present time, edited by Alice Moore Dunbar-Nelson. New York, The Bookery Publishing Company, c1914. New York: Johnson Reprint Corp., 1970. 512 pp. front. (port.) 23 cm.
Grimké, Thomas Smith
South Carolina judge and pacifist.
Reflections on the character and objects of all science and literature, and on the relative excellence and value of religious and secular education, and of sacred and classical literature
in two addresses and an oration with additions and improvements: with an appendix. New Haven, [Conn.]: H. Howe, 1831. xii, 201 pp.; 18 cm. An address on the character and objects of science: and, especially on the influence of the Reformation on the science and literature, past, present and future, of Protestant nations -- Address on the expediency and duty of adopting the Bible, as the text book of duty and usefulness, in every scheme of education, from the primary school to the university -- Oration on the advantages, to be derived, in a literary point merely, from the introduction of the Bible, as a text book of sacred literature, in every scheme of education, from the primary school to the university -- Appendix. A letter of Thomas S. Grimké, on the study of the Bible -- Address at the dedication of the building in Chalmers Street, designed as a depository for Bibles, tracts and Sunday school books, and for the anniversary celebrations of religious societies. Also here.
It seems to me that our country has yet to learn one great truth on this subject, that the whole European scheme of education ever has been intimately associated with states of society, forms of government and religious establishments totally inconsistent with ours: that the great object there
has been to educate the few, and not the many, to train up
the subjects of monarchies, and not the citizens of a republic; in a word, to perpetuate aristocracy even in education.
Let us learn then, that education with us, like Society, Government, Religion, must be essentially American, and not European; that it must partake deeply and extensively of the vital spirit of American Institutions; that it must, in order to ensure its durability and usefulness, be adapted to our state of Society, forms of Government and modes of Religion: and that this conformity can never be discovered, much less preserved by any imitation of European plans. With the Bible in one hand, and our own history in the other, we shall be able to judge best, what education our country needs. Literary Education in its highest sense, a sense but little known in this country, is much the same every where; but religious and moral, political and civil education, in a word, for the preparation for practical duty and usefulness, private and public, must be to a great extent, national and local, therefore peculiar. Ours ought to be an education, adapted to our peculiar character, circumstances, and destiny, as a free, educated, peaceful, Christian People. It ought to be eminently adapted to our development and progress, to the improvement and preservation of our institutions, in a word, to the great truth THE PEOPLE GOVERN. Our SCHOOLS are for the education of that PEOPLE, our COLLEGES for the education of the PUBLIC SERVANTS AND PROFESSIONAL AGENTS of that People. But all have one end, one object, THE GOOD OF THE PEOPLE.
The Historicity of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ: Part 1. INTRODUCTION: Something happened over 1,970 years ago that changed the course of world history. This event turned men of fear into men of faith. This event explains the existence of the Church and changes in the lives of millions of believers. It is an event that Christians remember each Sunday as they gather together for worship. This event is the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.
Jesus in an Age of Controversy. Wipf & Stock, 2002.
Co-edited with James F. Sennett. In Defense of Natural Theology: A Post-Humean Assessment. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2005.
Christian Apologetics: A Comprehensive Case for Biblical Faith. InterVarsity Press, 2011.
Video presentation. The Structure of Apologetic Reasoning. One of a series of lectures from "Defend the Faith: Christianity on Trial," held on the campus of New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, 7:00 p.m. CST, January 5, 2014.
De Jure Belli ac Pacis, translated, with an introduction by W. S. M. Knight of New College, Oxford, and of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law. Sweet and Maxwell, Limited, London: 1822. 84 pp. Justice Joseph Story, A Discourse pronounced upon the inauguration of the author as Dane Professor of Law in Harvard University: on the twenty-fifth day of August, 1829. Boston; (Cambridge), 1829:
"... Upon the general theory of the law of nations much has been written by authors of great ability and celebrity. At the head of the list stands that most extraordinary man, Grotius, whose treatise de Jure Belli et Pacis was the first great effort in modern times to reduce into any order the principles belonging to this branch of jurisprudence, by deducing them from the history and practice of nations, and the incidental opinions of philosophers, orators, and poets. His eulogy has been already pronounced in terms of high commendation, but so just and so true, that it were vain to follow, or add to his praise.*
*Sir James MacKintosh, in his Introductory Discourse."
William Evats, translator, De jure belli ac pacis libri tres] The most excellent Hugo Grotius his three books treating of the Rights of War & Peace, in the first is handled whether any war be just ; in the second is shewed the causes of war, both just and unjust ; in the third is declared what in war is lawful, that is, unpunishable : with the annotations digested into the body of every chapter. London : Printed by M.W. for Thomas Basset ... and Ralph Smith ..., 1682. , xxi, , 572,  pp.
Hugo Grotius, his Discourses: I. Of God and his providence, II. Of Christ, his miracles and doctrine : with annotations and the authors life: an appendix concerning his judgment in sundry points controverted. London: Printed by James Flesher for William Lee, 1652. , 116 pp.,  leaf of plates: port.
[Baptizatorum puerorum institutio. English.] The Whole Duty of a Christian, both in faith and practice: succinctly explain'd in familiar verse: by way of question and answer: with exact references to the texts of scripture. Done into English from the Latin catechism of Hugo Grotius. London: printed and sold by John Morphew, 1711. 16 pp.
Clement Barksdale, translator. The Magistrate's Authority in matters of religion asserted. Or The right of the state in the Church. A discourse written in latine by Hugo Grotius: Englished by C.B. M.A.London: printed for Joshua Kirton at the Kings Armes in St. Paul's Church-yard, 1655. , 316,  pp.
[De veritate religionis Christianĉ. English.] Clement Barksdale, translator. Against paganism, Judaism, Mahumetism. Londoni: Printed for the author, and are to be sold by John Barksdale, 1676. , 95,  pp.
Grotius, His Arguments for the Truth of Christian religion. London: Printed for Jonathan Robinson, 1686. , 168 pp. Translation of: De veritate religionis Christianae. "Virgil's fourth eclogue faithfully translated": p. 137-141./ "Imprimatur, Dec. 16, 1685, Z. Isham"/ Errata on p. ./ Reproduction of original in Huntington Library.
1829 edition translated by Jean le Clerc, D.D.
here. Also here.
What say; then, that the writings, about which there is no dispute amongst Christians, and which have any particular person's name affixed to them, are that author's whose title they are marked with; because the first writers, such as Justin, Ireneus, Clemens,382 and others after them, quote those books under those names; and besides, Tertullian383 says that in his time some of the original copies of those books were extant.
382 There is only Clemens's epistle to the Corinthians extant, in which he quotes places of the New Testament, but does not name the writers: wherefore Clemens's name might have been omitted; and so might Justin's, who is not used to add the names. Le Clerc.
383 In his prescription against the heretics: "Let any one, who would exercise his curiosity principally in the affair of his salvation, let him run over the apostolical churches, over which the seats of the apostles have now the rule, in their respective places; in which the authentic letters themselves are recited." And why might not the hand of the apostles be then extant, when Quintilian says, that in his time Cicero's hand was extant; and Gellius says the same of Virgil's in his?
"Neither did any Heathens or Jews raise any controversy, as if they were not the works of those whose they were said to be. And Julian openly confesses,384 that those were Peter's, Paul's, Matthew's, Mark's, and Luke's, which were read by the Christians under those names. Nobody in his senses makes any doubt of Homer's or Virgil's works being theirs, by reason of the constant testimony of the Greeks concerning the one, and of the Latins concerning the other; how much more, then, ought we to stand by the testimony of almost all the nations in the world for the authors of these books?
384 The place is to be seen in Cyril's tenth book.--(See also out annotations, in the dissertation on the four Evangelists, added to the Harmony of the Gospels. Le Clerc.)
"But since God has been pleased to leave us the records of the Jewish religion, which was true of old, and affords no small testimony to the Christian religion, it is not foreign to our purpose to see upon what foundation the credibility of these is built. That these books are theirs to whom they are ascribed, appears in the same manner as we have proved of our books; and they whose names they bear were either prophets or men worthy to be credited; such as Esdras, who is supposed to have collected them into one volume, at that time when the prophets Haggai, Malachi, and Zacharias were yet alive.
"But there is no reason for us Christians to doubt of the credibility of these books, because there are testimonies in our books, out of almost every one of them, the same as they are found in the Hebrew. Nor did Christ, when he reproved many things in the teachers of the Law, and in the Pharisees of his time, ever accuse them of falsifying the books of Moses and the Prophets, or of using supposititious or altered books.
"And it can never be proved, or made credible, that after Christ's time the Scripture should be corrupted in any thing of moment, if we do but consider how far and wide the Jewish nation, who every where kept these books, was dispersed over the whole world."
Two Discourses, I. Of God, and his providence. II. Of Christ, his miracles and doctrine. Out of the illustrious Hugo Grotius. With annotations, and the authours life. An appendix containing his judgement in sundry points controverted. By the translator of the same author, de imperio, &c. . London: printed by A. Miller for William Lee at the Turks Head in Fleet-street, 1653. (2nd ed.) , 96, 73-118; , 31,  pp.
Rich Robinson. "'To the Jew First': A Biblical Analysis of the 'Two-Covenant' Theory of the Atonement." "The two-covenant theory has circulated for some years among non-evangelicals and even among some conservative Christians. If you've ever been told that Jews don't need Jesus because they "already have a covenant with God," then you are hearing this theory of salvation, which was developed by Jewish philosopher Franz Rosenzweig early in this century. Gudel, a Lutheran pastor, summarizes the history of the theory and briefly surveys what Jewish and Christian proponents have written. Then he delves into a biblical analysis with an examination of passages such as Romans 1:16, 2:9, and Acts 13:46. He traces the missionary core of Christianity through Jesus, the apostles, and Paul. Gudel then suggests provocatively that promotion of the two-covenant theory is anti-Semitic. This article is lively and well-written, especially helpful if you've not heard of the two-covenant theory before now."
The Christian's Great Interest: in two parts. I. The trial of a saving interest in Christ. II. The way how to attain it. / By William Guthrie, Minister of the Gospel at New-Kilmarnock, Scotland.; --Also-- The life of the author. New-Brunswick, New-Jersey: Printed by Abraham Blauvelt, for John Smith, --1797. xii, 202,  pp.; 15 cm. (12mo) Also here.