Classic Works of Apologetics - Christian LifeClassic Works of Apologetics Online
The Christian Life
What is a Christian? How does one become a Christian? Why should one become a disciple of Jesus Christ? What are the benefits of being a Christian? What has Christianity done for the world? Find out here.
"Religion is the one supreme influence in life. It is not a visionary thing, it is not a dream, it is the one eminently and always practical thing. No man can hope either to give largely any service or draw from life largely any satisfaction unless he has a conception of human questions which shapes and
moulds his conduct. How can a man have any conception of life unless he recognizes that this world is built upon a plan; and how can he conceive
of a plan of life, a plan for the world, without recognizing that back of the design is the Designer, and back of creation is a Creator?
"What has this to do with life? you ask. It has everything to do with it. The moment that you recognize that you are a part of God's plan then the first and foremost thought in your life is to understand that plan and to work in harmony with it. In other words, unless you begin with God, life is a riddle that you will never be able to solve. But begin with the idea of God, God all-wise, of God all-powerful, and God all-loving, and then there follows as a necessary sequence this question: What would that God have me to do? And the sense of responsibility to God is the greatest force and influence that enters into a man's life. Take from man the conscience that lives in the presence of God unto whom he is responsible for every thought and word and deed, and there is nothing except fear of punishment by his fellow-men that will restrain him from wrongdoing. If that guardian who never sleeps is inside, a man does not need to be watched by a policeman, but take away that inward monitor and you cannot surround a man with enough policemen to keep him straight through life."
--William Jennings Bryan, April 1912. Messages of the men and religion foreward movement ... including the revised reports of the commissions presented at the Congress of the men and religion foreward movement, April, 1912, together with principal addresses delivered at the Congress. New York: Association Press, 1912.
(TM): William Adams (1706?-1789) was a Fellow and Master of Pembroke College, Oxford, and a friend of the literary giant Samuel Johnson.
Perseverance in Well-Doing: A Sermon preached at the parish-church of St. Chad, in Shrewsbury, before the trustees of the Salop infirmary, on Thursday, September 14, 1749. The second edition Shrewsbury, 1777. 35 pp.
"The great truths of the Christian religion lie within a small compass. There is an agreement among all the conflicting sects of evangelical Christians as to a few cardinal points. They are such as these: that by nature men are children of wrath; that God will punish the impenitent; that we must be born again; that without faith it is impossible to please God; that he who believeth shall be saved, and he who believes not will be condemned. Further, the faith which saves us, regards chiefly the Lord Jesus Christ; that he is the Son of God; that he became man for our salvation; that he bore our sins in his own body on the tree; that he rose again from the dead, and ascended into heaven; and that we are justified by faith in him. He who believes thus, and manifests this belief by corresponding works, is a true Christian.
"There is reason to think that infidelity is on the wane in our country. About the time of the French revolution, the impious falsehoods of Voltaire were making havoc among our youth. This arch-infidel once predicted that in twenty years the Christian religion would be no more! Those who were deceived by him found nothing but disappointment and wretchedness. Learned, witty, and applauded as he was, he had less real wisdom than the poorest and most ignorant Christian widow."
Christ and Christianity: A Vindication of the divine authority of the Christian religion, grounded on the historical verity of the life of Christ / by William Lindsay Alexander. Scotland, 1854. 314 pp.; 19cm.
The Lively Oracles given to us. Or the Christians birth-right and duty, in the custody and use of the
Holy Scripture. By the author of the Whole duty of man, &c. [Oxford]: At the Theater in Oxford, 1678. And are to be sold by William Leak at the Crown in Fleet-street, London, . , 226,  pp., plate. See also here
French Protestant divine. Read more about Allix here.
A Preparation for the Lord's Supper: to which are added Maxims of true Christianity / written originally in French, by P. Allix; Englished by P. Lorrain Published/distributed: London: Printed for Brab. Aylmer, 1668. , 116 pp.
It assures us of God, that He loves us, and will love us for ever. To those who think upon it fully, it does become the real sign from heaven which
was required ; for it brought God into the world, and the world near to God. " He that hath seen me," said Christ, " hath seen the Father, and how
sayest thou then, shew us the Father?"
But it is the remarkable part of this our Christian sign, that it speaks to us more and more strongly according as we are better and holier. It speaks
strongly as a matter of fact to all of us: the evidence of our Lord's life and death, and resurrection, is of the same sort as that which we rest on in
human matters. Whoever has heard the summing up of a judge on any great trial, will be able to understand what I mean; the jury have heard a
great many witnesses; some of them have perhaps contradicted others, some have stated things very improbable; in a long cause, if the jury are un-
accustomed to what are called the laws or rules of evidence, they may be utterly puzzled what to believe. But it is their business to pass a judgment
in the matter, and therefore they must make up their minds one way or the other. In order to do this, they are glad to listen to the summing
up of the judge. He goes clearly through all the mass of evidence which seemed so contradictory and perplexing; he gives them reasons why such a
witness is to be believed rather than another; how he had better means of knowing the truth, and less temptation to depart from it; how his evidence is
in itself consistent when examined carefully, and has a look of truth about it; and so he shews the jury that they have very good grounds for making
up their minds, and for giving their verdict. Now in this same way the evidence of our Lord's life and death and resurrection may be, and often has
been shewn to be, satisfactory; it is good according to the common rules for distinguishing good evidence from bad. Thousands and ten thousands of persons have gone through it piece by piece, as carefully as ever judge summed up on a most important cause: I have myself done it many times over, not to persuade others, but to satisfy myself. I have been used for many years to study the history of other times, and to examine and weigh the evidence of those who have written about them; and I know of no one fact in the history of mankind, which is proved by better and fuller evidence of every sort to the understanding of a fair enquirer, than the great sign which God has given us that Christ died and rose again from the dead.
But where the evidence of other facts ends, that of our great sign of Christ crucified and Christ risen may be said only to begin. I might convince your understandings, as my own has been convinced long since, that the fact is proved according to the best rules of testimony; -- but if our belief rest here, we do not yet know the full richness, the abundant and overflowing light of our Christian faith. The evidence of Christ's apostles, preserved to us in the writings, is very strong, very full, very irresistible; hear it fairly, and we cannot believe that Christ is not risen. But the evidence of Christ's Spirit is much more strong, more full, more penetrating our whole
nature. He who has this evidence, not only believes that Christ rose, and was seen of Peter, and of the other Apostles; Christ has manifested Himself to him also; he knows in whom he has believed. Life and death are no longer a great mystery, beyond which our faith dimly catches the light of resurrection; Christ is with us now, and life is clear, and death is peaceful, and resurrection is the natural end to which both lead us. There are thousands and ten thousands who have gone through this blessed evidence also; who, doing Christ's will daily, have learnt by experience the manifold riches of His grace, who have received His Spirit, and live in a continued
consciousness of His presence and His love; to whom there is no need that they should pray for the sky to be opened, that they may see and hear
God. God dwelleth in them already, and they in God. The heaven is opened and the angels of God are every hour ascending and descending on that son of man, who, through a living faith in Christ, has been adopted through Him to be a son of God. So perfectly may the sign of the Prophet Jonah, the sign of Christ's death and resurrection, be rendered to each one of us all that we could desire in the sign from heaven. It may be rendered such by our own prayers and careful living, by which we should draw near to Christ more and
more. This may be done without our going out of the world; what we need is not that, but rather that we should bring Christ's Spirit into the world
to us." pp. 14-17. Sermon II: "The Sign of the Prophet Jonah." January 7, 1838.
Some Considerations relating to the present state of the Christian religion, Wherein the nature, end and design of Christianity, as well as the principal evidence of the truth of it, are explained and recommended out of the Holy Scriptures, with a general appeal to the experience of all men for confirmation thereof. Philadelphia: Printed by B. Franklin, at the new-printing Office near the market, 1731. 111,  pp. (8vo)
Baptist preacher. Delegate to the First Continental Congress. Founded Rhode Island College, later Brown University. Learn about Backus here.
The true liberty of man is, to know, obey and enjoy his Creator, and to do all the good unto, and enjoy all the happiness with and in his fellow-creatures that he is capable of; in order to which the law of love was written in his heart, which carries in it's nature union and benevolence to being in general, and to each being in particular, according to it's nature and excellency, and to it's relation and connexion to and with the supreme Being, and ourselves. Each rational soul, as he is a part of the whole system of rational beings, so it was and is, both his duty and his liberty to regard the good of the whole in all his actions. To love ourselves, and truly to seek our own welfare, is both our liberty and our indispensible duty; but the conceit that man could advance either his honor or happiness, by disobedience instead of obedience, was first injected by the father of lies, and all such conceits ever since are as false as he is.
W. Gary Crampton, co-author. Toward a Christian Worldview, Published by First Presbyterian Church of Rowlett, Texas, Blue Banner E-Books, P. O. Box 141084, Dallas, TX 75214. Copyright (c) 2000 by First Presbyterian Church of Rowlett, Texas.
Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist.
Christianity Triumphant, or, An enlarged view of the character and tendency of the religion of Christ: shewing that it is every way calculated to remedy the evils of a disordered and miserable world, and make mankind truly good and happy: together with an appendix, containing the substance of various public discussions between the author and the socialists. London: Groombridge, 1841. 448 pp.
The Life of faith, as it is the evidence of things unseen. A sermon preached (contractedly) before the King at White-Hall, upon July the 22th 1660. By Richard Baxter, one of his Majesties chaplains in ordinary. Published by his Majesties special command. With enlargement, and relaxation of the stile for common use. London: printed by R.W. and A.M. for Francis Tyton and Jane Vnderhill, and are to be sold at the three Daggers in Fleet-street, and at the Bible and Anchor in Pauls Church-Yard; and by Nevil Simmons at Kederminster, 1660. , 70 pp. British Library.
The American Preceptor; being a new selection of lessons for reading and speaking: designed for the use of schools. By Caleb Bingham, A.M. Author of the Columbian orator, Child's companion, etc. The first New-York (from the fifth) edition, 1800.
iv,  6-228 p. 18 cm. (12mo)
The Columbian Orator, containing a variety of original and selected pieces; together with rules; calculated to improve youth and others in the ornamental and useful art of eloquence. By Caleb Bingham, A.M. author of The American preceptor, Young lady's accidence, etc. [Three lines from Rollin] Published according to act of Congress. Third edition. 300 p. 18 cm. (12mo)
Frederick Douglass: When I was about thirteen years old, and had succeeded in learning to read, every increase of knowledge, especially anything respecting the free states, was an additional weight to the almost intolerable burden of my thought--"I am a slave for life." To my bondage I could see no end. It was a terrible reality, and I shall never be able to tell how sadly that thought chafed my young spirit. Fortunately, or unfortunately, I had earned a little money in blacking boots for some gentlemen, with which I purchased of Mr. Knight, on Thames street, what was then a very popular school book, viz., "The Columbian Orator," for which I paid fifty cents. I was led to buy this book by hearing some little boys say they were going to learn some pieces out of it for the exhibition. This volume was indeed a rich treasure, and every opportunity afforded me, for a time, was spent in diligently perusing it. Among much other interesting matter, that which I read again and again with unflagging satisfaction was a short dialogue between a master and his slave. The slave is represented as having been recaptured in a second attempt to run away; and the master opens the dialogue with an upbraiding speech, charging the slave with ingratitude, and demanding to know what he has to say in his own defense. Thus upbraided and thus called upon to reply, the slave rejoins that he knows how little anything that he can say will avail, seeing that he is completely in the hands of his owner; and with noble resolution, calmly says, "I submit to my fate." Touched by the slave's answer, the master insists upon his further speaking, and recapitulates the many acts of kindness which he has performed toward the slave, and tells him he is permitted to speak for himself. Thus invited, the quondam slave made a spirited defense of himself, and thereafter the whole argument for and against slavery is brought out. The master was vanquished at every turn in the argument, and appreciating the fact he generously and meekly emancipates the slave, with his best wishes for his prosperity. It is unnecessary to say that a dialogue with such an origin and such an end, read by me when every nerve of my being was in revolt at my own condition as a slave, affected me most powerfully. I could not help feeling that the day might yet come, when the well-directed answers made by the slave to the master, in this instance, would find a counterpart in my own experience. This, however, was not all the fanaticism which I found in the Columbian Orator. I met there one of Sheridan's mighty speeches, on the subject of Catholic Emancipation, Lord Chatham's speech on the American War, and speeches by the great William Pitt, and by Fox. These were all choice documents to me, and I read them over and over again, with an interest ever increasing, because it was ever gaining in intelligence; for the more I read them the better I understood them. The reading of these speeches added much to my limited stock of language, and enabled me to give tongue to many interesting thoughts which had often flashed through my mind and died away for want of words in which to give them utterance. The mighty power and heart-searching directness of truth penetrating the heart of a slaveholder, compelling him to yield up his earthly interests to the claims of eternal justice, were finely illustrated in the dialogue, and from the speeches of Sheridan I got a bold and powerful denunciation of oppression and a most brilliant vindication of the rights of man. Here was indeed a noble acquisition. If I had ever wavered under the consideration that the Almighty, in some way, had ordained slavery and willed my enslavement for his own glory, I wavered no longer. I had now penetrated to the secret of all slavery and all oppression, and had ascertained their true foundation to be in the pride, the power, and the avarice of man. With a book in my hand so redolent of the principles of liberty, with a perception of my own human nature and the facts of my past and present experience, I was equal to a contest with the religious advocates of slavery, whether white or black, for blindness in this matter was not confined to the white people. I have met many good religious colored people at the south, who were under the delusion that God required them to submit to slavery and to wear their chains with meekness and humility. I could entertain no such nonsense as this, and I quite lost my patience when I found a colored man weak enough to believe such stuff.
The Columbian Orator: Containing a Variety of Original and Selected Pieces, Together with Rules, Calculated to Improve Youth and Others in the Ornamental and Useful Art of Eloquence. Boston: J.H.A. Frost, 1832 edition. 300 pp. Electronic edition: Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Digital Research Library, 1999. Also here.
Answer to Ingersoll. Extracted from Essays and speeches of Jeremiah S. Black. First printed in North American Review. "In nearly all families, parents teach their children that Christ is God, and his system of morality absolutely perfect. This belief lies so deep in the popular heart that, if every written record of it were destroyed to-day, the memory of millions could reproduce it to-morrow. Its earnestness is proved by its works. Wherever it goes it manifests itself in deeds of practical benevolence. It builds, not churches alone, but almshouses, hospitals, and asylums. It shelters the poor, feeds the hungry, visits the sick, consoles the afflicted, provides for the fatherless, comforts the heart of the widow, instructs the ignorant, reforms the vicious, and saves to the uttermost them that are ready to perish. To the common observer it does not look as if Christianity were making itself ready to be swallowed up by infidelity. Thus far, at least, the promise has been kept that 'the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.'
"There is, to be sure, a change in the party hostile to religion -- not 'a profound change,' but a change entirely superficial -- which consists, not in thought, but merely in modes of expression and methods of attack. The bad classes of society always hated the doctrine and discipline which reproached their wickedness and frightened them by threats of punishment in another world."
The Christian Belief: wherein is asserted and proved, that as there is nothing in the Gospel contrary to reason, yet there are some doctrines in it above reason, and these being necessarily enjoyn'd us to believe, are properly call'd mysteries; in answer to a book intituled, Christianity not mysterious. The second edition; with a preface, and other additions. London: Printed by W. Onley for A. Bosvile, 1697. , xxiv, , 160 pp.
The Duty of Christians, with respect to human interpretations, and decisions, when propos'd to be believed and submitted to by them, as necessary. London, 1717. 39 pp.
A View of the Covenant of Grace from the Sacred Records. Wherein the parties in that covenant, the making of it, its parts conditionary and promissory, and the administration thereof, are distinctly considered. Together with the trial of a saving personal inbeing in it, To which is subjoined, a memorial concerning personal and family fasting. London, 1792. 447 pp.
A View of the Covenant of Grace from the Sacred Records. Wherein the parties in that covenant, the making of it, its parts conditionary and promissory, and the administration thereof, are distinctly considered. Together with the trial of a saving personal inbeing in it, To which is subjoined, a memorial concerning personal and family fasting. Glasgow: printed for William Walker, and sold at his shop, 1767. 407, pp.; 8⁰
Gesta Christi: or, A history of humane progress under Christianity. By Charles Loring Brace. 5th edition, with new preface and supplementary chapter. New York : A. C. Armstrong & Son, 1897, [c1882]. xxiii, 520 p. 22 cm.
Bradford, Vincent L.
Henry Edwin Dwight. The Life and Writings of Hon. Vincent L. Bradford, LL.D., D.C.L.: An Eminent lawyer, legislator and railroad president; compiled and edited by Henry E. Dwight. Philadelphia: Printed for private distribution, 1885. vi, 297 pp.: port.; 21 cm.
"A very careful view of the state of art and science in the old and new worlds, and especially throughout Christendom, since the close of the last century, up to the present day, will show vast and hitherto unequaled progress, while it exhibits the influence exerted by Christianity upon the pursuits of art and science. Those countries have made the greatest attainments which have most largely enjoyed the advantages of an open Bible, an evangelical ministry, Sunday-schools, Bible classes, institutions of Christian learning and benevolence, a free religious press, liberty of conscience, and other blessings bestowed by the gospel of Christ. If pseudo scientists and philosophers, who have arisen since the decay of the schools of Hume, Gibbon Voltaire, Rousseau, Paine, and the French Encyclopedists, to plague this century with specious infidelity un-der the names of "Socialism," "Natural Selectivism," "Evolutionism," "Potential Atomism," "Positivism, "Survivalism of the Fittest," "Materialism," "Rationalism," "Humanitarianism," and like "isms," such as Charles Darwin, Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Lange, Professor Huxley, Dr. Tyndall, Stuart Mill and their confreres, have rejuvenated from the antique theory of "Potential Matter," broached by old Democritus; the falsehoods they inculcate will perish before the influence of science enlightened and guided by Christian faith. In the light of such illumination, how flimsy is the sophistry which assails the miracles mentioned in the Old and New Testaments as proofs of their divine authenticity and inspiration! Those miracles are recommended to religious belief, not only by the intrinsic evidence of purity and truth afforded by the Holy Scriptures which narrate them, but also by their moral adaptation to the psychical, moral and intellectual organization of man, which aesthetically perceives and acknowledges their reality, appropriateness, invigorating, comforting and purifying power, and that they accord with an enlightened conscience. Religious faith in them cannot be disturbed by the shallow argument, that "a miracle is a deviation from the known laws of nature," and therefore incredible when such a proposition ignores the action of almighty power, having at its disposal infinite means, originating, necessarily controlling, and possibly modifying, for the purposes of moral government, known second causes or physical laws, and employing other physical resources of infinite variety and extent. Such presumptuous sophistry impiously attempts to frame out of a few isolated, partial and imperfectly observed facts, a system of lawand government for an infinite mind and for an infinite universe: " Fools rush in where angels fear to tread." If natural science does observe a manifestation of order, harmony, and continuity of action, in the material universe, which indicate the plan of a divine mind, as the tools lying scattered in and around a great workshop indicate an artificer, and if a rational necessity the dictate of the perception of the moral meaning of the mysteries which surround man postulates a divine mind establishing and maintaining general law; yet such an assumption has no logical bearing upon the special phenomena of miracles or the modes of their production.
Missionary. Read more about Brainerd here
The Plain Path to Christian perfection, shewing that we are to seek for reconciliation and union with God, solely by renouncing ourselves, denying the world, and following our blessed Saviour, in the regeneration. / Translated from the French; [Nine lines of Scripture texts] Philadelphia: Printed by Joseph Crukshank, in Third-Street, opposite the work-house, MDCCLXXI. . xi, , 124, 16 p. ; 16 cm. (8vo). Notes: "The treatise of which the following is an extract, was written in the German language, about two hundred and fifty years ago, and since translated into the French."--p. [iii]. Sometimes attributed to Johannes Tauler. Translated by Anthony Benezet. Also issued as part of the several issues of: A Collection of religious tracts. Philadelphia. Joseph Crukshank, 1773 (Evans 13145). "To the foregoing testimonies of the happiness of a life spent in the service of God, may be added that of a faithful servant of Christ from amongst ourselves, to wit, David Brainard [i.e., Brainerd] ..."--16 p. at end. Some copies were evidently issued without this section.
The Excellency of the Female Character Vindicated, being an investigation relative to the cause and effects of the encroachments of men upon the rights of women, and the too frequent degradation and consequent misfortunes of the fair sex by Thomas Branagan. 2nd edition. 322 pp. ill.
(1728 or 9-1804)
The nature of religious zeal, in two discourses the substance of which was delivered at the visitation of the worshipful Pulter Forester at Newport Pagnell, April 27, 1774. London, Printed and sold by T. Payne, 1775 Description: 64 p. 23 cm. Note(s): With this is bound the author's A sermon preached at Whitehall Chapel at the consecration of the Rt. Rev. Father in God Beilby, Lord Bishop of Chester ... London, 1777; and the author's A sermon preached at the visitation of His Grace the Lord Archbishop of York ... Chester [1781?].
London: Printed for F. and C. Rivington. Succeeding Title: British critic, quarterly theological review, and ecclesiastical record.
Religio Medici. With The life of the author. To which is added, Sir Kenelm Digby's Observations. Also critical notes upon all the obscure passages therein, never before published. The tenth edition carefully corrected. Edinburgh, 1754. 407 pp.
The Doctrine of the law and grace unfolded: or, a discourse concerning law and grace: shewing their distinct nature as two different covenants, by John Bunyan. Boston: Printed and sold by Manning & Loring, 1806. 176 pp.
Grace abounding to the chief of sinners: or, A brief and faithful relation of the exceeding mercy of God in Christ, to his poor servant John Bunyan. Wherein is particularly shewed, the manner of his conversion, his sight and trouble for sin, his dreadful temptations; also, how he despaired of God's mercy, and how the Lord at length, through Christ, did deliver him from all the guilt and terror that lay upon him. All which was written by his own hand, and now published for the support of the weak and tempted people of God. [Three lines from Psalms] Second New-York edition. New-York: Printed by J. Tiebout, 358 Pearl-Street, for Evert Duyckinck, & Co. booksellers and stationers, 1797. 108 pp. 14 cm. (12mo) Notes: Error in paging: p. 61 misnumbered 66.
Christian Behaviour, or, The Fruits of True Christianity: shewing the ground from whence they flow in their godlike order in the duty of relations, as husbands, wives, parents, children, masters, servants &c.: with a word of direction to all backsliders / by John Bunyan. London: Printed for F. Smith, [1663?] 140 pp.
"... Consider well the important trust and distinguishing privileges which God and nature have put into your hands. To God and posterity you are accountable for them. See that you preserve them inviolate and transmit them to posterity unimpaired. Let not your children have reason to curse you for giving up those rights and prostrating those institutions which your fathers delivered to you as a sacred palladiuim, and which by the blessing of God have been peculiarly beneficial to the order, peace and prosperity of this State, amid all the vicissitudes and convulsions of other states and kingdoms round. And that this happy state of things may continue, look well to the characters and qualifications of those you elect and raise to office and places of trust. In this momentous concern, let the wise counsel of Jethro, tho' a priest, be your guide. Choose ye out from among you able men, such as fear God, men of truth and hating covetousness and set them to rule over you. Think not that your interests will be safe in the hands of the weak and ignorant; or faithfully managed by the impious, the dissolute and the immoral. Think not that men who acknowledge not the providence of God nor regard His laws will be uncorrupt in office, firm in defense of the righteous cause against the oppressor, or resolutely oppose the torrent of iniquity. Their own emolument, ease or pleasure, will at any time induce them to connive at injustice and iniquity, or join with the oppressor. Watch over your liberties and privileges - civil and religious - with a careful eye."
Clergyman. Read more about Bushnell here and here.
(TM): George Campbell was a Scottish Presbyterian theologian and professor and principal at Marischall College and a member of the Aberdeen Philosophical Society, of which the noted Scottich philosopher Thomas Reid was also a member.
Read more about Campbell here.
Lectures on Ecclesiastical History. To which is added, an essay on Christian temperance and self-denial: by the late George Campbell, D.D. With some account of the life and writings of the author. By the Rev. George Skene Keith. Vol. 1 of 2. London, 1800. 514 pp.
Lectures on Ecclesiastical History. To which is added, an essay on Christian temperance and self-denial: by the late George Campbell, D.D. With some account of the life and writings of the author. By the Rev. George Skene Keith. Vol. 2 of 2. London, 1800. 445 pp.
The Philosophy of Rhetoric. New ed., with the author's last additions and corrections. Philadelphia: Mitchell, Ames, and White, 1818 (Philadelphia: W. Brown) xii, 445 pp.
Mathematician and lecturer. Learn more about Chalmers here and here
Evidence and Authority of the Christian Revelation. 6th edition. Andover [Mass.]: Published and sold by Mark Newman, 1818. (Andover: Flagg & Gould). 172 pp.; 23 cm. Extracts of the first five chapters regarding testimony. Extract, Chapter 3, On the Internal Marks of Truth and Honesty to be Found in the New Testament.
"It will be a great satisfaction to the writer of the following pages, if any shall rise from the perusal of them, with a stronger determination than before to take his Christianity exclusively from his Bible. It is not enough to entitle a man to the name of a Christian, that he professes to believe the Bible to be a genuine communication from God. To be the disciple of any book, he must do something more than satisfy himself that its contents are true -- he must read the book -- he must obtain a knowledge of the contents. And how many are there in the world, who do not call the truth of the Bible message in question, while they suffer it to lie beside them unopened, unread, and unattended to."
On the Miraculous and Internal Evidences of the Christian Revelation. Books I and II. New York: Leavitt, Lord, & Co.; Boston: Crocker and Brewster, 1836. Books III and IV. New York: Robert Carter, 1840. From The Works of Thomas Chalmers.
Scottish minister and teacher. Learn more about Chambers here.
The History of Persecution: from the patriarchial age to the reign of George II. / by S. Chandler. A new edition, to which are added, the Rev. Dr. Buchanan's notices of the present state of the inquisition at Goa; also an appendix, containing hints on the recent persecutions in the British Empire, some circumstances relating to Lord Viscount Sidmouth's bill, a circumstantial detail of the steps taken to obtain the new Toleration Act, with the act itself, and other important matter / by Charles Atmore. Hull: C. Atmore and J. Craggs; London: Sold by Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1813. 528 pp.: port.; 22 cm.
The Christian Observer ... was founded at the Presbyterian publishing center of Philadelphia in 1813 as the Religious Remembrancer, "A Presbyterian Family Newspaper." Among its variety of religious articles were biographical sketches, revivals of religion, theological essays, missionary information, discourses on the preciousness of Christ and the denying of Christ, and essays on bible verses. The paper changed names several times, and in 1869 joined with the Free Christian Commonwealth in Louisville, Kentucky. Several of its contemporaries were swallowed up by its growth. In the early 1900's it was still a leading Presbyterian paper and contained stories and anecdotes, articles on such topics as "The Alcoholic problem," "Practical Suggestions for Church Work," "Saving Faith," "The Anti-opium Campaign in China," "Work Among the Negroes," and "The Pioneer Woman Physician." Cf. American Periodicals, 1741-1900.
William J. Bryan. Bryan on Belief. Christian Observer, June 19, 1907, p. 8.
"I do not understand all the mysteries of the Bible, but if we live up to all the things in the Bible we can understand we will be kept so busy that we will not have time to worry over the mysterious. My observation is that the people who are all the time worrying about the mysterious things are mighty little concerned about the plainest things in the Bible, that they could apply with profit to themselves. Living in the midst of mystery, I shall not for that reason refuse to accept a religion that will mould our lives for good."
English lawyer and politician. Read more about Clarke here.
Selected Speeches: with introductory notes. London, 1908. 503 pp. Extracts: "The Church and Its Work: An Address to Men," Delivered at the Mass Meeting of the Church Congress, at the Albert Hall, October 13, 1899: and "Charles Dickens: Speech In Proposing the Toast Of 'he Immortal Memory of Charles Dickens' "at the Annual Dinner of the 'Boz' Club, February 7, 1908.
The Church has done, and is doing, as we all know, splendid work. In the darker times that have gone by the Church has been the only teacher of the people. It is to-day the teacher of the larger part of the children that are being brought up; and, while it has secured to the great majority of our children the blessing of a Christian atmosphere and Christian teaching in the schools, it has given to them -- hundreds and thousands and millions of them -- the higher privilege and blessing of which the Archbishop of Canterbury spoke to-night -- the Christian home, with the mother's teaching and the father's guidance. The Church is one of the greatest -- I think the greatest -- of the missionary societies of the world. The Church is not actually the greatest, but it is one of the greatest, temperance societies to be found amongst us. The Church is sometimes -- I wish it were always -- the greatest peace society of the world, proclaiming in season and out of season the lessons and teachings of its Divine Master in the unwilling ears of a passionate and covetous world.
Minister of a church in Boston.
An Answer to the Question, Why are You a Christian?. Third edition. Boston: J. Schultz & A. Lott, at the New-Windsor Press, 1798. 54 pp. "Not because I was born in a Christian country, and educated in Christian principles; -- not because I find the illustrious Bacon, Boyle, Lock, Clarke and Newton, among the professors and defenders of Christianity; -- nor meely because the system itself is so admirably calculated to mend and exalt human nature: but because the evidence accompanying the Gospel, has convinced me of its truth. The secondary causes, assigned by unbelievers, do not, in my judgment, account for the rise, progress, and early triumphs of the Christian religion. Upon the principles of scepticism, I perceive an effect without an adequate cause. I therefore, stand acquitted to my own reason, though I continue to believe and profess the religion of Jesus Christ."
U. S. Senator, Governor of New York, advocate of the 12th Amendment, "Father of the Erie Canal." Many places have been named for Clinton. The state of Illinois named two counties after him, the only instance in the United States of two counties in the same state being named after the same person.
* Clinton County, Illinois
* DeWitt County, Illinois, the county seat of which is Clinton, Illinois
* Clinton, Indiana
* Clinton, Arkansas
* DeWitt, Iowa
* Clinton County, Iowa, the county seat of which is Clinton, Iowa
* DeWitt Clinton High School, Bronx, NY
* Clinton, Massachusetts
* Clinton County, Michigan
* DeWitt, Michigan which is located in Clinton County
Read more about Clinton here, here and here.
From The Life and Writings of DeWitt Clinton, pp. 297-308. Address before the American Bible Society. "On Thursday, May 8th, 1823, was held at the City Hotel, New York, the Seventh Anniversary of the American Bible Society. The Hon. JOHN JAY, President of the Society, by reason of his advanced age and infirmity, not being able to be present, the chair was taken by Gen. Matthew Clarkson, senior Vice President, who was supported by the Hon. De Witt Clinton and Richard Varick, Esq., Vice Presidents."
"Christianity may be contemplated in two important aspects. First, in reference to our destiny in the world to come. And whatever may be intimated to the contrary by the sneers of infidelity, or the cavils of scepticism, it may be asserted boldly, and can be demonstrated conclusively, that to its celestial influence we are indebted for the blessings of civilization, the elevation of the female character, and enjoyment of domestic happiness, the successful cultivation of knowledge, the establishment of free government, and the dominion of good order and peace, wherever they prevail in the great communities of mankind."
The Religious Intelligencer. Volume 10, n. 1, June 4, 1825. The 9th annual report of the American Bible Society. Includes address by Governor De Witt Clinton.
"That Christianity has elevated the character of man and blessed him in his domestic connexions and in his social relations, cannot be denied by the most obdurate scepticism. We must indeed shut our eyes against the light of truth, if we do not yield implicit faith to the exalting and ameliorating virtues of our divine religion. We can perhaps form a striking estimate of its blessings, by supposing that it had never shed its effulgence upon the nations. What then would have been the state of the world? In all probability, the Gothic darkness which benighted mankind on the breaking up of the Roman Empire, would have been perpetuated. Man would have lost his recuperative energies, and the revolutions of ages would have witnessed his torpid inactivity and hopeless debasement."
William Allen. Biographies of William Cooper and His Son Samuel Cooper (includes William Cooper's Preface to Jonathan Edwards' Work The Distinguishing Marks of a Work of the Spirit of God which describes the Great Awakening). From American Biographical and Historical Dictionary [...] and a Summary of the History of the Several Colonies and the United States (William Hilliard, 1809), pp. 223-226 (slightly edited and abridged).
English chartist and writer. (TM): There is a standard image of the 19th century as the era when educated Christians lost their faith. Thomas Cooper (1805-1892), a self-educated cobbler with a prodigous thirst for knowledge, was one of those Christians; having been prepared for the Methodist ministry as a young man, he read David Strauss's Life of Jesus and became a 'freethinker.' But a few decades later, he rethought the objections that had caused him to abandon Christianity and returned to the faith. Cooper spent the last three decades of his life traveling the length and breadth of England and Scotland giving lectures and preaching sermons--by Timothy Larsen's count, 4,292 lectures and 2,568 sermons in 545 different cities, towns, or other distinct localities from Inverness to Jersey--in defense of Christianity.
... The story of Cooper's loss of faith and his subsequent reconversion is well told both in Cooper's own autobiography, The Life of Thomas Cooper (1871; 4th ed. 1873), and in Timothy Larsen's important historical study Crisis of Doubt (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006). Read more about Cooper here.
The Bridge of history over the gulf of time: A Popular view of the historical evidence for the truth of Christianity. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1871. vii, 162 pp.; 17 cm. (TM): The Bridge of History over the Gulf of Time is a work born from those lectures, and it gives a good sense of Cooper's lively lecture style, aimed at holding the attention of the working man. Cooper takes his audience on an idiosyncratic and entertaining tour, century by century, moving back from the nineteenth century to the first. Though he stops frequently to explore interesting byways, he always comes back to the main path with one question in mind: where did Christianity come from? Though the lectures are not deeply scholarly, they reveal Cooper's intimate familiarity with the objections to Christian belief that he himself once thought decisive. In the opening paragraphs he expresses his hope that those who read his 'light thoughts' may be motivated to take up a deeper study of the evidences for Christianity in the more scholarly works of Lardner, Paley, Horne, and Westcott.
The Family in the history of Christianity. New York: W.B. Ketcham, 1886. 23 pp.; 24 cm. A lecture delivered before the American Institute of Christian Philosophy, July 27, 1885./ Reproduction of original from Harvard Law School Library.
Presbyterian minister and President of College of New Jersey. Read more about Dickinson here.
Sermons to Young Persons, on the following subjects: viz. I. The importance of the rising generation. II. Christ formed in the soul the foundation of hope. III. A dissuasive from keeping wicked company. The fourth edition London, 1773. 161 pp.
A Course of Lectures on the principal subjects in pneumatology, ethics, and divinity: with references to the most considerable authors on each subject. By the late Rev. Philip Doddridge, D.D. The fourth edition. To which are added, a great number of references, ... By Andrew Kippis Vol. 1 , 513 pp. and Vol. 2, 547 pp. London, 1799.
Practical Discourses on Regeneration, in ten sermons. On the following subjects: I. The character of the unregenerate. II. III. The nature of regeneration. IV. V. VI. The necessity and importance of it. VII. The Divine influences necessary to produce it. VIII. The various methods in which those influences operate. IX. Dirctions to awakened sinners. X. An address to the regenerate. Preached at Northampton ... The sixth edition. To which is added the Scripture doctrine of salvation by grace through faith; illustrated and improved in two sermons. London, 1799. 330pp.
Desireableness of the Christian Faith illustrated and applied. A sermon preached at the triennial visitation. Held at Reading, on Thursday August 30, 1744. The second edition. Sarum: printed by E. Easton: and sold by C. Hitch and L. Hawes; R. Baldwin, [London]; and by J. Fletcher, Oxford, 1762. ,39, pp.; 80.
French physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science. Read about Duhem here, here, and here.
Peter E. Hodgson. Pierre Duhem: historian of the Christian origin of science. Contemporary Review, Tuesday, March 1, 1994. "The work of Duhem is of great relevance today, for it shows clearly the Christian roots of modern science, thus decisively refuting the alleged incompatibility of science and Christianity still propagated by the secularist establishment. Science is an integral part of Christian culture, a lesson still to be learned even within the Christian Church. From this follows the importance of detailed and accurate scientific studies of many aspects of modern life before any moral judgements are made."
Le système du monde; histoire des doctrines cosmologiques de Platon à Copernic. Paris, Librairie Scientifique Hermann, 1954-1959. 10 v. diagrs. 25 cm. OCLC: 1105734.
Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem, Pierre Duhem, Roger Ariew. Translated by Roger Ariew. Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds. University of Chicago Press, 1987. 642 pp. "These selections from Le système du monde, the classic ten-volume history of the physical sciences written by the great French physicist Pierre Duhem (1861-1916), focus on cosmology, Duhem's greatest interest. By reconsidering the work of such Arab and Christian scholars as Averroes, Avicenna, Gregory of Rimini, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Duns Scotus, and William of Occam, Duhem demonstrated the sophistication of medieval science and cosmology."
Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem, Pierre Duhem, Roger Ariew, Peter Barker. Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science. Hackett Publishing, 1996. 290 pp.
Translated by Roger Ariew, Peter Barker. Limited preview. "Here, for the first time in English, are the philosophical essays - including the first statement of the "Duhem Thesis" - that formed the basis for Aim and Structure of Physical Theory, together with new translations of the historiographical essays presenting the equally celebrated "Continuity Thesis" by Pierre Duhem (1861-1916), a founding figure of the history and philosophy of science. Prefaced by an introduction on Duhem's intellectual development and continuing significance, here as well are important subsequent essays in which Duhem elaborated key concepts and critiqued such contemporaries as Henri Poincare and Ernst Mach. Together, these works offer a lively picture of the state of science at the turn of the century while addressing methodological issues that remain at the center of debate today."
Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem, G. A. Oravas. [L'evolution de la mécanique. English] The Evolution of Mechanics. Springer, 1980. 194 pp. Limited preview.
[Sozein ta phainomena, essai sur la notion de théorie physique de Platon à Galilée. English.] To Save the phenomena, an essay on the idea of physical theory from Plato to Galileo. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1969. xxvi, 120 pp. 23 cm. Translated from the French by Edmund Doland and Chaninah Maschler. With an introductory essay by Stanley L. Jaki.
Octave Manville; Jacques Hadamard; A Darbon. L'oeuvre scientifique de Pierre Duhem, professeur de physique théorique à la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université de Bordeaux, membre de l'Institut. Paris: A. Blanchard, 1928. 554 pp.,  leaf of plates: port.; 25 cm. I. La physique de Pierre Duhem / par Octave Manville -- II. L'oeuvre de Pierre Duhem dans son aspect mathématique / par J. Hadamard -- III. L'histoire des sciences dans l'oeuvre de P. Duhem / par A. Darbon.
The Nature and Danger of Infidel Philosophy, exhibited in two discourses, addressed to the candidates for the baccalaureate, in Yale College. New Haven: 1799. 95 pp. Contains 12 sermons preached in New England, on special occassions, including Fourth of July and Thanksgiving. Also includes a funeral sermon on the death of George Washington.
Speeches, addresses, etc., American -- Early works to 1800. Note(s): Bound with: Absalom's conspiracy: a sermon preached at the general election at Hartford in the state of Connecticut, May 10th, 1798 / by Azel Backus. Hartford: Printed by Hudson and Goodwin, 1798 -- A discourse delivered in the First Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia, on Wednesday, May 9th, 1798, recommended by the President of the United States to be observed as a day of fasting, humiliation, and prayer, throughout the United States of North America / by Samuel Blair. Philadelphia: Published by James Watters & Co., 1798 -- A sermon preached in the Presbyterian Church at Alexandria, on the 9th of May, 1798: being the day appointed for a general fast / by the Revd. Doctor James Muir. Philadelphia: Published by William Cobbett, 1798 -- A sermon, preached in Christ Church and St. Peter's, Philadelphia: on Wednesday, May 9, 1798: being the day appointed by the President, as a day of fasting, humiliation, and prayer, throughout the United States of North America / by James Abercrombie. Philadelphia: Published by John Ormrod,  -- Obedience to the laws of God, the sure and indispensable defence of nations: a discourse delivered in the Second Presbyterian Church, in the city of Philadelphia, May 9th, 1798: being the day appointed by the president of the United States to be observed as a season for solemn humiliation, fasting, and prayer / by Ashbel Green. Philadelphia: Published by John Ormrod,  -- The duty of Americans, at the present crisis: illustrated in a discourse, preached on the Fourth of July, 1798 / by the Reverend Timothy Dwight. New Haven: Printed by Thomas and Samuel Green, 1798 -- A sermon, on the dangers of the times, from infidelity and immorality; and especially from a lately discovered conspiracy against religion and government: delivered at West-Springfield, and afterward at Springfield / by Joseph Lathrop. Springfield: Printed by Francis Stebbins, 1798 -- The choice: a discourse occasioned by the present severe drought, the mortal fever which prevails in Portsmouth, in this near vicinity, and in many of our capital sea-port towns, and the threatening prospect of a calamitous war with a powerful nation: delivered at Greenland, Sept. 9, 1798 / by Samuel Macclintock. Boston: Printed by Thomas Adams, 1798 -- Political instruction from the prophecies of God's word: A sermon, preached on the state Thanksgiving, Nov. 29, 1798 / by Nathan Strong. Hartford: Printed by Hudson and Goodwin, 1798 -- A memorial of divine benefits: in a sermon, delivered at Exeter, on the 15th, and at Haverhill, on the 29th of November, 1798, days of public thanksgiving, in New-Hampshire and Massachusetts / by Abiel Abbot. Haverhill, Massachusetts: Printed by Moore and Stebbins, 1798 -- A discourse, delivered on Friday, December 27, 1799: the day set apart by the citizens of Hartford, to lament before God, the death of Gen. George Washington, who died Dec. 14, 1799 / by Nathan Strong. Hartford: Printed by Hudson and Goodwin, 1800./ Spine title from the name of the original owner of this collection, George Thacher, member of the Continental Congress./ One leaf bound in front containing handwritten Table of contents./ Includes bibliographical references.
A Brief Vindication of the fundamental articles of the Christian faith, as also of the clergy, universities and publick schools, from Mr. Lock's reflections upon them in his Book of education, &c.: with some animadversions on two other late pamphlets, viz., of Mr. Bold and a nameless Socinian writer. London: Printed for J. Robinson ... and J. Wyat, 1697. , 125,  pp.
The Whole Concern of Man; or, What he ought to know and do, in order to eternal salvation: Laid down in a plain and familiar way for the use of all, but especially the meanest reader: Divided into xvii. chapters: Necessary for all families: with devotions for several occasions, ordinary and extraordinary. / By John Edwards, D.D
The second edition, with additions. Re-printed at Boston in N.E. : by S. Kneeland, for J.
Edwards, at his shop on the north-side of the Town House, 1725. , iv, , i, 2-346, 64,  pp.; 16 cm. (12mo).
Influential preacher. Read more about Edwards here.
The Justice of God in the Damnation of Sinners. A Discourse delivered at Northampton, at the time of the revival of religion there, in the year 1734. / By Jonathan Edwards, A.M. Pastor of the Church of Christ in Northampton, and afterwards president of Princeton College. Hartford: Printed by John Babcock, 1799. 132 pp.; 17 cm.
Jonathan Edwards on the Great Awakening View of Enlightenment. This edited and slightly abridged version is from The Works of President Edwards, in Four Volumes. A Reprint of the Worcester Edition., vol. 4 (New York: Leavitt and Company, 1851), pp. 1, 3-15. The original sermon "A Thorough Knowledge of Divine Truth" was dated 1739, during the time period of Jonathan Belcher's governorship of Massachusetts and New Hampshire (1730-1741). This sermon was also written on the eve (1739) of the Great Awakening's greatest height--the year before George Whitefield visited New England in 1740.
18. The being of God is evident by the scriptures, and the scriptures themselves are an evidence of their own divine authority, after the same manner as the existence of a human thinking being is evident by the motions, behavior, and speech of a body animated by a rational mind. For we know this no otherwise, than by the consistency, harmony, and concurrence of the train of actions and sounds, and their agreement to all that we can suppose to be in a rational mind. These are a clear evidence of understanding and design, which are the original of these actions. There is that universal harmony, consent, and concurrence in the drift, such an universal appearance of a wonderful and glorious design, such stamps every where of exalted wisdom, majesty, and holiness, in matter, manner, contexture, and aim; that the evidence is the same, that the scriptures are the word and work of a divine mind--to one that is thoroughly acquainted with them--as that the words and actions of an understanding man are from a rational mind. An infant, when it first comes into the world, sees persons act, and hears their voice, before it has so much comprehension as to see something of their consistency, harmony, and concurrence. It makes no distinction between their bodies, and other things; their motions and sounds, and the motions and sounds of inanimate things. But as its comprehension increases, the understanding and design begin to appear. So it is with men that are as little acquainted with the scriptures, as infants with the actions of human bodies. They cannot see any evidence of a divine mind, as the original of it; because they have not comprehension enough to apprehend the harmony, wisdom, etc.
The Injustice and Impolicy of the slave trade, and of the slavery of the Africans: illustrated in a sermon preached before the Connecticut Society for the Promotion of Freedom, and for the Relief of Persons Unlawfully Holden in Bondage, at their annual meeting in New-Haven, September 15, 1791. / By Jonathan Edwards, D.D. Pastor of a church in New-Haven. [New Haven], Printed by Thomas and Samuel Green, 1791. 39 pp.
A Treatise concerning religious affections. In three parts. Part I. Concerning the nature of the affections, and their importance in religion. Part II. Shewing what are no certain signs that religious affections are gracious, or that they are not. Part III. Shewing what are distinguishing signs of truly gracious and holy affections. London, 1796. 458 pp.
The Works of President Edwards. Volume 1 of 8. Memoirs of the late Rev. Jonathan Edwards. Farewell sermon. Result of a council at Northampton. Humble inquiry concerning the qualifications for membership in the visible Christian church. Reply to Williams. 1st American ed. Worcester [Mass.]: Isaiah Thomas, Jun., 1808-1809: Isaac Sturtevant. 8 vol.; 21 cm.
The Works of President Edwards. Volume 2. Work of redemption. Dissertation on the nature of virtue. Observations concerning the mysteries of Scripture.
The Works of President Edwards. Volume 3. A narrative of many surprising conversions. Thoughts on the revival of religion in New England. An humble attempt to promote explicit agreement in prayer. Life of Rev. D. Brainerd and reflections upon it.
The Works of President Edwards. Volume 4. A treatise concerning religious affections. Observations concerning faith. Reasons against Dr. Watts's notion of the preexistence of Christ's human soul.
The Works of President Edwards. Volume 5. Inquiry into the modern prevailing notions of freedom of will. Miscellaneous observations concerning the divine decrees in general and election in particular. Concerning efficacious grace.
The Works of President Edwards. Volume 6. Dissertation concerning the end for which God created the world. Doctrine of original sin defended. Observations upon particular passages of Scripture. Theological questions.
The Works of President Edwards. Volume 7. Fifteen
sermons on various important subjects, doctrinal and practical.
The Works of President Edwards. Volume 8. A continuation of sermons on various and important subjects.
American statesman and jurist. Read more about Ellsworth here.
To the General Assembly of the State of Connecticut. Published in The Courant, August 11, 1818, p. 2. Present on the committee: Oliver Ellsworth, David Daggett, Pliny Hillyer, Eliphalet Terry, Abraham Vanhorne DeWitt, Noah Webster, George Colfax, David F. Sill, David Burr, Lewis B. Sturges, Shubael Abbe, John Parish, James Morris, Elijah Sherman, Jonathan Law, Nathan Wilcox, John T. Peters, and Jonathan Burns. Report presented June 3, 1818.
... "In the opinion of the committee, no legislative aid is necessary on any of the grounds of complaint specified in the Petition. This opinion however is formed on the principle recognized that every member of society should, in some way, contribute to the support of religious institutions. In illustration of this principle, it may be observed, that the primary objects of government, are the peace, order, and prosperity of society. By their presrervation, individuals are secured in all their valuable interests. To the promotion of these objects, particularly in a republican government, good morals are essential. Institutions for the promotion of good morals, are therefore objects of legislative provision and support; and among these, in the opinion of the committee, religious institutions are eminently useful and important. It is not here intended that speculative opinions in theology and mere rites and modes of worship, are the subjects of legal coercion, or indeed the objects of legislation; but that the legislature, charged with the great interests of the community, may and ought to countenance, and protect religious institutions -- institutions wisely calculated to direct men to the performance of all the duties arising from their connection with each other, and to prevent or repress those evils which flow from unrestrained passion."
Also on this page, Extract from "A series of Letters on the Establishment of the Worship of the Deity is Essential to National Happiness, Published in 1789," published from The Salem Gazette. "It is the influence of religion, and of Christianity above all other systems, which has raised the civilized nations of the earth from darkness to light, from brutes to men."
Scottish minister. Read about Erskine here and here.
With Ralph Erskine (1685-1752) and James Fisher (1697-1775). The Assembly's shorter catechism explained, by way of question and answer. In two parts. Part I. Of what man is to believe concerning God. Part II. Of the duty which God requires of man. By some ministers of the Gospel. [One line from II. Timothy] The first American edition. From the ninth British edition. Philadelphia: Printed, by W. Young, bookseller, at the corner of Chesnut and Second-Streets, 1788. vi, 282,  pp.
Roman Catholic apologist.
A Short Essay on the Christian religion: descriptive of the advantages which have accrued to society by the establishment of it, as contrasted with the manners and customs of mankind before that happy period; to which are added a few occasional remarks on philosophers in general, as also on some of the objections started against the Chkistian [sic] religion by the fashionable writers of the present age; the whole proposed as a preservative against the pernicious doctrines which have overwhelmed France with misery and desolation. London: printed by J. P. Coghlan; and sold by Messrs. Booker; Keating; Lewis; Debrett; and Robinsons, 1795. vii, , 140 pp.
Finney, Charles Grandison
Evangelist and preacher. Read The Autobiography of Charles G. Finneyhere and here.
Lectures on Systematic Theology ; Embracing Moral government, the atonement, moral and physical depravity, natural, moral, and gracious ability, repentance, faith, justification, sanctification, &c. By the Rev. Charles G. Finney, Professor of Theology in the Oberlin Collegiate Institute, Ohio, America. The whole work revised, enlarged, and partly re-written by the author, during his late visit to England. Edited and revised, with an introduction, by the Rev. George Redford, D.D., L.L.D, of Worcester. London: William Tegg and Co., 85, Queen Street, Cheapside. 1851 edition. 1878 edition.
Lectures on Revivals of Religion. New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1868, Lecture XV, pp. 281-282. "But the time has come that Christians must vote for honest men and take consistent ground in politics, or the Lord will curse them. They must be honest men themselves, and instead of voting for a man because he belongs to their party, Bank or Anti-Bank, Jackson, or Anti-Jackson, they must find out whether he is honest and upright, and fit to be trusted. They must let the world see that the church will uphold no man in office, who is known to be a knave, or an adulterer, or a Sabbath-breaker, or a gambler, or a drunkard. Such is the spread of intelligence and the facility of communication in our country, that every man can know for whom he gives his vote. And if he will give his vote only for honest men, the country will be obliged to have upright rulers. All parties will be compelled to put up honest men as candidates. Christians have been exceedingly guilty in this matter. But the time has come when they must act differently, or God will curse the nation, and withdraw his spirit. As on the subject of slavery and temperance, so on this subject, the church must act right or the country will be ruined. God cannot sustain this free and blessed country, which we love and pray for, unless the church will take right ground. Politics are a part of religion in such a country as this, and Christians must do their duty to the country as a part of their duty to God. It seems sometimes as if the foundations of the nation were becoming rotten, and Christians seem to act as if they thought God did not see what they do in politics. But I tell you, he does see it - and He will bless or curse this nation according to the course they take."
... "The frequent cant amongst some politicians that religion and politics should never be blended, proceeds from a disbelief in the christian religion. Did they verily believe it true, this disingenuous sentiment would never be expressed. Such men convince me that it would be dangerous to trust them were they not entirely devoted to public opinion, or governed by correct habits early imposed by the force of education. I do not mean that religion should be established by government -- my ideas lead to no such a consequence; but that government should be established, and administered all over the world according to the christian principles. This however can never be the case until the christian world becomes a world of christians, which will never be as long as our very systems of education teach the youthful mind to doubt of the supernatural origin of the scriptures. I do not think that preachers ought to meddle further with politics, than to illustrate the harmony which subsists between the sublime truths of christianity, and our representative democratical form of government, in the various relations of individuals to their God, society, and themselves; shewing them that at the same time it affords the best means, and greatest security for happiness in any possible form of the social state, it gives the fairest opportunity in preparing for another and a better world.
"The best protection of religious truth by government, is to leave it free -- it will tolerate itself. And the best antidote to error, is correct education; for it is that which forms the mind. By education, I not only mean scholastic acquirements and parental teachings, but also pulpit instructions: in every case avoiding the inculcation of any thing, which, for the sake of truth must be unlearnt."
Duty of Gospel Ministers, illustrated, in a sermon, preached at the ordination of the Rev. Oliver Dodge, A.B. to the pastoral care of the Catholic Reformed Church and Society, in Pomfret, February 6, 1793. Windham [Conn.]: Printed by John Byrne., United States; Connecticut; Windham, 1793. 21,  pp.; 18 cm. (8vo)
The Gospel Its Own Witness; or, The holy nature and divine harmony of the Christian religion contrasted with the immorality and absurdity of deism. Philadelphia: Printed by Charles Cist, 1805. 300 pp.; 18 cm.
Three Occassional Sermons. I. On the common salvation. II. The good man's desire for the success of God's cause. III. The object and encouragement of believers in praying for spiritual might. To which are added two letters, on the sickness and death of a Christian friend. Philadelphia: Printed by Charles Cist, 1805. 25 pp. 20 cm.
Three Queries to Deists. Augusta [Me.] : Printed by Peter Edes,  12 pp. Tract published by the Lincoln and Kennebec Religious Tract Society; no. 5.
The Corruptions of Christianityconsidered as affecting its truth: a sermon preached before the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, at their anniversary meeting in the High Church of Edinburgh, on Thursday, June 2, 1791. Edinburgh: Printed by Mundell and Son, 1792. 109 pp.; 21 cm.
Scottish religious leader. Read more about Gib here.
Kaina kai palaia: Sacred contemplations: in three parts. I. A view of the covenant of works; in its natural state, as common to all mankind,--and in its positive state, as peculiar to our first parents: discovering the singular goodness of God, in that positive state. II. A view of the covenant of grace; in the establishment of it from eternity, the accomplishment of it in time, and the effect of it through eternity. III. A view of the absolute and immediate dependence of all things on God: in a discourse concerning liberty and necessity. To which is added, an appendix, containing explications of some difficulties in the work. Philadelphia: Printed by W. Young and J. M.Culloch, 1788. xvi [i.e., xii], , 18-388 pp.; 20 cm. (8vo)
Minister. Songwriter. Read about Gibbons here and here.
Scottish divine. Read about Gillespie here and here.
A Treatise of miscellany questions: wherein many usefull questions and cases of conscience are discussed and resolved. For the satisfaction of those, who desire nothing more, then to search for and find out precious truths in the controversies of these times. By Mr. George Gillespie, late minister at Edinburgh. Published by Mr. Patrik Gillespie, Minister at Glasgow. Printed at Edinburgh: and are to be sold at London, by Thomas Whitaker, at the Kings Armes in Pauls Church-yard, 1649. (2nd ed.) , 281 [i.e. 289],  pp. British Library.
Principal, University of Glasgow, Scotland. Read about Gillespiehere.
The Ark of the Covenant opened, or, A Treatise of the covenant of redemption between God and Christ, as the foundation of the covenant of grace the second part, wherein is proved, that there is such a covenant, the necessity of it, the nature, properties, parties thereof, the tenor, articles, subject-matter of redemption, the commands, conditions, and promises annexed, the harmony of the covenant of reconciliation made with sinners, wherein they agree, wherein they differ, grounds of comfort from the covenant of suretiship / written by a minister of the New Testament. London: Printed for Tho. Parkhurst ..., 1677. , 478,  pp. Union Theological Seminary (New York, N. Y.) Library.
The Ark of the Testament opened, or, The Secret of the Lords covenant unsealed in a treatise of the covenant of grace, wherein an essay is made for the promoving [sic] and increase of knowledge in the mysterie of the Gospel-covenant which hath been hid from ages and generations but now is made manifest to the Saints ... / written by a minister of the New Testament. London: Printed by R.C., 1661. , 369 [i.e. 359], 199 pp. Harvard University Library.
Church of England clergyman and radical protestant thinker.
The World to come. Or, The kingdome of Christ asserted. In two expository lectures of Ephes. 1. 21, 22. verses. Prooving that between the state of this world as now it is, and the state of things after the day of judgement, when God shall be all in all: there is a world to come which is of purpose, and is a more especiall manner appointed for Jesus Christ to be king, and wherein he shall more eminently reign. / Preached by Mr. Tho: Goodwin many years since, at Antholins, London. Published for the truths sake. London, 1655. , 38,  pp. British Library.
With George Jacob Holyoake (1817-1906). Christianity and secularism: report of a public discussion between the Rev. Brewin Grant and George Jacob Holyoake on the question "What advantages would accrue to mankind generally, and the working classes in particular, by the removal of Christianity, and the substitution of secularism in its place?". London: Ward and co., 1853. Description: vii, 264 pp.; 19 cm. Notes: "Held in the Royal British Institution, Cowper St., London, on six successive Thursday evenings, commencing Jan. 20, and ending Feb. 24, 1853." 6th thous.
British theologian, Anglican priest, Christian apologist and author of more than fifty Christian books. Read about Green here.
Runaway World. [Chicago] Inter-Varsity Press, 1968.
125 pp. 18 cm. Preface: "The title, though not the content, of this book was suggested to me by the Reith Lectures for 1967. Dr Edmund Leach, Provost of King's College, Cambridge, called them A Runaway World? in order to draw attention to the fact that the world seems to be getting out of the control of leading scientists and politicians. I have adapted the title in order to draw attention to an equally obvious feature in contemporary society -escapism. The everquickening rat race, the political double talk, the almost compulsive addiction to (and conditioning by) television, the endless preoccupation with sex, the glossing over the ugly fact of death are some of the ways in which our generation tries to 'get away from it all'. But the greatest unreality, the most comfortable mirage of our day, is commonly thought to be religion. Christianity, if it can hardly be accused any longer of being 'pie in the sky when you die' (for the churches, too, have grown dumb when it comes to talking realistically about death and what lies beyond it), is at any rate regarded as escapism by many people. 'It's all right for those that like that sort of thing', one hears it said; 'but I'm not the religious sort.' In other words, Christianity is the religious man's form of escaping from reality; it is his private way of 'getting away from it all'.
I believe this charge to be largely though not entirely false. Certainly we live in a runaway world, but for the most part it is not the Christians who are running away from reality. We have our escapists in the churches, no doubt. But this book is written in the conviction that the Christian faith itself is the very antithesis of escapism. It provides us with the most credible account of the universe and man's place in it, with the motive and the dynamic for serving our fellow men, with the ability to face the harshest of situations with realism, and with a message of urgent relevance to the many who suspect Christians of escapism but are themselves running away from truth. The issue before us in this book resolves itself into this question: 'Who are the escapists?'"
Royall Professor of Law, Harvard University, 1834. Doctor of Laws degree by Harvard in 1834, Doctor of Laws by Amherst in 1845, and again from the University of Alabama in 1852. H. W. Howard Knott, Dictionary of American Biography: "While engaged in tutorial work he prepared what was originally intended as a text-book on evidence, published in 1842 as A Treatise on the Law of Evidence. The profession at once hailed it as the ablest extant work on the subject, distinguished alike for its deep learning, clarity of style, and practical utility. He added a second volume in 1846, and a third in 1853. In its completed form it came to be regarded as the foremost American authority, and passed through numerous editions under successive editors." Learn more about Greenleaf here. The Law Magazine: or Quarterly Review of Jurisprudence. London: W. Benning and Co., Law Booksellers, 1845. Events of the Quarter, p. 350. "It is no mean honor to America that her schools of jurisprudence have produced two of the first writers and best esteemed legal authorities of this century--the great and good man, Judge Story, and his worthy and eminent associate, Professor Greenleaf. Upon the existing Law of Evidence more light has shone from the New World than from all the lawyers who adorn the courts of Europe." Disclaimer: Greenleaf is known to have been associated with Freemasonry and was author of A Brief Inquiry into the Origin and Principles of Free Masonry (1820).
A Discourse pronounced at the Inauguration of the author as Royall Professor of Law in Harvard University, August 29, 1834 .
"Christianity founds its claim to our belief upon the weight of the evidence by which it is supported. This evidence is not peculiar to the department of theology; its rules are precisely those by which the law scans the conduct and language of men on all other subjects, even in their daily transactions. This branch of the law is one of our particular study. It is our constant employment to explore the mazes of falsehood, to detect its doublings, to pierce its thickest veils; to follow and expose its sophistries; to compare, with scrupulous exactness, the testimony of different witnesses to examine their motives and their interests; to discover truth and separate it from error. Our fellow-men know this to be our province; and perhaps this knowledge may have its influence to a greater extent than we or even they imagine. We are therefore required by the strongest motives,--by personal interest, by the ties of kindred and friendship, by the claims of patriotism and philanthropy, to examine, and that not lightly, the evidences on which Christianity challenges our belief; and the degree of credit to which they are entitled.
"The Christian religion is part of our common law, with the very texture of which it is interwoven. Its authority is frequently admitted in our statute-books; and its holy things are there expressly guarded from blasphemy and desecration. If it be found, as indeed it is, a message of peace on earth and good will to men; exhibiting the most perfect code of morals for our government, the purest patterns of exalted virtue for our imitation, and the brightest hopes, which can cheer the heart of man; let it receive the just tribute of our admiring approval, our reverential obedience, and our cordial support. I would implore the American lawyer unhesitatingly to follow in this, as in the other elements of the law, the great masters and sages of his profession; and while with swelling bosom he surveys the countless benefits rendered to his country by this his favorite science, let him not withhold from the Fountain and Source of all Law the free service of undissembled homage."
Quote from The American Bible Society's manual: or brief view of the history and operations of the American Bible Society, and of the Bible cause in general, New York: American Bible Society, 1852: "The Bible is the only foundation on which our institutions can securely rest, whether political, social, or religious. Amid the fluctuations to which all free institutions are exposed, and especially ours, with a population, many of whom are unaccustomed to liberty, and but faintly imbued with Bible truths, the Word of God is the only anchor of safety."
Letter, written May 4, 1839. Published in The North American (Philadelphia), v. 1, n. 56. May 29, 1839, p. 1. "The Bible is the only faithful picture of real life -- the only true history of man -- the only unvarnished narrative of his sins, and of the just retribution of his holy Sovereign. It is the only historical book which gives a true account of the human family in all its relations, and its motives of conduct. Man falsifies his own history, -- God has written it with the pen of truth. Its fidelity is evinced in the fact that it has never become obsolete. The man delineated in the Bible, is the man of every age of the world, from the creation to our own days, and will be such to the end of time. And if it is important to man to learn the moral nature of his race, and to learn it early, let him be taught it in his youth, among the rudiments of his education, from the fountain of all truth -- the Bible."
"Our country is a Christian country. The Christian religion is acknowledged, more or less directly, as that of the people, in the laws and usages of every State in the Union."
"Children who have been taught God's word from the Bibles of strangers, will not easily be induced, in maturer age, to make war upon their benefactors. When Sweden was compelled by Napoleon, to declare war against England, and a form of prayer for the success of their arms was sent to the several churches, the Delecarlians refused to read it, saying it was a mistake; for the English who had sent them bread in their famine, and Bibles too, could not be their enemies!"
"The Bible in Schools" Published from The Indiana Journal, June 23, 1839, p. 1. Also published in the Cincinnati Daily Gazette.
The Simon Greenleaf Law Review
A publication of the Simon Greenleaf School of Law. Orange, California. Vol. 1 (academic year 1981-82)- v. 7 (academic year 1987-88).; 7 volumes; 21 cm. Succeeding Title: Simon Greenleaf review of law and religion, Anaheim, Calif.: Simon Greenleaf University, Vol. 8 (academic year 1988-1989); 1 volume; 21 cm.
The Simon Greenleaf Law Review. Volume 2. 1982. Extracts.
John Warwick Montgomery. "Editor's Introduction," pp. 1-2.
Francis Schaeffer. "Christian Faith and Human Rights," pp. 3-12.
Elmer Gelinas. "The Natural Law According to Thomas Aquinas," pp. 13-36.
The Simon Greenleaf Law Review. 1985. Volume 5. Extracts.
Fred Hayes. "Fee Setting for the Christian Attorney," pp. 185-194.
Reviews, pp. 195-214.
Reflections on the character and objects of all science and literature, and on the relative excellence and value of religious and secular education, and of sacred and classical literature
in two addresses and an oration with additions and improvements: with an appendix. New Haven, [Conn.]: H. Howe, 1831. xii, 201 pp.; 18 cm. An address on the character and objects of science: and, especially on the influence of the Reformation on the science and literature, past, present and future, of Protestant nations -- Address on the expediency and duty of adopting the Bible, as the text book of duty and usefulness, in every scheme of education, from the primary school to the university -- Oration on the advantages, to be derived, in a literary point merely, from the introduction of the Bible, as a text book of sacred literature, in every scheme of education, from the primary school to the university -- Appendix. A letter of Thomas S. Grimké, on the study of the Bible -- Address at the dedication of the building in Chalmers Street, designed as a depository for Bibles, tracts and Sunday school books, and for the anniversary celebrations of religious societies. Also here.
It seems to me that our country has yet to learn one great truth on this subject, that the whole European scheme of education ever has been intimately associated with states of society, forms of government and religious establishments totally inconsistent with ours: that the great object there
has been to educate the few, and not the many, to train up
the subjects of monarchies, and not the citizens of a republic; in a word, to perpetuate aristocracy even in education.
Let us learn then, that education with us, like Society, Government, Religion, must be essentially American, and not European; that it must partake deeply and extensively of the vital spirit of American Institutions; that it must, in order to ensure its durability and usefulness, be adapted to our state of Society, forms of Government and modes of Religion: and that this conformity can never be discovered, much less preserved by any imitation of European plans. With the Bible in one hand, and our own history in the other, we shall be able to judge best, what education our country needs. Literary Education in its highest sense, a sense but little known in this country, is much the same every where; but religious and moral, political and civil education, in a word, for the preparation for practical duty and usefulness, private and public, must be to a great extent, national and local, therefore peculiar. Ours ought to be an education, adapted to our peculiar character, circumstances, and destiny, as a free, educated, peaceful, Christian People. It ought to be eminently adapted to our development and progress, to the improvement and preservation of our institutions, in a word, to the great truth THE PEOPLE GOVERN. Our SCHOOLS are for the education of that PEOPLE, our COLLEGES for the education of the PUBLIC SERVANTS AND PROFESSIONAL AGENTS of that People. But all have one end, one object, THE GOOD OF THE PEOPLE.
Rich Robinson. "'To the Jew First': A Biblical Analysis of the 'Two-Covenant' Theory of the Atonement." "The two-covenant theory has circulated for some years among non-evangelicals and even among some conservative Christians. If you've ever been told that Jews don't need Jesus because they "already have a covenant with God," then you are hearing this theory of salvation, which was developed by Jewish philosopher Franz Rosenzweig early in this century. Gudel, a Lutheran pastor, summarizes the history of the theory and briefly surveys what Jewish and Christian proponents have written. Then he delves into a biblical analysis with an examination of passages such as Romans 1:16, 2:9, and Acts 13:46. He traces the missionary core of Christianity through Jesus, the apostles, and Paul. Gudel then suggests provocatively that promotion of the two-covenant theory is anti-Semitic. This article is lively and well-written, especially helpful if you've not heard of the two-covenant theory before now."
The Christian's Great Interest: in two parts. I. The trial of a saving interest in Christ. II. The way how to attain it. / By William Guthrie, Minister of the Gospel at New-Kilmarnock, Scotland.; --Also-- The life of the author. New-Brunswick, New-Jersey: Printed by Abraham Blauvelt, for John Smith, --1797. xii, 202,  pp.; 15 cm. (12mo) Also here.
Hale, Sir Matthew
Lord Chief Justice of England. Read about Hale here.
Sir Matthew Hale's affectionate epistles to his children: With directions concerning the religious observation of the Lord's Day: To which is prefixed the life of the author. A new edition. Salisbury, 1788. 167 pp. Extract, first letter.
"EVERY morning, read seriously and reverently a portion of the Holy Scriptures, and acquaint yourselves with the history and doctrine thereof. It is a book full of light and wisdom, will make you wise to eternal life, and furnish you with directions and principles to guide and order your life safely and prudently. There is no book like the Bible for excellent learning, wisdom, and use."
The Great Audit, or, Good Steward: being some necessary and important considerations, to be considered of by all sorts of people / taken out of the writings of the late worthy and renowned Sir Matthew Hale, and therein, his own experience, of the inward and invisible guidance of the spirit of God. Newport, R.I.: Printed at the office of the Newport Mercury, 1805. 29 pp.
By one who thinks with that eminent judge, Sir Matthew Hale, that religion is the first concern of man. Address to the Deists: or, an inquiry into the character of the author of the book of Revelation. The second edition with additions. London, 1792. 143 pp.
The Sum of Religion. Written by Judge Hale, Lord Chief Justice of England, and was found in the closet, amongst his other papers after his decease. [London], 1796. 1 pp.
Contemplations moral and divine: in two parts. London, 1711. 580 pp.
"All those that truly fear God, have a sincere Guidance from a higher Wisdom than what is barely human, namely, The Spirit of Truth and Wisdom, that doth really and truly, but secretly prevent and direct them. Any Man that sincerely and truly fears Almighty God relies upon him, and calls upon him for His Guidance and Direction, hath it as really as a Son hath the Counsel and Direction of a Father, and tho' the Voice be not audible, nor the Direction always perceptible, or discernable to Sense, yet it is equally as real as if a Man heard the Voice, saying, This is the Way, walk in it. And this secret Direction of the Almighty God is principally seen in Matters relating to the good of the Soul, yet it may also be found in the concerns of this Life, which a good man, that fears God, and begs his direction, shall very often, if not at all times, find." p. 45.
"I can call my own experience to witness, That even in the external Actions of my whole Life, I was never disappointed of the best Guidance and Direction, when I have, in humility & sincerity, implored the secret Direction and Guidance of the divine Wisdom." p. 323.
Some Necessary and Important Considerations directed to all sorts of people . Taken out of the writings of that late worthy and renowned judge Sir Matthew Hales [sic]; Wherein is discovered his own experience of the inward and invisible guidance of the Spirit of God Edition: The tenth edition. [Four lines from Psalms] [New York]: Printed and sold by William Bradford in New-York, 1736. 24 pp.
Some Necessary and important considerations, directed to all sorts of people, taken out of the writings of that late worthy and renowned judge Sir Matthew Hale; Wherein is discovered, his own experience of the inward and invisible guidance of the Spirit of God Edition: Twelfth edition. [Three lines from Psalms]. Woodbridge [N.J.]: Printed and sold, by James Parker, 1759. 16 pp.; 19 cm
The Connexion of Christianity with human happiness: being the substance of the Boyle lectures for the year 1821. London: John Murray, 1823. 2 volumes; 19 cm. Volume 1 of 2, 290 pp. Volume 2 of 2, 348 pp.
Harris, Frederick Brown
To Preachers on being "Allowed of God to be put in trust with the Gospel," by Dr. Frederick Brown Harris. A message based on the Yale lectures on preaching by Dr. Paul Scherer. Presented by Mr. Donnell. June 8 (legislative day, March 5), 1946. -- Ordered to be printed. Serial Set Vol. No. 11037 Session Vol. No. 11. 79th Congress, 2nd Session. S.Doc. 202. Washington G.P.O., June 8, 1946. 17 pp.
The Kingdom of Christ on Earth: Twelve lectures delivered before the students of the Theological Seminary, Andover.
New Englander and Yale review, Volume 34, Issue 131, April 1875. pp. 375-377. New Haven: W. L. Kingsley etc. 810 page images in vol.
College head at Oxford.
A Dissertation upon the use and importance of unauthoritative tradition, as an introduction to the Christian doctrines; including the substance of a sermon, preached before the University of Oxford, May 31, 1818. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; New York: E. & J.B. Young, 1889. xii, 65, 49 pp.; 19 cm. Also here.
WHILST the subject of Scriptural difficulties has been often admirably handled both generally and in detail, there is still one arising from the very form and structure of the Scriptures, on which sufficient attention has not perhaps been bestowed; although it is a source of sensible uneasiness to some believers, and secretly influences the practice of many more. The purpose of the following pages is to state and consider this difficulty; and further, to pursue into some of its more important particulars the view,
which that inquiry suggests, of the value of unauthoritative tradition, not so much in the confirmation or interpretation of Christian doctrines, but as
intended to be the ordinary introduction to them.
... If these few pages can in the slightest degree contribute to such valuable ends, and if they are capable also incidentally of supplying a ready answer to certain popular objections, either against the evidence of some important articles of faith, or even against revealed religion itself, they will have been without impropriety offered to the publick at large. To the candid consideration of the Established Clergy they are submitted in a more especial manner, but with peculiar deference; they are addressed however to every thoughtful believer in Christianity, and to those also who have not yet admitted the claims of Eevelation, but who are honestly intent upon the discovery of religious truth.
With George Miller. An Historical view of the plea of tradition, as maintained in the Church of Rome with strictures on a dissertation upon the use and importance of unauthoritative tradition by Edward Hawkins ... and an appendix containing original authorities. London: C. and J. Rivington; Dublin: R. Milliken, 1826. 102 pp.; 20 cm.
U.S. District Attorney for Montana. Editorial writer. Educator. Conservationist.
Bio/History: Cornelius Hedges was born on 28 Oct. 1831 in Westfield, Mass., the son of Dennis and Alvina Hedges. He attended Yale College, receiving an A.B. in 1853 and an A.M. in 1855. He also attended Harvard Law School and was admitted to the Massachusetts bar. He married Edna Smith in 1856 and the couple moved to Independence, Iowa, where Hedges practiced law and published the Independence Civilian. Hedges traveled to Virginia City, Montana Territory, in 1864 to placer mine. The following year he moved to Helena where he mined, practiced law, and was a public servant. In 1870 Hedges joined the Washburn Expedition which explored and publicized the Yellowstone area. Following the trip, it was Hedges who suggested the preservation of the area as a national park and he was active in this movement. In 1903 he was an honored guest at the cornerstone laying ceremony for the arch at the park entrance. Cornelius Hedges died in Helena on 29 Apr. 1907.
Read more about Hedges here and here. Disclaimer: Hedges was a Freemason.
1864-1865. Diary and reminiscences. From the Montana Historical Society Archives. Abstract:
Diary, in two parts, and reminiscences. The first part of the diary includes daily entries from 20 Apr. to 12 July 1864. It begins with Hedges leaving Iowa for Idaho. This part of the diary covers his daily experiences on the westward journey. The second part of the diary describes his experiences working in the gold mines upon his arrival in Virginia City in July 1864. This part of the diary includes daily entries from 12 July to 31 Dec. 1864. He mostly writes of his daily work of mining, the cold, and business deals. This section also includes a record of cash accounts from July to Sept. The third manuscript in this collection consists of excerpts from his manuscript entitled "Reminiscences of Early Days in Helena". This covers his experiences just after leaving Virginia City for the mining prospects at Helena's Last Chance Gulch in Jan. 1865.
Montana Historical Society. Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana with its transactions, act of incorporation, constitution, ordinances, officers and members. Helena, Mont. Part 1, Part 2. Volume 7. Helena, Mont.: Rocky Mountain Pub. Co., 1876-1910. 374 pp. 9 vols. Extract.
The Hibernian Magazine
Dublin: Printed by James Potts, Vol. 1 (Jan. 1771)-[v. 15] (Apr. 1785); 15 v.: ill., ports.
The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic, edited with a preface and critical notes by Ferdinand Tönnies, to which are subjoined selected extracts from unprinted mss. of Thomas Hobbes. London, 1889. 240 pp. "10. And seeing our faith, that the Scriptures are the word of
God, began from the confidence and trust we repose in the church;
there can be no doubt but that their interpretation of the same
Scriptures, when any doubt or controversy shall arise, by which
this fundamental point, that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh,
is not called in question, is safer for any man to trust to, than
his own, whether reasoning, or spirit; that is to say his own
Integrity and Religion to be Principally Regarded By Such as Design Others to Stations of Publick Trust: A sermon preach'd before His Excellency, Jonathan Belcher, Esq; His Majesty's Council, and the Assembly of the province of the Massachusetts-Bay in New-England, on the anniversary for the election of counsellors for said province, May 26. 1736. Boston: Printed by J. Draper, printer to His Excellency the Governour and Council, for J. Eliot, 1736. 55 pp. "The man of true integrity acts always under a sense of his duty to God."
Application of Redemption, by the effectual work of the word, and spirit of Christ, for the bringing home of lost sinners to God. Parts 9-10. Besides many other seasonable, and soul-searching truths, there is also largely shewed, I. The heart must be humble and contrite before the Lord will dwell in it. ... 10. Gross and scandalous sinners, God usually exerciseth with heavy breakings of heart, before they be brought to Christ. 11. Sorrow for sin rightly set on, pierceth the heart of the sinner throughly. ... 18. The soul that is pierced for sin, is carried with a restless dislike against it. By that faithful, and known servant of Christ, Mr. Thomas Hooker, late pastor of the church at Hartford in New-England; somtimes preacher of the Word at Chelmsford in Essex, and fellow of Emmanuel Colledg in Cambridg. Printed from the authors papers, written with his own hand. And attested to be such, in an epistle, by Thomas Goodwin, and Philip Nye. London: printed by Peter Cole, at the sign of the Printing-Press in Cornhil, neer the Royal Exchange, 1657. , 455, 556-702,  pp.
Three Sermons. I. The wrath of God against sinners, II. God's eternitie, and mans humanitie, III. The plantation of the righteous. London: Printed by M.P. for Iohn Stafford, dwelling in Black-Horse-Alley neere Fleetstreet, 1638. , 139 pp.
Foure learned and godly treatises. The carnall hypocrite. The churches deliverances. The deceitfulnesse of sinne. The benefit of afflictions. London: By Tho. Cotes, for Andrew Crooke, and are to be sold at the signe of the Beare in Pauls Churchyard, 1638. , 293,  pp.
An Inquiry concering [sic] the future state of those who die in their sins: Wherein the dictates of Scripture and reason, upon this important subject, are carefully considered; and whether endless punishment be consistent with divine justice, wisdom and goodness: in which also objections are stated and answered. By Samuel Hopkins, A.M. Pastor of the First Congregational Church in Newport. [Two lines of Scripture text]. Newport, Rhode-Island: Printed by Solomon Southwick. 1783. , vi, 194 p. 19 cm. (4to)
Letters on Infidelity. The second edition. To which is prefixed a letter to Dr. Adam Smith. 2nd edition. Oxford, Clarendon Press, sold by D. Prince, 1786. 346 pp.
The Duty of contending for the faith. A sermon preached at the visitation of the most reverend John Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, ... on Saturday, July 1, 1786. By George Horne, To which is subjoined a discourse on the trinity in unity. A new edition London, 1788. 52 pp.
An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, Volume 1, 1825 edition,
1877 edition. Edited by Thomas Hartwell Horne, John Ayre and Samuel Prideaux Tregelles. 14th edition, London: Longmans, Green, 1877.
Extract on alleged contradictions. Extract on the benefits of Christianity.
Henry P. Johnston, editor. The Correspondence and public papers of John Jay. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1890, Volume 4 (1794-1826) of 4. 554 pp.
On War and the Gospel. Extracts, Contents, pp. 391-393, 403-419, letters to John Murray, October 12, 1816 and April 15, 1818. "Providence has given to our people the choice of their rulers, and it is the duty, as well as the privilege and interest of our Christian nation, to select and prefer Christians for their rulers."
Emeritus Professor of Psychology at the University of St. Andrews, and was formerly President of The Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland's National Academy of Science and Letters. He was made Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1992 for his services to science and to psychology in Britain. He established the Department of Psychology at St. Andrews University and his research interests centre around cognitive psychology and neuropsychology.
Psychology and Christianity. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1976. 177 pp.; 21 cm. Buy this book here.
The Reasonableness and certainty of the Christian religion. The sixth edition, corrected. London, 1734. Vol. 1 of 2. 486 pp. Vol. 2 of 2.. 641 pp.
A Plain and easy introduction to the principles of natural and revealed religion; with a comprehensive view of the reasonableness and certainty of the Christian dispensation. Intended for young students in particular. By a clergyman of the Church of England. In two volumes. Kidderminster, 1795. Vol. 1 of 2. 234 pp. Vol. 2 of 2. 295 pp.
The Scholar Armed, against the errors of the time, or, A collection of tracts on the principles and evidences of Christianity, the constitution of the Church, and the authority of civil government. Volume 1of 2 and Volume 2 of 2. London: Society for the Reformation of Principles. Printed for F. and C. Rivington, 1795. 22 cm.
Trust in God, explained and recommended : In a sermon, preached, with some special reference to the state of the public mind, in the prospect of war: in the Independent, or Congregational Church, Charleston, South Carolina, July 12, 1807. Charleston [S.C.]: Printed by W.P. Young, 1807. 29 pp.
a Kempis, Thomas
[Navolging van Christus in Engelse vertaling. English.] The Christian's pattern: or, a treatise of the imitation of Jesus Christ. In four books. Written originally in Latin. By Thomas à Kempis. Now rendered into English. To which are added, Meditations and prayers for sick persons. By George Stanhope. The thirtieth edition Dublin, 1766. 396 pp. Also here and here. CCEL edition. Wheaton, Illinois: Wheaton College, Christian Classics Ethereal Library [Host]. Text-searchable. This book contributed to the conversion of slave-trader John Newton, who later authored Amazing Grace.
The Co-incidence of natural with revealed religion. A Sermon at the annual lecture instituted in Harvard College by the last will and testament of the Honorable Paul Dudley, Esq; delivered November 1, 1775. By Samuel Langdon, D.D. president of Harvard College. [Three lines from Acts] Boston: Printed by Samuel Hall, in School-Street, 1776. 26,  pp. ; 8⁰.
A Discourse on the unity of the church as a monumental pillar of the truth: designed to reconcile Christians of all parties and denominations in charity and fellowship, as one body in Christ: delivered before an association of ministers convened at Portsmouth, October 12, 1791, and in substance repeated at a lecture in Hampton Falls, January 26, 1792. / By Samuel Langdon, D.D. Minister of the Gospel in Hampton Falls, in the state of New Hampshire; [Two lines from 1 Corinthians]. Printed at Exeter [N.H.]: by Henry Ranlet, and sold at his office in Main-Street, 1792. 30,  pp.; 21 cm. (8vo)
A Summary of Christian faith and practice; Being an attempt to exhibit the doctrines and precepts of the New-Testament in a concise and easy view, chiefly in Scriptural language, for the assistance of Christians of all denominations in recollecting the main articles of their common profession. In three parts.
Containing part I. The capital articles of Christian faith. Part II. The apostolic doctrine of salvation by believing in Jesus Christ. Part III. The principal heads of evangelical duties. /
Boston: New-England:; Printed and sold by Kneeland and Adams, in Milk-Street, and J. Edwards, in Corn-Hill., 1768. 61,  pp.; 22 cm. (8vo)
Government corrupted by vice, and recovered by righteousness: A Sermon preached before the honorable Congress of the colony of the Massachusetts-Bay in New England, assembled at Watertown, on Wednesday the 31st day of May, 1775. Being the anniversary fixed by charter for the election of counsellors. / By Samuel Langdon, D.D. president of Harvard College in Cambridge. [Two lines from Proverbs]. Watertown [Mass.]: Printed and sold by Benjamin Edes, 1775. 29,  pp.; 19 cm. (12mo)
"We must keep our eyes fixed on the supreme government of the ETERNAL KING, as directing all events, setting up or pulling down the kings of the earth at His pleasure, suffering the best forms of human government to degenerate and go to ruin by corruption; or restoring the decayed constitutions of kingdoms and states, by reviving public virtue and religion, and granting the favorable interpositions of His providence. To this our text leads us; and though I hope to be excused on this occasion from a formal discourse on the words in a doctrinal way, yet I must not wholly pass over the religious instruction contained in them.
"Let us consider--that for the sins of a people God may suffer the best government to be corrupted, or entirely dissolved; and that nothing but a general reformation can give ground to hope that the public happiness will be restored, by the recovery of the strength and perfection of the state, and that Divine Providence will interpose to fill every department with wise and good men."
The Republic of the Israelites an example to the American states: A sermon, preached at Concord, in the state of New Hampshire; before the Honorable General Court at the annual election. June 5, 1788. / By Samuel Langdon, D.D. Pastor of the church in Hampton-Falls. Exeter [N.H.] : Printed by Lamson and Ranlet, M,DCC,LXXXVII.  48 pp.; 20 cm. (4to and 8vo)
... That as God in the course of his kind providence hath given you an excellent constitution of government, founded on the most rational, equitable, and liberal principles, by which all that liberty is secured which a people can reasonably claim, and you are impowered to make righteous laws for promoting public order and good morals; and as he has moreover given you by his Son Jesus Christ, who is far superior to Moses, a complete revelation of his will, and a perfect system of true religion, plainly delivered in the sacred writings; it will be your wisdom in the eyes of the nations, and your true interest and happiness, to conform your practice in the strictest manner to the excellent principles of your government, adhere faithfully to the doctrines and commands of the gospel, and practice every public and private virtue. By this you will increase in numbers, wealth, and power, and obtain reputation and dignity among the nations; whereas, the contrary conduct will make you poor, distressed, and contemptible.
* Soon after this Sermon was delivered, the Convention of the State of New Hampshire, met according to adjournment, and on the twenty-first day of June accepted the proposed general Constitution of government. This being the ninth State which has acceded to this form of national Union, it will be carried into effect; and there is no reason to doubt of the speedy accession of all the other States, which are now debating on the important question. May all rejoice in the Lord, who has formed us into a nation, and honour him as our Judge, Lawgiver, and King, who hath saved us, and will save us from all enemies and fears, if we thankfully receive and rightly improve his great mercies.
A Summary of Christian faith and practice: Being an attempt to exhibit the doctrines and precepts of the New-Testament in a concise and easy view, chiefly in Scriptural language, for the assistance of Christians of all denominations in recollecting the main articles of their common profession. In three parts. Containing part I. The capital articles of Christian faith. Part II. The apostolic doctrine of salvation by believing in Jesus Christ. Part III. The principal heads of evangelical duties. / By Samuel Langdon, D.D. Pastor of the First Church in Portsmouth in New-Hampshire; [Four lines from John]. Boston; New-England: Printed and sold by Kneeland and Adams, in Milk-Street, and J. Edwards, in Corn-Hill, 1768. 61,  pp.; 22 cm. (8vo)
The Happiness of a free government, and the means of preserving it: illustrated in a sermon, delivered in West-Springfield, on July 4, 1794, in commemoration of American independence! Springfield, Mass., James R. Hutchins, 1794. 21 pp.
We are informed of only one government, which was framed under the immediate direction of heaven; and this was a republick. Monarchy was permitted, but never was instituted, by divine authority. The Jews had it, because they would have it. God prescribed for them a better government. The form which he prescribed was well adapted to their genius and circumstances; and, in its fundamental principles, was equally suitable for any other people. Among the privileges secured to them by their constitution, there was one, which might be considered as the foundation of all the rest; and is, indeed, the basis of all free government -- That their Rulers should be chosen by, and from among themselves.
... A PEOPLE under a free government will be happy, as long as they are virtuous and wise. They may become vicious and corrupt. They are then liable to be influenced by private connections, party spirit, bribery or flattery, promises or rewards, or the artifice and intrigue of crafty and designing men.
When this is the case, they give up their security, lose their liberty, and sink into slavery.
To frame and reform their own government, and to choose and change their own governors, is the natural right of mankind; but a right which few nations have the happiness to enjoy, or the boldness to claim. These American states are now in the full possession and free exercise of this right; and may they ever have the wisdom to retain it.
A View of the doctrines and duties of the Christian religion; In fortynine discourses on St. Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians: with a preliminary discourse on the evidences of the gospel, especially those derived from the conversion, ministry and writings of that apostle. First edition. Worcester, Mass.: Isaiah Thomas, 1801.
616 pp.; 21 cm.
A View of the doctrines and duties of the Christian religion; In fortynine discourses on St. Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians: with a preliminary discourse on the evidences of the gospel, especially those derived from the conversion, ministry and writings of that apostle. Second edition, revised and corrected. Worcester, Mass.: Isaiah Thomas, 1810. 597 pp.; 21 cm.
Natural Theology; or, The existence, attributes and government of God including the obligations and duties of men, demonstrated by arguments drawn from the phenomena of nature. Syracuse, N.Y.: Wesleyan Methodist Pub. House,
1866. 196 pp.
Memoir of the Life of Richard Henry Lee, and his correspondence with the most distinguished men in America and Europe,
illustrative of their characters, and of the events of the American revolution. Philadelphia, H.C. Carey and I. Lea,
1825. 2 vol. front. (port.) 22 cm. Volume 1 of 2. Volume 2 of 2. Volume 2 also here.
"I have seen it observed by a great
writer, that Christianity, by introducing into Europe the truest principles of humanity, universal benevolence, and brotherly love, had happily abolished civil slavery. Let us, who profess the same religion, practise its precepts;
and by agreeing to this duty, convince the world that we know and practise our true interests, and that we pay a proper regard to the dictates of justice and humanity!" From Vol. I, p. 19, the first speech of Richard Henry Lee in the House of Burgesses of Virginia.
Mere Christianity. HarperOne, March 2001. 256 pp. Buy this book here.
"I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him: I'm ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don't accept his claim to be God. That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic - on the level with the man who says he is a poached egg - or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God, or else a madman or something worse. You can shut him up for a fool, you can spit at him and kill him as a demon or you can fall at his feet and call him Lord and God, but let us not come with any patronising nonsense about his being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to."
... "Right actions done for the wrong reason do not help to build the internal quality or character called a "virtue," and it is this quality or character that really matters.
There is a difficulty about disagreeing with God. He is the source from which all you reasoning power comes: you could not be right and he wrong any more than a stream can rise higher than its own source. When you are arguing against Him you are arguing against the very power that makes you able to argue at all: it is like cutting off the branch you are sitting on."
Miracles. HarperCollins Publishers
February 2001. 304 pp. Buy this book here.
"All the essentials of Hinduism would, I think, remain unimpaired if you subtracted the miraculous, and the same is almost true of Mohammedanism. But you cannot do that with Christianity. It is precisely the story of a great Miracle. A naturalistic Christianity leaves out all that is specifically Christian."
... "Now of course we must agree with Hume that, if there is absolutely "uniform experience" against miracles, if, in other words, they have never happened, why then they never have. Unfortunately, we know the experience against them to be uniform only if we know that all the reports of them are false. And we can know all the reports of them to be false only if we know already that miracles have never occurred. In fact, we are arguing in a circle."
The Literary Impact of the Authorised Version. The Ethel M. Wood lecture delivered before the University of London on 20th March, 1950. London: The Athlone Press, 1950. Pbk. pp.26. This lecture is licenced to remain on-line until 31st July 2011.
Biblical scholar. Learn more about Machen here and here
Christian Faith in the Modern World. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1936. vi, 258 pp.; 20 cm. A paperback edition was printed in 1965. Contents:
The present emergency and how to meet it -- How may God be known? -- Has God spoken? -- Is the Bible the Word of God? -- Do we believe in verbal inspiration? -- Shall we defend the Bible? -- The Bible versus human authority -- Life founded upon truth -- God, the creator -- The triune God -- What is the deity of Christ? -- Does the Bible teach the deity of Christ? -- The Sermon on the Mount and the deity of Christ -- What Jesus said about himself -- The supernatural Christ -- Did Christ rise from the dead? -- The testimony of Paul to Christ -- The Holy Spirit.
The Gospel in the Modern World. P&R Publishing, January 2005. 40 pp. Buy this book here.
Republican Christianity, or, True Liberty, as exhibited in the life, precepts, and early disciples of the Great Redeemer. Cincinnati: David Anderson,
1849. 422 pp. Also here.
Westward Empire; or, The Great drama of human progress. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1856. xviii, 445 pp.
Proverbs for the People; or, Illustrations of practical godliness drawn from the Book of wisdom. Boston: Gould, Kendall and Lincoln, 1849. 272 pp. 20 cm.
Marsh, William Nathaniel Tilson
Christianity explained and vindicated: A Guide to doubters, by "Orielensis." London, 1875. (8vo).
"How then could He create Evil? I reply again, 'He did not.' Evil was a contingent result of His creation of any moral being. No one created as a could be otherwise than free to stand, or free to fall. This is the inevitable consequence of being such. Hence, if such beings were created the contingency of their choosing to fall must exist. This, of course, was foreseen.
"But, even to our limited capacities, it is evident that the, to us, innumerable material worlds which have been created would be all but wasted if no beings were created with faculties which could fully enjoy their exquisite beauty and their order."
Marshall, Edward P.
A Treatise upon Baptist Church Jurisprudence, or, The Common law of the gospel, critically and scientifically considered: illustrating the written and unwritten laws of true apostolic church government, being a discussion of the principal questions incident to the government and polity of Baptist churches. Washington, D.C., 1898. 557 pp.
American educator. Read more about McGuffey here, here, and here.
McGuffey's Fifth Eclectic Reader. Entries: XCIII. RELIGION THE ONLY BASIS OF SOCIETY. (William Ellery Channing); CXVI. THE BIBLE THE BEST OF CLASSICS. (Thomas S. Grimke); CXVII. MY MOTHER'S BIBLE. (George P. Morris)
Episcopalian bishop and president of Kenyon College.
The Evidences of Christianity; in their external, or historical, division: exhibited in a course of lectures,/ by Charles Pettit McIlvaine. Revised and improved by the author, with the addition of a preface, by Olinthus Gregory. Philadelphia: Smith, English & co., 1861. Text-searchable. 408 pp. PDF version here. HTML online edition here.
(TM): McIlvaine explains that he composed these lectures on the occasion of being invited to give lectures on apologetics in New York. Like Paley and Chalmers, McIlvaine openly acknowledges his debt to Lardner; the sixth lecture gives an excellent thumbnail sketch of some of Lardner's research. Though McIlvaine did not disparage the internal evidences as Chalmers had, his work focuses exclusively on the 'external division' of the evidences--the historical evidence for the authenticity and credibility of the New Testament documents, the evidence for the resurrection, the argument from prophecy, the argument from the propagation of Christianity, and the evidence of the fruits of Christianity in the lives of its genuine disciples.
McIlvaine's work is notable not only for the thoughtful arrangement of the divisions of the argument but also for his earnest discussion of the duty of all Christians who have the means to study the evidence for their faith and the spirit in which that study should be undertaken.
Bishop M'Ilvaine's Lectures. Review of The Evidences of Christianity from The Princeton Review, January 1833, pp. 76-100. Text-searchable. This review also discusses the best apologetics literature of the period.
... "Dr. M'Ilvaine has in these lectures displayed an ingenuity, an erudition, and an eloquence, which cannot but give him a high standing with discerning and impartial judges, among American authors. Before this, the public was well acquainted with Dr. M'Ilvaine as an eloquent and evangelical preacher, but we are inclined to think that few of his friends, even of those who were best acquainted with him, were prepared to expect from his pen a work characterized as this is by cogent and ingenious reasoning. The occasion on which these lectures were delivered, and the character of the audience to whom they were originally addressed, required, that they should be in a popular style. They were addressed to several hundred young men of the city of New York, of various attainments and pursuits; and one can scarcely conceive of a more important field of usefulness for a man capable of improving it to the best advantage. We are of opinion, after reading these discourses, that a better selection of a lecturer, for such a purpose, could not have been made: delivered with the usual commanding and pleasing eloquence of the author, it is not surprising, that they were heard with fixed and continued attention, from first to last. It is, however, often the case, that discourses delivered with every advantage of voice and action, produce an interest and impression, which are far from being realized when the same discourses are read in print; and we confess that when we heard of the success of the lecturer in fixing at tention, and creating a feeling of deep interest in his youthful audience, we did apprehend, that we should experience some disappointment in the perusal of these lectures in the closet. But this is far from being the fact. For while there is a copious ness in the style, and occasionally a repetition of the same ideas and reasonings, which were well suited to discourses actually delivered to an audience of young men; we have experienced no disappointment on the whole; but, on the contrary, our estimation of the talents and learning of the author has been raised many degrees. And after all that has been written on the evidences of divine revelation, we do not know a book better suited to the object for which these lectures were prepared, than the volume now presented to the public. It is admirably adapted to the instruction and conviction of intelligent and ingenuous youth; and might with great advantage be made a text book in our colleges, and other seminaries of learning. The only defect which it has in reference to such an object, is, that it treats only of the external evidences of revelation, whereas, a manual for colleges should comprehend the internal evidences also. But the same objection may be made to Paley and to Chalmers. Their treatises are entirely confined to a consideration of the external evidences.
"It may appear somewhlat astonishing that Dr. M'Ilvaine was able, in a state of health not the most perfect, to compose, in so short a time, discourses of so much real excellence, and in which so few faults are to be found. But this will appear the less surprising, when it is considered, that as chaplain to the national military academy at West Point, it became his duty to lecture on this subject; and while at that station, he had much opportunity of being intimately acquainted with the reasonings and objections of ingenious infidels; for when he commenced his duties there, it is understood, that among the officers and students, deistical sentiments were completely predominant; so that the inculcation of the truth of divine revelation produced among some of the gentlemen of the institution a violent re-action, which brought the young chaplain into frequent and severe conflict with men who had taken much pains to fortify their minds in the firm adherence to the deistical system. This rendered it necessary that he should study the evidences of Christianity thoroughly; and it also made him fully acquainted with the grounds on which they rested their cause. It was by this means, that Dr. M'Ilvaine was prepared, at so short a notice, to compose lectures which possess so much sterling merit. And now, when infidelity is again attempting to raise her head in this
land, and especially in the city of New York, it is exceedingly gratifying to the lovers of truth, to find, that God, in his providence, has been training some men for the contest; and has, in this instance, brought upon the field one who has proved himself capable of vindicating the cause of Christianity with a force and eloquence, which, we are sure, the most powerful of its enemies can never withstand.
"It has also been a source of pleasing reflection to us, that the University of the city of New York, just commencing its career, and rising into notice, has assumed so bold a stand in favour of divine revelation; and among her earliest efforts has produced a volume, which, while it is eminently adapted to instruct the youth of that populous and rapidly increasing emporium, is, by its publication, likely to become useful to multitudes of others, both in the present and future generations. We sincerely hope that the directors and professors of this rising institution will proceed on the principles with which they have commenced. May they never be ashamed to avow that their University, is, in its constitution, essentially a Christian Institution, and "set for the defence of the Gospel." We hope, also, that what has been reported to.us as their purpose, namely, making the Bible a regular classic, will be carried into complete effect. Too long have professed Christians cast contempt and dishonour on the volume of Inspiration, by excluding it from the schnols of learning, and by exalting heathen authors above the writings of Moses and the prophets and apostles. The Bible presents the most interesting and fruitful field for the studies of our youth. Its history and biography-its antiquities and religious institutions-its poetry and wise moral maxims-its prophecies and types-and, finally, its sublime doctrines and salutary precepts, open to the ingenuous student, a rich mine of instruction, compared with which all the treasures of heathen antiquity are meager. If we are indeed Christians, let us pay due honour to our Master, in all our institutions of learning, and no longer be moved by the ridicule and scorn of infidels, whose object ever has been to banish the Bible, first from our schools, and next from the world. Providence, we believe, will cause those literary institutions to prosper, in which revealed religion is defended, and its principles inculcated. The outcry of sectarism is unworthy of our notice. Christianity is no sect. It is the religion of Heaven; the greatest blessing which the world has received; the light of life, intended to show erring men the way to heaven; and shall we put this glorious light under a bushel? We confess, that ever since we observed the prominence given to religion in this University, our hearts have been drawn towards it, and we can Bishop M'Ilvaine's Lectures. not but pray for its prosperity. If there are others, who dislike the Bible, and every thing which savours of piety, let them institute semiharies of learning of their own, into which the sun of righteousness shall never dart one cheering ray; where the Bible shall be as little known as the Koran, and within which no messenger of heaven shall ever be permitted to set his foot. Let infidel men lavish their treasures in founding such institutions. Christians need not envy them, or regret that they have no part nor lot in them. The time will come when God will vindicate the honour of his own word, and of his own servants."
With Edward Hawkins. An Historical View of the plea of tradition: as maintained in the Church of Rome with strictures on a dissertation upon the use and importance of unauthoritative tradition by Edward Hawkins, and an appendix containing original authorities. London: C. and J. Rivington; Dublin: R. Milliken, 1826. 102 pp.; 20 cm.
World-class Christian apologist, philosopher and legal expert. John Warwick Montgomery is Distinguished Research Professor of Philosophy and Christian Thought, Patrick Henry College (Virginia); and Emeritus Professor of Law and Humanities at the University of Luton (England). Professor Montgomery holds ten earned degrees, including the LL.B.; LL.M. from Cardiff University, Wales; the A.B. with distinction in Philosophy (Cornell University; Phi Beta Kappa); B.L.S. and M.A. (University of California at Berkeley); B.D. and S.T.M. (Wittenburg University, Springfield, Ohio); M. Phil. in Law (University of Essex, England); Ph.D. (Univeristy of Chicago), and the Doctorat d'Université from Strasbourg, France. He told Contemporary Authors, "My world-view was hammered out at university; there I became a Christian. ... Like the late C. S. Lewis (one of my greatest heroes), I was literally dragged kicking and screaming into the Kingdom by the weight of evidence for Christian truth."
Visit The John Warwick Montgomery website and read more about Montgomery here.
The Shaping of America, by John Warwick Montgomery. 255 pages. A critique of American ideas. The first half of the book deals with how America became the nation that it is; the second half suggests how it could become the nation that it should be. "Every Christian interested in the welfare of his or her country should read this excellent volume." (Robert G. Clouse, Department of History, Indiana State University)
Buy this book here.
Slaughter of the Innocents, by John Warwick Montgomery. Crossway Books, March 1981. 128 pages. The slaughtering of innocent children throughout history repeats Herod's terrifying act in the first century. Today this slaughter includes the unborn. Included are essays on "How to Decide the Birth Control Question", "The Christian View of the Fetus", the "American Medical Association Symposium: When Does Life Begin?", and "Abortion and the Law: Three Clarifications." A powerful defense of pro-life and traditional, biblical morality in the areas of sex and the family. Buy this book here.
Slavery, human dignity and human rights. The Evangelical Quarterly, v. 79, n. 2. 2007. pp. 113-132.
Audio presentation. Testing the Truth Claims of Christianity - Part 1 of 7. Dr. John Warwick Montgomery introduces a 7 part series discussing the truth claims of Christianity. The series follows the outline of Dr. Montgomery's book, Tractatus Logico-Theologicus, Revised Edition. In this episode, Dr. Montgomery discusses and answers the question, "Are all religions the same?" "Issues, Etc." podcast. Original Air Date: January 29, 2003.
Audio presentation. Testing the Truth Claims of Christianity - Part 7 of 7: "How does the Christian message assures man of ultimate fulfillment?" Dr. Montgomery concludes the discussion with a admonition to speak the Gospel out of love, and then takes listener questions. "Issues, Etc." podcast. Original Air Date: March 12, 2003.
Audio presentation. Responding to Dr. Bart Ehrman's "Misquoting Jesus". Dr. John Warwick Montgomery responds to Dr. Bart Ehrman's contentions put forth in the book "Misquoting Jesus." Clips from the previous interview with Dr. Ehrman are played and Dr. Montgomery addresses them. "Issues, Etc." podcast. Original Air Date: January 31, 2006.
Audio presentation. The New Atheists. Dr. John Warrick Montgomery responds to the arguments made by Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, et al. Dr. Montgomery turns the tables on the "New Atheists" by pointing out the illogic and irrational thinking in their arguments. "Issues, Etc." podcast. Original Air Date: February 5, 2007.
A Full Inquiry Into the Subject of Suicide. To which are added two treatises on duelling and gaming. In two volumes. Part 1 of 2, Part 2 of 2. London: printed for J. F. and C. Rivington; J. Robson and W. Clarke; G. Nicol; and J. and T. Egerton; Fletcher, Prince and Cooke, Oxford; Merrills, Lunn, Cambridge; Simmons and Kirby, Canterbury; and Gillman, Rochester, 1790.
The Christian Patriot: A Sermon delivered at the South Congregational Church, Boston, July 5th, 1840. Cambridge: Folsom, Wells, and Thurston, 1840. 16 pp.; 25 cm. Text of sermon on Psalms CXLIV, 15. Introduction by David Barton.
"What a wonderful manual of everyday life is the Bible. Every day that I live I am more convinced of its everlasting truths. Especially do I have an opportunity of studying both the weaknesses and the virtues of men by observing them in trials at the courthouse. In the Bible are shown both the way of life and the way to life.
"Did you ever think how much of the enduring literature of the world has its base in the Word of God? The other night I was reading the story of the prodigal son, and when I reached the passage, 'When he came to himself,' I was reminded that President Wilson got his text for the book, 'When a Man Comes to Himself,' from that phrase.
"Shakespeare could never have written more than five of his plays, which touch every phase of human life, without the Bible as a groundwork, the five exceptions having mythology as their basis. Even erratic Lord Byron could not have produced the wonderful poem, 'Sennacherib,' without the assistance of the Bible, and neither could Victor Hugo have written 'Les Miserables'. Search through literature and you will find that none of the undying writers could have plumed his wings of thought without this matchless book."
The Cause and Cure of Infidelityincluding a notice of the author's unbelief and the means of his rescue. 2d stereotype edition, corrected by the author. New York: American Tract Society, 1841. 352 pp.; 19 cm.
Presbyterian minister, inventor, educational pioneer, and long-term president of Union College. Read about Nott here and here.
A Discourse delivered in the Presbyterian church, in Albany, the fourth of July, A.D. 1801 at the celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of American independence. Albany [N.Y.]: Printed by Charles R. and George Webster, United States; New York; Albany, 1801. 26 pp.; 20 cm. "While the will of the people is on the side of virtue, we shall remain happy; but whenever it preponderates to the side of vice, we must be miserable. Act then at all times a decided part in favour of religion. On this the safety of your country, as well as the salvation of your souls, depends. Without this no people can long be prosperous and happy. 'This is the cement of society; this the tie that binds man to man, and man to God.' Without religion the sanction of an oath have no validity; contracts cannot be supported; crimes cannot be investigated; and courts of justice must cease. Without this, how is your reputation to be secured from the slanderer's tongue, your property from the robber's grasp, or your life from the assassin's dagger? Imperfect indeed must be that security which results only from the civil law."
O'Brien, Thomas Dillon
Attorney. Justice of Minnesota State Supreme Court. Read about O'Brien here.
The Citizen and the Constitution. New York, Universal Knowledge Foundation, 1926. 177 pp. "Because greed, selfishness and the disposition to tyrannize are among the chief evil passions of mankind, it required more than eighteen hundred years of Christianity to secure that pronouncement. Before the Christian era, human slavery was the accepted order of society; occasionally, a pagan philosopher wrote of liberty and the rights of man, but no one listened, and those who could not, by force, protect their liberties, were enslaved.
Christianity taught the existence of a living God before Whom each man was equal in his natural rights and to Whom all were responsible.
In spite of the crimes committed in its name, and in spite of the fact that unscrupulous tyrants in the past often used religion as a cloak to cover their lust for power and conquest, Christianity makes for democracy and freedom. Both Christianity and democracy are based upon the free will and personal responsibility of each individual."--p. 133.
Theological Preceptor; or Youth's religious instructor, Containing a summary of the principles, rise, and progress of religion, from the creation of the world, to the consummation thereof: --together with moral reflections, &c. and a sketch of the arguments in favour of Christianity. In a series of dialogues. New-York: Printed by John Holt, 1772. xii, 259,  pp.; 18 cm. (12 mo)
A Sacramental Catechism, designed for communicants old and young. Wherein it is essayed to explain, the doctrine of the two covenants; as also, an explication of the two seals of the covenant of grace; particularly, the Lord's Supper. Together with the method of preparation for, behavior at and after improvement of that ordinance, &c. In a plain, concise, and scriptural manner. By James Oliphant, A.M. Minister of the Gospel, at Kilmarnock. [One line from Amos]. The fifth edition. Philadelphia, 1788. 156 pp. (16mo)
A Brief Declaration and Vindication of the Doctrine of the Trinity: as also, of the person and satisfaction of Christ. The eighth edition. Glasgow, 1798. 181 pp. Also here. CCEL Description: Few of Owen's treatises have been more extensively circulated and generally useful than his Brief Declaration and Vindication of the Doctrine of the Trinity. At the time when the treatise was published, the momentous doctrines of the Trinity and the Atonement were violently assailed; but it was not so much for the refutation of opponents as for "the edification and establishment of the plain Christian" that our author composed the following little work. The reader will find in it traces of that deep and familiar acquaintance with opposing views, and with the highest theology involved in the questions which might be expected from Dr. Owen on a subject which he seems to have studied with peculiar industry and research.
Brief Instruction in the Worship of God. CCEL Description: In A Brief Instruction in the Worship of God, which came to be known as "The Independents' Catechism" Owen outlines the constitution and ordinances of a Christian Church, and explains the duties of office-bearers and members.
Certaine treatises written by John Owen; formerly published at severall times, now reduced into one volume. London: Printed by W.W. for Philemon Stephens, and are to be sold at his shop, 1649. ca. 580 p. in various pagings. University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign Campus).
The Death of Death in the Death of Christ. Being a treatise of the redemption and reconciliation that is in the blood of Christ. First American edition, carefully revised and corrected. Carlisle, (Pennsylvania), 1792. 319 pp. Also here. CCEL Description: The Death of Death in the Death of Christ is John Owen's definitive work on the extent of the atonement. It is a polemical work, designed to show among other things that the doctrine of universal redemption is unscriptural and destructive of the gospel. It was called forth by the progress in England of Arminianism and the half-way house of Amyraldianism adopted by Baxter, Davenant and Usher.
Discourse concerning Evangelical Love, Church Peace, and Unity. CCEL Description: Evangelical Love, Church Peace and Unity was written at a time when Owen could speak of "a sinful decay of love among professors of the gospel in this nation," and deals with the importance of these virtues at all levels of church life.
Dissertation on Divine Justice. CCEL Description: A Dissertion on Divine Justice refutes the teaching that God could pardon sin by a mere act of will, and without any satisfaction to his justice i.e. without an atonement. It deserves to be read with interest as the conclusive settlement of a question of vital moment and one of the most vigorous productions of Owen's intellect.
Doctrine of Justification by Faith. CCEL Description: Owen's masterly account of justification by faith is distinguished from the two other classical 17th-century English treatises on this subject (those of Downame and Davenant) by its non-speculative, non-scholastic character and its dominating pastoral concern. The resurgent Roman challenge, and current Protestant confusion, obliged Owen to write controversially at certain points, but the core of his discourse is straightforward biblical exposition, massive, fresh, compelling and practical. Of all the many Puritan treatments of justification, Owen's is without doubt the richest.
Doctrine of the Saints' Perseverance Explained and Confirmed. CCEL Description: Written to answer Redemption Redeemed by the Arminian, John Goodwin, this treatise contains a minute refutation of Goodwin's views but nevertheless would, in the words of Andrew Thompson "be almost as complete were every part of it that refers Goodwin expunged, and undeniably forms the most masterly vindication of the perseverance of the saints in the English tongue."
Gospel Grounds and Evidences of the Faith of God's Elect. CCEL Description: What are the evidences on which the elect of God, in any process of self-scrutiny, may ascertain the reality of their own faith? Ascribing to faith all the importance which is due to it as the instrumental cause of justification, John Owen suspends the entire question of the genuineness of conversion upon the existence of a fourfold development or operation of that gracious principle in the hearts of all who may be anxious to discover whether they have been really quickened and born of God.
Meditations and Discourses on the glory of Christ, in two parts. ... By John Owen, D.D. A new edition. Sheffield, 1792. 300pp. Also here. CCEL Description: This treatise may be regarded as a series of Discourses on John xvii. 24. The subject is the Glory of Christ, as the representative of God to the church, -- in the mystery of his Person, -- in his office as Mediator, -- in his exaltation on high, -- in his relation to the church during every age of its history, -- and in the final consummation of his work, when all things are to be gathered into a blessed unity, as the result of his mediation. The treatise is concluded by a statement of the difference between our views of the Glory of Christ as beheld by faith in this world, and as it shall be beheld by sight in heaven.
Of Communion with God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, (each person distinctly) in love, grace, and consolation: or, the saints fellowship with ... . Glasgow, 1792. 411 pp. Also here. CCEL Description: In 1657, John Owen produced one of his finest devotional treatises, probably the substance of a series of sermons. He examines the Christian's communion with God as it relates to all three members of the Holy Trinity. He leads us by green pastures and still waters, and lays open the exhaustless springs of the Christian?s hidden life with God. Twenty years after its publication, Of Communion with God provoked the scoffing remarks of a Rational ecclesiastic. In his reply, Owen vindicates himself from the various mystical sentiments that were ascribed to him.
Of Temptation. CCEL Description: John Owen was essentially a pastoral theologian, and in his best writings, his pastoral concern and acute doctrinal instinct are inseparable. Of Temptation, an exposition of Jesus? words ?Watch and pray, lest ye enter into temptation,? describes the nature of entering into temptation, and offers valuable teaching on watching against it.
Of the Mortification of Sin in Believers. CCEL Description: John Owen was essentially a pastoral theologian, and in his best writings, his pastoral concern and acute doctrinal instinct are inseparable. On the Mortification of Sin, the substance of a series of addresses on Romans viii. 13, provides teaching in a vital but neglected aspect of Christianity. Owen takes up many of the questions that occur to every believer in the battle against sin.
Pneumatologia: or, a Discourse concerning the Holy Spirit. Wherein an account is given of his name, nature, personality, dispensation, operations, ... Glasgow, 1791. 520 pp. Vol. 1 of 2. Also here.
Pneumatologia: or, a Discourse concerning the Holy Spirit. Wherein an account is given of his name, nature, personality, dispensation, operations, ... Glasgow, 1791. 467 pp. Vol. 2 or 2. Also here. CCEL Description: "Owen on the Holy Spirit", as the work has generally been called, is perhaps one of the best known, and most highly esteemed of Owen's treatises. "We are favoured with many excellent books in our tongue", wrote John Newton to a correspondent, "but I with you agree in assigning one of the first places as a teacher to Dr. Owen. I have just finished his discourse on the Holy Spirit which is an epitome, if not the masterpiece of his writings."
Sacramental Discourses. CCEL Description: The height and depth of a man's ministry is always best tested at the preparation for the Lord's table. Owen comes well out of the test. There is "sweet savour of Christ" in his words; "Taste and see."
Several Practical Cases of Conscience Resolved. CCEL Description: Casuistry -- the science and doctrine of conscience -- is designed to resolve cases of doubt and uncertainty in regards to points of subjective morality. Owen's discourses deal with momentous questions of religious experience, and are replete with suggestions and advices.
Treatise of the Dominion of Sin and Grace. CCEL Description: The treatise is founded on Rom. vi. 14, and three facts are presupposed in the discussion that follows:-- that sin dwells in believers; seeks to renew its dominion over them; and endeavours to accomplish this object by deceit and force. Three leading inquiries are proposed:-- 1. Into the nature of this dominion; 2. The evidence by which we ascertain whether it exists in us; and 3. The reason or ground of the assurance that it shall not have dominion over believers.
Two Short Catechisms. CCEL Description: The Two Short Catechisms were designed to help and instruct the members of John Owen's congregation at Fordham. According to Owen himself, they represent the substance of the teaching he gave in his regular preaching ministry.
Sermons of John Owen. CCEL Description: The merits of Owen as a preacher have not been sufficiently appreciated. In this respect he seems to have stood higher in the estimation of his contemporaries than he has subsequently done. Perhaps the value of his other works diverted attention from his minor productions; and his style of careful and elaborate, though often prolix and cumbrous, discussion, was deemed incompatible with the condensation of statement and the vigour of appeal which constitute the main value and charm of a good discourse. Yet from the contemporary accounts transmitted to us the ability with which Owen could secure and sustain the attention of an audience must have been great. His Discourses themselves, however, will best illustrate the position and rank to which he is entitled among the lights and ornaments of the British pulpit.
Poet and satirist. Learn more about Pope here and here
Essai sur l'homme, poe'me philosophique par Alexandre Pope, en cinq langues, savoir: anglois, latin, italien, franc'ois & allemand. Nouvelle e'dition
Strasbourg: chez Amand Ko?nig [de l'imprimerie de Jonas Lorenz], 1772. , 351, pp.: ill.; 8^(0)
An Essay on Man; Together with an account of the life of the author. New-York: Printed by John Tiebout, for E. Duyckinck & Co. and P.A. Mesier, booksellers and stationers, Pearl-Street, 1796. 104,  pp.; 14 cm. (18mo) Contents: Universal prayer -- Messiah, a sacred eclogue -- Elegy to the memory of an unfortunate lady -- Dying Christian to his soul -- Prologue to Mr. Addison's tragedy of Cato.
Welsh moral and political philosopher. D.D. L.L.D. and fellow of the Royal Society of London, and of the Academy of Arts and Sciences in New-England. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, "He had from the first been strongly opposed to the war, and in 1776 he published a pamphlet entitled Observations on Civil Liberty and the Justice and Policy of the War with America. Several thousand copies of this work were sold within a few days; a cheap edition was soon issued; the pamphlet was extolled by one set of politicians and abused by another; amongst its critics were Dr Markham, archbishop of York, John Wesley, and Edmund Burke; and Price rapidly became one of the bestknown men in England. He was presented with the freedom of the city of London, and it is said that his pamphlet had no inconsiderable share in determining the Americans to declare their independence. A second pamphlet on the war with America, the debts of Great Britain, and kindred topics followed in the spring of 1777. His name thus became identified with the cause of American independence. He was the intimate friend of Franklin; he corresponded with Turgot; and in the winter of 1778 he was invited by Congress to go to America and assist in the financial administration of the states. This offer he refused from unwillingness to quit his own country and his family connexions. In 1781 he received the degree of D.D. from Yale College." Learn more about Price here.
Four Dissertations. I. On providence. II. On prayer. III. On the reasons for expecting that virtuous men shall meet after death in a state of happiness. IV. On the importance of Christianity, the nature of historical evidence, and miracles. The fourth edition, with additions. London: printed for T. Cadell, 1777. viii, 464 pp.
"Let our honorable RULERS of every kind and order, from the highest to the lowest, remember those admirable CIVIL LEADERS of this people, that have gone before us, and imitate their great example.
"They were mostly men of good estates and families, of liberal educations, and of large experience: But they chiefly excelled in piety to GOD, in zeal for the purity of His worship, the reverence of His glorious and fearful Name, the strict observance of His holy Sabbaths, the respect and maintenance of an unblemished ministry; the spread of knowledge, learning, good order, quiet, through the land, a reign of righteousness, and the welfare of this people. In short, the making and executing wholesome laws for all these blessed ends: And in wisdom, courage, patience, meekness, self-denial for the public good, and steadfast perseverance in their endeavors after it.
"They laid the wise foundations of our succeeding and present happiness: They united with their pastors in consultations and endeavors for the advancement and preservation of religion, and the privileges, peace and order of the churches: By their grave and prudent carriage, they happily preserved a veneration for their persons and authority among the people: And yet carefully protected them in the full enjoyment of their precious liberties."
Mr. Prince's Thanksgiving Sermon on the salvations of God in 1746. In part set forth in a sermon at the South Church in Boston, Nov. 27, 1746. Being the day of the anniversary thanksgiving in the province of the Massachusetts Bay in N.E. Wherein the most remarkable salvations of the year past, both in Europe and North-America, as far as they are come to our knowledge, are briefly considered. [London], 1747. 34 pp.
The Christian History: containing accounts of the revival and propagation of religion in Great-Britain & America. Boston, N.E., 1743-1745. Volume 1 of 2. 423 pp.
Volume 2 of 2. 422 pp.
New Haven, Connecticut. Published by Nathan Whiting. Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 1, 1816)-v. 22, no. 19 (Oct. 7, 1837).; 22 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 833 pp.
The Religious Intelligencer. Volume 10, n. 1, June 4, 1825. The 9th annual report of the American Bible Society. Addresses by
Governor De Witt Clinton: "That Christianity has elevated the character of man and blessed him in his domestic connexions and in his social relations, cannot be denied by the most obdurate scepticism. We must indeed shut our eyes against the light of truth, if we do not yield implicit faith to the exalting and ameliorating virtues of our divine religion. We can perhaps form a striking estimate of its blessings, by supposing that it had never shed its effulgence upon the nations. What then would have been the state of the world? In all probability, the Gothic darkness which benighted mankind on the breaking up of the Roman Empire, would have been perpetuated. Man would have lost his recuperative energies, and the revolutions of ages would have witnessed his torpid inactivity and hopeless debasement."
Isaac C. Bates: "Let the Bible be universally read and understood, and it would emancipate the human family. There is not a throne of despotism upon the earth that would not tremble to its foundations. The principles of the Bible, are those of civil as well as of religious liberty, and they must precede and prepare the way, and lay the cornerstone of every edifce of human happiness, or it never will be laid."
James Kent: "The Bible is equally adapted to the wants and infirmities of every human being. It is the vehicle of the most awful truths, and which are at the same time of universal application, and accompanied by the most efficacious sanctions. No other book every addressed itself so authoritatively, and so pathetically, to the judgment and moral sense of mankind. It contains the most sublime and fearful displays of the attributes of that perfect Being who inhabeth eternity, and pervades and governs the universe. It brings life and immortality to light, and which until the publication of the Gospel, were hidden from the scrutiny of ages. ...
"The Bible also unfolds the origin and the deep foundations of depravity and guilt, and the means and the hopes of salvation through the mediation of the Redeemer. Its doctrines, its discoveries, its code of morals and its means of grace, are not only overwhelming evidence of its divine origin, but they confound the pretensions of all other systems, by showing the narrow range and the feeble efforts of human reason, even when under the sway of the most exalted understanding, and enlightened by the accumulated treasures of science and learning.
"The Scriptures resplendent with these truths, we have good grounds to believe, are to be brought home to the knowledge and acceptance of every people, and to carry with them the inestimable blessings of peace, humanity, purity and happiness over every part of the habitable globe.
"The general diffusion of the Bible is the most effectual way to civilize and humanize mankind; to purify and exalt the general system of public morals; to give efficacy to the just precepts of international and municipal law; to enforce the observance of prudence, temperance, justice and fortitude, and to imrove all the relations of social and domestic life."
George Griffin: "A Republic without the Bible will inevitably become the victim of licentiousness; it contains within itself the turbulent and untabeable elements of its own destruction. There is no political Eden for fallen man, save what the Bible protects.
"A republic without the Bible, never did and never can permanently confer national happiness. The renowned commwealths of heathen antiquity form alas no exception. Even classic Greece -- that intellectual garden, that birth place and home of the artist, that fairy land of eloquence and poesy -- was not the abode of wide spread and permanent felicity. Destitute of the 'anchor' of the Bible, 'which is both sure and stedfast,' that brilliant but hapless replic was perpetually tossed, and finally wrecked on the troubled seas of anarchy."
I can not understand any American citizen who has the faintest feeling of patriotism and devotion to his country failing to appreciate what Dr. Geer
put so well - the absolutely essential need of religion, using it in its broadest and deepest sense, to the welfare of this country. If it were not that in our villages and towns as they have grown up the churches have grown up in them, symbolizing the fact that there were among their foremost
workers men whose work was not for the things of the body but for the things of the soul, this would not be a nation to-day; because this country would
not be an abode fit for civilized men if it were not true that we put our material civilization, our material prosperity, as the base only (a necessary
foundation, a necessary base, but only as the base, as the foundation) upon which to build the super-structure of the higher spiritual life.
American physician. Founding Father. Slavory abolitionist. Read about Dr. Rush here.
Essays, Literary, Moral and Philosophical, by Benjamin Rush, M.D. and professor of the institutes of medicine and clinical practice in the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Printed by Thomas & Samuel F. Bradford, no. 8, South Front Street, 1798. 386 pp.; 22 cm. (8vo)
Essays, Literary, Moral and Philosophical by Benjamin Rush, M.D. and professor of the institutes of medicine and clinical practice in the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1798. 386 pp. "Thoughts on Common Sense." Extract.
Essays, Literary, Moral and Philosophical, 2d ed., with additions."A Defence of the Bible as a School Book". Philadelphia, 1806. 370pp. "We profess to be republicans, and yet we neglect the only means of establishing and perpetuating our republican forms of government, that is, the universal education of our youth in the principles of Christianity by the means of the Bible. For this Divine Book, above all others, favors that equality among mankind, that respect for just laws, and those sober and frugal virtues, which constitute the soul of republicanism."
Under the Influence: How Christianity transformed civilization. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Publishing House, 2001. 423 pp.: ill.; 24 cm. Buy this book here. People transformed by Jesus Christ -- The sanctification of human life -- Christianity elevates sexual morality -- Women receive freedom and dignity -- Charity and compassion: their Christian connection -- Hospitals and health care: their Christian roots -- Christianity's imprint on education -- Labor and economic freedom dignified -- Science: its Christian connections -- Liberty and justice for all -- Slavery abolished: a Christian achievement -- Christianity's stamp on art and architecture -- The sound of music: its Christian resonance -- Hallmarks of literature: their Christian imprint -- Additional influence: holidays, words, symbols, and expressions.
How Christianity changed the world: formerly titled Under the Influence. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan,
2004, 2001. 441 pp.: ill.; 23 cm. Buy this book here.
Table of contents here.
Western civilization is becoming increasingly pluralistic,
secularized, and biblically illiterate. Many people today have little sense of how their lives have benefited from Christianity's influence, often viewing the church with hostility or resentment. How Christianity Changed the World is a topically
arranged Christian history for Christians and non-Christians. Grounded in solid research and written in a popular style, this book is both a helpful apologetic tool in talking with unbelievers and a source of evidence for why Christianity deserves credit for many of the humane, social, scientific, and cultural advances in the Western world in the last two thousand years. Photographs, timelines, and charts enhance each
Great Divide: The Failure of Islam and the Triumph of the West. Regina Orthodox Press, July 2004. 352 pp. Buy this book here.
The Menace of Multiculturalism: Trojan Horse in America. Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated, January 1997. 232 pp. Buy this book here. "In this broad and penetrating indictment of multiculturalism, the author strives to expose inconsistencies and duplicity in the arguments of diversity's proponents and to sound a warning against the dire consequences for American culture if the tenets of 'political correctness' are allowed to take root in our culture."
With Larry A. Nichols and George A. Mather. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Cults, Sects, and World Religions. Revised edition. Zondervan, August 2006. 560 pp. Buy this book here.
English civil servant. Private secretary to the British general William Howe.
The Christian Remembrancer, or Short Reflections upon the faith, life, and conduct, of a real Christian. [One line from II Timothy]. Philadelphia: William Young, 1795 edition. "To the public."--pp. 279-282; includes a list of books recommended "both on patriotic and religious principles." Signed: John Ewing, D.D., [and four others].
A Comparative view of the several methods of promoting religious instruction, from the earliest down to the present time; from which the superior excellence of that recommended in the Christian institutes, is evinced and demonstrated. Volume 1. London, 1776. 273 pp. 2 vols.
A Comparative view of the several methods of promoting religious instruction, from the earliest down to the present time; from which the superior excellence of that recommended in the Christian institutes, is evinced and demonstrated. Volume 2. London, 1776. 325 pp.
One Hundred and Ten Years of Bible Society work in Maryland, 1810-1920. [Baltimore?]: Maryland Bible Society, 1921. 40 pp.: ill.; 23 cm.
"The triumphs of the 19th Century were many, and, among the greatest of them, was the wide distribution of the Holy Scriptures. Had not Christians been inspired with a missionary zeal that led them to carry the Gospel of Jesus Christ to the uttermost parts of the earth, in a manner never before attempted, it may well be doubted whether there would have been enough idealism and faith in the cause of righteousness to secure the overthrow of German arrogance, duplicity, and, militarism in the second decade of the 20th Century. "'The things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal,' and the ffort to bring about the success of the unseen things which must be spiritually discerned, was necessary to counterbalance the scientific progress of the Century. Even Bismarck, man of blood and iron as he ws, perceived the immense value of the 'imponderable' things, and Villari, whose historical works showed a clear vision of truth, well said that 'in life there is nothing more real than the ideal.'"
Lecture on Home Education, Delivered at Caulfield on the 14th February, 1872. Prahran: Osment & Son, Printers, Chapel Street, 1872. 24 pp. PDF file. Lecture on the necessity of Christian instruction in the home to offset any bad habits and examples young men and women encounter on leaving home.
Samuel Stillman, The Duty of Magistrates (1779) . Sermon, together with a biographical sketch (slightly abridged, with incorporation of footnotes into the text) is from: Frank Moore, editor, The Patriot Preachers of the American Revolution, with Biographical Sketches, 1766-1783 (n.p.) (1860), pp. 258-288.
The Duty of Magistrates: A Sermon preached before the Honorable Council, and the Honorable House of Representatives of the State of Massachusetts-Bay, in New-England, at Boston, May 26, 1779. Being the anniversary for the election of the Honorable Council.
"It may be said, that religion is of importance to the good of civil society; therefore the magistrate ought to encourage it under this idea.
"It is readily acknowledged that the intrinsic excellence and beneficial effects of true religion are such that every man who is favored with the Christian revelation ought to befriend it. It has the promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come. And there are many ways in which the civil magistrate may encourage religion, in a perfect agreement with the nature of the kingdom of Christ, and the rights of conscience.
"As a man, he is personally interested in it. His everlasting salvation is at stake. Therefore he should search the Scriptures for himself, and follow them wherever they lead him. This right he hath in common with every other citizen.
"As the head of a family, he should act as a priest in his own house, by endeavoring to bring up his children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.
"As a magistrate, he should be as a nursing father to the church of Christ, by protecting all the peaceable members of it from injury on account of religion; and by securing to them the uninterrupted enjoyment of equal religious liberty. The authority by which he acts he derives alike from all the people; consequently he should exercise that authority equally for the benefit of all, without any respect to their different religious principles. They have an undoubted right to demand it.
"Union in the state is of absolute necessity to its happiness. This the magistrate will study to promote. And this he may reasonably expect upon the plan proposed, of a just and equal treatment of all the citizens.
"For though Christians may contend amongst themselves about their religious differences, they will all unite to promote the good of the community, because it is their interest, so long as they enjoy the blessings of a free and equal administration of government."
An Oration, delivered July 4th, 1789: at the request of the inhabitants of the town of Boston, in celebration of the anniversary of American independence. / By Samuel Stillman, D.D. Boston: Printed by B. Edes & Son, no. 7. State-Street, 1789. 29 pp. Also here.
History of the Books of the Bible, designed to show what the Bible is not, what it is, and how to use it. By Prof. Calvin E. Stowe. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1886 [c1885]. vi pp., 1 l., -583 pp. incl. pl., facsims. front. plates. 23 cm.
Christian thankfulness explained and enforced: A Sermon, delivered at Charlestown, in the afternoon of February 19, 1795. The day of general thanksgiving through the United States. By David Tappan, D.D. Hollisian Professor of Divinity in Harvard College. Published at the request of the hearers. [Boston]: Printed by Samuel Hall, no. 53, Cornhill, Boston, 1795. 40 pp.
The Beauty and Benefits of the Christian church, illustrated in two sermons, delivered to the First Religious Society in Plymouth, on January 5, 1800, being the Lord's-Day immediately following the ordination of the Reverend Mr. Kendall to the work of the Gospel ministry in that society. [Boston]: Printed by Samuel Hall, no. 53, Cornhill, Boston.,
1800. 46,  pp. ; 23 cm. (8vo)
R.A. Torrey and A.C. Dixon, editors. The Fundamentals: A Testimony to the Truth Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book
House Co., Baker Books, 1917. From 1910 to 1916 they were distributed free of charge, primarily to churches in the United States, due to a grant from Milton and Lyman Stewart of Union Oil Company. In 1917 the Bible Institute of Los Angeles reprinted the set in four volumes under the editorship of evangelist R. A. Torrey. (excerpted from Dictionary of Christianity in America)
G. M. Marsden: The Fundamentals, usually regarded as a signal of the beginning of the organized fundamentalist movement, was one of the sources for the movement's name...The authors of the essays were mostly respected Bible teachers. A few were widely recognized conservative Protestant scholars, such as Benjamin B. Warfield and James Orr of Scotland. Not all the authors were dispensationalist. Rather, they were chosen to present a united conservative 'testimony to the truth' (as the subtitle to the volumes put it).
Of the ninety articles bound in twelve volumes (bearing no systematic organization), about one-third defend the Bible, usually against higher criticism. Another third are either presentations of basic doctrines or general apologetic works. The rest include personal testimonies, practical applications of Christian teaching, appeals for missions and evangelism, as well as attacks on various '-isms.' Some of the articles had been published previously.
The essays were generally moderate in tone and a mix of both scholarly and popular interests and styles...The central themes of the volumes...were that conservative evangelical Protestantism could be defended on two major counts. First, its affirmations of miraculous divine interventions--as expressed in fundamental doctrines such as the inspiration of Scripture, the incarnation, the miracles and the resurrection--were fully compatible with modern science and rationality. Second, the testimony of personal experience was also important in confirming Christian belief.
The Fundamentals represented an early stage in emerging fundamentalism, an alliance of a variety of conservatives alarmed particularly over the spread of false doctrines. After the 1920s fundamentalism generally became more militant. Eventually, when in the 1940s and 1950s the main part of interdenominational fundamentalism broke between "neo-evangelicals" and stricter separatist dispensationalists, that split reflected a tension that had been present in the alliance that The Fundamentals helped forge.
New system of geology: in which the great revolutions of the Earth and animated nature are reconciled at once to modern science and sacred history / by Andrew Ure ... London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, & Green, 1829. 1 p. l., [ix]-lv, 621,  p., VII leaves of plates: ill.; 22 cm.
"Pure acts of virtue must be inspired by the love of a transcendent Being, operating, through his counsels and example, on our will and affections. Sentimental theism has no moral force: it appears in the circles of fashion even as the companion and apologist of vice. Where then shall mankind find this transforming power?--in the cross of Christ. It is the sacrifice which removes the guilt of sin: it is the motive which removes the love of sin: it mortifies sin by showing its turpitude to be indelible except by such an awful expiation; it atones for disobedience; it excites to obedience; it purchases strength for obedience; it makes obedience practicable; it makes it acceptable; it makes it in a manner unavoidable, for it constrains to it; it is, finally, not only the motive to obedience, but the pattern of it.
"To these eternal truths what a triumphant testimony is borne in the history of the Prussian schools, as officially detailed by M. [Victor] Cousin, a French philosopher, against whom neither credulity nor fanaticism can be alleged to weaken the impression of his statements.
"I know Europe pretty well, but I have never seen good schools for the people where Christian zeal was lacking. Elementary instruction flourishes in three countries; Holland, Germany, and Scotland, and in the whole of these it is essentially religious. The same holds true of the United States. In fact, there can be no truly popular education without morals?no morals for the people without religion; no religion without public worship. Christianity must form the basis of popular instruction, a truth which we must not hesitate to proclaim boldly to the French nation, for it is as sound in principle, as it is expedient for the state. Let our schools for the people be Christian in sincerity and zeal.
"Such silent self-devotion, as that of their masters* [* Masters of the obscure village schools in Prussia], can be inspired and sustained by religion alone. When persons devote themselves to the service of their fellow men, without being known or appreciated, they must have their eyes fixed on Divine Providence. In these modest institutions every thing breathes a Christian spirit, the love of one's neighbour, and regard to the poor. Under such a benign influence, minute regulations may be dispensed with; for the constant aim of the directors is to improve the heart and entertain the mind simultaneously. Let true Christian spirit pervade similar establishments in France; and it will excite masters and scholars to consecrate their labours to the children of the poor, out of love to their Saviour."
Bishop of Gloucester. Read more about Warburton here.
The Doctrine of Grace; or, the office and operations of the Holy Spirit vindicated from the insults of infidelity, and the abuses of fanaticism: In three books. By William Lord Bishop of Gloucester. The second edition. London: printed for A. Millar, and J. and R. Tonson, 1763. xxiv, 259,pp.
American statesman. Read more about Webster here and here and here. Inscription by Mr. Webster for his monument:
"Lord, I believe; help Thou mine unbelief.
Philosophical argument, especially that drawn from the vastness of the universe in comparison with the apparent insignificance of this Globe, has sometimes shaken my reason for the faith that is in me; but my heart has assured, and reassured me, that the Gospel of Jesus Christ must be a Divine Reality.
The Sermon on the Mount cannot be a merely human production. This belief enters into the very depth of my conscience. The whole history of man proves it."
The Christian Ministry and the Religious Instruction of the Young. From The Works of Daniel Webster, Volume 6. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1851. 54 pp. A Speech delivered in the Supreme Court at Washington, on the 20th of February, 1844, in the case of Francois Fenelon Vidal, John F. Girard, and others, Complainants and Appellants, against The Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of Philadelphia, the Executors of Stephen Girard, and others, Defendants.
Qualifications for Public Office. Introduction by David Barton: "Daniel Webster persuasively reasons for the peoples' right to establish qualifications for their elected officials and acknowledges the importance of Massachusetts' 'respect and attachment to Christianity.'"
How Scholars are Made. The Youth's Companion (1827-1929); Dec 11, 1851; pg. 132. "As a man is in all circumstances under God the master of his own fortunes, so he is the former of his own mind. The Creator has so constituted the human intellect, that it can only grow by its own action, and by its own action it will certainly and necessarily grow."
Philology. The Knickerbocker; or New York Monthly Magazine (1833-1862); April 1836; pg. 347.
Noah Webster Papers. Writings on Politics and History. On Sufferage. Unpublished, undated. Source document: New York Public Library. Because of the unevenness of reproduction, some pages are duplicated at different settings for the sake of legibility.
"In correcting public evils, great reliance is placed on schools.-- But schools no more make statesmen than human learning makes christians. Literature & scientific attainments have never prevented the corruption of government. Knowledge derived from experience & from the evils of bad measures may produce a change of measures to correct a particular evil. But learning & sciences have no material effect in subduing ambition & selfishness, reconciling parties or subjecting private interest to the influence of a ruling preference of public good."
Clergyman. Read more about West here. Disclaimer: West taught doctrine that became Unitarianism.
Essays on liberty and necessity: in which the true nature of liberty is stated and defended; and the principal arguments used by Mr. Edwards, and others, for necessity, are considered. / By Samuel West, A.M. Pastor of the Church of Christ in New-Bedford. Boston: Printed by Samuel Hall, in Cornhill, MDCCXCIII. . 54,  pp.; 19 cm. (4to) Part 1. Part 2. 1795. 96 pp.
Anglican Archbishop of Dublin. Expert in logic and rhetoric. Read more about Whately here. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911 edition: "While he was at St Alban Hall (1826) the work appeared which is perhaps most closely associated with his name - his treatise on Logic, originally contributed to the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, in which he raised the study of the subject to a new level. It gave a great impetus to the study of logic throughout Great Britain."
The Christian duty of educating the poor. A Discourse / delivered in St. Patrick's Cathedral, 24th November, 1844, in behalf of the National School of Clondalkin. Dublin: W. Curry, Jun., and Co., 1845. 31 pp.
Essays on Some of the Peculiarities of the Christian religion. Oxford: Printed by W. Baxter, for John Murray, London, 1825. , vi-xvi, 285 pp. Contents: On a future state.--On the declaration of God in his Son.--On love towards Christ as a motive to obedience.--On the practical character of revelation.--On the example of children as proposed to Christians. Also here.
A Representation of the Nature of true religion; Addressed to a lady to which is added a short explanation of the end and design of the Lord's Supper, taken from a treatise on that subject printed at London for W. Johnston, 1760. 1st American from the London edition of 1793. 24 pp. 1st American from the London edition of 1793. Utica [N.Y.] Seward and Williams, 1807. Notes: "First published in the year 1697," with title: A Lady's religion, and intended for the use of Lady Howard, by a Divine of the Church of England.--Pref.
Episcopal bishop serving Christ Church and St. Peter's Church in Philadelphia. Chaplain of the Continental Congress and later as chaplain to the U.S. Senate. Learn about White here and here
An Historic Defence of experimental religion: in which the doctrine of divine influences, is supported by the authority of scripture, and the ... London, 1795. Volume 1 of 2, 139 pp. Volume 2 of 2. 267 pp.
Infant Salvation, an essay, to prove the salvation of all who die in infancy: with answers to objections. Written with a particular view to the ... London, 1793. 47 pp.
Reasons for Faith Reasons for faith in revealed religion; opposed to Mr. Hollis's Reasons for scepticism; in a letter to that gentleman. By Thomas Williams, ... London, 1796. 47 pp.
I am the more interested in it because it is an association of young men who are Christians. I wonder if we attach sufficient importance to Christianity as a mere instrumentality in the life of mankind. For one, I am not fond of thinking of Christianity as the means of saving individual souls. I have always been very impatient of processes and institutions which said that their purpose was to put every man in the way of developing his character. My advice is: Do not think about your character. If you will think about what you ought to do for other people, your character will take care of itself. Character is a by-product, and any man who devotes himself to its cultivation in his own case will become a selfish prig. The only way your powers can become great is by exerting them outside the circle of your own narrow, special, selfish interests. And that is the reason of Christianity. Christ came into the world to save others, not to save himself; and no man is a true Christian who does not think constantly of how he can lift his brother, how he can assist his friend, how he can enlighten mankind, how he can make virtue the rule of conduct in the circle in which he lives. An association merely of young men might be an association that had its energies put forth in every direction, but an association of Christian young men is an association meant to put its shoulders under the world and lift it, so that other men may feel that they have companions in bearing the weight and heat of the day; that other men may know that there are those who care for them, who would go into places of difficulty and danger to rescue them, who regard themselves as their brother's keeper.
The Bible is the word of life. I beg that you will read it and find this out for yourselves, - read, not little snatches here and there, but long passages that will really be the road to the heart of it. You will find it full of real men and women not only, but also of the things you have wondered about and been troubled about all your life, as men have been always; and the more you read the more it will become plain to you what things are worth while and what are not, what things make men happy, - loyalty, right dealing, speaking the truth, readiness to give everything for what they think their duty, and, most of all, the wish that they may have the approval of the Christ, who gave everything for them, - and the things that are guaranteed to make men unhappy, - selfishness, cowardice, greed, and everything that is low and mean. When you have read the Bible you will know that it is the Word of God, because you will have found it the key to your own heart, your own happiness, and your own duty.
IT is a very wholesome and regenerating change which a man
undergoes when he "comes to himself." It is not only after periods of recklessness or infatuation,
when he has played the spendthrift
or the fool, that a man comes to himself. He comes to himself after experiences of which he alone may be
aware: when he has left off being
wholly preoccupied with his own
powers and interests and with every
petty plan that centers in himself;
when he has cleared his eyes to see
the world as it is, and his own true
place and function in it.
... What every man seeks is satisfaction. He deceives himself so long
as he imagines it to lie in self-indulgence, so long a she deems him-
self the center and object of effort.
His mind is spent in vain upon itself. Not in action itself, not in
"pleasure," shall it find its desires
satisfied, but in consciousness of
right, of powers greatly and nobly
spent. It comes to know itself in
the motives which satisfy it, in the
zest and power of rectitude. Christianity has liberated the world, not
as a system of ethics, not as a philosophy of altruism, but by its revelation of the power of pure and
unselfish love. Its vital principle is
not its code, but its motive. Love,
clear-sighted, loyal, personal, is its
breath and immortality. Christ
came, not to save Himself, assuredly,
but to save the world. His motive,
His example, are every man's key to
his own gifts and happiness. The
ethical code he taught may no doubt
be matched, here a piece and there
a piece, out of other religions, other
teachings and philosophies. Every
thoughtful man born with a conscience must know a code of right
and of pity to which he ought to
conform; but without the motive
of Christianity, without love, he
may be the purest altruist and yet
be as sad and as unsatisfied as Marcus Aurelius.
Christianity gave us, in the fullness of time, the perfect image of
right living, the secret of social and
of individual well-being; for the two
are not separable, and the man who
receives and verifies that secret in
his own living has discovered not
only the best and only way to serve
the world, but also the one happy
way to satisfy himself. Then, indeed, has he come to himself. Henceforth he knows what his powers mean, what spiritual air they breathe,
what ardors of service clear them
of lethargy, relieve them of all sense
of effort, put them at their best.
After this fretfulness passes away,
experience mellows and strengthens
and makes more fit, and old age
brings, not senility, not satiety, not
regret, but higher hope and serene
"What a wonderful manual of everyday life is the Bible. Every day that I live I am more convinced of its everlasting truths. Especially do I have an opportunity of studying both the weaknesses and the virtues of men by observing them in trials at the courthouse. In the Bible are shown both the way of life and the way to life.
"Did you ever think how much of the enduring literature of the world has its base in the Word of God? The other night I was reading the story of the prodigal son, and when I reached the passage, 'When he came to himself,' I was reminded that President Wilson got his text for the book, 'When a Man Comes to Himself,' from that phrase.
Reverend. Read more about Witherspoon here and here and here.
The Dominion of Providence over the Passions of Man. A Sermon, preached at Princeton, on the 17th of May, 1776. To which is added, an address to the natives of Scotland, residing in America. By John Witherspoon. The second edition, with elucidating remarks. [Glasgow]: Philadelphia, printed: Glasgow re-printed; sold by the booksellers in town and country, 1777. 54 pp.; 80. Advertisement: "It hath been frequently said, by man persons of the best intelligence, that the unhappy commotions in our American colonies, have been considerably promoted, if not primarly agitated, by clerical influence: and none of that order have had a greater share of it ascribed to them than Dr. Witherspoon, though not credited by many of his favourites in this country. The following Sermon and Address, however, will fully justify the allegation, and silence the doctor's friends."
The Absolute Necessity of Salvation through Christ. A Sermon, preached before the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, in the High Church of Edinburgh, on Monday, January 2. 1758. By John Witherspoon. To which is subjoined a short account of the present state of the Society. Edinburgh: printed for W. Miller, 1758. , 90 pp.
Ecclesiastical characteristics: or, The arcana of church policy Being an humble attempt, to open the mystery of moderation. Wherein is shewn, a plain and easy way of attaining to the character of a moderate man, as at present in repute in the Church of Scotland. [Philadelphia]: London: Printed, Philadelphia: Re-printed, by William and Thomas Bradford, at the London Coffee-House. The 7th edition. Pennsylvania; Philadelphia, 1767. 60 pp.; 21 cm. (8vo)
Christian Magnaminity; A Sermon, preached at Princeton, September, 1775--the Sabbath preceeding the annual commencement; and again with additions, September 23, 1787. To which is added, an address to the senior class, who were to receive the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Princeton [N.J.]: Printed by James Tod., United States; New Jersey; Princeton, 1787. iv, 44 pp.; 21 cm. (8vo)
Part 1 and Part 2.
The Works of the Rev. John Witherspoon, D.D. L.L.D. late president of the college, at Princeton New-Jersey. To which is prefixed an account of the author's life, in a sermon occasioned by his death, by the Rev. Dr. John Rodgers, of New York: In three volumes. Vol. I[-III] Philadelphia: Printed and published by William W. Woodward, no. 17, Chesnut near Front Street, 1800. 3 volumes; 22 cm. (8vo). Volume 1. Volume 2. Volume 3.
The Works of the Rev. John Witherspoon, D.D. L.L.D. late president of the college, at Princeton New-Jersey. To which is prefixed an account of the author's life, in a sermon occasioned by his death, by the Rev. Dr. John Rodgers, of New York: In four volumes. Second edition. Philadelphia: Printed and published by William W. Woodward, no. 17, Chesnut near Front Street, 1800. 4 volumes; 22 cm. (8vo). Volume 1. 566 pp. Volume 2. 586 pp. Volume 3. 592 pp. Volume 4. 475 pp.
The Works of the Rev. John Witherspoon, D.D. L.L.D. late president of the college, at Princeton New-Jersey. Extract from 2nd edition, 1802, Volume 4. On the Georgia Constitution.
With John M. Mason. On Liberality in religion : Taken from the Christian's magazine, edited by the Rev. Dr. Mason of New York; together with An inquiry into the Scripture meaning of charity. Portland, [Me.]: A. Lyman, J. M'Kown). Maine; Portland, 1811. 40 pp.
Oklahoma meteorologist. Read more about Woods here.
Do You Know How to Have a Happy Forever? A flipbook featuring Don Woods' weather character, Gusty, the Official Cartoon for the State of Oklahoma (April 2005). Available in English, French, Russian and Spanish.