John Warwick Montgomery, Director, International Academy of Apologetics, Evangelism & Human Rights, Strasbourg, France, recommends the following for his curriculum:
The Apologetical Task Today
Christianity for the Tough Minded, by John Warwick Montgomery. 296 pp. A collection of 24 essays written by scholars who share a commitment to the evangelical Christian faith. Topics include: "Philosophy and Scientific Method"; "Ethics and Society"; "Religion and Truth". Includes essays on Bertrand Russell, Julian Huxley, Franz Kafka, Herman Hess, Herbert Marcuse, and Ayn Rand. Covers the gamut of contemporary objections to the truth of Christianity. Includes cartoons! Buy this book here.
The Shaping of America, by John Warwick Montgomery. 255 pages. A critique of American ideas. The first half of the book deals with how America became the nation that it is; the second half suggests how it could become the nation that it should be. "Every Christian interested in the welfare of his or her country should read this excellent volume." (Robert G. Clouse, Department of History, Indiana State University)
Buy this book here.
How Do We Know There Is A God? And Other Questions Inappropriate in Polite Society, by John Warwick Montgomery. 91 pages. Buy this book here.
"The Death of the Death of God," by John Warwick Montgomery and Thomas Altizer. Dr. Montgomery's historic decimation of death-of-god theology in debate with Thomas J.J. Altizer at Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, University of Chicago, February 24, 1967. Two audio tapes. For a transcript of this debate, see Dr. Montgomery's book The Suicide of Christian Theology.
The Suicide of Christian Theology, by John Warwick Montgomery. 528 pages. A compendium of 34 essays surveying the current theological scene. Includes The "Is God Dead?" Controversy (1966), and The Altizer-Montgomery Dialogue (1967) - a transcript of his famous debate at the University of Chicago with the death-of-God theologian Thomas J. J. Altizer. Buy this book here.
New Evidence That Demands A Verdict, by Josh McDowell
Thomas Nelson, October 1999. 800 pp. Buy this book here.
"Sensible Christianity" (Tape Series) by John Warwick Montgomery. Contemporary apologetics for the Christian layman designed to prepare you to be "ready to give an answer to every man who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you". (I Peter 3:15) Dr. Montgomery, in easy to understand terms, shows that Christianity is sensible and does have answers to the critical questions of life. Whether you listen to these cassettes alone or in a group study course, you will find that your knowledge and understanding of the Christian faith will be enhanced and your ability to communicate this knowledge improved. See here.
Mere Christianity, by C.S. Lewis. HarperCollins Publishers, February 2001. 240 pp.
Buy this book here.
The Spiritual Society: What Lurks Beyond Postmodernism, by Frederic Baue. Crossway Books, 192 pp. Buy this book here.
Ancient Evidence for the Life of Jesus, by Gary Habermas. Revised edition. College Press Publishing Company, Incorporated, May 1996. 298 pp. Buy this book here.
Did Jesus Rise From the Dead? The Resurrection Debate (Gary Habermas v. Anthony Flew). WIPF & Stock Publishers.
December 2003. 212 pp. Buy this book here.
History, Law and Christianity, by John Warwick Montgomery. 131 pages. A re-issue of the classic History and Christianity expanded to include Dr. Montgomery's essay "Christianity Juridically Defended."
"For over three decades, Dr. John Warwick Montgomery has been a leading expert on questions about the historical reliability of the New Testament documents. This new edition is long overdue, and it is a joy to see it released."
- Dr. J.P. Moreland, Biola University
"I am one who knows what it is to doubt the fact of the resurrection of Jesus. It was Montgomery's writings that answered my doubts. This new edition is one of the best historical and legal defenses for the resurrection available."
- Ross Clifford, Principal, Morling Theological College;
former Lawyer and Barrister
Buy this book here.
Shape of the Past, by John Warwick Montgomery. Bethany House Publishers, December 1975. 400 pages. Second edition. Buy this book here.
Where is History Going?, by John Warwick Montgomery.
250 pages. A companion volume to Shape of the Past. A Christian response to secular philosophies of history. Karl Barth, Paul Tillich and Gordon Clark's philosophies of history are also critiqued. Includes History and Christianity (1964), Dr. Montgomery's reply to the lecture by Avrum Stroll of the University of British Columbia which contended that there is little if any reliable historical information about Jesus Christ. "Your two lectures [the basis for the book] did me good . . . I don't think it could be bettered" (C.S. Lewis). Buy this book here.
In Defense of Martin Luther, by John Warwick Montgomery. 175 pages. A fascinating collection of essays in which Montgomery shows how the Reformation led to a renaissance of learning and provided the foundation for modern science. Montgomery also directly takes on the challenge of secularists and others who allege that Luther's theology is logically consistent with Nazism. Recommended by Roland Bainton, author of Here I Stand. Buy this book here.
Defending the Gospel Through the Centuries
A History of Christian Apologetics: A Study Guide, by John Warwick Montgomery. Canadian Institute for Law, Theology & Public Policy. December 1999. 95 pp. The history of apologetics, from Paul on Mars Hill to CS Lewis at Oxford. Learn how Christians have defended the faith as each age has levelled attacks upon it, and how relevant the master apologists of the past are to our contemporary witness for Christ and the Bible. Accompanies the 16-tape cassette series by the same name. Buy this book here.
Therefore Stand, by Wilbur Smith. Kregel Publications, June 1981. 614 pp. Buy this book here.
Darwin's Black Box, by Michael Behe. The Free Press, February 2006. 352 pp. Buy this book here.
Icons of Evolution: Science or Myth?, by Jonathan Wells. Regnery Publishing, Inc., An Eagle Publishing Company, October 2000. 338 pp.
Buy this book here
Mere Creation, edited by Michael Dembski. InterVarsity Press, January 1998. 475 pp. Buy this book here.
Evidence For Faith: Deciding the God Question,
by John Warwick Montgomery. 366 pages. The 20 papers presented at the "Cornell Symposium on Evidential Apologetics". Included are papers on the evidential approach to Christianity, cosmology, biology, biblical criticism, the historical value of the biblical documents, and the problem of evil. Especially significant is the essay "The Jury Returns: A Juridical Defense of Christianity" by the editor. "A spiritual and intellectual gold mine . . . there is no other volume like it". (Dr. J. P. Moreland, Biola University). Buy this book here.
Darwin on Trial, by Philip Johnson. InterVarsity Press, November 1993. 220 pp. Buy this book here.
Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, by Michael Denton. Adler & Adler Publishers, Incorporated, April 1986. 368 pp.
Buy this book here.
Agents Under Fire: Materialism and the Rationality of Science, by Angus Menuge. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. March 2004. 128 pp. Buy this book here.
Cultural (including Literary Apologetics)
Myth, Allegory & Gospel, by John Warwick Montgomery. 159 pages. A collection of essays on J. R. R. Tolkien, C. S. Lewis, G. K. Chesterton, and Charles Williams originally delivered as lectures at De Paul University, Chicago. Essayists include Edmund Fuller, Clyde Kilby, Russell Kirk, Chad Walsh, and the editor. Buy this book here.
How Christianity Changed the World: formerly titled Under the Influence, by Alvin J. Schmidt. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2004, 2001. 441 pages: ill.; 23 cm. Buy this book here.
An Introduction to Christian Apologetics A Philosophic Defense of the Trinitarian-Theistic Faith, by E.J. Carnell.
Wipf & Stock Publishers, October 2007. 379 pp. Buy this book here.
A Philosophy of the Christian Religion, by E.J. Carnell. Baker Publishing Group, January 1981. 525 pp. Buy this book here.
Faith Founded on Fact, by John Warwick Montgomery. 240 pages. A provocative and controversial book intended to encourage Christians to make the case for the truthfulness of Christianity based on factual evidence. Included are chapters on "The Place of Reason in Christian Witness", "Science, Theology, and the Miraculous", "How Muslims Do Apologetics", and "Dr. Johnson as Apologist". Contains the most sophisticated refutation available anywhere of the arguments of David Hume and Anthony Flew against miracles in general and the resurrection of Christ in particular. Buy this book here.
The Situation Ethics Debate, by Joseph F. Fletcher and John Warwick Montgomery. Bethany House Publishers, May 1972.
96 pp. Buy this book here.
Tractatus Logico-Theologicus, by John Warwick Montgomery. Canadian Institute for Law, Theology & Public Policy
September 2002. 236 pages. "Written in the style of the early Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-Theologicus brings together and updates several decades of [Montgomery's] thought, as it provides a clear, articulate defense of the truth of Christianity, the existence of God, the inerrancy of Holy Scripture, and the fundamental importance of Christian revelation for addressing the human condition. Tractatus Logico-Theologicus is must reading for anyone who wants to know how to choose a religion intelligently."
- J.P. Moreland, Biola University.
"John Warwick Montgomery is one of the most important apologists for biblical Christianity in our time. This is his magnum opus. In it he refutes pluralism (the view that all religions are just different ways to God and none is a superior way of salvation) and postmodernism (the view that there is no discoverable truth that is both universal and absolute); he then sets out the evidence validating Christianity's truth claim."
- Paul D. Feinberg, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School.
Buy this book here.
Jurisprudence: A Book of Readings, by John Warwick Montgomery. 720 pages. A casebook of selections from a wide variety of works relating law and theology, including a number of long out-of-print 17th and 18th century works defending Christian truth on the basis of legal method. Buy this book here.
The Law Above the Law, by John Warwick Montgomery. 168 pages. Montgomery presents the case that modern people must begin once again to judge their behaviour, their laws and their legal systems on the basis of God's revelation of right and wrong. Included as the appendix is the complete text of The Testimony of the Evangelists by Professor Simon Greenleaf of Harvard Law School, the great 19th century authority on common-law evidence. See "Lessons from the Crucible" for details of an essay on "Witch Trial Theory and Practice" included in this book. Buy The Law Above the Lawhere.
Christ Our Advocate: Studies in Polemical Theology, Jurisprudence and Canon Law, by John Warwick Montgomery. Fifteen essays and four book reviews covering religion and law, social ethics, and the defence of Christian faith. Includes "Modern Theology and Contemporary Legal Theory: A Tale of Ideological Collapse," "Justice Denied: Church Property Disputes Under Current American Law," "Church Remarriage After Divorce: A Third Way," "Can Blasphemy Law Be Justified?" and "The Embryo Cloning Danger in European Context." Buy this book here.
Law & Gospel, by John Warwick Montgomery. Canadian Institute for Law, Theology & Public; 1st edition (December 1994). 50 pages. A monograph integrating the study of law with the study of Christian Theology. Starting with an examination of the three classical functions of the law, and the distinctions between "law" and "gospel", the study moves on to examine contracts, criminal law, real and personal property, laws of evidence, and civil and constitutional law. Buy this book here.
Law & Morality: Friends or Foes?, by John Warwick Montgomery. 32 pages. Dr. Montgomery's inaugural lecture on the occasion of his appointment as Professor of Law and Humanities at the University of Luton, England. A response to the Hart-Devlin debate, focusing on the questions: do law and morals have an essential interrelationship? If so, from whence can moral values justifiably be derived? Supplement to audiotape lectures. Order form here.
Richard Whately: A Man For All Seasons, by Craig Parton. Canadian Institute for Law, Theology & Public Policy.
April 1997. 167 pp. Buy this book here.
Leading Lawyers' Case for the Resurrection, by Ross Clifford. Canadian Institute for Law, Theology & Public Policy,
January 1996. 144 pages. A modern classic with chapters on the writings of distinguished jurists such as Simon Greenleaf, Lord Hailsham, Norman Anderson, and John Warwick Montgomery. "A significant book which every lawyer should read . . ." (David Kilgour, MP and Deputy Speaker, Canadian House of Commons). Buy this book here.
The Simon Greenleaf Law Review, Vols. 1-7. Available here.
The Trial of Jesus, by Val Grieve. Authentic Lifestyle (February 1990). 128 pages. Buy this book here.
The Defense Never Rests, by Craig Parton. Concordia Publishing House, June 2003. 160 pp. Buy this book here.
Biblical Authority Today
Christian Reflections, by C.S. Lewis (Ed. Walter Hooper). Eerdmans, William B. Publishing Company, October 1994.
190 pp. Buy this book here.
God's Inerrant Word, by John Warwick Montgomery. Bethany House Publishers, September 1974. 288 pp. Buy this book here.
Crisis in Lutheran Theology, by John Warwick Montgomery. 347 pages. Includes essays on Biblical inerrancy, hermeneutics and the Law's third use (sanctification). By no means of limited Lutheran interest, this book provides ammunition to laymen of all denominations who are troubled by encroaching liberalism and the erosion of Biblical authority. Buy this book here.
Non-Christian Religions, Sects and Cults
The World's Religions, by J.N.D. Anderson. 4th edition, revised. Eerdmans, William B. Publishing Company, October 1994. 244 pp. Buy this book here.
Principalities and Powers: The World of the Occult and Demon Possession, by John Warwick Montgomery. Revised, 1975. 224 pages. A fascinating look at the paranormal, the supernatural, and the hidden things, including prophesy, divination, poltergeist, cabala, extra-sensory perception, fairies, ghosts, astrology, and other bizarre phenomena. Buy this book here.
Giant In Chains: China Today And Tomorrow, by John Warwick Montgomery. 204 pages. Originally published in German, this English version in now available in Canada. An introduction to the legacy of Imperial China, the influence of the three religions of China, the checkered history of the Christian church, the Chinese brand of Marxism that filled a spiritual vacuum, the human rights problem in China, and the challenges facing the church in China today. Shows how the Eastern religions have contributed to the evils of imperialism and Marxism in China, and argues that only the Christian Gospel offers a solution. Order form here.
The Kingdom of the Cults, by Walter Martin. Baker Publishing Group, October 2003. 704 pp. Buy this book here.
Apologetics and Human Rights
Human Rights and Human Dignity, by John Warwick Montgomery. 319 pages. "Tackles the tricky subject of human rights . . . with legal precision and theological acuity". (Dr. Harold O. J. Brown) "This book is vintage Montgomery . . . Anyone interested in the justification of human rights or the relationship between law and religion will find many ideas, arguments, and issues to challenge them". (Prof. Irving Hexham, University of Calgary) Contains a detailed argument for the truth of Christianity based on legal evidence (chapter 6). Buy this book here.
Slaughter of the Innocents, by John Warwick Montgomery. Crossway Books, March 1981. 128 pages. The slaughtering of innocent children throughout history repeats Herod's terrifying act in the first century. Today this slaughter includes the unborn. Included are essays on "How to Decide the Birth Control Question", "The Christian View of the Fetus", the "American Medical Association Symposium: When Does Life Begin?", and "Abortion and the Law: Three Clarifications." A powerful defense of pro-life and traditional, biblical morality in the areas of sex and the family. Buy this book here.
The Repression Of Evangelism In Greece: European Litigation Vis-À-Vis A Closed Religious Establishment, by John Warwick Montgomery. 248 pages. Evangelism can lead to jail sentences in Greece, historically the "cradle of democracy." Lawyer-Theologian John Warwick Montgomery, who has successfully fought the Greek anti-proselytism law in the European Court of Human Rights, analyzes the Greek religious and civil rights paradox. Montgomery contends that religious establishment per se (a state church) is not the source of the problem to be found in Greece. The State and its established church should distinguish between "first generation" human rights (civil liberties) and "second generation" rights (economic and social benefits), carefully limiting the privileges of the establishment to the latter, while preserving an open marketplace for religious expression and practice on the part of other belief systems. A book for human rights advocates, missionaries, and all who support an open marketplace for religious expansion. Buy this book here.
Recapitulation of the powerful remedy.-Books on the evidences of Christianity are but little read in our nation.
Some of the reasons why this is so, it would be well to observe.
1. Many who are inclined to unbelief, whose doubts are enough to paralyze their energies in seeking conversion, are not confirmed sceptics. They do not call themselves infidels. They do not know the name of these authors, or that many of the books exist. They do not inquire, and those who never were thus annoyed themselves, suspect none of infidelity, but the bitter declaimors against the Bible.
2. These books are little read, for few of them are in circulation. Inquire in an ordinary village for ten such authors, and you will not be able to find them. The minister perhaps may have one or two. These few are not much read for the following reasons. Perhaps here is a man who has prevailed on an unbeliever to read a certain volume. He finishes it and informs his Christian friends that he is more encompassed in cloud than he was before. They are disheartened, and he is not benefited. They perhaps ask another to read the same work, hoping to see a happy result in the second case. The man, perhaps, looks into the book occasionally, and lays it down, takes it up again, and thinks it hard to comprehend--thinks it does not touch the points which perplex him. He lays it down again, the world presses, his business harasses, amusements divert; and after some months, they find he has not read, and they lose all hope in the case. After meeting a few similar results, they believe that Almighty power could save, but they have little confidence in means. If soldiers of the cross had a full assortment of truthful volumes, and were to make a prayerful effort, they would meet cases where unbelieving friends and neighbours could be induced to read six or eight volumes; and perhaps repeat a part of the research. In these instances they would scarcely ever find one (if ever,) who would still dispute the message of high heaven. They would meet those who would refuse, and those who would only half perform; but one case of a soul snatched from the gulf, would repay all the labour. We might here name some who have written on the evidences of Christianity, so that out of the list some six or ten may be asked after by any inquirer. From the following list, it is a matter of comparative indifference which is selected, so that enough is chosen and read, until the subject is mastered. It is strangely true, that these books are not known to Christians. The few that are in circulation, are scattered and invisible. Enough of them can rarely be found together to inform extensively the mind and heart disposed to cavil. The following books are a few out of the many which are more than worth the cost of possession.
Evidences of Christianity, by Grotius. The Truth of the Christian Religion here
Paley's Evidences of Christianity -- Part 1 here; Part 2 here
Alexander's Evidences. Evidences of the authenticity, inspiration, and canonical authority of the Holy Scriptures -- here
Locke's Evidences of Christianity. The Reasonableness of Christianity -- here
Addison's do. do. Evidences of the Christian Religion here
Campbell's do. do. The authenticity of the Gospel-history justified: and the truth of the Christian revelation demonstrated, from the laws and constitution of human nature. In two volumes Edinburgh, 1759. 2 vols. Vol. 1 here and Vol. 2 here
Sherlock's do. do. The Trial of the Witnesses of the Resurrection of Jesus -- here
Lyttleton's do. do. Observations on the Conversion and Apostleship of Paul -- here
Le Clerc's do. do. Five Letters Concerning the Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures -- here
West's do. do. Observations on the History and Evidences of the Resurrection -- here
Douglass' do. do. The criterion: or, miracles examined, with a view to expose the pretensions of pagans and Papists -- here
Shuckford's Connections. The sacred and prophane history of the world connected, from the creation of the world to the dissolution of the Assyrian empire. London, 1731. 2 vols. Vol. 1 here, Vol. 2 here
The reason why many, on beginning to read the advocates for Christianity, sink deeper into the mire of their infidelity, is worthy of our notice. It is intimately connected with the transaction of the garden and the forbidden fruit. The author who writes on the Evidences of Christianity begins, very commonly, to overturn the cavils and sophisms of unbelievers; such as he has heard urged, or such as are often made. The young reader perhaps never heard these objections urged against our religion. (He certainly never did hear or see the one half of those in use.) He did not know that they existed. As soon as he sees them on the page of the Christian writer, for the purpose of refutation, the objection seizes the powers of his soul! The answer he does not receive; he cannot notice! Such is the nature of fallen man. This is true of those who would be glad to believe the Book of God. Darkness has for their souls a superior attraction. It is not until he reads the work the second or the third time that he begins to observe the quibble less, and the answer more.
Horne's Letters on Infidelity are wisely suited to the same purpose. But he who is able and willing to examine thoroughly the grounds of his religion, should have recourse to Butler's Analogy of Religion, a work well adapted to give satisfaction to inquiring minds, upon the most important of all subjects, religion.
—Priestley's Evidence of Revealed Religion—These are all works of reputation. Several of them are unanswerable, and all contain more or less matter upon the truth of the Scriptures, that is useful and important.
To these may be added Leland's Deistical Writers, Volume 1, Volume 2 —Leslie's Truth of Christianity Demonstrated—and Taylor's Moral Demonstration that the Religion of Jesus Christ is from God. Writings on these subjects of universal importance are very numerous, and it is impossible they can be too much so. It may be questioned whether any objection whatsoever has been made to the great truths of religion and the Sacred Writings, which has not been fairly and honestly answered in one or another of the above authors. But no writer has taken so much pains to state and answer objections to the Scriptures as Stackhouse in his History of the Bible, [Volume 1 and Volume 2]. If the serious reader find himself oppressed with difficulties, he should apply to that work, where he will find them exhibited at length, with such answers as are satisfactory.
"It may be recommended to the serious reader to add Knox's Christian Philosophy, where he will find the internal evidence of christianity insisted on at length. That work, however, does not appear to me to be altogether unexceptionable, though highly valuable. He sets the external and internal evidence of the gospel too much in opposition one to the other. And there is an asperity and superciliousness in his expressions, which ill become the subject on which he writes. It will however do much good by calling the public attention to inward religion.
(9) "Reasonable deists cannot but become Christians, where the gospel shines." These several passages of the sacred writings account sufficiently for the infidelity of our several deistical writers. Bolingbroke, Voltaire, Gibbon, Paine, and most others, of whom I have had knowledge, seem to have been destitute of the proper state of mind for the investigation of religious truth.
"From several conversations, which it has been my chance to have with unbelievers, I have learned, that ignorance of the nature of our religion, and a disinclination to study both it and its evidence, are to be reckoned among the chief causes of infidelity."
JOHN EWING, D.D. Pastor of the 1st Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia; and Provest of the University.
JAMES SPROAT, D. D. Collegiate Minister of the 2d Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia.
ROBERT SMITH, D. D. Minister of the Gospel, Pequea.
ASHBEL GREEN, D.D.Collegiate Minister of the 2d Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia.
JOHN B. SMITH. A.M. Minister of the 3d Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia.
TO THE PUBLIC
In this country, where opinions are everywhere freely circulated upon all subjects, and where there is a great diversity of sentiments respecting Religion ; it is of the utmost consequence to the cause of truth, to promote a taste for reading the works of judicious and practical writers, upon the important doctrines of the gospel.
Diligent inquiry, and strict investigation into the principles of religion, are ever favourable to its progress and power upon the mind. The gospel invites, nay demands examination -- and the more we enquire into its evidences, and inform ourselves of its contents with a conscientious design to practice its duties, the more shall we be confirmed in our belief of its divine original; and the more shall we feel its beneficial and meliorating effects upon our conduct in life. Hence it has been often found in experience, that when a general attention to the searching of the Scriptures, and to the reading of those writings which are most evangelical in their spirit, has prevailed in various places; there, living, practical religion has been restored to a flourishing state:--and again, where men have been most diligent in the exercise of the duties of piety, there, a zeal and taste for pure and peculiarly evangelical principles, has ever revived and prevailed. It would, therefore, give us great pleasure, as ministers of the gospel, and be a happy presage of the increase and stability of the church of Christ in this country, to see such a disposition generally prevail.
Many books, remarkable for their evangelical principles, and experimental method of treating religious subjects, have been published by the learned and pious reformers of the church, and their successors in the ministry, which, although some of them are rather obsolete in the language, and not very fashionable in their arrangement of the several parts, contain those peculiar doctrines of grace, those scriptural truths, which have been frequently blessed with a Divine influence to produce happy revolutions in favour of real piety; to shake the empire of sin and licentiousness; and to establish the kingdom of our blessed Saviour.—Several such have appeared in the last and present age, written with a genuine spirit of piety, plainness, and simplicity, which have been crowned with a remarkable success.
We are happy to find, that the demand for these seems to increase of late, in various and distant parts of this country; and that, by the laudable exertions of some of the printers in America, who have published a great variety of practical works, and several editions of the Bible, this demand is likely to be supplied with convenience to the people, and on as reasonable terms as they can be imported from Europe. We, therefore, take the liberty to recommend the following books, published in this country, to the esteem and perusal of our countrymen, both on patriotic and religious principles; and hope they will prove of eminent usefulness to the pious of all denominations, who may be able to procure them.
The publisher of this American edition of the foregoing work, knows not that he can better fill these remaining pages of the sheet, than by inserting a recommendation of books annexed to "The Christian Remembrancer" lately published in Philadelphia. It is as follows; "We, take the liberty to recommend the following books, published in this country, to the esteem and perusal of our countrymen, both on patriotic and religious principles; and hope they will prove of eminent usefulness to the pious of all denominations, who may be able to procure them."