Biography from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica:
SHERLOCK, THOMAS (1678-1761), English divine, the son of William Sherlock
(q.v.), was born at London
in 1678. He was educated at Eton and at St Catharines
Hall, Cambridge, and in 1704 succeeded his
father as master of the Temple,
where he was very popular. In 1714 he became master of his old college at Cambridge and
vice-chancellor of the university, whose privileges he defended against Richard
Bentley. In 1715 he was appointed dean of Chichester. He took a prominent part in the Bangorian controversy against Benjamin Hoadly,
whom he succeeded as bishop of Bangor in 1728;
he was afterwards translated to Salisbury in 734, and to London
in 1748. Sherlock was a capable administrator, and cultivated friendly
relations with dissenters. In parliament he was of good service to his old
schoolfellow Robert Walpole. He published against Anthony Collinss
deistic Grounds of the Christian Religion a volume of sermons entitled The Use
and Interest of Prophecy in the Several Ages of the World (1725); and in reply
to Thomas Woolstons Discourses on the Miracles he
wrote a volume entitled The Tryal of the Witnesses of
the Resurrection of Jesus (1729), which soon ran through fourteen editions. His
Pastoral Letter (1750) on the late earthquakes had a circulation of many
thousands, and four or five volumes of Sermons which he published in his later
years (1754-1758) were also at one time highly esteemed. He died in July 1761.
A collected edition of his works, with a memoir, in 5 vols. 8vo, by J. S.
Hughes, appeared in 1830.